"Holy Hannah!" shouted Captain America in
Secret Defenders #6.
Who, you ask? Why, "Holy Hannah" is better known as St. Hannah of the Funnybooks, patron saint to Golden Age superheroes (As opposed to "Holy #%&* !", patron saint of '90s super heroes.)
— Marvel Year In Review 1993
Some of us are believed to be closer to the divine
than others. In Catholicism and Orthodoxy, these special people are called "saints" and they can be called upon to intercede and/or create miracles on our behalf.
The process of being named a saint is canonization (or, in Orthodox Christianity, glorification), a long and complicated process. note
For more information, just look up the relevant keyword(s) on The Other Wiki
Note that Catholics and Orthodox vehemently deny offering "worship" (latria
) to the saints; what the saints receive is doulia
or "honor" — or, in the case of the Queen of the Saints, the Blessed Virgin Mary, hyperdoulia
or "extreme honor." One does not pray to
the saints, but rather asks them to pray for
For some of the most commonly referenced Saints in fiction, see: Patron Saints
In fiction, often treated as the monotheistic equivalent of Odd Job Gods
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- Saint Francis Xavier tends to be referenced once in a while in anime, because he went to Japan to evangelize the heathens and generally speaking piss off Tokugawa Ieyasu. There's an alleged descendant of his who appears in Samurai Champloo, for example. Xavi in the Sengoku Basara games is also based on Xavier.
- Saint Francis (and Jesuit monks in particular) are posited as the origin of the Kappa myth in the author's notes of Hell Teacher Nube.
- Patron saints were common subjects for artists throughout The Middle Ages and The Renaissance (as in the page image of the "Wilton Diptych◊," which shows SS. Edmund the Martyr, Edward the Confessor, and John the Baptist patronizing King Richard II of England). Often non-contemporaneous saints are shown associating in sacra conversazione, each identified by holding or standing near his or her own special emblem, often the method of his or her martyrdom — e.g., St. Catherine holding her wheel or St. Bartholomew holding his own flayed skin.
- This tradition is continued in the (mostly Roman Catholic) phenomena of holy medals and holy cards and in the (mostly Eastern Orthodox) phenomenon of icons.
- The earliest ballads frequently mention Robin Hood's devotion to the Virgin Mary.
- In Hellboy: The Nature of the Beast, St. Leonard the Hermit and his slaying of the St. Leonard Worm are alluded to to when the eponymous Hellboy fights a similar creature, and just like in the legends, Hellboy's blood also causes flowers to spring up from the earth. Later, in Box Full of Evil, St. Dunstan is mentioned, and his image used, in connection with a demon he had defeated and imprisoned centuries earlier.
- The Saint of Killers from the comic Preacher
- The Saint references some of the things necessary for a person to be considered a saint (a few steps were left out, either as a result of carelessness or Rule of Drama), and the titular Saint manages at least the "three miracles" part.
- This Is Spinal Tap: David St. Hubbins' surname is said to be derived from the patron saint of quality footwearnote .
- There are loads of saints in Millions, because the protagonist is a bit obsessed with them.
- The martyrdom of St. Sebastian is symbolic in Lilies. Sebastian's role as a gay icon (see Real Life) is relevant here.
- A St. Christopher statue in a car turned into a plot point in Crash.
- In the Hellboy film, a statue of St. Dionysius was used as a prison for the monster Sammael, and later a finger bone of St. Jude is used to ward off the same monster.
- Angels in the Outfield (the original version) has St. Gabriel's Home For Orphan Girls. He's got a good-sized statue in the reception area and the little visionary Bridget says "He's our patron saint."
- Brother Sun Sister Moon tells the story of St. Francis and St. Clare.
- The Song of Bernadette is about St. Bernadette Soubirous and her visions of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes. She's the patron saint of sick and poverty-stricken people. There is a running gag about St. Christopher medals toward the end of the film.
- There are several films about little St. Therese of Lisieux (the one with the roses). She's the patron saint of people with TB and AIDS.
- The Miracle Of Our Lady Of Fatima is about Mary's visitations in Portugal to Lucia Santos and her cousins, now Blessed Francisco and Waif Prophet Jacinta Marto. When they are canonized they'll be the youngest saints other than some of the early Christian martyrs.
- Nicholas van Rijn (A.D. 2376 to c. 2500) is a fictional merchant who plays a central role in Poul Anderson's Polesotechnic League stories. He swears by Saint Dismas (the Good Thief, appropriately), and has expressed the intention of burning candles in offering (to which another character responded "The Saint had best get it in writing").
- When thigs go badly, van Rijn has been known to go over to his shrine to St. Dismas and snuff candles out in a pointed manner.
- Leonard Cohen's Beautiful Losers is about a Canadian historian researching Blessed Catherine Tekakwitha, "the Lily of the Mohawks"
- Several stories are based on the fictional patron saint of engineers, St. Vidicon, who martyred himself to ensure a key speech by the Pope would make it to air. He is invoked to defend against Finagle. Probably the most famous of these is A Canticle for Leibowitz, in which he becomes the patron saint of electricians instead, and much of the plot in the first act is driven by the process of canonising the titular Leibowitz. There is also a reference to Saint Raul the Cyclopean, patron of mutants. Precisely why they have one of these instead of adding mutants to the remit of the patron saint/s of people with birth defects is not enlarged upon, but may have something to do with the Fantastic Racism against mutants that the Church has forcibly come out against.
- St. Sebastian's connection to gay men led Yukio Mishima, in his autobiographical novel Confessions of a Mask, to write a lengthy "awakening" moment in front of a picture of the saint.
- A heavily fictionalized St. George is the hero of the first book of The Faerie Queene.
- The English fairy tale of "The Seven Champions of Christendom" depicts the patron saints of seven prominent Christian nations as knights errant: St. George (England), St. Denis (France), St. Patrick (Ireland), St. Anthony [of Padua] (Italy), St. Andrew (Scotland), St. James [the Greater] (Spain), and St. David (Wales).
- In Robert A. Heinlein's Space Cadet, when persuading the hero that an apparent accident was a real one and not a put on job to scare the candidates, someone asks him whether he has ever heard of St. Barbara, explains that she is the patron of those in dangerous occupations, and tells him that if he goes to the chapel dedicated to her, he will find that the priest is saying Mass for those who died in the accident. This convinces him.
- In Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle's The Mote in God's Eye, a statue of St. Barbara aboard a spaceship has carefully constructed fans so the candles will continue to burn right in freefall.
- In Cell, by Stephen King, Denise successfully helps Clay find a necessary item by invoking St. Anthony's help. Clay himself borrows this idea at the ending.
- In John C. Wright's Orphans of Chaos, Boggins informs Amelia, "I, for example, am employed directly by Saint Dymphna's School and College for Destitute Children." Which is to say, after the saint of the insane and emotionally disturbed. (See below.)
- In Mary Stewart's This Rough Magic, St. Spiridon, the patron saint of Corfu (where the story takes place), is invoked by several characters and features in Sir Julian's theory of the origins of the story of The Tempest.
- In Jim Butcher's The Dresden Files story "Aftermath", Murphy prays to St. Jude before her attack.
- In L. Jagi Lamplighter's Prospero's Daughter trilogy, Logistilla's home is on the island of St. Dismas.
- The Speaker for the Dead branch of Orson Scott Card's Enderverse includes the Order of the Children of the Mind of Christ (married but celibate monks who run schools on most Catholic colonies). It was founded by St. Angelo of Moctezuma (who in traditional Church logic would therefore be the Order's patron saint), an eccentric monk whose death Andrew had spoken 2000 years before the events of Speaker for the Dead.
- St. Expeditus, a cult saint not recognized by the Church, is referenced in the Father Koesler mystery, Death Wears a Red Hat, wherein he is noted both as the patron saint of avoiding procrastination and hurrying decisions and also in his role in Santeria of being used in rituals to dispatch foes.
- In Michael Flynn's Spiral Arm novel On The Razor's Edge, the captive Mearana, a harper, invokes Cecelia, and then Jude — music, and impossible causes.
- In Ruth Frances Long's The Treachery of Beautiful Things, Jenny had been sent to a St. Martha's after her brother vanished and she insisted the forest had swallowed him. (Patron saint of housewives. Perhaps to indicate she should settle down more sedately.)
Live Action TV
- The (self-proclaimed) patron saint of the denial, American Idiot's St. Jimmy.*
- John Keats's "The Eve of St. Agnes" is based on the superstition that girls could foresee their husbands on St. Agnes's Eve.
- A Prairie Home Companion: At Lake Wobegon, the annual blessing of the animals on St. Francis's feast is a trial for the priest, who is allergic to animals.
- Not to mention the Catholic church in Lake Wobegon is named Our Lady of Perpetual Responsibility.
- In Hell On Earth, the Templars have their own pantheon of Patron Saints (that includes, among others, St. John Wayne and St. Eliot Ness).
- A supplement for Shadowrun mentioned how religion mixed with all the magic wandering around, especially shamanic stuff. The main shamanic influence is Native American, but that doesn't leave the Christians out. Shamans even have them available as variations of totems.
- The Imperial Cult, which is really just Catholicism IN SPACE! has numerous saints, one of the more famous being Saint Sabbat, and Ollanius Pius, patron saint of Guardsmen. Living Saints are also sometimes produced by the Sisters of Battle.
- Indiana Jones is often referred to as the patron saint of player characters. "I don't know, I'm making this up as I go!"
- In Dungeons & Dragons Book of Exalted Deeds sainthood was something a character could earn in game. By the standards of Bo EE, its ridiculously hard to earn in game (easier if you're starting high level and can write the requirements into your backstory.)
- Ars Magica being set, in Europe circa 1220 there are a number of active Saints (most notably Francis of Assisi). Furthermore, two supplements, "Realms of Power: The Divine" and "The Church", include rules for allowing players to petition their Patron Saint (or any other) for aid by expending Faith.
- Darklands has the saints, and their areas of expertise, as the foundation of their magic system based on prayer.
- inFAMOUS: In the Good Ending to Infamous 2, Cole is revered as one by the citizens of New Marais
- For our own Wiki, there is a Patron Saint of Television, Saint Clare of Assisi, and Saint Isidore, Patron Saint of the Internet.
- Also, "X show is the patron saint of this trope", to the delight of some and the despair of others.
- A patron saint of our Wiki would be probably named Saint-Tropez.
- We ourselves have designated Godzilla as the Patron Saint of Collateral Damage.
- The patron saint of speedy delivery, prayed to by people in a hurry for something, is the possibly apocryphal Saint Expeditus. The story goes, he was a Roman soldier that was considering converting to Christianity; the Devil appeared to him as a crow and suggested he put it off until tomorrow, and Expeditus stomped the shit out of the crow and converted then and there. However, all of this may be completely fictional (as opposed to partially); some say that he was created when a crate of saints' relics showed up at a nunnery with no label except "Expeditus", as in "expedited delivery"; the nuns, not being familiar with the Medieval post office traditions, thought it was the saint's name. Nobody's sure if any of that is true, but St. Expeditus has a big following in Voodoo.
- That statue is in a nice Afro-American Catholic church in New Orleans, quite near the Louis II cemetery where Marie Laveau is buried.
- Another fun saint is Santo Muerte—Saint Death. He's a syncresis of Catholic traditions and local indigenous religions of Mexico, and his cult is increasingly popular amongst the lower classes.
- And then there's the completely apocryphal Saint Josephat, an Indian prince that was shocked from his high-end life the first time he saw a poor beggar; he became an ascetic but found it unrewarding, and finally converted to Christianity. Replace "converted to Christianity" with "achieved enlightenment" and you get the story of Siddartha Gautama—the Buddha. The story had gradually made its way from India to Europe, where the word 'boddhisattva' was gradually morphed into 'Josephat'.
- Things that never happened have occasionally been said to take place on Saint Tib's Day or the Feast of Saint Nunca.
- Saint Grobian is a fictional patron of vulgar language.
- Saint Jude's Children Research Hospital, who treats and hopes to find cures for things like cancer. Other common patrons for hospitals are Saint Luke (who according to St. Paul (Colossians IV, xiv.) was a physician) and Saint Mary under her title of "The Immaculate Conception" is also the Patron Saint of the United States.
- Saint Barbara is the patron saint of Heavy Artillery and Artillerymen (as well as fireworks, rockets, and other stuff involving gunpowder that go boom).
- St. Nicholas, in addition to children and repentant thieves, is also the patron saint of sailors. Russian navy, in particular, has a habit of naming ships and installations after St. Nicholas, which recently led to some chagrin as a new nuclear missile submarine was rumored to be named "St. Nicholas," at the idea of a ship capable of raining death in form of ICB Ms around the world being named after the patron saint of children (there already was and still is a Russian attack submarine named St. Nicholas, in the Pacific Fleet, however).
- In the end, the nuclear missile submarine was eventually named after Prince Vladimir of Kiev, not St. Nicholas. Of course, Prince Vladimir is himself a saint, being responsible for Christianization of Eastern Slavic nations, and is a patron saint of Russia itself.
- Emperor Norton is the only real-life person considered to be a Discordian saint.
- St. Philip Neri is patron of the US Special Forces.
- Lots of cities are named after saints: St. Paul, San Francisco, etc.
- Saint Paul is interesting in that he gets two fairly-important cities named after him: the capital of Minnesota, and São Paulo (aka the largest city in the Southern Hemisphere).
- There are patron saints for, among others, Fireworks (St. Barbara) and Translators (St. Jerome).
- St. Sebastian, Patron Saint of snipers (well, archers) and plague victims. Also unofficial (for obvious reasons) patron of the gay community, as he is one of the few saints generally depicted in the (nearly) nude (unless, of course, one suspects an obscure "penetration" pun).
- St. Mark is the Patron Saint of Venice, and the Venetian Battle Cry is "Vive San Marco".
- St. George is the Patron Saint of England, and the English Battle Cry is "Saint George for Merry England!"
- In recent years, various people have called for St George to be replaced as Patron of England on the grounds that he had nothing to do with the place. The problem is that choosing a replacement will probably upset more people than it pleases - Saints Alban, Edward the Confessor note , Edward the Martyr and Edmund the Martyr all have sizeable followings to name but a few, all having been recognised in some capacity as Patrons of England *prior* to St George. Just make things even more complicated, Roman Catholics and some Anglicans would argue that the Virgin Mary also has a stake - prior to the Reformation, Marian devotion was so strong in England that the country was referred to as the "Dowry of Mary".
- As St. George was originally a Greek-speaker from the Middle East (born in now-Israeli city of Lod), probably a Semite who would now be considered an Arab Christian, he has a large following in the Middle East and Eastern Europe, being the patron saint of such countries as Georgia, Greece, Ethiopia, Serbia, and Palestine, as well as the cities of Moscow and Beirut. George came to England via the returning Crusaders, especially Richard the Lionhearted.
- St George is not alone among British patron saints. The only one who was actually a native of the country they patronise was St David. St Patrick at least lived in Ireland, but Andrew the Apostle would never have heard of Scotland.
- St. Dionysus (Dennis, Denis) is the Patron Saint of France, and the French Battle Cry is « Montjoie Saint Denis ! » ("Mountjoy" is a word of uncertain origin.)
- St. James (the Greater) is the Patron Saint of Spain, and the Spanish Battle Cry is —¡Santiago, y cierra España!— ("Saint James, and close with them, Spain!")
- St. James the Greater is also the second Patron Saint of the United States, although nobody ever mentions it.
- St. Thomas More was made the Patron Saint of lawyers and statesmen. If The West Wing is ever remade and the President is still Catholic, there should be an icon of More in the Oval Office, don't you think?
- Bartholomew the Apostle, who - among other things - presides over mental and neurological disorders. There's got to be someone of that name with a mental disorder...right?
- St. Dymphna is also considered a patron saint of mental and neurological disorders, seemingly just because the majority of healings reported at her shrine were that.
- There is a traditional grouping of saints invoked together as protectors against certain ills, the "Fourteen Holy Helpers" often honored together in one church or shrine: St. Agathius, St. Barbara, St. Blaise (on whose feast day Catholics used to have their throats blessed against disease), St. Catherine of Alexandria (she of the wheel, which was commemorated in the Catherine-wheel firework), St. Christopher, St. Cyriacus, St. Denis of France, St. Erasmus, St. Eustace, St. George, St. Giles, St. Margaret of Antioch (who was swallowed by a devil in the form of a dragon, made the sign of the Cross, burst out of its stomach, and became patroness of childbirth), St. Pantaleon, and St. Vitus (he of the dance, i.e., the disease choreia). Their most famous shrine, the Basilika Vierzehnheiligen near Bamberg (Bavaria, Germany), is a very well-known work of Baroque architecture by the famous Balthasar Neumann.
- One theory of the origin of the nautical legend of Davy Jones' Locker is that Davy Jones is actually a bowlderized version of Saint David of Wales, whom Welsh sailors would beseech for aid in times of danger. In this interpretation, Davy Jones is not punishing, but helping sailors, by keeping their souls safe in his Locker.
- Joseph of Cupertino (who had a reputation for levitating during Mass) is the Patron Saint of Spacers. Yes there is already a patron saint of spacers despite it being a rather new occupation. And any would-be Space Opera writers among the tropers can use him in your Mythopoeia.
- Thomas Aquinas is the Patron of Scholars, and Intellectuals. In other words he is the official geek saint. He is One of Us.