"Holy Hannah!" shouted Captain America in Secret Defenders #6. Who, you ask? Why, "Holy Hannah" is better known as St. Hannah of the Funnybooks, patron saint to Golden Age superheroes (As opposed to "Holy #%&* !", patron saint of '90s super heroes.)Some of us are believed to be closer to the divine than others. In Catholicism and Orthodoxy, these special people are called "saints" and they can be called upon to intercede and/or create miracles on our behalf. The process of being named a saint is canonization (or, in Orthodox Christianity, glorification), a long and complicated process. note For more information, just look up the relevant keyword(s) on The Other Wiki. Note that Catholics and Orthodox vehemently deny offering "worship" (latria) to the saints; what the saints receive is doulia or "honor" — or, in the case of the Queen of the Saints, the Blessed Virgin Mary, hyperdoulia or "extreme honor". One does not pray to the saints, but rather asks them to pray for you. Roman Catholic theology calls this intercession: Being the Boss of Heaven, only the Big G has the power to grant prayer requests, but one can ask a saint in heaven to lend his assistance in expediting the process. Apparently, Heaven still has a lot to work on fixing red tape within the celestial bureaucracy. For some of the most commonly referenced Saints in fiction, see: Patron Saints. In fiction, often treated as the monotheistic equivalent of Odd Job Gods.
— Marvel Year In Review 1993
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Anime & Manga
- Saint Francis Xavier tends to be referenced once in a while in anime, because he went to Japan to evangelize the heathens and generally speaking piss off Tokugawa Ieyasu. There's an alleged descendant of his who appears in Samurai Champloo, for example. Xavi in the Sengoku Basara games is also based on Xavier.
- Saint Francis (and Jesuit monks in particular) are posited as the origin of the Kappa myth in the author's notes of Hell Teacher Nube.
- Patron saints were common subjects for artists throughout The Middle Ages and The Renaissance (as in the page image of the "Wilton Diptych◊," which shows SS. Edmund the Martyr, Edward the Confessor, and John the Baptist patronizing King Richard II of England). Often non-contemporaneous saints are shown associating in sacra conversazione, each identified by holding or standing near his or her own special emblem, often the method of his or her martyrdom — e.g., St. Catherine holding her wheel or St. Bartholomew holding his own flayed skin.
- This tradition is continued in the (mostly Roman Catholic) phenomena of holy medals and holy cards and in the (mostly Eastern Orthodox) phenomenon of icons.
- The earliest ballads frequently mention Robin Hood's devotion to the Virgin Mary.
- In Hellboy: The Nature of the Beast, St. Leonard the Hermit and his slaying of the St. Leonard Worm are alluded to to when the eponymous Hellboy fights a similar creature, and just like in the legends, Hellboy's blood also causes flowers to spring up from the earth. Later, in Box Full of Evil, St. Dunstan is mentioned, and his image used, in connection with a demon he had defeated and imprisoned centuries earlier.
- The Saint of Killers from the comic Preacher
Film — Live-Action
- Simon Templar in The Saint takes all of his aliases from the names of saints, including Martin De Porres, Bruno Hartenfaust, and Thomas More. He also references some of the things necessary for a person to be considered a saint (a few steps are left out, either as a result of carelessness or Rule of Drama), and manages at least the "three miracles" part.
- This Is Spinal Tap: David St. Hubbins' surname is said to be derived from the patron saint of quality footwearnote .
- There are loads of saints in Millions, because the protagonist is a bit obsessed with them.
- The martyrdom of St. Sebastian is symbolic in Lilies. Sebastian's role as a gay icon (see Real Life) is relevant here.
- A St. Christopher statue in a car turned into a plot point in Crash.
- In the Hellboy film, a statue of St. Dionysius was used as a prison for the monster Sammael, and later a finger bone of St. Jude is used to ward off the same monster.
- Angels in the Outfield (the original version) has St. Gabriel's Home For Orphan Girls. He's got a good-sized statue in the reception area and the little visionary Bridget says "He's our patron saint."
- Brother Sun Sister Moon tells the story of St. Francis and St. Clare.
- The Song of Bernadette is about St. Bernadette Soubirous and her visions of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes. She's the patron saint of sick and poverty-stricken people. There is a running gag about St. Christopher medals toward the end of the film.
- There are several films about little St. Therese of Lisieux (the one with the roses). She's the patron saint of people with TB and AIDS.
- The Miracle Of Our Lady Of Fatima is about Mary's visitations in Portugal to Lucia Santos and her cousins, now Blessed Francisco and Waif Prophet Jacinta Marto. When they are canonized they'll be the youngest saints other than some of the early Christian martyrs.
- Nicholas van Rijn (A.D. 2376 to c. 2500) is a fictional merchant who plays a central role in Poul Anderson's Polesotechnic League stories. He swears by Saint Dismas (the Good Thief, appropriately), and has expressed the intention of burning candles in offering (to which another character responded "The Saint had best get it in writing").
- When things go badly, van Rijn has been known to go over to his shrine to St. Dismas and snuff candles out in a pointed manner.
- Leonard Cohen's Beautiful Losers is about a Canadian historian researching Blessed Catherine Tekakwitha, "the Lily of the Mohawks"
- Several stories are based on the fictional patron saint of engineers, St. Vidicon, who martyred himself to ensure a key speech by the Pope would make it to air. He is invoked to defend against Finagle.
- The aforementioned St. Vidicon is referenced in the 1632-verse. He is venerated (due to the circumstances of his martyrhood) by radio technicians as the holy helper against the ravages of Murphy, half in earnest and half as an in-universe lampshading/jab at up-time Catholics who continue to venerate saints who are either still alive in down-time or, due to The Butterfly Effect, will never be born. When three radio techs petition the local cardinal for permission to found a holy order dedicated to St. Vidicon, he is less than amused.
- The first act of A Canticle for Leibowitz centers on the canonization of the title character. In time, with the re-emergence of technology, St. Leibowitz becomes patron saint of electricians. There is also a reference to Saint Raul the Cyclopean, patron of mutants. Precisely why they have one of these instead of adding mutants to the remit of the patron saint/s of people with birth defects is not enlarged upon, but may have something to do with the Fantastic Racism against mutants that the Church has forcibly come out against.
- St. Sebastian's connection to gay men led Yukio Mishima, in his autobiographical novel Confessions of a Mask, to write a lengthy "awakening" moment in front of a picture of the saint.
- A heavily fictionalized St. George is the hero of the first book of The Faerie Queene.
- The English fairy tale of "The Seven Champions of Christendom" depicts the patron saints of seven prominent Christian nations as knights errant: St. George (England), St. Denis (France), St. Patrick (Ireland), St. Anthony [of Padua] (Italy), St. Andrew (Scotland), St. James [the Greater] (Spain), and St. David (Wales).
- In Robert A. Heinlein's Space Cadet, when persuading the hero that an apparent accident was a real one and not a put on job to scare the candidates, someone asks him whether he has ever heard of St. Barbara, explains that she is the patron of those in dangerous occupations, and tells him that if he goes to the chapel dedicated to her, he will find that the priest is saying Mass for those who died in the accident. This convinces him.
- In Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle's The Mote in God's Eye, a statue of St. Barbara aboard a spaceship has carefully constructed fans so the candles will continue to burn right in freefall.
- In Cell, by Stephen King, Denise successfully helps Clay find a necessary item by invoking St. Anthony's help. Clay himself borrows this idea at the ending.
- In John C. Wright's Orphans of Chaos, Boggins informs Amelia, "I, for example, am employed directly by Saint Dymphna's School and College for Destitute Children." Which is to say, after the saint of the insane and emotionally disturbed. (See below.)
- In Mary Stewart's This Rough Magic, St. Spiridon, the patron saint of Corfu (where the story takes place), is invoked by several characters and features in Sir Julian's theory of the origins of the story of The Tempest.
- In Jim Butcher's The Dresden Files story "Aftermath", Murphy prays to St. Jude before her attack.
- In L. Jagi Lamplighter's Prospero's Daughter trilogy, Logistilla's home is on the island of St. Dismas.
- The Speaker for the Dead branch of Orson Scott Card's Enderverse includes the Order of the Children of the Mind of Christ (married but celibate monks who run schools on most Catholic colonies). It was founded by St. Angelo of Moctezuma (who in traditional Church logic would therefore be the Order's patron saint), an eccentric monk whose death Andrew had spoken 2000 years before the events of Speaker for the Dead.
- St. Expeditus, a cult saint not recognized by the Church, is referenced in the Father Koesler mystery, Death Wears a Red Hat, wherein he is noted both as the patron saint of avoiding procrastination and hurrying decisions and also in his role in Santeria of being used in rituals to dispatch foes.
- In Michael Flynn's Spiral Arm novel On The Razor's Edge, the captive Mearana, a harper, invokes Cecelia, and then Jude — music, and impossible causes.
- In Ruth Frances Long's The Treachery of Beautiful Things, Jenny had been sent to a St. Martha's after her brother vanished and she insisted the forest had swallowed him. (Patron saint of housewives. Perhaps to indicate she should settle down more sedately.)
- According to Agatha H. and the Voice of the Castle, Agatha's paternal grandmother, for her act of raising the Heterodyne Boys to be heroes rather than monsters like everyone else in their family, was canonized as the patron saint of Those Who Have To Put Up With Sparks.
- In the Harry Potter series, the Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries is under the patronage of Saint Mungo, who, despite his peculiar name, is a honest-to-God patron saint from Scotland, also known as Saint Kentigern (c.550-612).
- Saint Nicholas' other patronage (that of thieves — more accurately, repentant thieves) is mentioned, where Sophie tells Parker (who is only aware of the Santa Claus version) that St. Nick is also the patron saint of thieves.
- Nathan is also handed a Brigid (female patron of Ireland) medal in one episode.
- Joan of Arcadia is a Whole Plot Reference to Joan of Arc.
- Like Joan of Arcadia, Wonderfalls was inspired by Joan of Arc's story.
- In one episode, House shows his vast knowledge about patron saints when he spots a Saint Nicholas medallion on a female patient :
House: [The patron saint of] seamen, merchants, archers, prostitutes, and prisoners ...You don't have the skin of a seaman, the fingers of an archer, the clothes of a merchant, or the attitude of an ex-con . So, just leaves one left.
- Life on Mars:
- Sam Tyler (who may or not be a time traveler) wears a St. Christopher medal.
- And appropriately enough, Gene Hunt (the copper to end all coppers) wears a St. Michael medal.
- The Busters consider MacGyver their patron saint.
- Brought up in an earlier episode, where Adam shows the proper procedure for making a ballistics gel dummy (after showing an even earlier attempt which he'd screwed up). While waiting for the dummy to set, Adam suggested:
Adam: Pray. I don't know to whom. Is there a patron saint of ballistics gel?
- Alton Brown regarded MacGyver as his patron saint first, in a 2001 episode of Good Eats, "Where There's Smoke, There's Fish." (he constructed a fish smoker out of a cardboard box... go figure.)
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer has the villains celebrate the Night of St. Vigeous, the patron saint of vampires. Since vampires are basically Always Chaotic Evil, one has to wonder why the church approved of that one.
- During an episode of 30 Rock, Jack is having a fight with his devoutly Catholic girlfriend Elisa (played by Selma Hayek) while in a church.
Elisa: How dare you say such things in front of the statue of Santa Lucia, the patron saint of judgmental statues!
- On Orange Is the New Black, Gloria practices Santeria, which she describes as "Catholic plus." Her backstory involves a prayer to St. Anthony of Padua and a fire that destroyed her abusive boyfriend.
- The (self-proclaimed) patron saint of the denial, American Idiot's St. Jimmy.*
Myths & Religion
- The patron saint of speedy delivery, prayed to by people in a hurry for something, is the possibly apocryphal Saint Expeditus. The story goes, he was a Roman soldier that was considering converting to Christianity; the Devil appeared to him as a crow and suggested he put it off until tomorrow, and Expeditus stomped the shit out of the crow and converted then and there. However, all of this may be completely fictional (as opposed to partially); some say that he was created when a crate of saints' relics showed up at a nunnery with no label except "Expeditus", as in "expedited delivery"; the nuns, not being familiar with the Medieval post office traditions, thought it was the saint's name. Nobody's sure if any of that is true, but St. Expeditus has a big following in Voodoo. That statue is in a nice Afro-American Catholic church in New Orleans, quite near the Louis II cemetery where Marie Laveau is buried.
- Another fun saint is Santo Muerte — Saint Death. He's a syncresis of Catholic traditions and local indigenous religions of Mexico, and his cult is increasingly popular amongst the lower classes.
- And then there's the completely apocryphal Saint Josephat, an Indian prince that was shocked from his high-end life the first time he saw a poor beggar; he became an ascetic but found it unrewarding, and finally converted to Christianity. Replace "converted to Christianity" with "achieved enlightenment" and you get the story of Siddartha Gautama — the Buddha. The story had gradually made its way from India to Europe, where the word "boddhisattva" was gradually morphed into "Josephat".
- Things that never happened have occasionally been said to take place on Saint Tib's Day or the Feast of Saint Nunca.
- Saint Grobian is a fictional patron of vulgar language.
- St. Drogo is the patron saint of unattractive people, coffee shops, and unattractive people in coffee shops.
- John Keats's "The Eve of St. Agnes" is based on the superstition that girls could foresee their husbands on St. Agnes's Eve.
- A Prairie Home Companion:
- At Lake Wobegon, the annual blessing of the animals on St. Francis's feast is a trial for the priest, who is allergic to animals.
- Not to mention the Catholic church in Lake Wobegon is named Our Lady of Perpetual Responsibility.
- In Hell On Earth, the Templars have their own pantheon of Patron Saints (that includes, among others, St. John Wayne and St. Eliot Ness).
- A supplement for Shadowrun mentioned how religion mixed with all the magic wandering around, especially shamanic stuff. The main shamanic influence is Native American, but that doesn't leave the Christians out. Shamans even have them available as variations of totems.
- Warhammer 40,000:
- Indiana Jones is often referred to as the patron saint of player characters: "I don't know, I'm making this up as I go!"
- Dungeons & Dragons: In the Book of Exalted Deeds, sainthood is something a character can earn in game. By the standards of the book, it's ridiculously hard to earn in game (easier if you're starting high level and can write the requirements into your backstory).
- Ars Magica being set in Europe circa 1220, there are a number of active Saints (most notably Francis of Assisi). Furthermore, two supplements, "Realms of Power: The Divine" and "The Church", include rules for allowing players to petition their Patron Saint (or any other) for aid by expending Faith.
- St Dyphn(i)a Academy — The students in attendance should have realized that something was very wrong with a school named after the patron saint of the insane.
- In Silent Hill: Promise the protagonist Vanessa swears by an increasing number of saints, in different situations.
- In Squid Row, Randi buys a statue of St. Luke, patron of artists, and buries it in her houseplant.
- Roommates and its 'versenote has the Saint Jude university, where most of the cast works or studies. Kinda fitting how much concentrated fail the place has, beginning with the main characters, who are mostly antagonists from different stories trying to begin a new, more normal life. Lost Causes indeed. Also Javert tells James to "Go St. George on" the dragon here.
- TV Tropes:
- There is a Patron Saint of Television, Saint Clare of Assisi, and Saint Isidore, Patron Saint of the Internet.
- Also, "X show is the patron saint of this trope", to the delight of some and the despair of others.
- A patron saint of our Wiki would be probably named Saint-Tropez. We already gave that role to Joss Whedon.
- We ourselves have designated Godzilla as the Patron Saint of Collateral Damage.
- Saint Jude's Children Research Hospital, who treats and hopes to find cures for things like cancer. Other common patrons for hospitals are Saint Luke (who according to St. Paul (Colossians IV, xiv.) was a physician) and Saint Mary under her title of "The Immaculate Conception" is also the Patron Saint of the United States.
- Saint Barbara is the patron saint of Heavy Artillery and Artillerymen (as well as fireworks, rockets, and other stuff involving gunpowder that go boom).
- St. Nicholas, in addition to children and repentant thieves, is also the patron saint of sailors. Russian navy, in particular, has a habit of naming ships and installations after St. Nicholas, which recently led to some chagrin as a new nuclear missile submarine was rumored to be named "St. Nicholas," at the idea of a ship capable of raining death in form of ICBMs around the world being named after the patron saint of children (there already was and still is a Russian attack submarine named St. Nicholas, in the Pacific Fleet, however).
- In the end, the nuclear missile submarine was eventually named after Prince Vladimir of Kiev, not St. Nicholas. Of course, Prince Vladimir is himself a saint, being responsible for Christianization of Eastern Slavic nations, and is a patron saint of Russia itself.
- Emperor Norton is the only real-life person considered to be a Discordian saint.
- St. Philip Neri is patron of the US Special Forces.
- Lots of cities are named after saints: St. Paul, San Francisco, etc.
- There are patron saints for, among others, Fireworks (St. Barbara) and Translators (St. Jerome).
- St. Sebastian, Patron Saint of snipers (well, archers) and plague victims. Also unofficial (for obvious reasons) patron of the gay community, as he is one of the few saints generally depicted in the (nearly) nude (unless, of course, one suspects an obscure "penetration" pun).
- St. Mark is the Patron Saint of Venice, and the Venetian Battle Cry is "Vive San Marco".
- St. George is the Patron Saint of England, and the English Battle Cry is "Saint George for Merry England!"
- In recent years, various people have called for St George to be replaced as Patron of England on the grounds that he had nothing to do with the place. The problem is that choosing a replacement will probably upset more people than it pleases - Saints Alban, Edward the Confessor note , Edward the Martyr and Edmund the Martyr all have sizeable followings to name but a few, all having been recognised in some capacity as Patrons of England *prior* to St George. Just make things even more complicated, Roman Catholics and some Anglicans would argue that the Virgin Mary also has a stake - prior to the Reformation, Marian devotion was so strong in England that the country was referred to as the "Dowry of Mary".
- As St. George was originally a Greek-speaker from the Middle East (born in now-Israeli city of Lod), probably a Semite who would now be considered an Arab Christian, he has a large following in the Middle East and Eastern Europe, being the patron saint of such countries as Georgia, Greece, Ethiopia, Serbia, and Palestine, as well as the cities of Moscow and Beirut. George came to England via the returning Crusaders, especially Richard the Lionhearted.
- St George is not alone among British patron saints. The only one who was actually a native of the country they patronise was St David. St Patrick at least lived in Ireland, but Andrew the Apostle would never have heard of Scotland.
- St. Dionysus (Dennis, Denis) is the Patron Saint of France, and the French Battle Cry is « Montjoie Saint Denis ! » ("Mountjoy" is a word of uncertain origin.)
- St. James (the Greater) is the Patron Saint of Spain, and the Spanish Battle Cry is —¡Santiago, y cierra España!— ("Saint James, and close with them, Spain!")
- St. James the Greater is also the second Patron Saint of the United States, although nobody ever mentions it.
- St. Thomas More was made the Patron Saint of lawyers and statesmen. If The West Wing is ever remade and the President is still Catholic, there should be an icon of More in the Oval Office, don't you think?
- Bartholomew the Apostle, who - among other things - presides over mental and neurological disorders. There's got to be someone of that name with a mental disorder...right?
- St. Dymphna is also considered a patron saint of mental and neurological disorders, seemingly just because the majority of healings reported at her shrine were that.
- There is a traditional grouping of saints invoked together as protectors against certain ills, the "Fourteen Holy Helpers" often honored together in one church or shrine: St. Agathius, St. Barbara, St. Blaise (on whose feast day Catholics used to have their throats blessed against disease), St. Catherine of Alexandria (she of the wheel, which was commemorated in the Catherine-wheel firework), St. Christopher, St. Cyriacus, St. Denis of France, St. Erasmus, St. Eustace, St. George, St. Giles, St. Margaret of Antioch (who was swallowed by a devil in the form of a dragon, made the sign of the Cross, burst out of its stomach, and became patroness of childbirth), St. Pantaleon, and St. Vitus (he of the dance, i.e., the disease choreia). Their most famous shrine, the Basilika Vierzehnheiligen near Bamberg (Bavaria, Germany), is a very well-known work of Baroque architecture by the famous Balthasar Neumann.
- One theory of the origin of the nautical legend of Davy Jones' Locker is that Davy Jones is actually a bowlderized version of Saint David of Wales, whom Welsh sailors would beseech for aid in times of danger. In this interpretation, Davy Jones is not punishing, but helping sailors, by keeping their souls safe in his Locker.
- Joseph of Cupertino (who had a reputation for levitating during Mass) is the Patron Saint of Spacers. Yes there is already a patron saint of spacers despite it being a rather new occupation. And any would-be Space Opera writers among the tropers can use him in your Mythopoeia.
- Thomas Aquinas is the Patron of Scholars, and Intellectuals. In other words he is the official geek saint. He is One of Us.
- The US presidential election in 2000 involved controversy over the vote count due to improperly punched pieces of ballots known as "chads." It was jokingly suggested that perhaps the appropriately named St. Chad of Mercia could become the patron of disputed elections, since he humbly resigned a contentious appointment to a bishopric. (In reality, of course, there is no actual patron of elections, which may explain a few things. However, Thomas More is the patron saint of politicians.)
- Saint Thomas (the doubting one) is patron saint of architects, builders, and doubters. He's also considered the patron saint of forensic investigation and medical examiners because he didn't believe Jesus had returned from the dead until he examined His wounds.
- Ironically (or appropriately) enough, the Catholic Church does not have an official patron saint of sexually abused children. Unofficially, it's St. Mary McKillop, the first Australian saint and founder of the Josephite Sisters, who repeatedly rebelled against church authority in directing her nuns. Reputedly she blew the whistle on a pedophile priest and was briefly excommunicated.