Literature: Up in the Air
"Make no mistake, moving is living. Some animals were meant to carry each other, to live symbiotically over a lifetime. Star crossed lovers, monogamous swans. We are not swans. We are sharks." Up in the Air
is a 2001 novel by Walter Kirn, which later became a 2009 film directed and co-written by Jason Reitman and starring George Clooney
, Vera Farmiga
and Anna Kendrick
Ryan Bingham (played by Clooney in the film) is a motivational speaker and Career Transition Counselor whose job takes him all over the country to lay off corporate workers. He has no concern for his "clients" whose careers he "transitions" into unemployment, and his primary ambition in life seems to be to become the seventh person ever to accumulate ten million frequent flier miles. Everything changes when two new women enter his life: Alex Goran, an attractive businesswoman living a life seemingly identical to his, and Natalie Keener, a freshly graduated new employee who introduces a new tool for employee axing: video conference calls. Ryan's boss agrees with Natalie that this is the way of the future: no more traveling counselors, no more plane tickets, no more time wasted traveling to and from and inside airports. For Ryan, who lives out of his carry on luggage and spends more than three hundred days of the year on the road, this represents a threat to his entire way of life.
But maybe his entire way of life was meant to change. His youngest sister is getting married. He's growing closer to Alex (on a romantic level) and to Natalie (on a more paternal level), and he begins to reevaluate his place in the world.
The novel is written as a conversation between Ryan and a seatmate — the reader — aboard a flight. His life on the road and his relationship with his family is covered in more depth, and the aspect of the character as a Career Transition Counselor is downplayed in favor of his status as a would-be novelist and a semi-successful business coach. The quest to reach a million frequent flier miles is more central in the novel than in The Film of the Book
. The entire plot takes place over a few days, while his resignation letter is sitting on his boss' desk. He is also apparently being headhunted for a job with MythTech, a mysterious business operating out of Omaha, Nebraska.
This work features examples of:
- Adaptation Distillation: The film and book diverge quite a bit, but both are well-received.
- Adaptation Expansion: The addition of Natalie.
- Adorkable: Natalie. Naturally, as she is played by Anna Kendrick.
- Berserk Button: In the book, don't touch Ryan's miles; really, really bad idea.
- Big Brother Instinct: In the book, there's nothing it seems Ryan wouldn't do for his little sister Julie, except give her some of his miles. Present to a lesser extent in the film. In the movie, he does indeed give her his miles; a wedding gift of five hundred thousand frequent flyer miles each for her and her new husband — enough for them to get a round-the-world ticket. (They can't afford a honeymoon.)
- Bittersweet Ending: In the book Ryan reveals that he has an appointment at the Mayo Clinic due to his blackouts and memory loss, and that he isn't telling anyone in case it's bad news.
- Black Comedy: About layoffs.
- Body Double (Real Life version): Sorry, but that wasn't really Vera Farmiga; she had just given birth and was breastfeeding at the time and thought it wouldn't work.
- Book Ends: The real-life employees talking about what a job means to them, and what it means to them when they no longer have it.
- Break The Motivational Speaker: Played With Ryan's family breaks his motivational speaking career.
- Brother-Sister Incest: Implied in the book; Ryan compares his relationship with his little sister Julie in their adolescence to a romance, which involved him sneaking her into the movies, and "climaxed" when she put her head on his shoulder during a love scene in said movie.
- California Doubling: In this case, St. Louis Doubling. The film takes place in over a dozen cities all over the US, but almost all the airport and airplane scenes were shot in St. Louis, and locations in St. Louis double for locations in several other cities, including Chicago. The scenes set in Detroit, along with a few other scenes, were filmed in Detroit albeit in the wrong terminal. All of the Northwest signage on the walls was covered by posters for American although blurred out Northwest and Continental signs could still be seen at the gate podiums.
- Call Back: "That was a nice touch." "Thanks."
- Consummate Professional: Ryan Bingham knows everything there is to know about his profession.
- Did Not Get the Girl: Ryan races to be with Alex, but he discovers that she has a family and a husband and has no interest in starting a life with him.
- Distaff Counterpart: Alex: "Think of me as yourself with a vagina". Also, and more subtly, it is implied that Ryan sees quite a lot of himself in Natalie, who is sort of an Alternate Past to Alex's Alternate Present.
- Driven to Suicide: Ryan says that that people he's firing say this a lot, but they never go through with it. When Natalie asks if he knows that because he checks the obituaries; Ryan stresses that she really shouldn't do that. One layoff victim actually does do it.
- Sam Elliot's character is almost exactly the same as the one he played in The Big Lebowski.
- Undoubtedly merely a coincidence, but Natalie is strikingly similar (if gender flipped) to Carter Duryea, Topher Grace's character in In Good Company.
- Earn Your Happy Ending: Ryan realizes just how unhappy he is in his life and that he has isolated himself from everyone around him. Natalie is forced to face the consequences of her actions, both in her job and personal life. Both become better people for it, even though their eventual fates remain unknown.
- Happily Ever After: Natalie has successfully recovered from putting her dreams on hold "for a boy" and is now in pursuit of said dreams, her life touched positively by Ryan. Rather than be shattered by the realization that his ultimate goal was devoid of value, Ryan immediately begins to bring value by donating the round the world tickets to his sister and her new husband. He is on the path to reconnecting with his family AND has been vindicated professionally and has carte blanche to travel all he wants again. Essentially, he has retained all of his old power and perks while also regaining his capacity for normal human bonds. He has his cake and gets to eat it too. It is the happiest possible ending within the internal logic of the story.
- It could just as easily be argued to be Bittersweet. He has learned a little of the importance of having a real life and family, but at the expense of the one love (Alex) he has ever known. He's being forced back into the field when he seems to have acquited himself to the videofiring software, which means he likely won't have the time to reconnect with his family and find a real relationship anymore. The tone of the closing narration hammers this home: the Ryan Bingham at the beginning of the movie would have loved to be in that situation. The Ryan Bingham at the end, not so much.
- Inhuman Resources: Ryan is the Hatchet Man variety.
- Kuudere: Natalie is all business and ice. Or tries to be.
- Limited Wardrobe: George Clooney's entire wardrobe for the film actually did fit into a single carry-on bag. Anna Kendrick took it a step further, wearing a single outfit (sometimes with the jacket; sometimes without) for the entire film.
- May-December Romance: Defied between Ryan and Natalie.
Natalie: No, I don't even think of him that way! He's old.
- Meaningful Name: Natalie Keener
- Odd Friendship: Ryan and Natalie.
- Older Hero Versus Younger Villain: Variation (neither character is exactly "villainous", for one): Ryan is a veteran of the "hatchet man" job and knows what is necessary to make fired people react well to the situation. Natalie's "firing through video chat" idea and her inexperience in the job (to not mention her trying to approach dealing with people with things like situational flow charts and factoids) screams Industrialized Evil and, as pointed out by Ryan early on, makes those that are fired much more nervous.
- Pet the Dog: Ryan has one in the scene with J.K. Simmons' character where he creates the best case scenario for the employee losing his job. As a result, it reasonably feels like Ryan is giving him a real shot to chase his dreams.
- Political Correctness Gone Mad: Discussed. Natalie objects to Ryan's stereotyping of families with children, Middle Easterners, the elderly, and Asians. Ryan counters by demonstrating how racial profiling really is a thing, and how choosing who one stands behind in the security line really does streamline the entire process.
- Precision F-Strike: Bob to Natalie. Jason Reitman said he loves working with J.K. Simmons because he is one the best cursers in Hollywood.
- Product Placement: All over the place in the movie. American Airlines, Hertz, Travelpro, and Hilton Hotels feature prominently. The scenes shot in Detroit used Northwest'snote terminal with all of the signage covered up less-than gracefully by American posters. However, the gate podiums clearly show Northwest and Continental, albeit blurred out.
- Race for Your Love: Subverted. He arrives, and she opens the door to reveal kids and a husband. Later, she confirms over the phone that he can't be more than a side affair to her.
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Natalie to Ryan.
Natalie: The isolation, the travelling, is that supposed to be charming? It's a cocoon of self-banishment...You have set up a way of life that basically makes it impossible for you to make any kind of human connection. And now, this woman comes along and somehow runs the gauntlet of your ridiculous life choice and comes out on the other end smiling just so you can call her casual? I need to grow up? You're a twelve year old!
- Scenery Porn: The cameraman practically froze to death trying to get them, so you better like the slowly panning aerial shots of cloudlines and cityscapes.
- Shipper on Deck: Natalie for Ryan and Alex.
- Stylistic Suck: Natalie's attempts at firing people by videoconference. She stammers, can't control the conversation, can't handle it when people break down, and has no answer when people call her out on how weaselly it is to fire someone by phone. If the actor couldn't have done a much better job than that, she wouldn't have got the role. This is in-character for Natalie since she is simply a young, fresh-out-of-college woman, and it makes the role of a mentor figure necessary, but it leaves us wondering why on Earth she was hired in the first place.
- Alternate Character Interpretation: Her time on the road means she has grown less callous and more attuned to the effects of redundancy. Also her age and demeanour work against her. She clearly isn't battle scarred herself and her cold rationality is unappealing to someone who has just been fired.
- Tomato in the Mirror: In the novel, Ryan is haunted by mysterious charges on his credit card and against his frequent flier miles, leading him to suspect identity theft. Though left ambiguous, it seems by the end of the novel that it's Ryan whose been making these charges after all.
- The Unfair Sex: Not only is Alex married with children, but she never tells Ryan about it; yet she's the one who gets mad at him because he could've destroyed her family by him showing up unexpectedly at her doorstep.
- Unusual Euphemism: A rare example that has nothing to do with sex, but is very unsettling: "Career Transition Counselor". He makes your transit into unemployment.
- What Did I Do Last Night?: Natalie has one of these, but she does remember sneaking out in the morning.