Electronic Arts (EA) is the second oldest independent video game publisher in existence (since the demise of Acclaim). Beginning life in 1982, the company first made its name publishing titles for the home computer market on machines like the Commodore 64 and Apple II rather than attempting to follow Activision into the home console market. As a result of this, they largely avoided becoming embroiled in The Great Video Game Crash of 1983 that killed off many of their rivals. In their early days, they justified their name by attempting to treat computer games as art, and the authors as artists in their own right.The modern company is divided into two main domains: EA Sports and EA Games. The company's first modern-day big break was the Sega Genesis release of Madden NFL, one of the first football games to represent the game to a reasonably accurate degree that was also fun to play. Their sports games would eventually expand to become their most profitable line after signing licenses with the NHL, NBA, PGA, FIFA and others, and a new title for each sporting organization comes out every year like clockwork.The "Games" half of the company has also grown over the years, acquiring many other smaller companies and their intellectual properties: Maxis (SimCity, The Sims, Spore), Origin Systems (Strike Commander, Ultima, Wing Commander), Westwood Studios (Command & Conquer), Bullfrog Productions (Populous, Dungeon Keeper, Syndicate), Pandemic Studios (Star Wars: Battlefront) and BioWare (Knights of the Old Republic, Neverwinter Nights, Mass Effect, Dragon Age). Occasionally EA even publish their own unique games, such as Mirror's Edge.A lesser-known, third division of the company is called EA Partners, which handles publishing duties in the West for many games developed by Japanese publishers that lack a publishing presence outside Japan, as well as offering publishing and distributing channels for smaller Western developers that wouldn't normally have access to those channels by themselves. The most prominent of those was a short-lived partnership with Squaresoft in the days before their merging with Enix. Today, EA Partners is the publisher of a number of titles from smaller developers, including the Rock Band series, the Crysis series, the Shank games and, surprisingly, being the retail distributor of games developed by Valve.EA is notable for loving Region Coding. Many games published by EA for the Xbox 360 are region coded, as are some of their games for the PlayStation Portable. They have even announced their intention to region code the PlayStation 3 version of Army of Two, but fortunately stepped down when numerous angry fans threatened to boycott the game. Unfortunately, online play remains region segregated, and the Xbox 360 version of the game remains region locked.On May 6, 2013, about a month after LucasArts' closing, it was announced that EA Games and its subsidiaries, DICE, Visceral Games, and BioWare (which previously worked on both Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic, and Star Wars: The Old Republic) will be taking over duties for creating Star Wars video games.
Early Electronic Arts games:
Properties acquired through buyouts:
Major sports properties:
Modern era properties: