"I have a hard time with GTA. I find the total freedom paralyzing. When given the opportunity to do anything, I tend to do nothing."
You just got a new game! It's huge, expansive, non-linear! You can do anything you want to, the world is completely open to you. So... what do
you wanna do?
You suddenly find yourself paralyzed, you can't figure out where to go next. You wander aimlessly, sometimes for hours, until you're able to find a goal.
This is what happens when a player starts playing a Wide Open Sandbox
game and ends up getting stuck. First comes surprise, then consternation, confusion, desperate flailing around, despair, potential killing sprees
, and in the worst cases, death, quitting the game without having even left the starting town. This is particularly common when they start playing again after a long break
Efforts to avoid this in sequels may actually be seen as overly-pampering. Openness is not bad
, some players prefer the risk of getting lost to being railroaded. Well-designed games would often find remedy in an Achievement System
which provides inspiration and impulse to the player. Compare Alt Itis
, which largely focuses on differing character abilities and options, and Sidetracked by the Gold Saucer
, which may overlap. Contrast No Sidepaths, No Exploration, No Freedom
open/close all folders
- La-Mulana can be like this, even though the whole ruins aren't initially open to you. You do, however, have very little in the way of objectives when you first enter the ruins. Being that Lemeza is an archaeologist, exploration is one of the main themes of the game—puzzles and hints are everywhere. It's often not obvious what solving a particular puzzle does for you, and it's difficult at times to figure out just which puzzle will help you to conquer which obstacle. If you miss a certain early item, you might not even know when you've solved a puzzle, which could lead to a lot of frustrated wandering as you try to figure out what, if anything, you just accomplished.
- The Legend of Zelda is prone to this. You're basically sent out with little idea what to do and especially where to go leading to some early deaths. ("It's dangerous to go alone! Take this!")
- The Atari game Adventure was even more this. You have a general goal and no idea how to accomplish it or where anything is.
- The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask. Without a guide, a new player will likely wander around for all three days and not complete the tasks necessary to recover the Ocarina. After it is recovered, it quickly becomes much more clear where the player must go.
- Like its Metroidvania predecessors, An Untitled Story mostly revolves around finding the next Gravity Barrier and the new ability to bypass it. It has a plot, but it's never at the forefront.
- The Void (aka Turgor) doesn't hold your hand, rarely tells you where to go, and when it does tell you what to do, it doesn't tell you in what order or how best to do so. It is very much a game of trial and error, and you can expect to die several times even before fighting a Brother through simple resource mismanagement.
- Most early Sierra adventure games. Particularly the games that used a text parser, which were infamous for dropping you in a room without so much as an introductory message, while the later point-and-click games had at least some sort of introduction giving you some clues. The original Police Quest was particularly infamous: at the start of the game, you're dressed in your police uniform in the main hall of the station. If you don't figure out that you need to attend your morning briefing within the first three minutes of the game, you'd get Have a Nice Death when you finally walked into the briefing room.
- The first Detective Barbie game, especially for the target audience, girls in single digits. You're alone in a carnival, there's no lines, all the rides and attractions are working... mystery, what mystery?
- Need for Speed: Underground 2, after you're stuck into searching for secret races or need to complete specially hard DVD/magazine covers.
- Burnout Paradise suffered from this a fair bit. You're tossed into a large open world where events are unlocked at every intersection with traffic lights, and drive-throughs like Junkyards, Billboards, Shortcuts, Auto-Repairs and Paint Shops to find (not to mention the Speed and Crash Road Rules on all 70+ roads on the map). The entire game world is unlocked from the start. It can be a nightmare to navigate the game world when you're unfamiliar with it, as events often finish on the other side of the map from where they started. To cap it all off, after finishing a licence, all events are reset and you can win them again.
First Person Shooter
- Borderlands for the most part attempts to give you many different ways to locate your next target such as hint markers, objects, and a list of missions, however this won't aid you if any of the game's bugs kick in, such as the "Keep Your Insides Inside" glitch which will stall a player at a dead stop in the story, making it impossible to play online with people and progress.
- Second Life. When the question to "what can I do?" can more or less be answered by "anything", this is a big stumbling block for newbies. It also gets overwhelming when you look up tutorials on how to even build things from prims or how to make a script. And then there's the in world currency (mostly gotten with real money) where you can use it for almost "anything"... God help us if Second Life and Scribblenauts have a child.
- EVE Online has been described as a sand box with land mines. There are few over arching quest and most of the content is player-generated. Leaving many newbies completely at a loss for what to do next. Expect everyone else to repeatedly kill you while you decided what to do for yourself.
- Since the introduction of wormholes, you can accidentally turn an activity you learned from a tutorial on your first day into a one-way trip to a random section of the universe that may take hours to reverse without dying even if you don't land in a hostile PVP area.
- Star Wars: Galaxies allowed players to level up several skills across 30+ professions, explore one of the largest MMO gaming worlds ever created, and fly (and fight) in space. Most of the planets allowed players to create and run cities, decorate them (and the planets) with various Storyteller objects, and decorate multiplayer ships.
- EverQuest was very much like this in the early days. The process of receiving quests was not at all intuitive, completing them even less so, and often the only guidelines a player had as to where he was supposed to be was the level of the roaming monsters.
- RuneScape, full stop. Fortunately, there is an in-game list of quests that help newbies explore the areas.
- World of Warcraft has become this due to the sheer amount of content added over its expansions. Players can easily reach max level before doing most of the main questlines and most players are likely to not experience all of them before quitting. This is actually fairly typical of MMOs that follow the traditional structure as they may start off with a single linear main path but will over their lifetimes grow extremely diverse in terms of endgame alternative content as developers are forced to give maxed veterans new things to do. This also tends to make the path to max level more like a pre-sandbox tutorial.
- The Saga of Ryzom has a relatively wide-open tutorial area, and you can do the four or five quest chains to learn the game's various skills in any order you like. Then you go to the mainland, which is huge, and some players are just so awed by the hugeness that they make a new character and stay on the tutorial island for a while longer.
- Earlier incarnations of A Tale in the Desert were much like this. You were plonked down next to some schools in a vast world, told to grab some flax and to build a few materials to get started - and then you were left wondering what to do next. Research crossbreeding? Build art? Take over the world? Yeah.
- This is a rather common trope with Metroidvania games; since many of them give you a very broad goal or just drops you into the game world without much of a hint.
- Most games in the Metroid series suffer from this trope; it becomes very easy to become lost in the game world, even in the newer games which tend to be a bit more linear. Super Metroid is probably the most well-known for this, which, due to bugs, intentional design decisions and underestimating players' abilities, gives the player several different routes through the game, and many weapons and items are skippable with some ingenuity. Because there's no clear indication of what to do or where to go, putting the game down for even a day can either leave you with no idea how to progress, or stumbling in the right direction.
- The Prime series try avoiding with an optional hint system that shows where the plot will advance.
- Zero Mission has each Chozo statue set a rough waypoint to the "next" statue, unless you jump off the rails yourself — if you go Sequence Breaking past the point that one of the statues wants to advise you about, it won't bother when you come back to it later. Since the game clock runs during these hint scenes, it's beneficial for speed runners to skip as many as possible.
- Castlevania: Circle of the Moon. The game starts off by dropping you into Dracula's Castle; and not telling the player where to go. The hints you get are few and far in between, and even then they just give you a broad goal.
- Castlevania: Aria of Sorrow takes a step to avert this trope by having a screen where you can consult a character who gives you a hint on what you can probably do next.
- Aquaria, once you reach open waters.
- Riven, the sequel to Myst was intentionally designed this way to satisfy two kinds of gamers. The sightseer could get to four of the five CD discs in the set without difficulty, but only the insanely dedicated puzzle solver could get to the fifth disc. And if they weren't insane before, they certainly were after.
- Scribblenauts. You can create anything to solve your problems... which leads some players to just lock up. Should you make a bridge to rescue the penguin, or a boat, or a submarine, and how do I get the penguin to come on board, and what do I make to deal with the shark, and... you get the idea. Some don't lock up, but after experimenting, rely on a standard set of useful items that they know will generally work (Jetpacks, Ice, Cthulhu, Ropes).
Real Time Strategy
- The scripted missions in the latest version of Europa Universalis are an attempt to reduce this by giving players defined goals whilst not detracting from the Wide Open Sandbox nature of the game.
- Most Paradox Interactive games can be this to some degree. "You're now in control of Saxony, what do you do with it?" Victoria: An Empire Under the Sun is probably the biggest example.
- Most of the Total War games are like this. Depending on which game you play and which faction you play as, you'll probably occasionally be assigned missions from some authority like the Pope or the Roman Senate, but aside from that you're pretty much cut loose to do whatever you want. Conquer the world, become a trade superpower and then conquer the world, spread your religion across the map and then conquer the world, or just burn it all to the ground and let the rebels have it. And then conquer the world.
- Dwarf Fortress is possibly the only game to encompass geology, weather patterns, genetics, city building, tactical combat, individual psychology, item crafting and the effects of a punctured lung all in the same game setting. This is made worse by the fact that the author is continually adding new features to the game, making it much more complicated every year. This causes most prospective players to quit in the first week. Once you can make it past the learning stage, the game is immensely fun. By now, the only hope for a newcomer to learn the game is to start out with a version from back when it was still 2D.
- It's possible to start on the newer versions, but you will need a Guide Dang It, by way of the wiki.
- The wiki has become the the tutorial, with it even being mentioned in the game itself.
Role Playing Game
Shoot Em Up
- Star Control II. Once you're finished with your initial business in the Sol system, you have a few broad goals, as opposed to specific objectives. The game focuses heavily on exploration, so it's largely up to the player to figure out good places to mine resources, who's on what side, and so on. It's a little overwhelming.
- This is made particularly sadistic in that the game is actually on a time-limit... Take too long exploring and the resident Scary Dogmatic Aliens will start killing species off. However, it usually gives you some clue about where to go next for the main plot, even if it's as vague as "Hey, I heard there's an alien species that lives over that direction someplace." The main point of confusion is usually that it's up the player to keep track of his own quests; the game doesn't tell you what missions you've picked up or where to go to complete it, if they even told you where to go next at all. And it is easy to get distracted with mining and never get around to following up on the storyline.
- The SimCity series have no goal at all other than what the player sets for himself. "Build the highest population city you can" is a pretty popular one.
- Though each game has a handful of scenarios with actual win/lose conditions.
- Not to mention The Sims series. It can be summed up as "You die, you lose. Maybe. Start playing." TS3 did at least have a rolling tutorial that gave you the option of learning how to do things if you activate them with the tutorial section unread. The Sims 3 characters that are old enough have wishes and lifetime wishes, which give you points and increases their moodlets when completed.
- The RollerCoaster Tycoon series, although almost all of the stages do have objectives to fulfill. After you complete them, then it pretty much wanders off into this territory.
- Animal Crossing series. "Plot? What plot?" After you earn and spend a couple million bells on pimping your house, don't count on there being anything to do outside the starting town.
- Academagia - Welcome to Wizarding School. You have a bajillion stats, all of which currently suck, and you don't know what any of them mean. You have dozens of available actions, and you will quickly gain far more than you could ever use. Your only actual goal is figuring out what on earth they DO.
- Many Life Sims require some scrambling around at first to keep your character alive, before your enhanced skills give you the free time to explore. Princess Maker and Cute Knight have the initial struggle to pay for food and housing. Cute Knight Kingdom removed a lot of this starting urgency, and thereby left some players with no idea of what to do.
- Wing Commander: Privateer could evoke this. You're given a ship, some credits, and that's it. You're not even in the same sector of space, let alone star system or planet, as the first main plot mission.
- The Path was designed with this in mind. Fortunately it's a small sandbox.
- The Dead Linger throws you into a zombie-infested world, gives you a small prompt on how the controls work...and that's pretty much it. The game has no definitive end, but since your goal is to survive the Zombie Apocalypse, you're probably always on the run, evading zombies and trying to scavenge food. But still, if you get lucky with the random world and item generation, you could just find the biggest backpack, fill it to the brim with food and stay in the town you probably started in (or near), without ever going out to explore the more interesting places in the procedurally generated world.
- S.T.A.L.K.E.R. can do this to you, but you have to invoke it to a degree. Most of the games' immersion comes in when they go off-script, although the next goals are pretty much always marked out for you so the story can keep moving. In the first game you can at several points tell the guy who gives you your next mission to piss off and just run around the Zone killing people and hunting for artifacts until you're ready to move along with the story.
- DayZ. At the start you absolutely need to find a gun, but once you have a gun and some ammo and you know where to hide you are more or less done with the mandatory tasks, leaving you in the middle of a giant map with no objectives and nothing to do. You can gank players, take their cars and powerful guns, then use those to gank more players until you get ganked in turn and have to reroll a new character.
- A Game Master trying too hard to avoid Railroading his players may take things too far in the other direction if he's not careful; dropping the Player Characters into the game world and expecting them to make the plot happen without any sort of guidance or plot hook. Such games may end up with the characters spending all their time getting drunk at the tavern.
- GM's attempting to give their PC's multiple missions and sidequests to choose from often find this. If the PC's are more used to linear plots and the idea of everything must tie together, throwing multiple, often unrelated or only tangently related plot threads/missions at them can lead their players to spending way too much time on a side quest type plot (thinking it must be the main plot) or attempting to tie various threads together that were meant to be separate. Given the obstinacy of the average player, the best solution is often for the GM to nod and congratulate the players for figuring it out.
Wide Open Sandbox
- The early X-Universe games hit this pretty hard; you're thrown in the universe with a mediocre/bad ship, with no real goals aside from short plots. X3: Terran Conflict gives the players more clear goals and offers more plots to follow while making it somewhat easier to start.
- Just Cause 2. It's very easy to get lost, but the sheer amount of non-story related things makes it possible to have oodles of fun while completely ignoring the story.
- Crackdown has been accused of this, since it basically just gives you a list of 21 criminals who need to die, and then kicks you into the city to fend for yourself. It's balanced by the fact that you learn how to play the game eventually, and that it's quite fun to wander around getting things. Except those goddamn Orbs!
- Capcom's Dead Rising tries to avoid this with a strict timing for taking up missions, thus limiting the player's ability to roam blindly, but it also made some players frustrated at not figuring out which missions were more important, since missing a mission-time dooms the player to being unable to progress further with the story.
- Plus the weapons can be a mess at first. Many weapons are practically useless at low levels, and even the best ones don't last long. Some enjoyed the freedom and experimentation, though.
- Dead Rising 2 is a bit more open, with the opportunity to discover combination weapons and more psychopaths to fight. Off The Record is even more open, especially in its sandbox mode, where you don't even have to find any Zombrex to keep going.
- The Space Stage in Spore conveys the sheer immensity of space very well. Possibly too well. Mods make the game even more fun (infinite Staff of Life, for one). Also, nothing beats watching a binary sunrise (Find a binary -two star- star system. Go to a non-dangerous, and preferably with a thin atmosphere, planet. Watch the suns rise.) Or, watch them set, preferably with the appropriate music.
- Minecraft. You are thrown into an enormous world without any defined goals at all - players can build huge structures, mine valuables from the ground, slaughter monsters, explore landscapes, become nomadic, construct railroads, seek out the Ender Dragon or do practically anything else.
- This was even worse before the game came with a list of achievements that encourage new players to learn the basics of mining, farming, construction, and combat.
- This is not helped by the sheer size of the map. You can wander in the direction of the map and go on for hours never finding an end to it all; in one interview Notch said the potential size of the gameplay world can go up to eight times the surface area of Earth itself (although there isn't any major difference between different sections of the map). Not to mention the various environments all over the place (it is impossible to see a snow biome right next to a desert in this game, at least before the 1.8 update) giving you a variety of resources to use in building your desired constructions.
- Not big enough? Mods like Mystcraft let you make as many new worlds to explore as you want, and even decorate them with different types of environments.
- Terraria is a bit less intimidating, since you start with basic versions of three main tools (Axe, Pick, Sword). Even if you do decide to wander, Terraria is 2D and has a much smaller game world, making it much harder to get hopelessly lost.
- Another problem is progression. Of course you wander around, looking materials but how you actually progress is confusing to a newer player.
- Similar to the above, Garry's Mod provides the player with access to every asset from just about every modern Valve game the player may have installed, tools with which to put said assets together in just about any way imaginable, and a default map entitled "Flatgrass." Knock yourself out. Various addons increase the amount of tools and assets available by an order of magnitude.
- Falling Sand Game is quite a literal version of this, having different colored pixels that react differently to other pixels. That's basically it.
- Conway's Game of Life is not so much a game as it is a visualized automaton of squares. It also happens to create a myriad of patterns and can be 'programmed' to produce simple computers.
- As per the page quote, the Grand Theft Auto series has this, particularly since Grand Theft Auto III. It gets marginally better in San Andreas with the introduction of the cell phone, and much better with the smartphone in GTA IV. In the original GTA III though, having the option to do police, ambulance, and taxi side missions (all with valuable rewards), search for and collect hidden packages, find vans or weapons with rampage side missions, doing actual side missions for gangs or the mob, and finally progressing the story, all with little guidance from the interface...things get paralyzing quickly.
- Saints Row 2 is this to a rather good degree. The game starts with the requisite tutorial missions, but then to progress in the story, you are required to earn "respect". It does tell you how to earn respect, but the various methods are so numerous it can lead some players to being distracted before even attempting any of the many mini games to earn said respect. The story itself can actually be this as it is very non-linear in its progression, allowing you to start any of the three basic gang story events at any time (with enough respect). And that doesn't even count the "stronghold missions" that have elements of story in them as well.
- Saints Row: The Third on the other hand is much better. With rare exceptions you usually have only one story quest to select at a time, and the game will periodically remind you to do it. You no longer need Respect to unlock missions. Side activities and collectibles are also clearly introduced in story quests so you know what you are supposed to do.
- In the rather obscure FPS sandbox Boiling Point the main quest is laid out pretty clearly. However, the story missions are all blocked by sizable cash gates, leaving the player to wander around aimlessly until they figure out how to get a hold of some money.
- Kerbal Space Program. You have all the spacecraft and rocket parts you might need, all the eager pilots you may require to test them out, an unexpectedly realistic physics engine and an entire solar system. Everything else? Up to you. One of the stated goals for the introduction of Career Mode (and the Tech Tree in particular) is to mitigate this by gradually and logically introducing new parts to the player as they progress.
- No Man's Sky features a game world so large (specifically, a universe with 18 quintillion procedurally-generated worlds to explore that will take 585 billion years to fully discover) that you might just take your small ship, fly to the nearest planet, land, and stay there.
- Capcom's famed Keiji Inafune suggested that the effect of this trope, combined with the Japanese desire to be guided, explains the relative lack of success that Wide Open Sandbox titles have had in Japan. There was mention of Western attitudes towards free-roaming gameplay being similar to going deer hunting and bagging a bear instead. note