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Exhausted Eye Bags
She hasn't slept in 30 years.

Often used to show a character is tired to the bone after pulling an all-nighter, are the Exhausted Eye Bags. These are circles of darker skin color than normal underneath the character's eyes to represent the Real Life phenomena of pigmentation that occurs around a person's eyes when they are physically exhausted, though in reality it would usually take more than a single night for this coloration to appear. Usually it's a one off situation and after the character gets some sleep they return to their normal appearance.

This is most prominently and obviously used in animation, anime and comics, though a bit of make-up is sometimes used on actors to invoke this trope, but it's usually much more difficult to notice.

Compare Open the Iris, which is a technique to show that a characters pupils (and irises—Hey, cartoons) have dilated in order to easily convey an emotional reaction. See Creepy Shadowed Undereyes too, where this trope might be the explanation for it.

Examples:

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    Anime And Manga 
  • These are the most recognizable feature of Reine Murasame (pictured) in Date A Live. She says she has had insomnia for 30 years.
  • L from Death Note has these constantly. He's an insomniac.
  • Another character who has these constantly is Miranda in D.Gray-Man, who suffers from insomnia due to anxiety and low self-esteem. In later chapters, though, she's less tired-looking and doesn't have eye bags.
    • She still has noticeably thicker eye lines than most other characters in the series.
  • In Soul Eater, Dr.Franken Stein acquires these after Asura is released. This is meant to show how the madness is wearing on him for a while before he snaps.
  • Hayate Gekko from Naruto has these. This feature and his unexplained chronic coughing fits would suggest some sort of illness, but nothing has been officially disclosed.
    • The thick black lines around Gaara's eyes are representative of these. He's possessed by a type of demon that torments people in their sleep, so he's naturally an extreme insomniac. This has more than a little to do with his very unbalanced mental state.
  • In episode 5 of Kono Naka ni Hitori, Imouto ga Iru!, Shougo Mikadono's sister keeps calling him around 6am every day for a week, which causes him to be sleep deprived at school. Then episode 6 reveals that it was Mei Sagara calling him, pretending to be his sister, to keep him from finding out who she really is, lest his father's company publicly scorns and shame his illegitimate daughter and Shougo's half-sister, once her identity is revealed.
  • From Anpanman the Donburiman Trio get these in the episode Donburiman Trio and the Mysterious Forest. After being entranced so much by the charms of the princess from said forest that they pull all-nighters for her, the princess actually being Dokinchan in disguise to get free donburi out of them, they have dark purple patches under their eyes.
  • The main character of No Matter How I Look at It, It's You Guys' Fault I'm Not Popular has a notable case of these. Strangely enough, the rest of her family also have noticeably baggy eyes.
  • Harumi Kiyama from A Certain Scientific Railgun has these, but we have a flashback that shows her both before she got them and the very moment she developed them. The Academy City leaders are bastards.

    Literature 
  • Verity Price from Discount Armageddon has to apply copious amounts of foundation to cover her exhausted eye bags from a too-nocturnal existence.
  • The image appears a few times in the Aunt Dimity series, when a character is tired due to stress. To cite only one example, new mother of twins Lori is described with "her brown eyes smudged with bruises of fatigue".
  • On Horton Hatches the Egg, Mazie complains of having bags under her eyes. In the Looney Tunes version, she has actual travelling bags under her eyes.
  • In Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Hermione is described as having shadows under her eyes to rival those of the constantly ill-looking Professor Lupin when she pulls a few too many time travel aided all-nighters in preparation for her exams.

    Live Action TV 
  • In The BBC's Based on a True Story drama We'll Take Manhattan model Jean Shrimpton gets these during her eponymous New York photoshoot and has to wear sunglasses for part of it. This is either because she's tired and jet lagged, or because she spends every night bonking the photographer, David Bailey.

    Film 
  • Mentioned in The Wizard of Oz (1939).
    Cowardly Lion: Look at the circles under my eyes, I haven't slept in weeks!
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    Visual Novel 

    Web Comic 

    Web Animation 
  • Blake Belladonna from RWBY sports these because she's unable to sleep or eat from stressing over the White Fang and Torchwick's plans.

    Western Animation 
  • In Avatar: The Last Airbender Aang, Katara, Sokka and Toph all have bags under their eyes when they go without sleep due to being chased for days by Azula and her Quirky Miniboss Squad. Later Aang gets this when he goes three days without sleeping due to nightmares of the coming battle.
  • Naturally, Tex Avery exaggerates in the cartoon "Doggone Tired" with the characters having bag upon bag piled under their eyes, running down all the way to their cheeks.
  • Similarly to the Tex Avery example above, in an episode of Sponge Bob Square Pants, Mr. Krabs forces Spongebob and Squidward to work non-stop. At one point Squidward exclaims "Look at these bags under my eyes! Even my bags have bags!" We are then treated to a Gross-Up Close-Up of Squidward's eyes.
  • In My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Applejack gets those when she is badly overworked with apple harvest (and too stubborn to accept help)
  • Taken to an extreme in The Angry Beavers when the characters stay awake for a "bah-zillion" years
  • An episode of Family Guy parodied celebrities who looked like this by having Ashley Judd and Vince Vaughn in a fake TV entitled People Who Always Look Really Tired, drawing attention to the bags under the celebrities' eyes.
  • In Fairly OddParents, Timmy makes a wish where no one had to sleep, and everyone in Dimmsdale had bags under their eyes from fatigue, and various other Gross-Up Close-Up aliments coming from not sleeping.
  • In Ultimate Spider-Man Peter suffers these as a result of being sick and not getting enough rest due to wall crawling heroics.
  • All the contestants in the Total Drama Island episode "The big Sleep" develop these as a result of the challenge being who can go the longest without sleep.
  • The Ren & Stimpy Show: Ren gets some truly epic ones in episode "Space Madness."
  • Rocko's Modern Life: Rocko gets them after working overtime at work, to the point where they hit the floor.
  • Stu gets these in The Rugrats Movie after Dil's crying is keeping him awake.
  • Lex Luthor develops these in the Superman: The Animated Series episode "Ghost In The Machine" after Brainiac kidnaps him and forces him to repair him for weeks, Lex is horrified when he discovers he has them.
  • Magee from the Prep and Landing specials has these. They become more noticeable in stressful situations.
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