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Norwegian-British author (1916-1990) most famous for his distinctively dark children's novels and poetry collections. His style is very Black Comedy, and as a result the stories contain a good deal of more-than-usually sophisticated Nightmare Fuel. The fact that his target audience has been happily lapping all this up for decades now seems to imply that many kids actually like to be terrified (hey, it works for Doctor Who).Put bluntly, Dahl seems to have used writing for children as an acceptable means to beat on all that he hated and feared in his fellow man. And on the evidence as presented, there was a lot. The majority of his works in the genre feature adult villains menacing innocent young children (or, in a couple of memorable cases, fuzzy little animals) more or less just because they can. Sometimes these are traditional boogeymen (e.g., The Grand High Witch in The Witches, the Giants in The BFG), but more often they're simply irredeemably vile and/or stupid grownups. Just how irredeemable is spelled out in exquisite detail on almost every page.Come to think of it, this may explain quite a bit about his appeal among, well, innocent young children. Quite a few not-so-innocent ones, too.All of this would also be following Beauty Equals Goodness pretty closely if most of his small heroes and heroines weren't themselves deliberately very average-looking. They're also in large part Aesop-proof — being already the shining heroes of the piece simply by first recognizing and then refusing to give into the nastiness around them. They succeed in foiling the bad guys by virtue of their already-innate goodness, intelligence, and/or resourcefulness. If you're starting to suspect that there were very few grey areas in Dahl's POV, you're right.One other trope that he often averts is Infant Immortality, though mostly offscreen — kids can be hurt, and even killed or eaten, though these are almost always Red Shirts. Another, subtler trademark of Dahl's is his love of nostalgia for his own childhood (with which he generally manages to avoid alienating his younger readers) and his great love of Food Porn. Almost all of the happy endings in his work revolve, in some way, around food. Although many of them aren't exactly happy.Traditionally, his books are illustrated by Quentin Blake, master of loopy sketchiness. Almost all of his juvenile books have been made into movies — the iconic Charlie and the Chocolate Factory more than once — and, curiously, no two of these movies were made by the same people (though Henry Selick almost broke this trend; after making James and the Giant Peach, he was slated to direct Fantastic Mr. Fox, but left to work on Coraline instead). Particularly in the U.K., stage adaptations of his work are numerous as well; in The New Tens, Matilda and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory have both become successful West End musicals.He wrote two autobiographies: Boy: Tales of Childhood (exactly what it says on the tin) and Going Solo about his time serving as a RAF fighter pilot during WWII. As with any monument of children's entertainment, his personal life is the subject of much debate. Not only was he a prolific author, he was also a fighter ace and a spy. He was also known for being an utterly shameless womaniser. He was married for many years to Oscar-winning actress Patricia Neal. When she tragically suffered burst cerebral aneurysms the diagnosis was that she would never walk or talk again. Dahl wouldn't hear of this, and personally took control of her rehabilitation. Over the next few years he, for want of a better word, bullied her back to health.Most controversially (and the obvious reason why he never received a knighthood or other official UK honours, other than an OBE which he turned down, as he wanted his wife to be Lady Dahl) he was also quite the anti-Semite:
"There is a trait in the Jewish character that does provoke animosity; maybe it's a kind of lack of generosity towards non-Jews. I mean there is always a reason why anti-anything crops up anywhere; even a stinker like Hitler didn't just pick on them for no reason."
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