The album was included in Rolling Stone's Rolling Stone: 500 Greatest Albums of All Time ranked #154. In 1999, his Signature Song "Smokestack Lightnin'" received a Grammy Hall of Fame Award; ten years later, it was added to the National Recording Registry for being "historically, culturally and aesthetically important".
- "Moanin' at Midnight" (2:58)
- "How Many More Years" (2:42)
- "Smokestack Lightnin'" (3:07)
- "Baby How Long?" (2:56)
- "No Place to Go" (2:59)
- "All Night Boogie" (2:12)
- "Evil" (2:55)
- "I'm Leavin' You" (3:01)
- "Moanin' for My Baby" (2:47)
- "I Asked for Water (She Gave Me Gasoline)" (2:53)
- "Forty-Four" (2:51)
- "Somebody in My Home" (2:27)
Tropin' at Midnight:
- Alliterative Title: "Moanin' at Midnight"
- Animal Motifs: A wolf howling at the moon is seen on the cover.
- Break-Up Song:
- "How Many More Years?"How many more years?
Have I got to let you dog me around
How many more years?
Oh, I got to let you dog me around
I'd soon rather be dead
Sleeping six feet in the ground
- "I'm Leavin' You"Woman, I got to put you down
Well, if you can't treat me right
Ain't no use of me hangin' around
- "How Many More Years?"
- Cover Version: "Evil" and "Forty-Four" are covers, respectively by Willie Dixon and Roosevelt Sykes.
- Guttural Growler: This album introduced listeners to the singer's growly vocals.
- Howling to the Night: A literal howling wolf is seen on the cover.
- Mundane Made Awesome: "Smokestack Lightnin'" was inspired by the smokestack sparks that came out of the trains going by.
- Non-Appearing Title: The song "Moanin' at Midnight" comes close.
- One-Word Title: "Evil".
- Questioning Title?: "How Many More Years?" and "Baby How Long?"
- Record Producer: Willie Dixon, Sam Phillips, Leonard & Phil Chess.
- Shout-Out: "How Many More Times?" on Led Zeppelin's Led Zeppelin was inspired by Howlin' Wolf's "How Many More Years?", but without giving him credit. The reissue has put this straight.
- Special Guest: Willie Johnson plays guitar, Ike Turner piano, Willie Dixon bass and Otis Spann piano.
- Train Song: "Smokestack Lightning".