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Self-Sacrifice Scheme
When a character decides to sacrifice himself or herself in order to save their friends or the world, but knew perfectly well that the opportunity to do so would occur. Sometimes, they even plan out the situation so that their own friends will end up killing them.

Maybe they're an Apocalypse Maiden, Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds or Person of Mass Destruction. Maybe they committed a horrible crime and could never get it out of their mind. Maybe they're just a Death Seeker, and this seems like a good enough opportunity. Either way, they're convinced that their death will make things better, whether it be for them or their friends. Just before they die, the good guys usually discover his ploy and begin to panic, one of them usually saying "You planned this all along, didn't you?"

This trope is specifically about one character that believes their death will make things better and tries to go through with it - not about someone who decides to take others with them when they die.

Whether they survive or not depends on the kind of story.

Related to Driven to Suicide and Heroic Sacrifice. If the character uses a spell to sacrifice themselves, it's a Sacrificial Revival Spell. A specific variant is One-Way Trip. When a character has died long before and is revealed to have done one of these, they're a Silent Scapegoat.

Being a Death Trope, BEWARE OF SPOILERS!


Examples:

Fan Fiction
  • Tangled Up In Blues: Blues believes this was Moody's gambit—though it did not involve sacrificing a life, just his fame and fortune, so that he could one day become a mentor to some young pony in need of guidance.

Film
  • In Stargate, Jack O'Neil reveals toward the end that the reason why they brought a nuclear bomb with them was so he could detonate it and destroy the Stargate from the other end in case they encountered a hostile world that wished Earth harm. The reason he's willing to nuke himself? His son accidentally killed himself with his gun and he spends the whole film dealing with it.
  • In Gran Torino, Clint Eastwood's character hatches a plan to get the gangsters who attacked his Hmong neighbors put away for a long time...by making sure there will be witnesses when said gangsters murder him.

Literature

Live-Action TV
  • In Supernatural, season five ends with Sam following through on one of these to lock up Lucifer.
  • In the new Dallas series, the death of J.R. Ewing (brought on, of course, by the Actor Existence Failure of Larry Hagman) sparked a turbulent series of events involving Ewing Energies and Barnes Global. It was later revealed that J.R., already crippled by illness and knowing he had only a few days left to live, had one of his henchmen shoot him dead.

Manga and Anime
  • Near the end of Code Geass Lelouch, having lost his will to live on in the world after Nunnally's perceived demise and the Black Knights' betrayal, attempts this twice: first by locking himself together with his father, the Emperor, in C's World, and after that doesn't take, by taking over the world and becomes an oppressive dictator who violates human rights like he's going for a world record. Then his (former) friend assassinates him publicly and becomes a hero to literally the entire world for freeing them from Lelouch. Little do they know, it was his plan. By uniting the world under his friend, Lelouch ushers in world peace.
  • In Naruto it turns out this was part of Itachi's plan to protect Sasuke and make him stronger.
  • Nabari No Ou: Raikou tells Gau that he'd kill him if Raimei was told the truth about their clan's annihilation. Gau decides that it's worth it.
  • Saint Seiya Shun comes up with this when he was possessed by Hades. However, his plan was averted due to his brother not willing to bring himself to kill his brother.

Videogames
  • Tales of Symphonia had two. The first happened when Colette tried to sacrifice herself to become an angel and save Sylvarant. Lloyd and co. saved her. The second one happened later in the game, in the Tower of Salvation, when there is a trap and Genis helps Lloyd to escape.
  • Irving in Wild ARMs 2 does this. Heroic Sacrifices are a family legacy for him, and the entire game is a Thanatos Gambit so that he can seal a living universe in a person-shaped can and then have the heroes step on that can. Bonus What the Hell, Hero? points for dragging his sister along with him. The heroes are not happy when they find this out.
  • Adam in Metroid: Other M. He even incapacitates Samus so she can't overpower him and object to him doing so! In the postgame, this is given slightly more explanation when a flashback to Adam in the control room is shown and Samus is talking to MB about going to the control room to destroy the Metroids, which Adam soon decided to go in her place.
  • Stocke spends the last part of Radiant Historia with one of these, knowing that as the ritually prepared sacrifice he is the only one who can halt the Desertification. If you get the Golden Ending it's subverted, however, as Heiss (who would have been the last sacrifice if he hadn't run away) willingly makes the sacrifice in his place.
  • Final Fantasy XIII-2: Serah finds out that saving the timeline would have side effects due to her seeress abilities, but goes ahead anyway. Guess what happens after the Big Bad is defeated.

Webcomics
  • Played with in Act 5 Act 2 of Homestuck. Rose Lalonde's plan to take out the Big Bad involves delivering a bomb (The Tumor) to his power source, The Green Sun. However, she plans to use her dreamself to deliver the bomb, leaving her real self unharmed. But then when both Rose and Dave have their real selves killed by Jack Noir, this becomes no longer feasible. Rose and Dave then argue over who should undertake the suicide mission. Ultimately, they both end up delivering The Tumor, but due to finding their Quest Beds in the heart of Derse, are able to ascend to the God Tiers after they die in the explosion. Also, the plan itself backfires; Doc Scratch had been playing Rose all along and the explosion actually creates the Green Sun.
  • Cassandra Kam, a graduate student Tales Of Gnosis College, arranges to feed herself to an exotic creature, possibly a Blob Monster. She implies in a final statement that she has a serious and beneficent reason for doing this, although it isn't specified to the audience.

Web Originals
  • In Survival of the Fittest, Ethan Kent manages this by rigging up a power system that would activate the island's only computer, but upon realising he could do it, he also realised that doing so would alert Danya. What he does is insult Feo Smith, his only travelling companion, into leaving him, writes down the instructions on how to turn on the computer, and smashes all the cameras in the location, thus provoking Danya into blowing his collar. Feo and another group of intended escapees manage to find the location of the island, manages to signal it out, and eventually, counter-terrorist group STAR, who have been searching for the island this entire time, manage to hold the terrorist headquarters hostage, get to the island, and rescue most of the students left alive.
Self Destructive ChargeHeroic SacrificesSilent Scapegoat
Self-Disposing VillainDeath TropesSenseless Sacrifice
Selective SquickAdded Alliterative AppealSelf-Surgery

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