One of them is not like the others (not the guy with no hat
This trope comes into play when an actor is cast for a role in a historical setting who would appear to be of the wrong ethnicity to portray such a role, usually because the population of any given place (bar major trade hubs like Venice or Wuhan) tended to be rather ethnically homogenous (people usually lived and died within a hundred kilometers of their birthplaces).
This is especially likely to happen when the writers don't know the actual ethnicities available, choose not to/don't care about ethnicity, have budget problems or a myriad other reasons.
Depending on the time and place, this can actually be realistic
. Trade-cities have always been ethnic mash-ups, and soldiers and sailors have always been extraordinarily diverse lots. While other ethnicities were often rare and always a bit of a curiosity throughout history, racism as we know it only really caught on with the expansion of the slave trade—and even when racism became common, most people eventually developed the decency to allow people who looked different to move among them without rudely staring at them and the like, even though they still preferred to not have anything to do with them
. You can see this in works such as Othello
, where there is some discussion of Othello's race but for the most part he's one of the most respected men in Venice; you just wouldn't want your daughter to marry him.
In addition, some groups of people managed to travel quite far from home, despite it being the middle of the Medieval period. The Vikings, for example, created a series of "trade and raid" routes that included areas now found in Northern Africa, Lebanon, Turkey, Russia, the Balkans, and of course, North America. They often recruited new soldiers from the regions they'd travel to, not to mention taking slaves and occasionally wives, all of which were brought back to Scandinavia. In short, there were, in fact, black vikings. The trope also got inverted
when Germanics and Scandinavians settled in North Africa
and left behind enough mixed-race descendants to be found even nowadays, people much whiter than surrounding Arabs or Berbers.
In addition to human beings, this principle can apply to animals or even foods being found in geographic areas and/or eras where one would think they'd be nonexistent. You wouldn't believe there were ever jaguars along the Platte River in the American Midwest, but an explorer claimed to have spotted
some there in 1843. Likewise, Thomas Jefferson
famously served everything from macaroni and cheese to Middle Eastern dates and yogurt (for Ramadan, no less!) at his Monticello dinner parties.
It is possible that when a Black Viking appears in film or TV, the character is not intended to be seen as the same race as the actor. The actor used might have simply been the best available for the role, and the writers are merely asking us to use our imagination to make the actor's physical appearance fit the character's. (This is actually standard doctrine for modern stage theatrical productions.) Whiteface would of course be unthinkable (unless you're doing kabuki or mime).
The Other Wiki
euphemistically calls this practice "colour-blind casting."
They claim that a representative of Actors Equity strolled even further down the euphemism rabbit hole by calling it "non-traditional casting (which) is defined as the casting of ethnic minority and female actors in roles where race, ethnicity, or sex is not germane."
Named for 1978's The Norseman,
starring Lee Majors, costarring the greatest pass rusher in NFL
history, African-American Deacon Jones.
Subtrope of Politically Correct History
. See also Not Even Bothering with the Accent
, Race Lift
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- A 1995-200? multimedia ad campaign for Three Musketeers candy bars portrayed the Musketeers in claymation and comic book art. One of the Musketeers was black. Later commercials replaced the short white Musketeer with a short latino. (Alexandre Dumas was himself was himself one quarter black.)
- One Capital One commercial features a black Visigoth. (Yes, they are supposed to be Visigoths, though they dress like stereotypical Horny Vikings.)
Anime & Manga
- Sakura Taisen V features Sagiita Weinberg, an African-American female lawyer in the The Roaring Twenties; while college-educated black professionals were far from unheard of since the early 1900s, what's odd is that this character never has to fight prejudice or racism in the series (which instead would have been likely). Even for an Alternate History, this is just stretching it a bit.
- In Fushigi Yuugi, Nakago is blonde-haired and blue-eyed, yet living in Ancient China. He's explicitly stated to be a foreigner, later revealed to be a member of a tribe that lived in the Kutou region that tended to have those traits. There may be some basis to this; see the Real Life section for details.
- Subverted in an issue of The Sandman featuring the immortal Hob Gadling attending a Renaissance fair with his current girlfriend (and making a lot of cutting comments about it.) When Hob asks his girlfriend why she isn't the Queen of the Fair, she points out her ethnicity (she's black) and the fact that the fair is trying to be at least a little authentic (she specifically says "There were no black Queens of England.") To which Hob immediately replies "Catherine of Aragon. If she'd been living in Selma, Alabama in the early 60s, they'd have made her ride at the back of the bus." He might be referring to the "just one drop" rule since it has been claimed that Catherine of Aragon had a black (or Moorish) ancestor just a few generations back, and presumably Hob would know.
- On at least one occasion, the African-American Gabe Jones, of Nick Fury's Howling Commandos, impersonated a German soldier. He appeared to have no greater or lesser difficulty pulling this off than any of the white Howlers, which is actually a case of Reality Is Unrealistic. Gabe's presence in the Howling Commandos is itself an example, as the US Army was segregated during World War II. The same can be said of Jackie Johnson in Sgt. Rock's Easy Company.
- In Frank Miller's 300, King Xerxes of Persia looks more black than Persian. Less so in the movie.
- In Truth: Red, White, and Black; a young black man tells a racist WWII veteran that his grandfather also fought in the war — for the Germans. He goes into some detail about Germany's black population, and how they'd been there for hundreds of years.
Films — Animation
- The Secret of Kells portrays an Italian, British, Chinese and African monk living in the monastery in Ireland. As recounted in How The Irish Saved Civilization, though, refugees from all over the Roman world went to Ireland fleeing the Barbarian Horde, so the monks of Ireland at the time would be quite cosmopolitan (in theory; see below).
Films — Live-Action
- An urban legend claims that a black man is depicted at the signing of the Declaration of Independence on the back of the American $2 bill. It turns out that the man is Robert Morris, a white financier who later became a Pennsylvania senator. His face appears dark because it is overly shadowed in the bill's picture, which is an engraved copy of a famous painting. In the painting, Morris is unmistakably white.
- Arthurian literature has featured Moorish knights since Sir Morien in the 13th Century. And since Wolfram von Eschenbach introduced Percivale's half-brother Feirefiz (son of the Moorish queen Belacane, ancestor of Prester John) in Parzival (written in the first decade of the 13th century according to most scholars).
- In the medieval romance King Horn, Saracens invade Suddene (a mythical kingdom in the British Isles). This is probably a Race Lift as the villains act just like Viking conquerors, but by the time the story was written down Vikings had become passe and the Crusades were the new hot topic.
- The later Sven Hassel novels introduced Stabsgefreiter Albert Mumbuto, a black soldier in the German army of WW2. However the website Porta's Kitchen mentioned a documentary where several black Germans were interviewed, including at least one soldier. Germany had had an African colonial empire until 1919 so there were a number of African-Germans long after that. This matter surfaces in Istvan Szabo's movie Mephisto, taking place in the 1930s, in which the protagonist, a famous theatre director, has an African-German mistress and therefore gets chastised by an angry Hermann Göring. Even if pretty unexpected for a modern reader, Nazi racism towards blacks is well-documented and horrible, but it wasn't as systematic as their main targets.
- Lampshaded and Justified in Everworld:
- There are Vikings of all different races because Everworld's Fantasy Counterpart Cultures have a vastly different geography from our world, so that Everworld-Vikings regularly raid Everworld-Aztecs, Everworld-Africans, and apparently Everworld-Asians; this results in many new people entering the Viking society as slaves (who may gain freedom and work their way up) or from mixed marriages between Vikings and captured women. Their king, Olaf Ironfoot, is actually black.
- The Amazons are described as similarly having children with whatever males they happen to conquer, with the queen, Pretty Little Flower, being notably mixed-race.
- Inheritance Cycle has two black characters living in a Fantasy Counterpart Culture that's loosely based on medieval Europe, specifically Norse culture. It's eventually explained that "dark-skinned tribes" live in the desert to the southeast, and possibly the neighboring country—some of these join with the Varden in the third book. Before that, characters do sometimes consider them unusual for the colour of their skin, but they do not act as if it was completely unheard of.
- Day Watch, the second book in Sergey Lukyanenko's Night Watch trilogy (of four), has a group of Viking Others- blonde-haired, blue-eyed Teutonic types. Turns out that's just their Twilight forms- they're members of an old Norse cult, but ethnically there's quite a mix. Turns out the fact that there's a black one, a white one, an Asian one and the other one fits some Ragnarok prophecies quite well... Did someone just say "Horsemen of the Apocalypse"? Note though, these are people in modern times who are members of such a cult (Neo Vikings?) rather than Norse people in Dark Ages Europe.
- A Black Moorish woman prosecuting attorney named Brunhild (!) appears in the eponymous Die Morin, written by German poet Hermann von Sachsenheim in the year 1453. She is supposed to prosecute love cases for the goddess Venus and her lover, King Tannhäuser (!!), who, according to legend, lived in a subterranean kingdom under some mountain in Germany. Probably Sachsenheim assumed that a servant of Venus was a pagan, and a pagan was a Muslim, and a Muslim was a Moor, and that "Brun-hild" meant "brown-maiden" (instead of "byrnie (=mail-coat)-warrior").
- Averted in The Warlord Chronicles by Bernard Cornwell. One of Arthur's lieutenants, Sagramor, is a black Numidian, in stark contrast to the Britons, Gaels and Saxons around him, but this is both acknowledged and justified — he was a former Roman auxiliary who joined Arthur's band after his own unit was dissolved.
- A Peter David novel about King Arthur in modern times, Knight Life, casts Percival, the Grail Knight, as a Moor. Everyone is totally surprised by this in the novel (and a scholar or two "refutes" it in front of him).
- Ranec, from Jean M. Auel's The Mammoth Hunters, is a black Cro-Magnon living in Ancient Russia north of the Caspian Sea. Justified by the fact that, in his youth, Ranec's father made a long journey to the region that is now Ethiopia, married a woman there, and returned to Russia with his son after his wife's death.
- Michael Chabon's Gentlemen Of The Road, which has protagonists that are a black Abyssinian and a very white Eastern Frank, both Jewish, who travel the world as bandits and mercenaries and end up in the Caucasus. The Khazars, a nation of Turkic Jews, also features heavily in the plot. It was Chabon's intention to explore the lesser-known branches of Jewish lineage.
- Sanya, one of the knights of the Cross in The Dresden Files, is a black Russian. He himself notes that his color would turn heads in Moscow, and that he couldn't go to rural villages without causing traffic accidents.
- Children's novel Surviving the Applewhites has, as one of the subplots, a performance of The Sound of Music with color-blind casting. This leads to, among other things, an ad-libbed line that the von Trapp children are all adopted.
- Black Italian-Americans show up in Homicide Lifeonthe Street in the person of the police lieutenant Al Giardello and his family, who are both black and very stereotypically Italian-American. In fact, a case of Reality Is Unrealistic because there are in fact pockets of such mixed race people in parts of US.
- Doctor Who:
- "The Girl in the Fireplace" has a black noblewoman in the Court of Louis XVI. Some fans have attempted to explain this by pointing out the existence of the Chevalier de Saint Georges, a real eighteenth-century composer and musician known as "the black Mozart", who did in fact perform at Versailles. It's especially jarring considering there is an Orientalist portrait of Madame de Pompadour dressed like a Turkish sultana and being served by a black slave girl — an exotic possession, for crying out loud.◊ Angel Coulby, the actress who played the black noblewoman, also played Gwen on Merlin.
- The episode "Human Nature", set in England just before World War One, averts this trope, as one of the students starts saying offensive things to Martha, and John Smith seems to find it utterly believable that Martha might not understand the concept of fiction. Smith's love interest understandably is rather incredulous when Martha claims to be a doctor, remarking that a woman doctor was conceivable but not "one of your colour" as said to Martha's face.
- The 2008 Christmas special had the Next Doctor have a black female companion, Rosita, in 1851. She gets treated like anyone else in the story except for two brief, almost missable, moments. The first is when the villainess asks whether the Doctor "paid [her] to speak," which could be either a servitude reference or merely an implied suggestion that she thinks Rosita is a prostitute. The second is at the end when they live happily ever after and Jackson Lake makes a comment about her being his son's nursemaid.
- Averted with Martha's presence in "The Shakespeare Code": Martha initially worries that being black in 1600s London will cause trouble, but the Doctor laughs it off, assuring her that London has all types of people. In this case he's right. Elizabethan London had a significant African population—large enough that Elizabeth complained about it on multiple occasions.
- Isabella and her father from "The Vampires of Venice" are an exception: As a nexus of trade all across the Mediterranean, Venice would have been home to all sorts.
- Richard Nixon has two black agents in his security detail in The Impossible Astronaut. (In reality, Nixon really did have at least one.)
- This is all over Mortal Kombat: Conquest. While the series is set in ancient China, Kung Lao is the only one of the protagonists who is actually Asian. The rest of the cast is suspiciously multicultural — the only justified one is Raiden, who as a god could conceivably take any form he wished. But then why is he a white guy?
- In the 2006 series of Robin Hood, one early episode feature Guy of Gisbourne's political scheming against the Sheriff's current Master at Arms. The fact that the Master at Arms is black in 12th century England is never mentioned nor influence the plot. The producers have mentioned that originally there was no intention for the character to be black, but that the actor gave such a damned fine audition and performance that they felt he could pull it off regardless of the fact that that he would seem out of place, and gave him the part as-written, without any changes to make reference to his color. In Season 3, Friar Tuck is black.
- The start of season 2 of Sir Arthur Conan Doyles The Lost World has an episode where several modern people are transported to the plateau. Even though the main characters are from the start of the 20th century, they don't seem to notice that the helicopter pilot is black and treat him like anyone else.
- NBC's Gullivers Travels miniseries: In contrast to the lily-white Lilliputians, Brobdingnag is home to many black giants (including Alfre Woodard as the Queen) looking a little out-of-place in 18th century powdered wigs. This is actually consistent with the Utopian nature of the island and probably a way of playing up its superiority to both Lilliput and Gulliver's England.
- The Suite Life of Zack and Cody had Brenda Song playing an ancestor of London Tipton... during the American Revolutionary War. Hilariously but subtly lampshaded in that she seems to be (or believe that she is) French. Whether it was intentional and she really was supposed to be London's French paternal ancestor, it was intentional and she was absurdly somewhere in London's Thai ancestry, or it was completely unintended, it was completely Handwaved by being All Just a Dream had by Zack. Also, Mr.Mosby, who is black, is seen as a rich man. Most blacks in the revolutionary war were slaves, but it is possible he was a freeman.
- In The Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nóg, set in pre-Christian Ireland, one of the heroes is black — but it's justified by having him come from Atlantis, which, being mythical, can have any ethnic mix it wants.
- Like The Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nog, the short-lived Roar, which starred Heath Ledger, is also set in pre-Christian Ireland, and still features a black character named Tully amongst Ledger's band of Celtic chieftains. Unlike in 'The Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nog'', there's no justification given.
- Both Hercules The Legendary Journeys and Xena: Warrior Princess showed black Greek. Knowing the extent of the Mediterranean trade in the Antiquity, there was a slight possibility for Ethiopian, Nubian, or darker-skinned Egyptian people to settle in Greek lands, even more so in port cities, as traders, sailors, mercenaries or former slaves. However, their numbers could not be great. Given that both shows are filmed in New Zealand, whenever they needed "ethnic" mooks (for example, to represent Egyptians), they would usually cast Maori or other Pacific Islanders and hope that audiences perceived them as just being Ambiguously Brown.
- Suggested but not confirmed in Power Rangers Samurai, as out of five descendants of Japanese samurai, only one is Asian. It's either this trope, or the equally unlikely scenario that the families mingled with other races in just the right way to make a Five-Token Band. Don't bother thinking about it too hard as history has never been the franchise's strong suit.
- On the Mystery Science Theater 3000 episode "Warrior of the Lost World", the guys remark on how the gangs of hats include black Nazis and white ninjas.
- A sketch on the CBBC show Horrible Histories about Vikings actually featured a Black Viking as an extra.
- Rome shows Egyptians to be Black. Although the matter is still subject of debate and Egyptians were obviously not White European, few scholars think they were pure Africans. Probably a mixed race which (for the time of the series) already have a lot of Nubian blood (Nubians themselves have very often lighter skin, blue eyes and different facial traits than other Africans). On the other hand Cleopatra (a woman of Macedonian descent in real life) is played by English actress Lyndsay Marshall.
- Inverted in one History Channel documentary about the US Civil War. While discussing "the men whose money allowed the Confederacy to survive as long as it did", Virginia patriot Alfred Samson Bell is mentioned and profiled. In the documentary, he is depicted briefly by a white actor. Problem is, the real Alfred Samson Bell was a black man, a plantation owner, and a slave owner who threw his entire fortune behind the war because he was "a true son of Virginia". Apparently Bell's ethnicity was never mentioned in the documentary so as to avoid any adverse reaction from viewers.
- In The Musketeers, Porthos is black. According to Word of God, this is a tribute to Alexandre Dumas's actual black ancestry (his paternal grandmother was a black save in Haiti). It isn't a case of colour-blind casting, as in at least one episode his race is a plot point.
- The trope is discussed in an episode of Psych. When the creators of a play defend their all-white cast on the grounds that the show takes place in 1880's London, Gus gets annoyed and asks if they think black people hadn't been invented yet.
Myths & Religion
- Andromeda, the Damsel in Distress in the myth about Perseus, is the daughter of the Ethiopian king Cepheus. But in most illustrations◊, her skin colour◊ is decidedly◊ very un-Ethiopian◊. (NSFW, if your boss doesn't like nipples!) Although: According to the Tangled Family Tree of the Greek mythological characters, she wasn't ethnically Ethiopian anyway, at least not 100 %. (Her father's ancestry can be traced back to Poseidon, but there is no information about where her mother Cassiopeia comes from.) Also, some people speculate that Cepheus' kingdom wasn't that Ethiopia.note
- Any depiction of Jesus that makes him look northwestern European. Or black. As the central figure in a religion spanning culture and geography, Jesus is often depicted with more resemblance to the local population than to any historical accuracy. As a Galilean Jew, and one whose appearance is described in the The Bible only as being completely ordinary, Jesus mostly likely had a darker olive complexion similar to that of modern Middle East peoples.
- This also happens with other major figures of The Bible, such as Abraham, Moses, David, etc, who look almost exclusively pale in European artistic depictions.
- Due to its syncretic nature and the loas' ability to change shape, the Vodou pantheon is filled with Black Vikings. Some loa like Ogoun and Erzulie Dantor appear as black Africans. Others are caucasian, like Mademoiselle Charlotte and Mama Brigette (who's a foul-mouthed Irish redhead). While others are Native American like the Agua Dulce family of loa adopted from the Taino Indians.
- Buddha is also often represented with Asian traits in many Far East countries like China and Japan, even when Buddha was born in Nepal and probably had a more Caucasian look.
- The Get of Fenris from Werewolf: The Apocalypse tend to be of Nordic descent (as implied by the name). However, the less Nazi-esque of them will breed with physically superior specimens of humanity from almost any background. Black/African-descended Get are not quite uncommon enough to be Special Snowflakes, but they do get the All of the Other Reindeer treatment a bit.
- In the 1999 Broadway revival of The Lion in Winter, African-American actors Laurence Fishburne and Chuma Hunter-Gault were cast as (British) King Henry II and his son Richard Lionheart, respectively. The actors who played Henry's two other sons and his wife were white.
- Judge Brack in Hedda Gabler is often played by a black actor, as James Earl Jones did in one otherwise all-white production.
- Toni Braxton played Belle in Beauty and the Beast on Broadway from September 1998 to February 1999.
- Broadway's colorblind casting frequently results in this. Case in point, Norm Lewis as Les Misérables' Javert in the 2006 Broadway revival as well as the 2010 25th Anniversary Concert. While it's far from impossible that there were black people in France during that time period—indeed, a black actor is playing Enjolras in the current Broadway revival—it's not likely that one could have risen to Javert's rank in the police department. And like the film, the Broadway production of Chicago has often cast an African-American actress as Mama Morton, and a few black actors have played Billy Flynn as well.
- The Nazi GGG Ghostapo organization in BloodRayne has an Asian woman as one of its leaders. Vaguely semi-justified in that she's Tibetan, and the Nazi racial science considered Tibetans to be an Aryan race. Oh, and she's also half vampire, which the GGG seems to consider a plus.
- Metal Gear Solid:
- Averted and lampshaded: The Mole, while discussing her background, mentions that her Japanese-American grandfather was an FBI agent under Hoover. Although he doesn't say anything about it for several scenes, Master Miller immediately knows she's lying, realizing that the notoriously prejudiced J. Edgar Hoover would never have allowed a man of Japanese descent as an agent.
- In Metal Gear Solid 3, a Black man named Sigint was recruited by Zero in 1960s America for his skill and not because of his color. Notable in that Sigint was recruited during the final year of Jim Crow Laws, which barred Blacks from using the same facilities as Whites in America.
- Enforced in Resident Evil 5: there are an awful lot of white people in Africa because people complained about Unfortunate Implications with all the Majini being black. Then again, there are an awful lot of white people in Africa if you know where to look.
- In the Soul Calibur games, Zasalamel is black, and while his country of origin is never directly stated, it's implied that he's supposed to be Sumerian, as many of his moves have names that reference the Sumerian gods. Granted, since he's an immortal who reincarnates every time he's killed, it's entirely possible that the body he appears with is not his original. Although in his ending, where he is in the modern era, several hundred years after the game's events, he is still in the same body. Which implies that he merely comes back to life each time he dies, and doesn't body hop when he reincarnates.
- The Ambiguously Brown Sir Bryant in The Legend of Prince Valiant looks like an example of this at first, until it is explained in a centric episode that he is an exiled Moorish prince that joined King Arthur's knights after arriving in England and suffering quite a few misfortunes there too — among them the assassination of his wife and son by thieves.
- In one bit on Family Guy, Cleveland plays a Nazi, while trying to fake Quagmire's death. Of course, given that the scene also featured a ninja, an "evil pots and pans robot" and an obviously-fake plastic dinosaur (complete with Jurassic Park theme) that's quite probably a deliberate nod to this trope.
- The Simpsons:
- Carl portrays explorer William Clark (of course, Lenny is Meriwether Lewis). As an inversion, Lisa portrays Sacajawea. It also turns out that Carl is Icelandic.
- In fact, The Simpsons do something like this quite often, when the story takes place in a historical setting (e.g. Treehouse of Horror stories). It seems that the main criterion is, which of the established characters fits the role best personality- and relationship-wise.
- While there may not have been many documented Black Vikings in real life, there were Mongolian Vikings. In the Icelandic Eddas, there are references to a red-skinned people called skraelings. This was a derogatory word used to denote a weaker, primitive, people with no courage who were self-evidently less than Norsemen in the eyes of the gods. It is believed this word was used to denote the first Native Americans encountered by the Icelanders: Inuit and native Greenlanders. It may also have applied to "Indians" encountered in Vinland, in North America proper.
- Something else to consider when it comes to this sort of thing is the fact that, at its height, the Roman Empire spanned from the southern borders of Caledonia to Nubia and from Hispania to Mesopotamia, and had mercantile connections with lands even further spread than that. Given that Roman soldiers were recruited from the local populace, and were sent where they were needed, it is entirely possible for a dark-skinned soldier to have been recruited in (for example) Egypt and then shipped off to Britain. Or for a citizen born in Britain to up and move to (for example), Judea. In fact, over time it became official policy that auxiliary armies recruited from the provinces would be deployed far from home, so that if the locals rebelled they wouldn't have the potential support of Roman-trained warriors. After completing their term of military service, the auxiliaries would become Roman citizens, and many would stay in the land they had been deployed to. Both because of the expense of returning home and because after 25 years of service they might well see the province they'd deployed to as being home.
Some recent research on a BBC documentary suggested that one of the regiments deployed in what's now Northumberland was recruited from Egypt and Syria and may have included black African legionaries as well as those with Mediterranean skin tone. This leads to the slight Mind Screw of "ethnic minorities" having lived in England before the Anglo-Saxons arrived. Not only that, but they stayed. That means that the Black British population is actually a real-life example of this trope. Could've been that there were black monks at Lindisfarne. We don't know, but it's possible.
- One claim holds that, for example, the legend of King Arthur was partly inspired by Persian mercenaries serving with the Roman army in Britain, as the contemporary Persian cavalrymen (and cavalry horses) wore full chainmail armor.
- "Black Irish" and "Black Russians" are famously attested in Real Life. However, there is some argument that they are actually People of Hair Color, since it's claimed that Black Irish are either (a) descended from Moors, or (b) descended from the same stock as Basques. There are Sephardic Irish Jews, but they aren't usually identified as Black Irish.
- The current scientific theory is the Black Irish are the only (racially) Celtic Irishmen. Other hair colors? Scandinavian—genetically, the Irish are Germanic (and the English are Celtic). One theory holds that the "Tuatha de Danaan" were actually proto-Danes who'd settled in Ireland, and were later conquered by Celts (called "Milesians" in the legends) from Iberia.
- As for the Black Russians, the word "black" is actually used in Russian to refer to dark-haired and tannish peoples such as the Chechens or the Armenians (both Caucasian) as opposed to Africans like in English, so this may be the case of Lost in Translation.
- 8 Two Irish names reinforce the idea that the "Black Irish" distinction relates to hair colour and complexion. "Dougal" comes from Gaelic elements meaning "Black Stranger" and was used for Latin or Norman-French incomers with dark hair and darker skin. "Fingal" derives from elements meaning "pale stranger" - ie, blonde Scandinavians with paler skins.
- The "Ivory Bangle Lady"; a high-status black woman who received a lavish burial in 4th century York. The Times states:
Archaeologists have discovered that wealthy black Africans lived in Roman Britain in one of the country's earliest examples of multiculturalism. "Analysis... contradicts assumptions about the make-up of Roman-British populations as well as the view that African immigrants were of low status... The link between slavery and Africans is an early modern one. In the Roman world this simply was not the case. Slaves in Roman times could come from any area." ... African men had immigrated to Britain, invariably with the Roman Army, and had brought their wives and children. "We're looking at a population mix which is much closer to contemporary Britain than previous historians had suspected. In the case of York, the Roman population may have had more diverse origins than the city has now."
- Population mixing due to trading and warfare has been much more extensive during the last two millennia than popular media would leave us to know. For example, in southern Egypt and northern Sudan live, until our present day, tribes of either Black or Arabic-looking ''Magyars'', thousands of miles away from Hungary... all because the Ottoman Turks recruited a military unit of Magyars in the 16th century to fight in Egypt.
- Of course, the European Hungarians are themselves somewhat of this trope. While they have by now more or less fully assimilated to being Europeans ethnically, they retain a language and certain cultural customs inherited from their ancestors who were nomads from Central Asia.
- On Haiti, there's quite a number of people who consider themselves... Poles. See, to crush the Haitian rebellion, Napoleon Bonaparte sent there his Polish allied troops, some of whom switched sides and settled down on the island. Their descendants are more like Ambiguously Brown nowadays. The depictions of Voodoo goddess Erzulie seem to be based on the effigies of Virgin Mary those soldiers brought with them.
- The thing is, back in those days, travellers from far-off lands were assumed to be exotic. So they'd be just as fascinated by one foreigner as another, regardless of where they're from; see City of Weirdos.
- This effect is certainly older than the past two millennia, it's just hard to see clear examples after that long. When the armies of Alexander the Great marched across Central Asia, they buggered everything in sight and left garrisons and deserters in their wake, drawn from every corner of the conquest, but most have disappeared into the population at large since then. But high in the Hindu Kush mountains, there still exist tiny villages of almost pure-ethnic Greeks in isolated valleys, wholly integrated with local culture but still instantly recognizable. Journalists who've encountered them remark that, even 2300 years on, they look like Europeans doing a poor imitation of Afghans.
- DNA analysis has recently suggested that not one but four or five African and Indian groups may be (as they claim) Lost Tribes of Israel. Besides the famous Ethiopian and Ugandan Jews who got airlifted by Israel in the 70s, a full-blown tribe in Tanzania recently got themselves tested to prove their claim that the tribe itself were a lost tribe of Hebrews, since the Roman era. (Being cut off, they didn't know any other Jews existed, so they adopted local language and customs.) And the Indian group had become a caste claiming Hebrew descent, although they had more contact with the west.
- DNA analysis of Icelandic people has recently revealed that the Norse may have brought back a native American woman with them to Iceland, well before Columbus. Native American Viking indeed.
- Yasuke, a black slave who served Nobunaga.
- In a more recent example, Victorian Britain is portrayed as being completly white, yet Carribean people have been living in Britain since slavery was abolished. They are possibly overlooked because many people in power preferred not to mention them at all.
- There was also a sizable Indian community already present within Victorian society as well. In fact, the first Indian restaurant in Britain was set up even earlier, in 1810. It's no wonder then why later on, South Asians found the UK a preferable place to immigrate to.
- The Chinese minority also tends to be forgotten, despite their prevalence in the Limehouse district. Compare the fairly popular knowledge of Chinese immigrants in the Wild West; watch any five Western movies and you'll see more Chinese than in 100 Victorian films or books.
- African German Hans Hauck was a soldier in the German Wehrmacht during World War II. There were quite a few African Germans in Nazi Germany, either descended from people from the colonies or the children of black French soldiers from the 1923-25 Occupation of the Ruhr, so called Rhineland bastards. Indeed, as they were considered inferior and not fit for military service, but not a threat like Jews and Slavs, black Germans were more likely to survive the war than ethnic Germans.
- Due to ancient migrations of Indo-Europeans throughout Eurasia, people with "European" traits can be found in some quite surprising places. Green eyes are very common among some tribes in Afghanistan, the most famous example being Sharbat Gula, the Afghan girl on the cover of the June 1985 issue of National Geographic. Blue eyes can be found in India. There are blond Iranians◊, blond Pakistanis◊, and even blond Mongols◊ (Genghis Khan himself was said to be green-eyed and red-haired).
- This is also borne out by traditional Chinese depictions of the Central Asians. See below.
- Further west, auburn (brown-red) hair is known to exist among Levantine Arabs (Syrians, Lebanese, Jordanians, and Palestinians). Since they live in the lands closest to ancient Israel/Judaea and are partly descended from the ancient peoples of that region, it's fairly likely that red hair is probably an occasional ancestral trait among Jews (so depicting Jesus with auburn hair wouldn't be entirely wrong).
- Also, light-skinned, light-eyed Caucasians (as in, from the Caucasus) settled in Egypt, the Levant, and Iraq en masse after the Russian Empire kicked them out of their native lands in the 19th century (they were accused of helping the Ottomans). They intermarried with the locals, and as a result it's not uncommon to find Levantine Arabs, Iraqis, and Egyptians with lighter skin and blue or green eyes and occasionally even blond hair. Even if the hair isn't blond, it's much more likely to be a lighter brown or tinged with red (chestnut beards among men are particularly common). They're particularly prevalent in Syria and Jordan; the Circassians of Jordan are a very prominent and wealthy community and are an important part of the Hashemite kings' power base.
- In a similar vein, the existence of very light-skinned Israelis (obviously, descendants of displaced Jews who got "bleached" by living amongst Europeans for so many centuries) often has other Middle Easterners accusing Israel of the Mighty Whitey stereotype. Of course, these people can back up their ancestral claim to the Holy Land (as any DNA test will prove), but it can still be jarring to hear light-skinned, sometimes blond Jews refer to Mediterranean southwestern Asia as their "ancient home."
- The Black Seminoles are a controversial section of the Seminole tribe who are descended from escaped American slaves who sought refuge with the Seminoles in Spanish Florida. Many interbred with the Creek descended natives, while others remain genetically separate. The debate continues today as to whether they count as a true part of the tribe as they have little or no genetic connection, but upwards of two hundred years of cultural connection.
- It gets weirder. The Trail of Tears sent many of these Black Seminoles to Oklahoma and Texas where, being seen as black, they were not free of being kidnapped and Made a Slave by slave catchers. So in 1850 about 200 Black Seminoles fled and settled in northern Mexico, where their descendants are still known as "Mascogos" (from Muskogee, the name the Creek give themselves).
- Russian poet Alexander Pushkin's great grandfather, Abram Petrovich Gannibal, had been an ennobled Black Russian. And a former slave to the Ottoman Turks, to boot.
- General Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, a Black half-Haitian and son of a French Marquis and a slave woman (and as such, according to laws of the era, technically both a Marquis and a slave), became a hero of The French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars and sired the more famous Alexandre Dumas père (who also inherited dark skin and Black features). To a guy who insulted his racial heritage, Alexandre answered: "My father was a mulatto, my grandfather was a Negro, and my great-grandfather a monkey. You see, Sir, my family starts where yours ends."
- The famous mummies found along the Silk Road in Western China often have blonde or red hair and other Caucasian features and artifacts found with them suggest blue or green eyes as well. Incidentally, as late as the Tang Dynasty (8th or 9th century CE) the Chinese often described the alien peoples along their Northwestern frontier as "red haired, green-eyed barbarians" and such descriptions may be justified given these archeological findings. Since many of these people, along with those from further west, (including the first Christians in China) often settled in Chinese heartland, blond, blue-eyed people may have been not a completely unfamiliar sight in medieval China.
- Amusingly, these "Caucasian" Chinese have Chinese surnames like everyone else, because the Chinese language is extremely limited phonetically and therefore not good at rendering foreign names unless they're drastically Sinified.
- Honestly, black Vikings are very possible in Real Life, when one remembers that "Viking" is not an ethnicity, and is instead a job title, pretty much meaning "pirate."