%% This trope can only used in works with HISTORICAL SETTINGS. This trope cannot be used in works with fantasy settings.
[[quoteright:345:[[Film/TheNorseman http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/norseman.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:345:One of them is not like the others (not the guy with no [[HornyVikings helmet]]).]]

This trope comes into play when an actor is cast for a role in a historical setting who would appear to be of the wrong ethnicity to portray such a role, usually because the population of any given place tended to be rather ethnically homogenous at that time period.

This is especially likely to happen when the writers don't know the actual ethnicities available, don't care about ethnicity, want to add diversity, have budget problems, or a myriad other reasons.

Depending on the time and place, this can actually be [[AluminumChristmasTrees realistic]]. Trade cities have always been ethnic mash-ups, and soldiers and sailors have always been extraordinarily diverse lots. Some racial groups travelled farther from home much sooner than most people would assume.

It is possible that when a Black Viking appears in film or TV, the character is not intended to be seen as the same race as the actor. [[AbilityOverAppearance The actor used might have simply been the best available for the role]], and the writers are merely asking us to use our imagination to make the actor's physical appearance fit the character's. This is actually standard doctrine for modern stage theatrical productions as is called "non-traditional" or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colour-blind_casting colour-blind casting,]] referring to "the casting of ethnic minority and female actors in roles where race, ethnicity, or sex is not germane."

Named for 1978's ''Film/TheNorseman,'' starring Lee Majors, costarring the greatest pass rusher in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Football_League NFL]] history, African-American Deacon Jones.

A subtrope of PoliticallyCorrectHistory. Compare with NotEvenBotheringWithTheAccent, RaceLift.



* A late-1990s multimedia ad campaign for Three Musketeers candy bars portrayed the Musketeers in claymation and comic book art. One of the Musketeers was black. Later commercials replaced the short white Musketeer with a [[RaceLift short latino]]. Alexandre Dumas was himself one quarter black, though he lived 200 years after the events of his story.
* One Capital One commercial features a black ''Visigoth.'' (Yes, they are supposed to be Visigoths, though they dress like stereotypical HornyVikings.)

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''Manga/FushigiYuugi'', Nakago is blonde-haired and blue-eyed, yet lives in ancient China. He's explicitly stated to be a foreigner and later revealed to be a member of a tribe that lived in the Kutou region that tended to have those traits. There might be some factual basis to this. See the Real Life section for details.
* Karin from ''Manga/UQHolder'' could easily pass as being Japanese, despite the fact though she's implied to be [[spoiler:Judas Iscariot]].

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Subverted in an issue of ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' featuring the immortal Hob Gadling attending a Renaissance fair with his current girlfriend (and [[DeadpanSnarker making a lot of cutting comments about it]].) When Hob asks his girlfriend why she isn't the Queen of the Fair, she points out her ethnicity (she's black) and the fact that the fair is trying to be at least ''a little'' authentic (she specifically says, "There were no black Queens of England.") To which Hob immediately replies, "Catherine of Aragon. If she'd been living in Selma, Alabama in the early 60s, they'd have made her ride at the back of the bus." Presumably, he would have to have been referring to the "just one drop" rule since it has been claimed, although not substantiated, that Catherine of Aragon had a black (or Moorish) ancestor just a few generations back, considering that [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/catherine_of_aragon/ Catherine had red hair, blue eyes, and very fair skin.]]
* At least once, the African-American soldier Gabe Jones, of ComicBook/NickFury's ComicBook/HowlingCommandos, impersonated a German soldier. He appeared to have no greater or lesser difficulty pulling this off than any of the white Howlers, which is [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecution_of_black_people_in_Nazi_Germany#In_the_armed_forces actually]] a case of RealityIsUnrealistic. Gabe's presence in the Howling Commandos is itself an example, though, as the US Army was segregated during World War II. The same can be said of Jackie Johnson in ''ComicBook/SgtRock'''s Easy Company.
* In Creator/FrankMiller's ''ComicBook/ThreeHundred'', King Xerxes of Persia looks more black than Persian. Less so in [[Film/ThreeHundred the movie]].
* In ''Truth: Red, White, and Black'', a young black man tells a racist WWII veteran that his grandfather also fought in the war... for the Germans. He goes into some detail about Germany's black population, and how they'd been there for hundreds of years.
* Franchise/WonderWoman. The first example of this was the Silver Age character Nubia who was retconned in as Diana's long lost, black sister who was also made of clay but was kidnapped by Mars. Since the Perez run from the 1980s, the Wonder Woman Amazons have been shown as being a multi-racial society with Amazons from Europe, East Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfKells'' has an Italian, British, Chinese and African monk living in the monastery in Ireland. As recounted in ''How The Irish Saved Civilization'', though, refugees from all over the Roman world went to Ireland fleeing the barbarian horde, so the monks of Ireland at the time would in theory, be cosmopolitan.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/TheNorsemen'' features the late Deacon Jones as an African thrall (a.k.a. slave). Which, by itself, isn't really that egregious. Vikings would enslave some captives of any race as thralls, and sometimes freed thralls would become Vikings themselves. If there were any historical black Vikings (the Viking Sagas do have ambiguous references to some Vikings with dark skin), this is how it would've happened.
* ''Film/AKidInKingArthursCourt'' had black people fully integrated into a [[TheThemeParkVersion Theme Park Version]] of Myth/KingArthur's court with no explanation given whatsoever (though considering the King Arthur of popular culture is a myth, this can be excused).
* Moors in the Merry Men of ''Film/RobinHood'', something introduced with the character of Nasir in Creator/{{ITV}}'s ''Series/RobinOfSherwood'', and subsequently taken-up in the film ''Film/RobinHoodPrinceOfThieves'' with [[Creator/MorganFreeman Azeem]], and the latest series from Creator/TheBBC (not to mention [[Creator/DaveChappelle Achoo]] in ''[[Film/RobinHoodMenInTights Men in Tights]]''). The BBC version takes this trend a step further, as there is at least one black character working for the Sheriff, and a black thief is taken seriously when she claims to be the leader of an order of nuns; unlike the Arabic characters, the black characters are portrayed as fully accepted members of medieval English society.
* The live action version of ''BeautyAndTheBeast2017'' has a number of black people at the Prince's party. While the black singer is possible, though unlikely, in 18th Century France, black courtiers (the dancers) are pretty much impossible.
* In the feature film adaption of ''Film/WildWildWest'', Will Smith, a black man, is cast as the protagonist, James West, a U.S. Army officer in 1869. The first post-war black U.S. Army officer, Henry O. Flipper, was commissioned on his graduation from West Point in 1877. This is perhaps excusable given that the film also features [[CattlePunk a giant mechanical tarantula]].
* Both averted and played straight in ''Film/BlackKnight''. When Creator/MartinLawrence travels to medieval England and becomes a FishOutOfTemporalWater, he is called a "Moor" in a disrespectful tone and runs into conflict a few times because of his skin color. Yet when he arrives at the castle there is a black chambermaid there and nobody seem to care. [[spoiler:It was all just a dream anyway]].
* In the film adaptation of ''Theatre/MuchAdoAboutNothing'', the character Don Pedro is the Prince of Aragon and played by Creator/DenzelWashington. While Spain was occupied for several centuries by the Moors, Medieval Spaniards were nearly obsessed with ''limpieza de sangre'' or "purity of blood", and the aristocratic class was the worst. It might have been a stylish choice to make his illegitimate brother's deep hatred for him more obvious. Otherwise, this would have to get across by Creator/KeanuReeves's acting ability.
* Creator/KennethBranagh's version of ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' has a few black people among the staff of the Danish castle, including one woman who was originally a "gentleman" in the play. The film updates the time period to somewhere in the 1800s, but that doesn't change much. Although it would have been slightly less likely in the 16th century, the Virgin Islands were a Danish Colony until the Great War.
* ''Film/{{MASH}}'', set during the Korean War, featured a black surgeon. The [[Series/{{MASH}} TV show]] followed suit for a few episodes until the anachronism was pointed out to the producers. While ostensibly set in the 1950's, ''M*A*S*H'' was ultimately pretty much a mix of UsefulNotes/VietnamWar and (then-) PresentDayPast, anyway. Presumably, the producers never bothered to check any sources about the 8055th MASH, the real unit in Korea the movie was based on, which ''did'' have a black surgeon on staff (the U.S. Army wasn't fully integrated until 1954, one year after the Korean conflict ended, but piecemeal integration had occurred in the 1940s and even earlier).
* ''Film/ForceTenFromNavarone'' does its best to avert this trope and use it too. Carl "Apollo Creed" Weathers unknowingly forces his way into the middle of a plane full of commandos flying to Yugoslavia to fight the Nazis. The frustrated commandos immediately point out how much Weathers will stick out in Yugoslavia, complete with a snide comment about a Zulu invasion. When they land, the leader of the native force they join up with is bemused by his appearance to the point of pretending to wipe the blackness off of Weathers' face.
* ''Film/{{Thor}}'', based on the comic book, has two examples of non-whites among Norse Gods. In the movie, the idea is put forth that the Asgardians aren't really gods but [[HumanAliens extradimensional beings]] that the Scandinavians mistook for deities after seeing them battle Frost Giants on Earth. It's also a matter of the Asgardians in the Marvel universe not actually being exactly the same as real-world Aesir mythology. Amusingly, the Asgardian played by a black actor was Heimdall, who is described in Norse mythology as "the whitest of the gods".
* German actor Günther Kaufmann, whose father was an African-American GI, plays a Viking in ''Wickie und die starken Männer'' (''Wickie and the Strong Men''), thus [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin making this a very literal example of this trope]]. With heavy Viking make up [[AmbiguouslyBrown Kaufmann's actual ethnicity is hard to tell]] though.
* In a version of ''Theatre/JosephAndTheAmazingTechnicolorDreamcoat'' released on DVD, two of the brothers (Judah and Benjamin) are played by black actors. This is something of a continuity problem as the two were born to different mothers, according to Genesis. The other ten brothers are pretty much all over the apparent ethnicity map (the twelve had the same father, who had four wives). And Joseph's father Jacob did have concubines who may have been of different ethnicities than his two wives, who were sisters. Jacob having had black sons is not impossible. On the other hand, Benjamin is supposed to be ''full'' brother of Joseph. In any case, that particular version is [[RuleOfFunny a comedy]].
* In the 1973 film version of ''Music/JesusChristSuperstar'', Judas is black. Some critics saw the casting as racist, but the filmmakers insisted that Carl Anderson was simply the best man for the role (Ben Vereen faced similar criticism for playing the role on Broadway). Jesus, meanwhile, is white, Mary Magdalene is Hawaiian, and the other disciples are all different races (but then, the film makes no pretense at realism).
* In a flashback in ''Film/TransformersRevengeOfTheFallen'', The Fallen is attacked by various native ancient Africans. Among them is a white man.
* Eartha Kitt as Freya the Norn in ''Film/ErikTheViking''. The casting helps portray her as somewhat "other" from the rest of the tribe, and it helps that she's [[ButNotTooBlack Not Too Black]] to begin with.
* ''Film/ThreeHundred'' features quite a few high-ranking black members of the Persian Empire, implying that a significant population of the elites in Persia were black. The Persian Empire under Xerxes I only held a small portion of modern-day Egypt and so did not have any large population of sub-Saharan Africans, particularly among its elites. Of course, their army is also portrayed as including monsters of various kinds, so it's not really realistic, and this is told by an UnreliableNarrator who may have exaggerated things.
* There's a whole FriendlyLocalChinatown in ''Film/GangsOfNewYork'', and half the story is set in a Chinese cathouse, to which historians were quick to point out that the Chinese population of New York was virtually nonexistent at the time.
* In ''Film/{{Hoosiers}}'', the state championship game features the Hickory Huskers playing the "David" role to the "Goliath" South Bend Central Bears. South Bench has a racially integrated basketball team, racially integrated cheerleader squad, and a black head coach, all in Indiana, in 1952. Although integrated schools were very rare at this time, the real-life legend Ray Crowe plays the black coach.
** For what it's worth, the [[http://100n100.bbim.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/292697.jpg 1953 South Bend team]] (who won the Indiana Championship) ''was'' integrated, albeit with a white coaching staff.
* Played for laughs in Creator/WoodyAllen's ''Film/LoveAndDeath'', with a shouting black drill sergeant in 1812 Russia.
* Played for laughs again in Creator/WoodyAllen's ''Everything you Always Wanted to Know About Sex But Were too Afraid to Ask'', with a black sperm standing among all the white sperm about to be ejaculated.
-->'''Black Sperm:''' What am I doing here?
* In ''Film/KingdomOfHeaven'', Liam Neeson's character leads a small rainbow coalition of warriors back from the Crusades, one of whom is a black man. It's supposed to indicate how so many different cultures have been drawn to the fight over the Holy Land. It's not ''completely'' impossible, since there were Ethiopian Christians, for instance.
* Invoked in-universe in ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheFirstAvenger'' when Dugan observes that a fellow POW is Asian. Dugan asks, "Are we taking ''everyone'' now?" The Asian man, Jim Morita, flashes his dogtags and says [[JustifiedTrope "I'm from Fresno, ace."]] Japanese-Americans who were born in the USA ''were'' allowed to fight and did so in Italy, where the POW camp is located, though they did so in segregated units. His presence in the Howling Commandos is justified by [[RagtagBunchOfMisfits its unique nature]].
* Music/QueenLatifah as Mama Morton in the movie ''Film/{{Chicago}}''. A female African-American jail warden in charge of white prisoners in 1920s America? That wouldn't happen.
* In ''Film/ChristopherAndHisKind'', there is at least one black man in the gay club Isherwood frequents. Given that this happened in early 1930's Berlin, it is a little jarring, though possible.
* Creator/KennethBranagh's version of ''Theatre/AsYouLikeIt'' has a lot of white, black, and Japanese actors. You may be noticing he tends to do this a lot.
* In the 2004 musical TV film of ''Literature/AChristmasCarol'', the Ghost of Christmas Present is played by the black Jesse L. Martin. Ditto for theater productions using color-blind casting.
* Parodied in ''The Hooligan Factory'' with Midnight, stated to be "the original black hooligan. Actually, I think back in the day he was the only black hooligan."
* ''Film/{{Dogma}}'' plays the trope for laughs by introducing a thirteenth apostle of Jesus, who was left out of the Bible because he's black.
* ''Film/{{Centurion}} '' features Noel Clarke, an English actor with Afro-Caribbean heritage playing "Macro", a refugee from Numidia and a legionary from the second cohort of the Ninth Legion. Schoolboy error here, Numidia in modern-day Tunisia was populated by light-skinned Berbers and descendants of Eastern Mediterranean Carthagians. The writer probably meant Nubia, the country in modern day Sudan. The same Roman unit also features Riz Ahmed playing Tarak, the company cook, who "hails from the Hindu Kush", which neatly matches Ahmed's own Pakistani ancestry.
* ''Film/XMenDaysOfFuturePast'' has Bolivar Trask, the head of Trask Industries, being played by Creator/PeterDinklage. As no mention of Trask having dwarfism is every brought up in the film, it's obvious that he fits a variant of this trope.
* ''Film/KingArthurLegendOfTheSword'': The film [[AnachronismStew doesn't even attempt]] to be historically accurate so there are a few non-European characters around. Granted, Londinium appears to be a trade city, which historically did have diverse populations, so this could in fact be one of the few things in the film that actually ''is'' historically accurate (in Roman Britain, some black Africans ''did'' live there, and into the medieval era too).
** Bedivere as played by Creator/DjimonHounsou. Counts as a RaceLift, as "Bedwyr" appears in the oldest Celtic layers of the mythos. However, perhaps surprisingly, there ''is'' a black knight mentioned in the original Arthurian legend: [[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/not-all-knights-round-table-were-white-180949361/ Sir Morien]], either the son or nephew of Perceval. So at least there is precedent, and possibly this was an inspiration.
** Kung Fu George, played by Tom Wu.
** Wetstick, who appears to be mixed race.

* An urban legend claims that a black man is depicted at the signing of the Declaration of Independence on the back of the American $2 bill. It turns out that the man is Robert Morris, a white financier who later became a Pennsylvania senator. His face appears dark because it is overly shadowed in the bill's picture, which is an engraved copy of a famous painting. In the painting, Morris is unmistakably white.

* Arthurian literature has featured Moorish knights since Sir Morien in the 13th Century, and since Wolfram von Eschenbach introduced Percivale's half-brother Feirefiz (son of the Moorish queen Belacane, ancestor of Prester John) in ''Parzival'', a work most scholars date to the 1310's.
* In the medieval romance ''King Horn,'' Saracens invade Suddene (a mythical kingdom in the British Isles). This is probably a RaceLift as the villains act just like Viking conquerors, but by the time the story was written down Vikings had become passé and the Crusades were the new hot topic.
* The later Creator/SvenHassel novels introduced Stabsgefreiter Albert Mumbuto, a black soldier in the German army of UsefulNotes/WW2. However the website [[http://www.svenhassel.info/ Porta's Kitchen]] mentioned a documentary where several black Germans were interviewed, including at least one soldier. Germany had had an African colonial empire until 1919 so there were a number of African-Germans long after that. This matter surfaces in Istvan Szabo's movie ''Mephisto'', taking place in the 1930s, in which the protagonist, a famous theatre director, has an African-German mistress and is therefore chastised by an angry Hermann Göring. Though it might surprise a modern reader, while [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazi]] [[http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005479 racism toward black Germans]] [[http://www.ushmm.org/research/library/bibliography/?lang=en&content=blacks is well-documented]] and horrible, but it wasn't as systematic as their persecution of the Jews.
* {{Lampshaded}} and {{Justified|Trope}} in ''Literature/{{Everworld}}'':
** There are Vikings of all different races because Everworld's {{Fantasy Counterpart Culture}}s have a vastly different geography from our world, so that Everworld-Vikings regularly raid Everworld-Aztecs, Everworld-Africans, and apparently Everworld-Asians; this results in many new people entering the Viking society as slaves (who may gain freedom and work their way up) or from mixed marriages between Vikings and captured women. Their king, Olaf Ironfoot, is actually black.
** The Amazons are described as similarly having children with whatever men they happen to conquer. The queen, Pretty Little Flower, is mixed-race.
* ''Literature/InheritanceCycle'' has two black characters living in a FantasyCounterpartCulture loosely based on medieval Europe, specifically Norse culture. It is later explained that "dark-skinned tribes" live in the desert to the southeast, and possibly the neighboring country. A few of them join with the Varden in the third book. Before that, characters do sometimes consider them unusual for the colour of their skin, but they do not act as if it was completely unheard of.
* ''Day Watch'', the second book in Creator/SergeyLukyanenko's Literature/NightWatch trilogy (of four), has a group of Viking Others: blonde-haired, blue-eyed Teutonic types. Turns out that's just their Twilight forms. They're members of an old Norse cult, but ethnically there's quite a mix. [[spoiler:Turns out the fact that there's a black one, a white one, an Asian one and the other one fits some Ragnarok prophecies quite well...]] Did someone just say "HorsemenOfTheApocalypse"? Note though, these are people in modern times who are members of such a cult (Neo Vikings?) rather than Norse people in Dark Ages Europe.
* A [[SassyBlackWoman Black Moorish woman prosecuting attorney]] named [[{{Valkyries}} Brunhild]] (!) appears in the eponymous ''Die Morin'', written by [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire German]] poet Hermann von Sachsenheim in the year ''[[TheLateMiddleAges 1453]]''. She is supposed to prosecute love cases for the goddess Venus and her lover, King Theatre/{{Tannhaeuser}} (!!), who, according to legend, lived in a subterranean kingdom under some mountain in Germany. Probably Sachsenheim assumed that a servant of Venus was a pagan, and a pagan was a Muslim, and a Muslim was a Moor, and that "Brun-hild" meant "brown-maiden" (instead of "byrnie (=mail-coat)-warrior").
* Averted in ''Literature/TheWarlordChronicles'' by Creator/BernardCornwell. One of Arthur's lieutenants, [[ScaryBlackMan Sagramor]], is a black Numidian, in stark contrast to the Britons, Gaels and Saxons around him, but this is both acknowledged and justified. He was a former Roman auxiliary who joined Arthur's band after his own unit was dissolved.
* A Creator/PeterDavid novel about King Arthur in modern times, ''Literature/KnightLife'', makes Percival, the Grail Knight, a Moor. Everyone is totally surprised by this in the novel and a scholar or two "refutes" it in front of him.
* Characters with red hair and blue or green eyes are fairly common in classic Chinese novels such as ''WaterMargin''. This may be justified given the ethnic makeup among the peoples of Central Asian regions bordering China during the Middle Ages, as described below in the Real Life section.
* Ranec, from Jean M. Auel's ''[[Literature/EarthsChildren The Mammoth Hunters]]'', is a black Cro-Magnon living in Ancient Russia north of the Caspian Sea. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] by the fact that, in his youth, Ranec's father made a long journey to the region that is now Ethiopia, married a woman there, and returned to Russia with his son after his wife's death.
* Creator/MichaelChabon's ''Literature/GentlemenOfTheRoad'', which has protagonists that are a black Abyssinian and a very white Eastern Frank, both Jewish, who travel the world as bandits and mercenaries and end up in the Caucasus. The Khazars, a nation of Turkic Jews, also features heavily in the plot. It was Chabon's intention to explore the lesser-known branches of Jewish lineage.
* Sanya, one of the [[{{Paladin}} knights of the Cross]] in ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'', is a black Russian. He himself notes that his color would turn heads in Moscow, and that he couldn't go to rural villages without causing traffic accidents.
* Black servants play a significant part in the series of ''Angelique'' novels by Anne Golon, set during the reign of [[UsefulNotes/LouisXIV King Louis XIV]]. They existed in RealLife in the 16th century Paris, as former slaves acquired from the Mediterranean Turkish and Arab traders, or children of former slaves, and were much sought-after by the French aristocracy as exotic "pets" / status symbols. In the books, [[CaptainObvious they display fierce loyalty to anyone who treats them as human beings]], including the eponymous heroine, and serve them as spies, couriers and bodyguards.
* Children's novel ''Surviving the Applewhites'' has, as one of the subplots, a performance of ''The Sound of Music'' with color-blind casting. This leads to, among other things, an ad-libbed line that the von Trapp children are all adopted.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** "The Girl in the Fireplace" has a black noblewoman in the Court of Louis XVI. Some fans have [[FanWank attempted to explain]] this by pointing out the existence of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevalier_de_Saint-Georges Chevalier de Saint Georges]], a real eighteenth-century composer and musician known as "the black Mozart", who did in fact perform at Versailles. It's especially jarring considering there is an Orientalist portrait of Madame de Pompadour dressed like a Turkish sultana and being served by a black slave girl -- [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:C._van_Loo_Sultane.jpg an exotic possession, for crying out loud.]] Angel Coulby, the actress who played the black noblewoman, also played Gwen on ''Series/{{Merlin}}''.
** The episode "Human Nature", set in England just before World War One, averts this trope, as one of the students starts saying offensive things to Martha, and John Smith seems to find it utterly believable that Martha might not understand the concept of fiction. Smith's love interest understandably is rather incredulous when Martha claims to be a doctor, remarking that a ''woman'' doctor was conceivable but not "one of your colour" as said to Martha's face.
** The titular character of ''The Next Doctor'' had a black female companion, Rosita, in 1851. She gets treated like anyone else in the story except for two brief, almost missable, moments. The first is when the [[spoiler:villainess asks whether the Doctor "paid [her] to speak," which could be either a servitude reference or merely an implied suggestion that she thinks Rosita is a prostitute. The second is at the end when they live happily ever after and Jackson Lake makes a comment about her being his son's nursemaid.]]
** Averted with Martha's presence in "The Shakespeare Code": Martha initially worries that being black in 1600s London will cause trouble, but the Doctor laughs it off, assuring her that London has all types of people. In this case he's right. Elizabethan London had [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arrival_of_black_immigrants_in_London a significant African population]]--large enough that Elizabeth complained about it on multiple occasions.
** Isabella and her father from "The Vampires of Venice" are an exception. As a nexus of trade all across the Mediterranean, Venice would have been home to all sorts. (But she also has modern-day straightened hair.)
** UsefulNotes/RichardNixon has ''two'' black agents in his security detail in ''The Impossible Astronaut''. (In reality, Nixon really did have at least one.)
** The series 9 opener "The Magician's Apprentice" features some black extras in Essex in 1138, leading to some debate as to whether this is realistic or not.
* This is all over ''Series/MortalKombatConquest''. While the series is set in ancient China, Kung Lao is the only one of the protagonists who is actually Asian. The rest of the cast is suspiciously multicultural. The only justified one is Raiden, who as a god could conceivably take any form he wished. But then why is he a white guy?
* An early episode of ''Series/RobinHood'' has [[TheDragon Guy of Gisbourne's]] political scheming against the [[BigBad Sheriff's]] current Master at Arms. The fact that the Master at Arms is black in 12th century England is never mentioned nor influence the plot. [[WordOfGod The producers have mentioned]] that originally there was no intention for the character to be black, but that the actor gave such a damned fine audition and performance that they felt he could pull it off regardless of the fact that that he would seem out of place, and gave him the part as-written, without any changes to make reference to his color. In Season 3, Friar Tuck is black.
* The start of Season 2 of ''Series/SirArthurConanDoylesTheLostWorld'' has an episode where several modern people are transported to the plateau. Even though the main characters are from the start of the 20th century, they don't seem to notice that the helicopter pilot is black and treat him like anyone else.
* NBC's ''Literature/GulliversTravels'' miniseries: In contrast to the lily-white Lilliputians, Brobdingnag is home to many black giants (including Alfre Woodard as the Queen) looking a little out-of-place in 18th century powdered wigs. This is actually consistent with the Utopian nature of the island and probably a way of playing up its superiority to both Lilliput and Gulliver's England.
* ''Series/TheSuiteLifeOfZackAndCody'' had Brenda Song playing an ancestor of London Tipton... during the American Revolutionary War. Hilariously but subtly lampshaded in that she seems to be (or believe that she is) French. Whether it was intentional and she really was supposed to be London's French paternal ancestor, it was intentional and she was absurdly somewhere in London's Thai ancestry, or it was completely unintended, it was completely {{Handwaved}} by being AllJustADream had by [[BookDumb Zack]]. Also, Mr.Mosby, who is black, is seen as a rich man. Most blacks in the revolutionary war were slaves, but it is possible he was a freeman.
* In ''Series/TheMysticKnightsOfTirNaNog'', set in pre-Christian Ireland, one of the heroes is black -- but it's justified by having him come from {{Atlantis}}, which, being mythical, can have any ethnic mix it wants.
* Like ''The Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nog'', the short-lived ''{{Series/Roar}}'', which starred Heath Ledger, is also set in pre-Christian Ireland, and still features a black character named Tully amongst Ledger's band of Celtic chieftains. Unlike in 'The Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nog'', there's no justification given.
* Both ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys'' and ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'' had black Greeks. Knowing the extent of the Mediterranean trade in the Antiquity, there was a slight possibility for Ethiopian, Nubian, or darker-skinned Egyptian people to settle in Greek lands, even more so in port cities, as traders, sailors, mercenaries or former slaves. However, their numbers could not be great. Given that both shows are filmed in New Zealand, whenever they needed "ethnic" mooks (for example, to represent Egyptians), they would usually cast Maori or other Pacific Islanders and hope that audiences perceived them as just being AmbiguouslyBrown.
* Suggested but not confirmed in ''Series/PowerRangersSamurai'', as out of five descendants of Japanese samurai, only one is Asian. It's either this trope, or the equally unlikely scenario that the families mingled with other races in just the right way to make a FiveTokenBand. Don't bother thinking about it too hard as history has never been the franchise's strong suit.
* On the ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' episode "Film/WarriorOfTheLostWorld", the guys remark on how the [[GangOfHats gangs of hats]] include black Nazis and white ninjas.
* A sketch on the CBBC show ''Series/HorribleHistories'' about Vikings actually featured a Black Viking as an extra.
* Inverted [[PoliticallyCorrectHistory to avert controversy]] in a Creator/TheHistoryChannel documentary about the US Civil War. While discussing "the men whose money allowed the Confederacy to survive as long as it did", Virginia patriot Alfred Samson Bell is mentioned and profiled. In the documentary, he is depicted by a white actor. The problem is, the real Alfred Samson Bell was black, a plantation owner, and a slave owner who threw his entire fortune behind the war because he was "a true son of Virginia".
* In ''Series/TheMusketeers'', Porthos is black. According to WordOfGod, this is a tribute to Creator/AlexandreDumas's actual black ancestry (his paternal grandmother was a black slave in Haiti). It isn't a case of colour-blind casting, as in several episodes his racial background is an explicit driver of the plot. [[spoiler:It finally turns out that, like Dumas's father, he was the product of a nobleman's affair with a black servant woman, and he was brought into the Musketeers by a friend of his father who felt guilty about helping his father to discard his black mistress.]]
* The trope is discussed in an episode of ''Series/{{Psych}}''. When the creators of a play defend their [[MonochromeCasting all-white cast]] on the grounds that the show takes place in 1880s London, Gus gets annoyed and asks if they think black people hadn't been invented yet.
* ''Series/BlackSails'' includes a Joji, a Japanese member of a Caribbean pirate crew in 1715. While it's possible that a single Japanese sailor might somehow get himself onto a Caribbean pirate ship, the show takes place during a period of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakoku extreme seclusion]] in Japan, where the Japanese government actively prohibited its people from leaving.
* ''{{Series/Camelot}}'': Vivian, Morgan's servant, is black. However, Vivian tells Morgan her ancestors were brought over as slaves from Africa by the Romans, which is actually possible, as some British archaeological findings show that people of African descent (both free and slaves) [[TruthInTelevision really did come from Roman Africa to Roman Britain]]. This could also explain Sir Ulfius, Arthur's black knight. So it's remotely plausible, although the writers probably didn't know that. There was even a black knight in earlier versions from the 1300s, Sir Morien.
* ''Series/Merlin2008'': Guinevere, her father, brother and Sir Pellinore are all black. However, they also have dragons and fey. It's also not so much of a stretch as people think, as there is evidence of some black people in medieval England. Of course, none were knights or queens that we know of. The Arthurian legend has a precedent for black knights though, such as Sir Morien.

[[folder:Myths & Religion]]
* Andromeda, the DamselInDistress in the [[Myth/ClassicalMythology myth about Perseus]], is the daughter of the Ethiopian king Cepheus. But [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Persus_wiewael.jpg in most illustrations]], [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/Rembrandt_Harmensz._van_Rijn_011.jpg her skin colour]] [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/1840_Chasseriau_Theodore_-_Andromeda_Chained_to_the_Rock_by_the_Nereids.jpg is decidedly]] [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Paul_Gustave_Dore_Andromeda.jpg very un-Ethiopian.]] (NSFW, if your boss doesn't like nipples!) [[JustifiedTrope Although:]] According to the TangledFamilyTree of the Greek mythological characters, she wasn't ethnically Ethiopian anyway, at least not 100%. (Her father's ancestry can be traced back to Poseidon, but there is no information about where her mother Cassiopeia comes from.) Also, some people speculate that Cepheus' kingdom wasn't ''that'' Ethiopia.[[note]]At several times throughout history, "Ethiopia" meant literally any place in Africa, so it's entirely possible she came from a northern pre-Muslim African nation -- the people there would have had skin and hair colors much closer to ancient Greeks, and when one factors in how many mixed marriages there were between the various cultures, it makes more sense. The problem is that there were text describing Andromeda's dark skin. Possibly not black, but not actually until later artists decided not to depict her as such.[[/note]]
* Depiction of UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}} tend to make him resemble the artist's local population more than would be historically accurate. As a Galilean Jew, and one whose appearance is described in the Literature/TheBible only as being completely ordinary, Jesus would mostly likely have had a darker olive complexion similar to that of modern Middle East peoples.
* It happens with other major figures of Literature/TheBible, such as Abraham, Moses, David, etc, who look almost exclusively pale in European artistic depictions.
* Due to its syncretic nature and the loas' ability to change shape, the Vodou pantheon is filled with Black Vikings. Some loa like Ogoun and Erzulie Dantor appear as black Africans. Others are white, like Mademoiselle Charlotte and Mama Brigette, who's a foul-mouthed Irish redhead. Others are shown as Native American like the Agua Dulce family of loa adopted from the Taino Indians.
* Buddha is also often represented with East Asian traits in many Far East countries like China and Japan, even when Buddha was born in Nepal and probably looked more white.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The Get of Fenris from ''TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse'' tend to be of Nordic descent (as implied by the name). However, the less Nazi-esque of them will breed with physically superior specimens of humanity from almost any background. Black/African-descended Get are not ''quite'' uncommon enough to be [[SpecialSnowflakeSyndrome Special Snowflakes]], but they do get the AllOfTheOtherReindeer treatment a bit.

* Increasingly common in theater nowadays, in America and the UK. Many productions of Shakespeare in the UK are colorblind, which aside from historical accuracy sometimes results in some unlikely familial relations (cousins or even siblings being different races, etc).
* In the 1999 Broadway revival of ''Theatre/TheLionInWinter'', African-American actors Creator/LaurenceFishburne and Chuma Hunter-Gault were cast as (British) King Henry II and his son Richard Lionheart, respectively. The actors who played Henry's two other sons and his wife were white.
* Judge Brack in ''Theatre/HeddaGabler'' is often played by a black actor, as James Earl Jones played the part in otherwise all-white production.
* Toni Braxton played Belle in ''Disney/BeautyAndTheBeast'' on Broadway from September 1998 to February 1999.
* Broadway's colorblind casting frequently results in this. Case in point, Norm Lewis as LesMiserables' Javert in the 2006 Broadway revival as well as the 2010 25th Anniversary Concert. While it's far from impossible that there were black people in France during that time period, indeed, a black actor is playing Enjolras in the current Broadway revival, it's not likely that one could have risen to Javert's rank in the police department. As in the film, the Broadway production of ''Theatre/{{Chicago}}'' has often cast an African-American actress as Mama Morton. A few black actors have played Billy Flynn as well.
* Famous playwright August Wilson openly defied this trope in his life and writings. Specifically, Wilson was against the idea of colorblind casting and stated that to deny the reality of race when writing or planning a show was to (pun intended) whitewash history. He refused to allow white actors play any part he had written for African-Americans (although he did allow a Chinese production of his play ''Fences'').

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Nazi GGG {{Ghostapo}} organization in ''VideoGame/BloodRayne'' has an Asian woman as one of its leaders. Vaguely semi-justified in that she's Tibetan, and the Nazi racial science considered Tibetans to be an Aryan race. Oh, and she's also half vampire, which the GGG seems to consider a plus.
* ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid'':
** Averted and lampshaded: TheMole, while discussing her background, mentions that her Japanese-American grandfather was an FBI agent under Hoover. Although he doesn't say anything about it for several scenes, Master Miller immediately knows she's lying, realizing that the notoriously prejudiced J. Edgar Hoover would never have allowed a man of Japanese descent as an agent.
** In ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3'', a Black man named Sigint was recruited by Zero in 1960s America for his skill and not because of his color. Notable in that Sigint was recruited during the final year of Jim Crow Laws, which barred Blacks from using the same facilities as Whites in America. Lampshaded as Sigint discusses the racism present during that time, and comments that racism will be present even in the twenty-first century.
* Enforced in ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil5'': there are an awful lot of white people in Africa because people complained about UnfortunateImplications with all the Majini being black. Then again, there are an awful lot of white people in Africa if you know where to look.
* In the ''VideoGame/SoulCalibur'' games, Zasalamel is black, and while his country of origin is never directly stated, it's implied that he's supposed to be Sumerian, as many of his moves have names that reference the Sumerian gods. Granted, since he's an immortal who reincarnates every time he's killed, it's entirely possible that the body he appears with is not his original. Although in his ending, where he is in the modern era, several hundred years after the game's events, he is still in the same body. Which implies that he merely comes back to life each time he dies, and doesn't body hop when he reincarnates.
* In ''VideoGame/CrusaderKings II'', it's possible (though updates have made it more difficult) to turn your dynasty into the most literal version of this trope. Some figurative versions are significantly easier.
** One event for merchant republics guarantees one of your sons will end up falling in love with, and possibly marrying, a West African woman, making the possibility of a doge two or three elections down the line being of clearly African descent non-negligible.
** Court Physicians are frequently wanderers from far-away lands -- it's not uncommon to find, say, a Pecheneg in Spain because of this. Said physicians are guaranteed to be Christian, however, and with their extremely high education in matters medical and theological, they can rise very high in the church, even becoming Pope fairly often.
** The AI has a bad habit of letting skilled foreigners educate their children after giving them the heritage focus. Resulting in things like, say say, the Andalusian (but still Christian) Sultan of France. And any minor courtiers said Sultan generates will be ethnically as well as culturally Andalusian.
* ''VideoGame/SakuraWars: [[VideoGame/SakuraWarsSoLongMyLove So Long, My Love]]'' features Sagitta Weinberg/[[DubNameChange Cheiron Archer]], an African-American female lawyer in the TheRoaringTwenties; while college-educated black professionals were far from unheard of since the early 1900s, what's odd is that this character never has to fight prejudice or racism in the series (which instead would have been likely). Even for an AlternateHistory, this is just stretching it a bit.

* ''LetsPlay/AScotsmanInEgypt'' has repeated mentions of Middle Easterners with red hair caused to Scotland's WorldDomination starting in Egypt and spreading from there. Of course, as one Scot proudly proclaims, the Scots are good at two things: fighting and making more Scots.
* Parodied in ''WebVideo/DiamandaHagan'''s review of "Vikingdom" when they talk about how historically inaccurate the film is and Malcolm shows up in Viking costume. Happy Viking, Malcolm, and Diamanda get so caught up in the argument that it takes them a while to realize they're all completely aware that black Vikings did in fact exist, and Diamanda calling Malcolm historically inaccurate was because he had a [[HornyVikings horned helmet]].

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The AmbiguouslyBrown Sir Bryant in ''The Legend of ComicStrip/PrinceValiant'' looks like an example, until it is explained in a centric episode that he is an exiled Moorish prince that joined Myth/KingArthur's knights after arriving in England and suffering quite a few misfortunes there too, among them the assassination of his wife and son by thieves.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** Carl portrays explorer William Clark (of course, Lenny is Meriwether Lewis). As an inversion, Lisa portrays Sacajawea. It also turns out that Carl is Icelandic.
** In fact, ''The Simpsons'' do something like this quite often, when the story takes place in a historical setting (e.g. ''Treehouse of Horror'' stories). It seems that the main criterion is, which of the established characters fits the role best personality- and relationship-wise.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Indo-European tribes had historically a larger settlement pattern in Eurasia before they became limited to Europe, the Indian subcontinent, and the Iranian Plateau. This explains anecdotes of fair-haired, fair-skinned, and light-eyed people in cultures neighboring them, such as Ancient China, which has multiple references to such traits in their literature, including the ''Records of the Grand Historian''. Even today, Uyghurs now populating the Tarim Basin in Western China are sometimes born with blond or red hair and blue eyes, implying that the former peoples did not disappear outright, but rather became assimilated with the invading Turks from the north.
** UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan is sometimes said to have ginger hair.
** Yes, this means that light hair and eyes, while uncommon, are not unheard of in India and Iran. One of Gautama Buddha's 32 Signs of a Great Man/Chakravartin is in fact possession of blue eyes. Yes, this also means that casting a German man as Buddha is more historically accurate than casting him with, say, a Chinese.
* On the flipside, people with so-called "Mongoloid" features (usually epicanthic folds, though they aren't actually limited to people of Asian descent, either) have a much more expansive dispersion than many people give them credit for.
** The Bering Land Bridge opened colonization opportunities mostly for the Asiatic Paleosiberian peoples; Native Americans looking like Asians aren't an anomaly, ''that's how they should look like'' as they are descended from them, although millennia of separation had made them evolve distinctive features. The rule is the farther north one goes, the more "Asian" people would look like, culminating with the Inuit of Canada, Alaska, and Greenland, who look virtually indistinguishable with East Asians (their ancestors migrated from Asia to Alaska less than two millennia ago. [[OlderThanYouThink By boat]], as the Land Bridge had long been submerged).
** Similarly, Asiatic features are quite widespread in Central Asia (i.e. UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}}, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}}, UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}}, UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Uzbekistan}}), which clueless media tend to stereotype/lump together with the largely Caucasian Middle East due to a lack of research. It can even be said that people with the former features outnumber the latter, with Uzbekistan serving as the divider (mostly Mongoloid Uzbeks and mostly Caucasian Tajiks). And no, it's not because of Genghis Khan's invasions; the region, being largely flat steppe and desert, has long been a haven for nomads hailing from various different places (and incidentally also permitted the above-mentioned Indo-Europeans to settle the Tarim Basin).
* Interestingly enough considering the trope name, recent evidence suggests that [[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/oct/13/viking-burial-clothes-woven-with-allah-unveiled-by-swedish-university there may have been Muslim Vikings]] - actually quite likely considering how widely travelled they were.