Colorblind casting (also known as Non-Traditional casting) is where characters for a performed work (theater, TV, film) are cast without prejudice to race, gender, age, etc.
Most often this is seen when creating a new work. A character is created with a personality, but without defined physical characteristics, such as age, gender or race. This may lead to the inversion of some tropes, but it isn't necessarily done intentionally. In adaptations this may lead to women playing parts traditionally played by men (when the gender of the character is not essential), or people of other races playing characters that may be associated with a different race
Compare to Ability over Appearance
where the casting department was looking for a specific race, build, gender, etc. but was swayed to change it by the actor's skill.
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- The 1973 film version of Jesus Christ Superstar cast Carl Anderson (an African-American) as Judas, a role that could be played by any race and was cast as such.
- When the Made-for-TV Movie Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella was cast in 1997 the casting was colourblind leading to a very diverse group of actors. There was a black queen, a white king, and their son was played by a Filipino man. In addition, the role of Cinderella herself was given to a black woman. Cinderella's stepmother is white and her daughters are black and white.
Live Action TV
- Grey's Anatomy is a great example. None of the roles were cast with an eye to race leading to a very racially diverse cast. Miranda Bailey was originally envisioned by the creator as a blond, tall woman. Look who she's played by now! Also Isaiah Washington originally auditioned for the part Patrick Dempsey has made famous. Sandra Oh's character's last name was changed to her more ethnic name only after she was cast in the part.
- Deception was written with no races given to the characters leading to a cast led by a woman with African, Puerto Rican and Cherokee heritage with an ex who is Black and Cuban. The only change to the script was that Will's last name, originally Sakovitch was changed to Moreno.
- Power Rangers has dealt with some mild controversy regarding Five-Token Band, but almost all of their characters are up in the air in terms of casting. It isn't perfect, with occasional slips (the Red Samurai Ranger was required to be white, due to already having cast his sister, and an actress was turned down from Power Rangers Megaforce with the only reason they gave was they already had a black actor.) That being said, the show has always taken a small amount of pride in its diversity. In fact, most characters are originally written with no last names, only getting them after the actor had been cast.
- In Elementary, the normally english male Dr Watson is played by Asian actress Lucy Liu. (Making this Watson a woman was something the showrunners had decided in advance, but she only became Asian when they cast Liu.)
- In the TV version of Neverwhere, all the characters (except the Black Friars, who are required by the plot to be, well, black) were written and cast without specifying a race or ethnicity, with Paterson Joseph and Tanya Moodie getting cast as major characters. (On a more trivial note, this is also how the central character, a Londoner, wound up being played by Scottish actor Gary Bakewell.)
- This is frequently done in school and community theatre as a limited selection of actors means that it's hard to cast for appearances.
- Broadway as well. Aside from race-specific shows such as Aida and Miss Saigon, non-white actors have been cast in major roles in virtually every Broadway show in existence, even when it might result in the Black Vikings trope, or create implausible situations such as an Asian child of two white parents, etc.