Literature: Eleanor And Park
Eleanor & Park
"I just canít believe that life would give us to each other," he said, "and then take it back."
"I can," she said. "Lifeís a bastard."
is a 2013 Young Adult
novel by Rainbow Rowell.
It's 1986. Eleanor
is the new girl in town. With her chaotic family life, her mismatched fashion sense, and her bright red hair, she sticks out like a sore thumb. Park
is the boy at the back of the bus. Withdrawn, bookwormish, and in a stable family, he's convinced he's made himself invisible. After Eleanor ends up as Park's reluctant bus seatmate, they start out hating
each other. But slowly, over comic books and late-night phone calls, Eleanor and Park fall in love, and have to deal with the consequences.
Notable mainly for two things: being insanely popular (it was voted 2013's best YA book on goodreads.com) and for being banned in a number of school districts thanks to the usual suspects of Moral Guardians
(principally for the depiction of underaged sexual relationships).
- Abusive Parents: Eleanor's home life is far from ideal: her stepfather Richie is emotionally and physically abusive to her and her siblings, while her biological father is uncaring and distant. Eleanor's mother ends up catering to Richie's every whim. Near the final act, it's heavily implied that Richie is a sexual predator with his eyes on Eleanor.
- Adults Are Useless: Discussed, played horrifyingly straight in the case of Eleanor's parents and step-parents, and mostly averted with Park's parents.
- Alpha Bitch: Tina, who is the most popular girl at school and tries her best to make Eleanor feel unwelcome.
- Ambiguously Brown: In-universe, Eleanor describes Park's skin as honey-gold and tries to guess his ethnicity. He's Korean-American.
- Berserk Button: For Park, it's making Eleanor upset. When Steve makes fun of her, Park kicks his teeth in.
- Big Little Brother: Park fears his younger brother Josh will become this at the rate he's growing.
- Bittersweet Ending: Eleanor gets out of her terrible family situation thanks to Park and her uncle taking her in, but can never see Park again because of the distance.
- Black Best Friend: Eleanor gets two, DeNice and Beebi.
- Broken Bird: Eleanor's past hasn't been the nicest.
Eleanor: Barriers. Caution tape. I'm doing you a favor.
- Celebrity Resemblance: Eleanor says Park's father looks like Tom Selleck.
- Chick Magnet: It's implied Park's good looks net him a lot of female attention he doesn't really reciprocate, such as Kim and the girl from work.
- Clingy Jealous Girl: Eleanor to Park. For starters, she flips out when she finds out that Park used to go out with Tina.
- Dad the Veteran: Park's father served in the Korean War; he met his mother Mindy there and brought her home with him to America. As such, he's sufficiently somewhat aloof to Park.
- '80s Hair: Tina has a massive hairdo.
- Fat Girl: Eleanor is the insecure variant, and it's what Eleanor believes to be the reason for her unpopularity.
- Fiery Redhead: A lot of emphasis is given to Eleanor's bright red hair. Her abrasiveness is partly because of this.
- Foreshadowing: The class discussion on Romeo and Juliet, the most famous Star-Crossed Lovers in English history. Eleanor expresses disgust with the idea that Romeo feels true love for a girl he just met. This plays out when Park to keep Eleanor safe drives her to her uncle's house.
- Foster Kid: Richie once threw Eleanor out of the house in a fit of rage, and she spent an entire year living with family friends.
- Hair-Trigger Temper: Richie gets mad at the drop of a hat, part of his Abusive Parents schtick. This is made obvious when we find out he once kicked Eleanor out.
- Happily Married: Park's parents are clearly very much into each other, in stark contrast to Eleanor's broken family. This is partly why she doesn't initially feel like she belongs with him.
- Heroes Want Redheads: Park loves Eleanor's red hair.
- Huge Guy, Tiny Girl: Steve is huge, while his girlfriend Tina barely breaks five feet.
- I Know Kung-Fu: Park knows taekwondo, and uses it to smash Steve's teeth in at point.
- I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Eleanor considers staying at home for the summer, to be with Park, but he drives her to her uncle's house to keep her safe from Richie.
- In Touch with His Feminine Side: Park, by his own admission. While he enjoys comics and does taekwondo and is seen playing basketball at one point, he says himself that he wasn't the traditionally masculine son his father wanted. His father completely flips out when Park wears makeup to school.
- Living Emotional Crutch: Park becomes this to Eleanor early on; spending time with him becomes her motivation for going on because of her shitty home and school life. He seems to have willingly embraced this role, however, saying that he wanted to do everything in his power to make her happy.
- New Transfer Student: Eleanor at the beginning of the book.
- Nice Guy: Park, who is unassuming, approachable, devoted, and extraordinarily kind to Eleanor.
- Pet the Dog:
- Richie giving all his stepchildren Christmas presents. Subverted in that Eleanor doesn't appreciate it.
- On the night Eleanor runs away, Tina and Steve comfort her and take her in for a while. Tina also notably does not sell Eleanor out to Richie when asked about her whereabouts.
- Politically Incorrect Villain: Tina, Steve, and their cronies are portrayed as ignorant, sizeist, and racist.
- Pretty Boy: Park. Eleanor praises his good looks several times, and at one point calls him prettier than a girl in her narration.
- Red Herring: It wasn't Tina or any of her cronies writing disgusting things on Eleanor's books — it was actually Richie.
- Redheads Are Uncool: Eleanor is picked on at school for having weird fashion sense, being a Fat Girl, and having bright red hair.
- The Runaway: Eleanor becomes this at the end, Park having spirited her away to live with her uncle in Minnesota on the night they discover Richie's intentions.
- Satellite Character: Cal (and by extension Kim) only exist to interact with Park and remind the readers that he has a life besides Eleanor.
- Sassy Black Woman: Both DeNice and Beebi regularly partake in healthy amounts of sass.
- Sickeningly Sweethearts: Park's parents. When Eleanor comments that they're Happily Married, Park's narration says she doesn't have the half of it and that they were probably making out right now.
- Stacy's Mom: Steve calls Park's mom hot in one scene, much to his disgust; Eleanor also calls her pretty. Eleanor's mother is also beautiful; Park's grandmother compares her to a movie star at one point.
- Team Mom: Eleanor to her younger siblings; they clearly look up to her and she comforts them in times of crisis.
- Those Two Girls: DeNice and Beebi, two black girls who befriend Eleanor after one of Tina's bullying incidents, are often around to bolster her confidence, eat lunch with her, and provide running commentary on happenings.
- Understanding Boyfriend: Park is this trope embodied. He's protective of Eleanor, helps her grow out of her insecurities, and shares her interests. He's this trope to the point of being willing to drive her to Minnesota in the middle of the night so she can get away from Richie, even if it means their separation.
- When She Smiles: Defied.
Park: Hey. I told you to smile because you're pretty when you smile.
Eleanor: It'd be better if you thought I was pretty when I don't.
- Wicked Stepmother: Richie is a Rare Male Example, who picks on his stepchildren, is often drunk, is abusive to Eleanor's mother Sabrina, and is a sexual predator. None of his stepchildren actually like having him around.
- Averted by Eleanor's actual stepmother, married to her distant biological father. She catches Eleanor stealing from them, but looks the other way and doesn't say anything about it.
- You No Take Candle: Park's mother speaks like this, years after she came to America from Korea.