Vuk (a.k.a. The Little Fox) is a Hungarian animated film from 1981, produced by Pannonia Film Studio. It is based on a novel by Hungarian author István Fekete. The novel was also translated into German, but never in English. However, the Animated Adaptation was released with English dub.The story is about a young fox, whose family was killed by a human hunter, and is raised by his uncle. He learns to hunt, learns the necessary skills to survive in the forest, and gets revenge on the hunter who killed his family.Vuk, along with Cat City, is often considered one of the most beloved classics of Hungarian animation.In 2008 an All-CGI Cartoon sequel called Kis Vuk (released in English as A Fox's Tale) was created based on a novel written by István Fekete's son, in which none of the creators of the original cartoon were involved.
This book and film provide examples of:
Adam and Eve Plot: Invoked by Karak, when he tells Vuk and Vixen that they "still have things to do. The human might've killed me, but the free foxes must not perish." Subverted in that Vuk and Vixen are far from being the last foxes in the forest.
Alcohol-Induced Idiocy: The two geese act like complete fools under alcoholic influence (although it is implied that they aren't particularly bright when they're sober, either).
Animal Talk: There are two languages in the world Human and Animal. Also at least some animals (dogs most prominently) understand Humans but despite talking to his animals (as people in real life do) the Hunter doesn't seem to understand them.
Artistic License - Ornithology: In the film, the bird fledgeling that the crow chases is coloured like a great tit. Its siblings are sitting in a nest on a branch, looking at the chase. However, great tits nest in cavities rather than on branches.
Bloodless Carnage: Despite all the animals killed by the foxes, and by the hunter's guns, not one drop of blood is seen. Most egregious example is when the dogs and the hunter fell into the fox traps. However they're seen in thick bandages later.
Book Ends: The movie begins with the litter of Vuk's parents. It ends with an almost identical scene with Vuk and Vixen having their own litter. The dialogue between Vuk and Vixen also mirrors the dialogue between Vuk's parents Kag and Iny.
But for Me, It Was Tuesday: For the Hunter what he did to Vuk. For historical / cultural context: The Big Bad of this movie committed something completely mundane to provoke the anger of the hero as in Hungarian villages small woodland predators like foxes were (and are) considered vermin and it's common practice to hunt and kill them... and even considered a good thing to do if they start preying on people's livestock (chickens, geese etc.).
In conjunction: Vuk's father committed the very natural act of hunting for easy prey... which happened to be human property.
Call a Rabbit a "Smeerp": Foxes always refer to humans as "Simabőrű" ("Smooth-skins", referring to their hairless skin). They also have different words for each animal species (apart from their own): "Tás" for ducks, "Csusz" for lizards, "Szú" for hedgehogs, "Vahur" for dogs, etc. These serve both as names for the species as a whole, and individual members of the species (e.g. there is an individual dog named "Vahur", but Karak also says that the hunter's house is guarded by "vahurs").
It actually seems that either only foxes and dogs have personal names or they're the only ones bothering to tell. Vahur's case is interesting, because its either A Dog Named Dog, but that unlikely because his owner calls him Vahur too (and humans don't speak animal), or for some reason he (or a similarly named dog) was the species namer.
Another exception from this rule is Marci the rooster. Foxes call roosters "Kurri", and Marci (being a human name) was probably given to this specific fowl by his owner.
Cats Are Mean: Although Nyau the feral cat is a minor character, she's rather unfriendly to Vuk.
This could be chalked up to small predator rivalry. The prey choice of cats and foxes have quite an overlap, just the foxes are bigger and stronger (can hunt for bigger prey) while the cats can climb trees and have the perks of being domesticated (get free food/shelter and can reach places the foxes can't).
Carnivore Confusion: Addressed in one of the most brutal ways in the history of children's cartoons: the protagonists are carnivores, and many animal characters, even those who have spoken lines, or even have their names given, are killed and eaten by them. This is treated as a part of life, and nobody makes a moral issue about it.
Chasing A Butterfly: Vuk, as a young predator, tends to chase after everything he sees. He almost falls off the cliff when he attacks a lizard while his uncle is asleep.
Clucking Funny: In the beginning of the movie, the rooster and the hens provide much comedy... before being killed and eaten by the protagonist's father.
Child Prodigy: Vuk is repeatedly compaired to his grandfather, who "was the first among the foxes"
Composite Character: The vixen in the movie is an amalgamation of two characters from the book: Vuk's sister Iny (whom he rescues from the hunter's cage) and his future mate Csele.
Creepy Crows: A very mean crow appears in the middle of the film, who swears revenge on Vuk after he tears out three of his tail feathers, revealing his hiding place to the hunter.
While losing some tail feathers sounds like Amusing Injuries, in the wild that could severely impact poor crows ability to fly and with that be potentially deadly. After this do you blame him for wanting to get back on the stupid kid who did it?
Grey and Gray Morality: Each and every character is right in this book/movie from his/her/its point of view. The Sympathetic P.O.V. makes it the Heroic tale of a fox fighting back but it could just as easily be told as the tragic tale of a human failing to protect his farm from the forces of nature, or a literal Shaggy Dog Story of some dogs trying to live their life and doing their duty just to become hapless victims caught in the middle of the conflict etc..
Papa Wolf: In the original novel, Kag, Vuk's father fought and killed one of the hounds the hunters sent in his burrow. It's implied in the film that there he put up a fight too, but since the same dog reappears unharmed later in the movie, it seems to have been a Curb-Stomp Battle in the dogs favor.
Prickly Porcupine: Szú is a hedgehog rather than a porcupine (since the film takes place in Europe), but has a grumpy, Deadpan Snarker personality that fits this trope.
Protagonist-Centered Morality: This trope is in full action. Since the story focuses on Vuk, he is treated as a good guy, despite killing a lot of (apparently sentient) animals for food, and systematically destroying a man's property. At the same time, the hunter is treated as the Big Bad, even though he just kills foxes to protect his livestock.
Roaring Rampage of Revenge: Vuk systematically destroys the Hunter's life and livelihood (at the end he has no animals (so lost most if not all his wealth), is crippled and at least the movie implies that even his wife left him).
And before that the Hunter killed Vuk's family in revenge for his animals / defense of his farm. -> Cycle of Revenge