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Videogame: Caesar

Rome wasn't built in a day

Caesar is a computer Simulation Game saga of four city-building games where the player undertakes the role of a Roman governor, building Roman cities.

Developed by Impressions Games and published by Sierra in 1992 on the Amiga, and ported the next year to Atari ST, PC and Macintosh, the game can be described as SimCity in ancient Rome. In addition to similar graphics and user interfaces, it also came with issues of micromanagement, including complicated city-planning requirements such as building the right number of schools, theaters, libraries, bathhouses, and other amenities, within suitable distances of residential areas. The player is also tasked with the military buildup and defense of the city against Barbarian Tribes and rival nations such as Carthago.

The high-water mark of the saga is considered to be Caesar III, which spawned several and gradually improved spinoffs in Ancient Egypt (Pharaoh), Ancient Greece (Zeus) and China (Emperor Rise Of The Middle Kingdom).


These games provide examples of:

  • Alternate History: The campaign maps include some provinces that were never actually under Roman rule.
  • Anachronism Stew: The game uses the Christian calendar (BC/AD) instead of say Ab Urbe Condita.
  • Ancient Rome
  • Apathetic Citizens: Averted. You can right-click on your citizens and they will complain about everything from a lack of employment to a lack of workers, inadequate healthcare or worship services. Even if there are only 10 workers needed in a city of 7000. Very unhappy homes also spawn muggers, vandals or looters. On the other hand, if you manage your city well, your citizens will give you unending praise.
  • Arbitrary Headcount Limit: While there is no population cap, there is a cap on the number of legions you can have.
  • Barbarian Tribe: Celts are one the main enemies of the game.
  • Bread And Circus: Good food and entertainment are basic elements behind a happy and wealthy population.
  • City Building Series: The originator.
  • Command And Conquer Economy: The citizens show very little initiative. Not only do you have to build everything for them except housing (which you merely designate plots for), they do not even go to the market themselves to buy food and goods; a peddler has to walk past. Owing to the vagaries of the walker system, you risk losing a lot of workers to an entire street being deserted due to a priestess failing to walk down it sufficiently often.
  • Construct Additional Pylons: The whole purpose of the game. Also literally, in order to reach perfect coverage of the city for your various service buildings, you need to build additional apothecaries/schools/gymnasia/whatever, even if all your citizens actually already receive it, but the statistic that keeps track of it (and influences some modifiers) works on a Number of Citizens/Number of Buildings basis.
  • Early-Installment Weirdness:
    • Most of the tropes of the series were standardized by Caesar III. I and II have their own quirks, such as being far less battle-focused (if such a thing is possible), having separate city and province maps and the "loot and scoot" strategy (where you pour your city treasury into your personal chest right before you get promoted, leaving yourself rich and the city badly in debt).
    • The first games also lacked roadblocks the player could drop on a road to tell walkers to stay within a given area. As a result, an efficient road and supply network could turn out pretty darn weird as good players tried to avoid crossroads at all costs, often resulting in one lonesome meandering road snaking around the entire city. Hope nobody's in a hurry to get anywhere.
      • This is an (unintentional) nod to how the actual city planning (or lackthereof) of Rome itself was; the road network was absolutely nonsensical. That being said, they did a much better job with the provinces, which the player is in charge of building up...
  • Game Over: In most games, running into debt leads to a game-over. In Caesar II, you can often get promoted while your city is deep in debt, leaving the mess for someone else to fix while you abscond with the treasury (which you then use to fund your next city).
  • Gladiator Games: Houses need access to these in order to reach higher levels of development.
  • Gods Need Prayer Badly: While gods need sacrifices or festivals almost constantly, ignoring them only makes them angry. Cue earthquakes, plagues, floods, failing crops... On the other hand, keeping them happy also brings benefices.
  • Hello, Insert Name Here: You must name your family to begin playing the game.
  • Manual Misprint: An amusing glitch in production of this manual provides the Trope Illustration on this page. Check it out.
  • Not in My Backyard!: Houses won't evolve to the higher levels if close to unsightly buildings like noisy forums and industrial buildings, despite the fact that they need those buildings to provide whatever goods and services are required to keep them at that level.
  • Offscreen Moment of Awesome: Conquests and decisive battles happen offscreen from Caesar III onwards.
  • "Risk"-Style Map: Caesar II features a map of territories you could choose to rule. Generally, only territories adjacent to one you already conquered are available. There are major differences such as the resources available and the friendliness or otherwise of local population.
  • Shout-Out: "Another day in the legion is like a day on the farm"
  • Screw the Rules, I Have Money!: In the first two games, you can bribe the Emperor with your personal funds, so he'll lower the tribute that your city has to pay to the Senate. Also, when you receive a promotion, the size of the city treasury is irrelevant, but you can carry your personal treasury to your next city (either to fund the new city's growth, or to pay off the Emperor). And yes, you can pay your own salary while the city is 9000 denarii in debt.
  • Sequel Escalation: Caesar III features lots of additions, but some interesting elements from Caesar II such as province management are also dropped though. Additionally many of the realistic gameplay changes made in Children Of The Nile were discarded in favour of the traditional formula in Caesar IV.
  • Sequel Difficulty Drop: Caesar III is less Nintendo Hard than its predecessor. The spinoffs are in turn more manageable with the addition of roadblocks for walker control.
  • Space Management Game: Trope Codifier of the Commodities variety.
  • Spiritual Successor: Grand Ages: Rome, another city-building game set in Ancient Rome created by the studio that brought us the Tropico series.
  • Recycled IN SPACE!: Described as SimCity in Ancient Rome with a historical and military layer added. The spinoffs can be recursively defined as Caesar in Egypt/Greece/China!
  • Third Is 3D: Concretely the fourth is the one which made the Video Game 3D Leap from 2D isometric sprites.
  • Updated Re-release: Caesar Gold incorporated the tactical warfare engine from another Impression Games release (Cohort) to play the battles. This was carried over to Caesar II. From Caesar III onwards the defensive battles are fought directly in the city without any change and the rest happen offscreen.
  • War Elephants: Carthago's signature troops
  • You Require More Vespene Gas:
    • In Caesar III your citizens require food (in most games more variety means better houses and happier citizens), basic commodities (whether pottery, linen, olive oil or tea) and luxury goods (exotic furs, incense, wine, silk...) . The goods required by the population can be Refining Resources made by the local industries or imported from the world market.
    • Averted in the first two games. Here, your citizens require amenities to advance their housing quality, but not food, and their consumption of goods from your manufacturing businesses is one of your two main sources of income.


Cities In MotionSpace Management GamePharaoh
Boppin'AmigaCannon Fodder
Brütal LegendWebsite/GOG.comCannon Fodder
Casual Video GameConstruction And Management GamesImmortal Cities Children Of The Nile
Burn:CycleUsefulNotes/Apple MacintoshCarmageddon
Bloons Monkey CitySimulation GameCasino Empire
Gay OptionImageSource/Video GamesManual Misprint

alternative title(s): Caesar
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