Law Procedural by David E. Kelley about the "sleazy" Boston law firm of Donnell, Young, Dole & Fruttnote Initially known as Robert G Donnell and Associates, eventually known as Young, Frutt & Berluti, known for their high quotient of scummy clients and ethically questionable tactics. However, each of the characters at some point reveals having their ideals, with long speeches defending what they do and how they do it.In its original form, it was a straight series of literate and intelligent courtroom dramas. Around the middle seasons, the show shifted substantially towards criminal drama, often featuring the now almost reputable firm being plagued by its dirtier former clients. In the last seasons, the show started focusing more on the characters' personal lives, both in and out of court (see One of Our Own), and developing increasingly far-out plots with criminally insane clients rather than just sleazy ones, a move that did not prove popular with audience or critics.This shift ended in a conclusive Retooling in the last season. The network gave David E Kelley an ultimatum, either drastically reduce the cost of the series per episode or face cancellation. Kelley chose to fire most of the main cast, including the lead character, and replaced them with James Spader as Alan Shore. What resulted was a partial return to form in the vein of the earlier seasons, albeit at the total expense of most of main characters (what happened to most of the departing members was never given an explanation). Near the end of the final season, Kelley was given the choice of either continuing the show or developing a spin-off around the Alan Shore character. What resulted ultimately became a Poorly Disguised Pilot for its Spinoff, Boston Legal.
Accuse The Witness: Used several times. It even becomes something of a trademark of the titular firm, code-named "Plan B."
During the Ally McBeal cross-over DYD&F employ this strategy against the woman's psychiatrist, unbeknownst to the lawyers at Cage & Fish. When Bobby goes up to give his closing the psychiatrist pulls out a gun and commits suicide. As it turns out, Donnell's assertions were actually correct and he did kill the client's husband.
Ambiguous Situation: Frequently, as the show often doesn't reveal whether or not the defendant actually is guilty.
Amoral Attorney: By the end, pretty much everyone does something unethical. The firm knowingly defends murderers.
Alan Shore is an interesting inversion. While Alan does many immoral things (and he's particularly immoral in the Practice), he often does them for moral reasons. For example, he hides evidence (a knife) from the police in connection with a stabbing because the defendant (his client) is insane, and Alan would rather get him acquitted on all charges (the knife was the bulk of the case) and send him to a mental institution than risk the State psychologist finding him both sane and competent to stand trial.
Anti-Hero: Alan, an Amoral Attorney who ends up gaining the moral high ground when he sues the practice after they (after benefiting from his skills, which bring in most of their business and keep them afloat) fire him and attempt to steal his clients.
Darker and Edgier: David E Kelley conceived the show as something of a rebuttal to L.A. Law, for which he wrote, and its romanticised treatment of the American legal system.
Dramatic Pause: The time between the words "we find the defendant," and the actual verdict grew continually longer as the series progressed.
Friendly Enemy: Prosecutor Helen Gamble. Not only does she date Bobby at one point (the relationship fails to survive its first real challenge, Bobby and Helen facing each other in court), but she and Lindsey eventually become roommates. One scene has her and Lindsey giggling, spraying each other with cream and generally having a lot of fun, when earlier that day they'd been on opposite sides of a murder case.
Good Lawyers, Good Clients: Averted; many clients actually are guilty, while with others, it's never proven one way or the other. Very rarely does the firm actually represent the innocent (although often times the firm will make the distinction that while their clients are guilty they really don't deserve to go to prison). In one episode of note, Eugene defends a client without any consideration for his guilt or innocence, refuses to put him on the stand or to believe in him. The client gets acquitted, but snaps at Eugene because he refused to believe in his genuine innocence.
Hello, Attorney!: Most of the characters, though Jimmy and Ellenor were notable aversions (and even they might qualify as Hollywood Ugly). Originally Bobby Donnell was going to be a heavy set, unattractive, sleazy lawyer type, but Dylan McDermott's audition changed David E Kelley's mind about who the character should be, so Bobby Donnell's original conception was split between Bobby and Jimmy.
Informed Ability: Alan's skills as an anti-trust lawyer, which are mentioned by almost every other character. Throughout the final season (and Boston Legal), he's seen practicing a variety of fields, but he is never shown practicing this field.
Karma Houdini: Played straight and inverted almost constantly. If the firm is defending a psychopath, they'll almost always get him off; if it's clear someone is innocent, you can bet they're going to jail.
Mercy Kill: The crime being prosecuted in at least one episode. Another episode featured a man being prosecuted for inciting a mercy kill.
Bobby himself turned off his mother's ventilator in order to end her suffering.
Munchausen Syndrome: Amoral Attorney Hannah Rose helped a client to walk away with rape by pointing out the victim had been previously diagnosed with Munchausen, despite the dubious nature of why the doctor who made that diagnosis decided to do it.
Murder by Mistake: The firm once tried and failed to save a client from being executed for this kind of murder.
Also done with a single word ("Mass. A. Chu. Setts.") by the judge in the firm's first capital case, which took them from Massachusetts to California.
They reused the same judge and his propensity for emphasising Massachusetts in Boston Legal.
Recurring Character: Some of the firm's cases lasted several episodes — sometimes as much as two months in Real Life — so naturally the clients in those cases appeared in numerous episodes.
The Reveal: The end-of-episode cutaway shot to George Vogelman in a nun's habit was a very effective shock to the audience, since we had been led to believe he was innocent up to that point. Which was just not so.
Society Marches On: A 1997 episode finds Jimmy Berluti's mother coming out of the closet and asking her son to defend (albeit unsuccessfully) her right to marry another woman. If only she waited seven more years when same-sex marriage became legal in Massachusetts...
Start My Own: Bobby Donnell leaves the firm at the end of the seventh season to start another firm, while Jimmy leaves near the end of the eighth to start his own after the fallout from the failed case against Alan.
What the Hell, Hero?: These moments become increasingly common as the series goes on, and are the main contributing factor to the series' conclusion. The firm is dissolved, and the few remaining members enter different legal ranks in the hopes of rehabilitating the damage their What the Hell, Hero? moments have done to their reputations and their own sense of self-worth.
Lindsay gets to deliver one to her law professor. Her professor represents corporate clients, including the tobacco company Lindsay filed suit against, and he continually pleads that Lindsay stop working for Bobby Donnell and his criminal law firm and come and work in his, more respectable, firm. After a case where Lindsay used under-handed tactics to force the professor to either make a deal or turn over incriminating documents on how the company markets tobacco to teenagers (which would be tantamount to making the plaintiff's case for them), the professor goes as far as to say that Lindsay is his biggest disappointment and proof that he failed as a professor. Lindsay then retorts that while she defends total scum, she does so honourably and never helps her clients to kill or hurt people. Conversely the professor represents a tobacco company, a industry that knowingly poisons and kills people, and helps them to do it successfully. Lindsay concludes that he is therefore a far worse attorney than she is.
The whole group of main characters get one during the final season when they fire Alan (who had, up to that point, kept the whole operation afloat by being their main source of revenue) and sue him for multiple perceived instances of immoral and unethical behaviour (including posing as a flight attendant and accessing the office computers to get information). Alan's whole defense comes down to, "Yes, I am an Amoral Attorney and a scumbag, but I brought this practice most of its revenue, none of these lawyers are any more ethical than I am, and I just want my slice of the pie." The court agrees, and awards Alan $2.3 million, causing the dissolution of the practice in the final episodes.
Worse, during the entire case Eugene insisted that Alan's lack of ethics disgraced the firm, that the firm had integrity. While that is partly true, in regards to non-criminal cases, the firm mainly gained its reputation defending known killers and being under-handed in doing so, suggesting that Eugene is delusional and that his beef with Alan is mostly personal.