Temporal Theme Naming
How mysterious time is. When you're waiting to get out of school, it drags on forever, and at the weekends, it passes by all too quickly. It is no surprise then that many authors would turn their attentions to this dimension and even name characters after it.
The most common form is to name characters after months or seasons, but other types occasionally appear; it also works to name characters after times of day like Dawn, Aurora, Eve, and Twilight. See also Day of the Week Name
Anime and Manga
- Swap Swap uses the same theme naming for its four body-swapping leads as Haru Natsu Aki Fuyu: Haruko ("haru" is Japanese for "spring"), Natsuko ("summer"), Fuyuki ("autumn"), Akiho ("winter").
- In Sol Bianca, the all-woman crew of the starship Sol Bianca bear the English names of months, or simple variations thereon: Janny, Feb, April, May, and June.
- The Hinata family in Sgt. Frog has a seasonal convention (Fuyuki =Winter Tree, Natsumi=Summer Beauty, Aki=Autumn).
- In the anime and manga series Fruits Basket all the members of the Juunishi except Yuki are named after archaic names for months. For example, Isuzu 'Rin' Sohma is named from 'Isuzukure tsuki' (meaning 'June') and Hatsuharu 'Haru' Sohma is named directly from 'Hatsuharu', which means 'January'. This was revealed by the author Natsuki Takaya in Volume 14 of the manga.
- Film example: the sisters in My Neighbor Totoro are named "Satsuki" and "Mei"; the word "satsuki" is the old Japanese name for the month of May. Their sharing a month is apparently a reference to the two of them being a single character in early drafts of the script.
- In 7 Seeds, the five teams are each named after a season, and all the team members were chosen to have names related to their team's season.
- In Urusei Yatsura, the school that the characters attend is named Tomobiki, and there are occasional mentions of another school named Butsumetsu. These names are from the rokuyō, a cycle of six days (similar to the seven-day week) in the Japanese lunisolar calendar. Butsumetsu is considered the unluckiest day of the rokuyō (it symbolizes the day Buddha died), so most of the students from that school are delinquents.
- The teachers in Happy Lesson are named after the medieval Japanese names of months.
- Minami-ke doubles up on this: the Minami sisters have Haruka (spring), Kana (summer), and Chiaki (autumn), while the other Minami family has Natsuki (summer), Akira (autumn), Touma (winter)... and the oldest brother, Haruo (spring).
- Coyote Ragtime Show has 12 Elegant Gothic Lolita robot assassins each named after a month of the year.
- The MI6 agents in Darker Than Black all have code names relating to months and days, such as April, July, February, November 11, and August 7.
- The hentai series Kanojo x Kanojo x Kanojo has Haruomi the protagonist, Natsumi the eldest girl, Akina the middle sister, and Mafuyu the youngest of the three.
- A more meta example, all of Hiro Mishima's manga series have a protagonist named after a season. Rave Master stars Haru Glory, Fairy Tail has Natsu Dragonil, and the short-lived Monster Soul had Aki.
- Loveless - Ritsuka and Seimei are named after seasons.
- Xxx Holic - Watanuki, based on an alternate reading of April 1.
- Softenni gives all the main characters a surname with a seasonal kanji in it. Asuna Harukaze, Kotone Sawanatsu, Chitose Akiyama and Kurusu Fuyukawa.
- In Tsuritama the boys are named after the seasons — Yuki ("snow" for winter), Haru ("spring"), Natsuki (natsu/"summer"), and Akira (aki/"autumn").
- After War Gundam X - Some of the mechas of the series are named after months. Examples are the Febral (February), Septem (September), Octape (October), Jenice (June), Descem (December), Juracg (July)
- Yattodetaman, one of the Time Bokan series based on the theme of Time Travel, has the good main characters named Toki Wataru (literally "goes through time"), Himeguri Koyomi (both "himekuri" and "koyomi" are a reference to a type of calendar) and Princess Karen (Karen sounds like "karenda", or "calendar"). The Italian dub brings this Up to Eleven, having renamed the good guys Beppe Ieri (ieri = yesterday), Tina Domani (domani = tomorrow) and Principessa Domenica (= Princess Sunday), and the Terrible Trio as well: Principessa Lunedì (Princess Monday), Primo Settembre (September the First) and Due Ottobre (October the Second).
- Tokyo Ravens: Four of the Main Characters: Harutora (Spring), Natsume (Summer), Akino (Fall), Touji (Winter).
- The Persona 3 movie tetralogy: #1 - Spring of Birth, #2 - A Midsummer Knight's Dream, #3 - Falling Down, and #4 - Winter of Rebirth.
- Family Complex has the siblings Harumi, Natsuru, Akira and Fuyuki who were born in that order and are named for the seasons, starting with spring.
- Fate and Chrono from Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha. It almost counts as Foreshadowing since Fate is adopted by Chrono's mother at the end of A's, resulting in Family Theme Naming.
- May "Mayday" Parker and her clone sister April in Spider-Girl. The previously unnamed April thinks that she is the original, so she names herself for an earlier month as a jab at May.
- Daisy Duck's nieces April, May and June.
- The Big Bad of the film version of The Avengers is named August de Winter; it's mentioned he has three sisters named April, May, and June.
- The title girl in (500) Days of Summer. At the end, the boy meets another girl named Autumn.
- Machete has April and her mother June Booth.
- In The Secret Life Of Bees, the sisters that take Lily in are all named after months: August, June, May, and May's deceased twin April. At one point, Lily muses that as a member of their sisterhood, she wouldn't mind being October.
- The main antagonists in Keys to the Kingdom are all named after the days of the week.
- All the main characters of G. K. Chesterton's The Man Who Was Thursday are secret agents who take the names of days of the week, including the protagonist, Thursday.
- The title characters from Robin Benway's teen fantasy book, The Extraordinary Secrets of April, May, & June.
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe has Leia's childhood friend Winter.
- The protagonist of Jasper Fforde's Thursday Next series, as well as much of her immediate family. Inverted with her brothers Anton and Joffy.
- "I was born on a Thursday, hence the name. My brother was born on a Monday and they called him Anton - go figure. My mother was called Wednesday but was born on a Sunday - I don't know why - and my father had no name at all . . ."
- The first Dragonlance series, starting with Dragons of Autumn Twilight, then Dragons of Winter Night, etc — which earned them Fan Nickname "Demi-season Dragons".
- Dawn and Eve of the Xanth novels.
- The October Daye series: So far, in addition to October, the protagonist, we've seen a January, an April, a May, and a June. January and April are related by adoption. May was originally October's Fetch. In the third book, Lily comments, "Whatever will we do when the months of the year are used entirely?" Word of God says that in Faerie, it's rude to name someone directly after someone else, but honoring somebody by using a name with a related meaning is acceptable. October's name is somehow connected with September Torquill, January's mother.
- Gillian means "July". Word of God says this is deliberate.
- Let's not forget Evening Winterrose.
- John Varley's Titan novels include two clone-sisters, April and August Polo, each named for the month in which she was "born." They have three other clone-sibs named in the same style: May, June, and July. April and August's captain, Cirocco Jones, thinks that the names alone prove that scientists should not be allowed to fool around with experiments that sleep and breathe and cry.
- The four female protagonists in Seitokai no Ichizon, Sakurano (Cherry-Blossom-Field) Kurimu = Spring. Shiina Minatsu (Deep-Summer) = Summer. Akaba (Red-Leaves) Chizuru = Autumn. Shiina Mafuyu (True Winter) = Winter. That's when Ken first met them and they helped him get over his Heroic BSOD.
- On Fringe, the Observers use months as names.
- In the dinosaur-themed Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger, the three core rangers' surnames are Hakua, Sanjou and Itsuki, which are puns on the Japanese words for the Cretaceous, Jurassic and Triassic epochs (which was when the dinosaurs lived).
- This was Lampshaded during the cross over Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger VS Abaranger, when the Dekarangers find recite the names of Ryouga, Ranru and Yukito... on their business cards.
Hoji: Hakua Ryouga.
Ryouga: *peace sign*
Hoji: Sanjou Yukito.
Yukito: *sigh with a blink*
Hoji: Itsuki Ranru.
Hoji: These are your real names?
Ryouga: Yes. Aren't they nice names?
Sen-chan: Hakua-ki (Cretaceous Period), Sanjou-ki (Triassic), Jura-ki (Jurrasic). Good job parodying the dinosaur's eras.
- Kamen Rider gained one thanks to Decade and the One Steve Limit. Decade's female lead is named Natsumi (Summer), but so is a character from Kamen Rider Blade. When the latter appears in Decade, she is presented as an Alternate Universe version named Haruka (Spring). Kamen Rider Double follows the trend with female lead Akiko (Fall/Autumn) and one-shot character Fuyumi (Winter).
- On Married... with Children, one of Kelly's friends was named April May June.
- One episode of Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide had a group of girls named after months like April and May. The third girl was named Julie, though.
- In GURPS Banestorm, the advisors to the Heavenking of Sahud are known as the Eyes of Heaven. They are named Vision of Budding Flowers, Perception of Bountiful Growth, Glimpse of Falling Leaves, and Sight of Bone-White Snow, thus corresponding to the four seasons.
- In Street Fighter Alpha, the Dolls that serve M. Bison/Vega form a complete calendar roll-call in their native (usually) languages - in order: Enero (Spain), Février (France), März (Germany), Aprile (Italy), Satsuki (Japan), Juni & Juli (Germany again), Santum (Vietnam), Xiayu and Yanyu (China), Noembelu (Mexico), and Decapre (Russia).
- April May from Ace Attorney.
- The Jellyfish Air Pirates from Guilty Gear are all named after months of the year, similar to the Sol Bianca example above. Janis (January), Febby (February), March, April, May, June, July, Augus (August), Sephy (September), Octy (October), Novel (November), Dizzy (December) and Leap (leap year).
- To compliment their inclusion of a real-time clock, Pokémon Gold and Silver feature seven brothers and sisters (Monica, Tuscany, Wesley, Arthur, Frieda, Santos, and Sunny) which give the player a special item on their respective day of the week.
- Crono, of Chrono Trigger, whose name is a prefix relating to concepts of time.
- The tenth Touhou game, Mountain of Faith, introduces the Aki (Autumn) sisters, Shizuha and Minoriko, so named because they are in fact both goddesses of autumn.
- The hub worlds in the second and third Spyro the Dragon games correspond to a different type of temporal theme:
- Spyro 2: Ripto's Rage!'s are themed after seasons, though, strangely, is missing Spring (Summer Forest, Autumn Plains, Winter Tundra).
- Spyro: Year of the Dragon's are named after times of the day (Sunrise Springs, Midday Gardens, Evening Lake, Midnight Mountain).
- The four Cute Sports Club Manager in Inazuma Eleven series are named after Japanese seasons: Aki, Natsumi, Haruna, and Fuyuka.
- Steamboat Ski Resort has time-themed names for runs off the Sundown Express lift on Sunshine Peak.
- The original Japanese version of MOTHER 1 had its towns named after holidays. The prototype English version of the game had these names changed, but the translator for the Fan Translation kept the holiday-themed names.
- There are several characters in RWBY named after seasons: Summer Rose (Ruby's mother), Cinder Fall (the Big Bad), and Winter Schnee (Weiss's sister). No word on where Spring is, but the Four Maidens take their titles from the four seasons.
- In May Xnocens everybody either has a month as part of thier name (July, Idius March, May and September Xnocens, Mechta and Rhett October, April, January, November, February) or is only known by their last name which would make a pun if combined with a month as first name (Borne, miss Forth).
- Melinda Summers of Chrono Hustle.
- April, May and June are all fairly common names. At least one person around is named April May...born in June.
- Summer Glau.
- There's also January Jones, of Mad Men fame.
- Aztecs were named after the day of their birth, consisting of a day sign plus a number.
- The Imperial Japanese Navy named destroyers after, among other things, months and times of day.
- The Akan peoples of Ghana and the Ivory Coast have a tradition of "Day Names," given on the basis of the day of the week on which the child was born; this custom has spread to other West African peoples under the influence of the Akan. The most famous day names worldwide are Kwame ("born on Saturday"), from the Ghanaian president and pan-African activist Kwame Nkrumah, and Kofi ("born on Friday"), from the Secretary General of the United Nations Kofi Annan.
- It is was also relatively common in some countries to name a child after the Patron Saint of the day it was born. For example, someone born on the 30th of June would've been called Marcial.
- People born in the 2nd half of December often have Christmas-related names. Examples: Sir Noël Coward (16 December 1899), Noel Edmonds (22 December 1948), Noele Gordon (25 December 1919), Carol Smillie (23 December 1961), Carol Vorderman (24 December 1960), Holly Madison (December 23, 1979).
- Steamboat Ski Resort in Steamboat Springs, Colorado has time-themed names for runs off the Sundown Express lift on Sunshine Peak.