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Anime and Manga
- The Vision of Escaflowne: a mole-man, skilled in digging.
- Miss Merry Christmas of One Piece ate the Mogu Mogu Devil Fruit which can make her turn into a mole.
- Ground Dragon, a very minor villain from One-Punch Man, most famous for the memetic face Saitama made right before killing him. More mole than man, however, mostly looking like a giant, talking mole with tattooed kanji. Earlier there was the Subterranians, who got to show up in Saitama's dreams (where they put up a glorious fight Saitama could finally enjoy), then in reality (where they lasted about as long as everyone else Saitama's fought).
- The Fantastic Four's nemesis, The Mole Man, of course! Well, okay, he himself is a disfigured old man (born circa 1904!) who lords over the subterranean Moloids and a select group of giant monsters. There are also various other underground races and societies, including the Lava Men ruled by Grotesk and the Deviants.
- Usagi Yojimbo occasionally features a clan of mole-ninjas who are, of course, good at tunneling and popping into or out of escape holes.
- Scrooge McDuck has encountered several variations of this trope, the most atypical (but iconic) of which are the Terries and Fermies from Land Beneath the Ground.
Film - Animation
- Atlantis: The Lost Empire: Moliere, nicknamed "Mole". Not really a mole, but according to the sequel, he was raised by naked mole rats. Unsurprisingly, he drives a Drill Tank for digging.
- The Underminer in The Incredibles, though he's clearly just a nutjob supervillain in a costume, not a member of an actual species.
Film - Live Action
- The Mole People from 1956 is arguably the Trope Namer. It appeared in Mystery Science Theater 3000. The mole men in that movie were somehow created through "forced degeneration" (presumably some kind of breeding program) to act as slaves for a lost human civilization living underground.
- Superman And The Mole Men was a '50s film that served as the basis for the TV series. It was later chopped into three episodes for air during the series. The world's deepest well invades the home of a group of mole men who come to the surface and scare everyone with their glowing orbs and really big Ray Gun.
- Detailed information about the world of the mole-men is a major part of More Information Than You Require. They live Beneath the Earth, travel around using various Hideous Steeds (and monorails), and worship the Century Toad who lives at the center of the earth. They also were friends with many great Enlightenment thinkers and taught them their beliefs about individual rights and liberty.
- Bran Mak Morn's Worms of the Earth
- One of the more famous examples are Morlocks of The Time Machine.
Live Action TV
- The Ruby radio dramas have The Mole People, led by Moliere. They're extremely fond of terrible mole-themed puns, much to the frustration of one of the main characters.
- The official Champions setting includes the Undersea Kingdom of Lemuria, a race of evil megalomaniacs who are all served by their Mole Men slaves. Despite treating the Mole Men like subhuman animals, the Lemurians are dependent on them, because no Lemurian would ever lower themselves to do manual labor, and the Mole Men are the only ones who can repair the technology that keeps their dome-enclosed kingdom alive.
- Monsterpocalypse has the Subterran Uprising, a faction of Kaiju sized mole men who want to blot out the sun.
- Pathfinder features the bugganes, a race of blind naked-molerat people who stand eight feet tall and weigh 900lbs; they're distant relations to ogres, and share their brutality and taste for flesh.
- Sam & Max have several mole people. Of note are Shuv-Oohl from "Hit the Road", Harry from the new Telltale seasons, and the immense group of mole people who regulate the planet's temperature in the Animated Series.
- The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword has the Mogma, a race of friendly mole-like people who live in the Eldin region.
- Breath of Fire: Mogu◊ and the clan he is from.
- The Lonesome Road DLC of Fallout: New Vegas has the Tunnelers, reptillian mutants that lurk underground and are encountered in caverns. The first time you see one, you see it killing a Deathclaw.
- Before that, Fallout 3's The Pitt DLC had the Trogs, skinless ape-like mutants that reside in the underground areas and dark corners of the titular city.
- Guild Wars and its sequel has the Dredge, who resemble anthropomorphic moles. Ever since they wrested their freedom away from the Stone Summit dwarves, they established a highly xenophobic society that closely resembles Communism. Because they're blind (or close to it), most of the technology they've developed is sound-based.
- Bloody Roar has Bakuryu and Kohryu, who can turn into a human-sized mole and a human-sized robot mole respectively.
- Vanish has these as antagonists.
- Transarctica: Mole men appear as a savage tribal people inhabiting abandoned subway tunnels in the new Ice Age. They will ambush you if you try to drive your train through their territory, but if nothing else they're a convenient source of new slaves to mine coal for your train.
- Don't Starve's resident Pig Men have an underground variant of bunny people.
- The Moligarchy of the Talpini in Girl Genius, one of the many well-known lost civilisations beneath Paris.
- Sluggy Freelance: There's a society of mole men living in The Valley That Time Forgot Lost In The Center Of The Earth, which which they share with mole-man eating dinosaurs. The "center of the earth" thing is just a name, though (it's actually a few hundred miles from the earth's core), as is the "valley" part (it's technically a cavern), but mole men who suggest that the world doesn't spin around them get fed to the dinosaurs.
- SCP Foundation: SCP-2622 is a humanoid star-nosed mole claiming to be an ambassador from the Interians, an advanced and civilized race of Mole Men inhabiting a vast subterranean world Beneath the Earth, and old foes of the Anapsidons, a race of brutish, warlike Lizard Folk who live down there with them. The Interian civilization, the Anapsidons and the whole underground world are just an enormous tall tale he made up after reading too much pulp fiction, although he really is a mole person.
- Kayaba of Sword Art Online Abridged hallucinated the existence of mole men during his sleep-deprived state. It's one of the many aspects of his insanity he invokes when explaining why he thought it would be a good idea to trap everyone in the game to cover a fatal Game-Breaking Bug he accidentally introduced.
- The Tick had the Mole People, led by Mole King.
- An episode of The Herculoids was called "The Mole Men".
- The Simpsons has Hans Moleman, who looks like a mole, and has at least once been portrayed as the King of the Mole People. He even has an Earthquake Machine.
- Underdog also had an adventure titled "The Mole Men".
- Atomic Puppet fought Mole Men in the episode of the same name. They were primarily interested in partying, albeit at the expense of Mega City's citizens.
- Jay Ward's Hoppity Hooper has the "Diamond Mine" episodes, featuring mole people who bump into each other and fall down so much they've evolved springs in their tails to bounce back up again.
- In Ned's Newt, there is an entire civilization of "trolls" (pretty much Mole Men under a different name) who often plot to overthrow humanity.
- One of the villains from Johnny Test is actually known as the Mole King. They were introduced stealing from the surface, one thing they stole being leather biker gear they wore for the rest of the series. Their king was very flamboyant and his people were apparently all men, their getup resembling BDSM gear.
- Darkwing Duck's foe Moliarity and his henchmen. Bonus points for being actual moles.
- In Transformers Prime, sweeper-train driver Vogel insists there are mole men in New York's subways. And when he first spots Transformers:
Vogel: Metal mole men!
- Vulkanus has an army of alien mole men minions in Ben 10.
- An episode of Futurama mentioned the blind Mole Men of Subterra 6 as having destroyed the planet Cyclopia in envy of their eyes. However, the story was a lie, so it's not clear if there actually is a Subterra 6 inhabited by mole people in the Futurama universe.
- In an episode of Arthur, Buster's pet theory about a lost library book is that it was stolen by "Giant Mutant Mole People". A Cutaway Gag implies that while they do exist in this world, they didn't steal it. (Arthur being a World of Funny Animals, they were literal humanoid moles.)
- A few episodes of Thunder Cats had molemen, who were docile humanoid moles (complete with snuffling, "dig dig dig, burrow burrow burrow" chatter), spurred on to be mooks by Mole Master, himself a mole man but with nicer clothing.
- In the DuckTales (2017) episode "Terror of the Terra-Firmians!", the ducks watch a horror movie about fictional mole monsters that are capable of disguising themselves as people, and Launchpad spends the rest of the episode worrying that one of his friends is a mole monster in disguise.