Just a Gangster

Stringer: I mean, we past that run and gun shit man. We make so much goddamn straight money, if the government come after us, man, ain't shit they can say.
Avon: Businessmen, huh?
Stringer: I mean, who gives a fuck who's standing on what corner if we're there taking that shit off the top, putting that shit to good use, makin' that shit work for us? We could run more than corners, B. We could do like Little Willie, man back in the day, with all that number money. And run this goddamn city.
Avon: Like businessmen? Yeah, I ain't no suit-wearing businessman like you. I'm just a gangster, I suppose. And I want my corners.

There are many stories where a criminal dreams of leaving the life of the criminal behind them, either seeking to turn their organization into a legitimate business empire or to retire.

This is not that type of character.

A character who is Just A Gangster is someone who either passes up or actively resists opportunities to reform. The reasons for this may vary: some may feel that going legit is dreaming too big and trying to reach unattainable goals, others do it because being a gangster is the only thing he was ever good at and he recognizes that he'll just be out of place in the legit world, or because they believe wholeheartedly in Damn, It Feels Good to Be a Gangster! and Evil Feels Good.

In many cases, if a criminal kingpin or high ranking member of organized crime is trying to leave the criminal underworld and take their organization with them, a Just A Gangster character may work to undermine and sabotage the attempt. After all, if a crime gang goes legit, it's the ones with the cleanest hands such as the guys who run the numbers and "earn well" who will blend in better than the foot-soldiers who do the dirty work. As such those foot soldiers or members who are only skilled in violence or traditional crime may fear becoming a "liability" when this regime change happens, in a way that workers may feel about outsourcing or the Job-Stealing Robot. It can also lead to an irony in that the legit character only manages to make the transition by doing One Last Job, purging his former gang and then walking to a legal line of work, or at least one with legal protection.

Compare and contrast Resignations Not Accepted, No Place for Me There, Chronic Villainy, and Visionary Villain. If someone wants to leave a life of crime but cannot because they'll be killed if they do, that's Trapped in Villainy. Underlings who try to undermine a boss from retiring or making the organization legitimate often overlap with The Starscream and Dragon with an Agenda. Often leads to A House Divided.


Examples

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    Anime and Manga 
  • In Cowboy Bebop the Red Dragon Syndicate was less trying to become legitimate than to become Neighborhood Friendly Gangsters. Vicious, the most powerful assassin/enforcer for the Red Dragons and a supreme Blood Knight psycho, however, sabotages these efforts first by assassinating both Red Dragon capo Mao Yenrai and a captain from a rival syndicate who were looking to make peace, and later performs a coup against the highest echelons of the Red Dragons leadership, making himself the kingpin of the syndicate and presumably looking to start bloody wars against his various enemies.

    Comic Books 
  • Unusual example in The Superior Foes of Spider-Man. The gangster Tombstone loves his daughter, Janice, and has invested in her education including law school (in which she has excelled) in part because he wants her to become an Amoral Attorney providing his organization with a legitimate front. However, Janice would rather be a supervillain acting in the open- not because she's violent or crazy, but essentially because she wants to break the glass ceiling of the criminal underworld and sees being The Woman Behind The Man as counterproductive.
  • There are occassions where supervillains flirt with cashing a check, going legitimate but ultimately they figure that they are just supervillains:
    • Lex Luthor is the biggest offender. He was originally a diabolical mastermind and Mad Scientist whose inventions begged the question why he would try and kill Superman or rob banks. In the Post-Crisis continuity, Luthor became a Corrupt Corporate Executive and tech-magnate, yet he still devoted time, money and resources to killing Superman, the Justice League and other endeavours. He even became US President, and held a Mask of Sanity for a while before he tried to kill Superman again. Luthor insisted that without Superman he would be the great hero and "cure cancer". Yet during FiftyTwo when Superman was missing for a year, Luthor once again lapsed into villainy and on his return, Superman asked "Where's the cure for cancer, Lex".
    • Norman Osborn, Luthor's Marvel Counterpart is another big handler. He was a businessman who became a supervillain and aspiring crimelord, before returning to become a businessman and politician. He then lapsed into insanity, started a Mystery Cult dedicated to being a Goblin and returned to full-time villainy again.

    Film 
  • The 1948 Film Noir, I Walk Alone by Byron Haskin is perhaps an early Trope Codifier. Burt Lancaster plays Frankie Madison, a gangster from the Prohibition era who was arrested and spent 14 years in prison only to find that his former associates have moved into legitimate business and see their old boss as a liability. Madison confronts his rival "Dink" Turner (Kirk Douglas) at one part asking for his cut in the business, but Dink and his men explain that a legitimate business is backed by corporations, board of directors, shareholders and the days of having money and assets in a simple safe are long gone.
    Dink: This isn't the Four Kings. No hiding out behind a steel door and a peephole, this is big business. We deal with banks, lawyers and a Dun and Bradstreet rating. The world's gone right past you, Frankie. In The Twenties, you were great. In The Thirties, you might have made the switch, but today you're finished, as dead as the headlines the day you went to prison."
  • Casino deals with this trope and shows how it happens. The mob's skimming operation in Vegas runs on a front of legitimate business and they hire Ace "Sam" Rothstein to be the man who runs things while Nicky Santoro serves as "the muscle". Ace is a "good earner" and a Consummate Professional, as such he improves efficiency in the casino, improves business and innovates on entertainment and by increasing the income, he increases the money the mob skims off. Nicky Santoro being The Brute and mob enforcer resorts to more traditional means by doing a series of daring heists across the city and attracting a lot of heat. Eventually, the FBI gets involved and the Mob decides to Kill 'em All to wipe away traces of evidence. "Ace" Rothstein survives because as he notes at the end, he is still a good earner while Santoro gets brutally killed.
  • The Departed has Frank Costello (Jack Nicholson) who can't think beyond being a 30s Gangster, and living and acting like one, in the 21st Century. He and his outfit survive as long as they do only because Costello is a stooge for the FBI, who use him as a way to crack down on other, more dangerous gangs like the Chinese, who are involved in bigger schemes. Sullivan, (Costello's mole within the police department) on the other hand, is a cold Social Climber who wants to study law and become a politician to advance in society. Costello sneers at Sullivan's ambition, and in the end Sullivan wipes out Costello and his whole gang to move ahead.
  • Johnnie To's Election and Election 2 explores this trope in the context of Hong Kong Triads.
    • In the first film, Lok and Big D fight and joust each other to be elected leaders of the Triad election, before teaming up against a third group that attracts heat. Eventually Lok gets rid of Big D and his wife, and moves the triad to a cleaner line of organized crime.
    • In the second film, Jimmy, a younger triad gangster wants to escape the triads, start a life with his girlfriend and become a businessman in mainland China. However after a deal goes south, the Chinese police make him An Offer You Can't Refuse, he will win the Triad election from Lok, purge his crew and then he can come and start legit. In the end, Jimmy finds out that the Chinese want him to be their Mole in Charge of the triads which they see as a challenge to order in Hong Kong, and that there's no way he will ever go legit. In other words, the gangster wants to quit but the law wants him to stay on.
  • In Romeo Must Die, Isaak plans to move his criminal empire into the legit world by becoming the owner of a new sports team, but The Dragon, Mac, rejects this, saying that all he ever wanted was control of the street. He also reveals that he's been covertly working against Isaak's dream throughout the whole movie and trying to inflame a Mob War against their Chinese rivals.
    Mac: I've had enough of this legit shit. ... You lost your mind when you thought this white boy was going to let you have a piece of that game. You want a damned owner's box? I just want to own the streets.
    Isaak: That's always been your problem.
  • The Godfather Part III: Michael's enemies outside the Corleone family recruit moles like Joey Zasa who are dissatisfied with Michael's attempts to make the Corleones legitimate.
  • In The Long Good Friday, the London Gangster Harold Shand strives to become a respectable and legitimate businessman through land speculation aided by some American mob contacts. This goal is undermined when his project starts being attacked and his men killed. Harold thinks he's experiencing a case of this- suspecting treason from his men and believing The Irish Mob is attempting to muscle in. However, he's actually being targeted by the IRA during The Troubles.
  • In Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery Dr. Evil, thawed out after thirty years as a Human Popsicle, wants to return to his criminial activities but is told that his organization's front business Virtucon is much more profitable.
    Dr. Evil: For thirty years, Number Two has run Virtucon, the legitimate face of my evil empire.
    Number Two: Over the last thirty years, Virtucon has grown by leaps and bounds. About fifteen years ago, we changed from volatile chemicals to the communication industry. We own cable companies in thirty-eight states. In addition to our cable holdings, we own a steel mill in Cleveland. Shipping in Texas. Oil refineries in Seattle. And a factory in Chicago that makes miniature models of factories.
    snip
    Dr. Evil: Here's the plan. We get the warhead and we hold the world ransom for... ONE MILLION DOLLARS!
    Number Two: Don't you think we should ask for more than a million dollars? A million dollars isn't exactly a lot of money these days. Virtucon alone makes over 9 billion dollars a year!
    Dr. Evil: Really? That's a lot of money.

     Live Action TV 
  • The Wire: The Trope Namer.
    • The top figures in the Barksdale drug empire are Avon Barksdale and his friend since childhood, Russel "Stringer" Bell. At the end of Season 1 Avon is arrested on goes to jail, leaving Stringer as the acting head of the group. During that time Stringer, who has always been the more intellectual of the two and more interested in the legit world, comes to realize that the Barksdales cannot survive by continuing Avon's style of constant warring with other gangs and attempting to seize control of the streets, so he makes peace with the various rivals of the Barksdale group and pushes the gang both towards legitimate investments and becoming the supplier for drugs to all the gangs in the city, rather than just another gang peddling drugs on the corners. By the time Avon gets out of prison Stringer seems tantalizingly close to the legitimate business world he's been dreaming of, but Avon is dead set on still being an old school gangster and has no use for Stringer's ambitions. That disagreement, combined with a powerful new gang that challenges the Barksdales to a Mob War, results in Stringer getting killed, Avon going back to jail, and the Barksdale empire collapsing entirely.
    • Their successor Marlo Stanfield, when he and his gang are finally indicted, is given a deal by the DA to walk away from the criminal life a rich man because of political necessities and the fact that two rogue cops misappropriated police funds to put illegal wiretaps on Marlo. After retiring he's introduced to various businessmen by drug lawyer Maurice Levy, but Marlo slips away from the party to go back and fight with some corner boys because that's all he really knows and what he does best. Marlo is obsessed with the drug trade and his street reputation, far too much to ever leave it behind.
  • Hawaii Five-0: Adam Noshimuri takes over for his father as the head of the Yakuza in Hawaii, then decides he wants to take all of the Yakuza's Hawaiian business interests legitimate. When Adam's brother gets out of prison, Adam plans to set his brother up with a cushy business position, but his brother, hardened by his time on the inside, is more interested in colluding with other Hawaiian Yakuza members who aren't happy with the prospect of going straight. It ends about as well as you'd expect.
  • In an episode of Lois and Clark a crime boss steps down and his two offspring, a son and a daughter, end up having a turf war over how to run the family business. The son basically wants to continue conducting business as usual while the daughter, who went to business school, realizes that the enterprise could make a lot more money if they went legit while adding some even more profitable illegal activities on the side. But nobody pays attention to her suggestions because she's just a woman.
  • During an early episode of Burn Notice, Michael is hired to save a local neighborhood from Concha, a cruel gangster who is demanding outrageous amounts of protection money from residents. Eventually it's revealed that Concha is deliberately setting the prices too high to afford, as she has a scheme to drive residents out, buy up the vacated properties through seemingly unrelated businesses, and then make millions when the area is targeted for urban redevelopment, and as far as anyone will know she'll just be a real estate developer turning the area around. Her older and more traditional dragon Diego disapproves of the scheme and Concha's callous readiness to kill anyone who gets in her way, including their entire family too. Michael cuts a deal with Diego to help get rid of Concha if Diego and the rest of the gang leave the neighborhood and find someplace else to run their rackets.
  • Breaking Bad has both Walt and Jesse show variations of this;
    • Walt gets all the money his family could possibly need by the middle of the series, but keeps on cooking meth because of his overwhelming ego, and when asked directly what exactly he's trying to achieve by continuing to cook, he replies with his famous "I'm in the empire business" speech and willingly embraces his status as The Dreaded Heisenberg.
    • Jesse actually tries to quit the business several times, but tends to sink into depression and apathy when he doesn't have drugs (either making them or taking them) to distract him from the guilt of all the things he's done. Jesse also has a memorable scene where his Amoral Attorney is presenting him with various tax dodges and money-laundering methods to stop the police from getting suspicious, only for Jesse to adamantly refuse, because what's the point of being a criminal if you're going to have to do the same annoying legal stuff you'd have to if you were an honest businessman?

    Literature 
  • Berlin Alexanderplatz describes this dynamic in twenties' Germany, via the interactions between the Mob boss Pums and his other racketeers. Since it's written by a German leftist avant-gardist, it's made into an allegory for capital-labor relations:
    Narrator: Early in October the dispute which Pums had feared started among the members of the gang. About money, Pums as usual, regards the sale of their stuff as the main business of the gang, Reinhold and others, including Franz, its acquisition. It's according to the latter and not according to the sales, that the division of the spoils should be regulated; they constantly attribute too high receipts to Pums and resent his monopoly in the dealings with the fences; the reliable fences want to deal with Pums alone. The gang, although Pums makes many concessions and allows them a free hand whenever possible, insist that something has to be done about it. They are more for union methods. He says they've got them already. But they refuse to believe that.

    Video Games 
  • Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag deals with pirates rather than gangsters and is set in the Carribean during The Golden Age of Piracy. Most of the pirates are former Privateers and honest sailors who eventually went rogue because of poor pay and terrible conditions. They set up a Pirate Republic in Nassau, with Benjamin Hornigold hoping that this experiment in democracy will eventually lead them to give up on their criminal origins. As time goes on however it becomes obvious that this is just a pipe dream:
    • Benjamin Hornigold decides to take the King's pardon and becomes a pirate hunter. Blackbeard stages a series of robberies to get medicines for Nassau but decides finally that he'll take the pardon and retire. Problem is that his reputation is serious enough that he faces Retirony and is attacked at a party. Charles Vane firmly insists that he was and will remain a pirate because he was in it for the violence and ruckus, while Player Character Edward Kenway wants the elusive fortune, a big score that will allow him to retire.
    • The game's Big Bad, Bartholomew Roberts has a more nihilistic take on this trope. He starts out as a honest sailor, but being repeatedly chased by multiple targets ultimately leads him to becoming a pirate. Upon taking a pirate, he spouts a creed of "A merry life but a short one, the world owes us nothing more". He embraces the violence and daring pirate life knowing fully well that he'll die, but damn it if he isn't going to have fun while he's still kicking.
  • Grand Theft Auto has a running conflict between gangsters who broaden their horizons and go into other areas, and those who want to stick to what they're good at:
    • Grand Theft Auto: Vice City has Tommy Vercetti who was a mob hitman who wants to make a transition into legitimate business, while his mob bosses back in Liberty City wanted him to remain as a gangster. Lance Vance is likewise not as competent in civilian endeavors, so they turn on Tommy and Tommy ends up killing them both.
    • Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas has this conflict in the hood. CJ sees no hope in the old community-oriented gang represented by his elder brother Sweet, because they don't make enough money and can't compete with the drug dealing Ballas gangs. His friends, Big Smoke and Ryder, also agree but where they betray Sweet and CJ and go into the drug business, CJ works as a freelance mercenary doing jobs for the Triads, the US Government and eventually becoming a legitimate entertainment mogul, though at Sweet's request, he returns to his gangster ways to reclaim the hood.
    • Grand Theft Auto IV and its two expansion pack also explores it. Niko Bellic laments that it's unlikely he'll ever be anything more than a hitman and thug, since it's all he's ever known. In The Ballad of Gay Tony, Luiz actually likes being a club manager and dislikes doing gangster work even if he is good at it. The most tragic case is The Lost and the Damned, the Lost MC club are stuck in a timewarp of The '50s and are little more than thugs for other gangs. The one time Johnny Klebitz tries to fix things, he ends up destroying the club.
    • Grand Theft Auto V has Michael who is an ex-gangster bored by Stepford Suburbia, while Franklin is a ghetto hood who, like CJ, wants to move up the crime ladder and work for bigger scores. Trevor however is entirely conformtable being a gangster and wouldn't dream of being anything else.
  • Saints Row: Ben King managed to raise his street gang, the Vice Kings, to a state of semi-legitimacy, focusing more on the operation of his legal (but still rather corrupt) record label than his illegal prostitution and gambling rings and using his connections to city councillors, judges and the chief of police to keep the Vice Kings out of the spotlight. His Dragon Warren, on the other hand, feels that schmoozing politicians is a waste of time and advises an all-out gang war whenever the Saints come up. It's for these reasons that he feels that King's gone soft and tries to take over late in the VK story arc. What's interesting is that Warren is King's "numbers guy" and the front manager of his record label, and would be in the best position to profit from a turn to legitimacy, but because he's young, brash and feels that he's got something to prove, he can't see that.
    Warren: Great, now we got yo' crack ass friends trippin'. Like I said, fuckin' with City Hall is a waste of time.
    King: Wrong. Working with them is what gives us power.
    Warren: Yo, fuck that. *pulls out a gun* This is what gives us power!
    King: Get the fuck out of my office.
    • Likewise Johnny Gat prefers the random mayhem and heist than the franchise the saints has become in the third game. That's why the Boss is in charge even with less seniority since Gat is too Hot-Blooded to even do the simplest non violent side of being a gangster and the Boss is too much of a friend to outright defy.

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