Imagine this scenario for a bit: You're at a bank, and someone walks in, wielding a sword, gun, axe, or any other matter of established weapon (not a chair leg). The implications are far from good, unless of course it happens in a video game (in which case the hero has obviously just come to withdraw money from his account so he can purchase even bigger swords to walk into banks with).
In short, Guns In Church is what occurs when a weapon is carried or brandished when not appropriate. When you have Guns In Church, the bank, the supermarket, the U.N, an airport, or anywhere else where the very mention of a weapon could be grounds for arrest, people in games are surprisingly aloof to the dangers it presents. As a result, everyone fantasizes about owning a sword/gun/etc that will never leave their side in all of life's journeys.
In Real Life, however, throughout most of the civilized world, life is just peaceful enough that this is typically a bad idea. With an individual who normally is expected to carry a weapon (such as a knight, policeman, or soldier), if they have a means to store a weapon that can be easily drawn, this trope then is restricted to them actually carrying it (For example, a policeman who has a gun in his hand everywhere he goes, leaving his holster empty.)
Some weapons (such as rifles, large machine guns, and Arm Cannons) can't be sheathed/holstered, and due to context, the trope is often averted by necessity. If you are a soldier, then chances are, not only do you play the trope straight, but you're actually better off for it. The same does not hold true for an average white-collar office drone walking down the street holding a claymore. (the mine or the sword).
Compare Improbable Use of a Weapon, when a weapon may be appropriate, but the one used is unlikely or impossible. Also, Ornamental Weapon, where it is carried, but doesn't get used for other reasons. Averted in settings where carrying weapons is unremarkable because Everyone Is Armed. Brats with Slingshots, which has a tendency to reflect this trope but with Children.
For when a shootout actually does take place in a church, see Bloodstained Glass Windows. If the clergy are taking an active part in the proceedings, they may be members of a Church Militant.
Churches are only a minor example.
Premise of Tetragrammaton Labyrinth has the main characters fighting evil. They live in a church. Some fight scenes take place in churches.
The protagonists and most recurring characters of City Hunter tend to carry at least a handgun everywhere but the bathroom, with the crowner being Umibozu bringing a machine gun and a bazooka at his own marriage. Justified by them being Professional Killerswho could be attacked any moment, and in fact Umibozu's wedding was attacked by professional soldiers (Ryo, who was attending, had accidentally ruined a coup in a foreign country by protecting the escaped president, and the leader of the coup started his attempt at revenge with that attack).
Subverted in the K-9 sequel K-911: James Belushi's character gets into a discussion with his boss about the kind of sidearms he carries while on the job, at the same time brandishing each handgun in succession. His boss urges him to put them away several times.
Later on in the same movie, while at the park, when he mistakes a toy gun for a real one, he pulls out his own. This prompts his partner/rival's police dog to charge him and bite his arm, making him dropping the gun.
In The Weather Man, Nicolas Cage's character takes up archery as a hobby. At the end of the movie, he is seen carrying a bow over his shoulder as he walks down the city streets. In closing narration, he acknowledges that it might be why people don't throw things at him from their cars anymore.
In Kill Bill, the Bride carries a katana onto a trans-oceanic flight and through the airport without trouble. Shots seem to suggest that everyone on the flight has a katana though.
Used twice in the 3rd Dirty Harry movie The Enforcer. First he chases a suspect into a church and has him at gunpoint when the minister gets pissed (then his partner kicks the door open with her gun drawn). Later he returns to the church to question the minister about someone in connection to the kidnapping (and potential murder) of the mayor and ends up drawing his gun when the minister refuses to talk. As Harry is dealing with that a woman dressed as a nun tries to shoot him with a shotgun, only for Harry's partner to show up and shoot the nun.
Spoofed in Spy Hard, when Leslie Nielson's character sneaks into a church to rescue a girl, he has to deal with a bunch of violence-prone nuns, ending with nuns brandishing machine guns and trying to shoot at them!
"Girls! Make 'em holy!"
In Unforgiven sheriff Little Bill is deadly serious about enforcing the 'no guns in town' ordinance so any time a stranger in town is seen carrying any weapon, even holstered, it means big trouble. Either the stranger is about to shoot people or Little Bill is going to beat him into a bloody pulp.
Used for a joke early in Man Of The House. When Texas Ranger Sharp and his partner go to a church to get information from an ex-con turned minister, Sharp keeps his gun with him. When reminded by his partner that they're entering a church, Sharp replies, "That's why I didn't bring the helicopter".
In The Tenth Victim, a Hunter who has just been told by the manager that no shooting is allowed in the restaurant complains about the increasing restrictions: "In the restaurant it is not permitted, in the church it is not permitted...."
Played with in The Fighting Temptations. During the scene where several prison inmates are brought into the church choir, Paulina complains about the prison guards being armed as required by law. The piano player then says "Guns ain't allowed? Nobody told me." as he pulls a rather large revolver from his pants and places it on the piano.
This is something from Real Life, at least in the old English-Scots Border region where many of the rural Southerners came from. The Border was a lawless and violent place, and if you didn't have a weapon at all times you'd likely meet someone who did have one and was willing to use it. On you.
In The Hunt for Red October, the Soviet representative states that although the USSR's submarines are massing on the US eastern coast, they are still in international waters and legally allowed to be there. An American points out that in the USA someone may be legally allowed to carry a shotgun on their property but if your next door neighbor starts patrolling his lawn with one while your children are playing on your lawn, you are not going to be happy about it.
In the Iron Druid Chronicles the Atticus gets a lot of flak for carrying his sword with him in public despite there being nothing inherently illegal about it. Normally carrying a baseball bat will not look very suspicious but when Atticus was lurking in a night club parking lot after dark with two baseball bats the police justifiably thought he was up to no good. He really could not explain that he was backing up a witch in killing a bunch of monsters who were immune to iron.
The Church Knights in the Elenium are allowed to carry their weapons into churches, at least when they're in full armor. Which doesn't stop one priest from trying to invoke this trope on Sparhawk.
Averted for Comic Relief in The Two Towers, where the heroes are surprised and greatly annoyed/distressed at being asked to leave their weapons at the door when being brought before King Theoden.
In the original Thank You For Smoking, the Merchants of Death try to spin an actual church shooting when an old lady in the congregation complains that she could have saved the situation if it had not been for the law requiring her to leave HER gun outside. (It IS Texas under discussion.)
KenMacLeod's The Night Sessions. Guns not specifically mentioned, but during the Great Rejection, the police "God Squads" pulled off repeated irruptions of "boots in the pews" at insufficiently Politically Correct services.
Happens to Freddy in House of Cards (US). Freddy, a small restaurant owner, is about to start a nationwide franchise. He decides to share his good fortune with his son, who is also a gangbanger. His son does this trope twice: once in Freddy's shop, where Freddy temporarily convinces him to stop carrying a gun, and again, when a bunch of photographers are taking their pictures walking down the street. This last action has the effect of completely ruining Freddy - his son is on parole, carrying a gun is a parole violation, and his bond is slightly more than what Freddy's restaurant is worth. Freddy loses the chance at a national franchise (he was a gangbanger in his youth, and there was a morality clause in his contract), and has to sell his shop to get bond for his son, leaving him penniless.
Part Rule of Funny, part Take That. One Peanuts strip had Snoopy renewing his dog licence. He also gets a driving permit and a fishing licence, but according to the people in the government building, he didn't need one for the assault rifle he'd brought with him (presumably in Hammer Space).
A common joke regarding the Imperial Guard involves Guardsmen obsessively taking their standard-issue lasrifles everywhere, including to the latrines and, presumably, mass (granted, said mass is conducted by an organization that employs flamethrower-equipped nuns). Since IG regulations prescribe execution for losing an issue weapon outside of combat, they have a solid reason not to let it out of sight.
Truth in Television in actual armed forces; your personal weapon during a deployment does not leave your side. It accompanies you everywhere from the latrine to the chow hall to divine services. The only places you go without your weapon are the shower (if you can get one) and the grave.
This is in large part because the enemy is usually not polite enough to let you go fetch your weapon should they happen to attack while you have your pants down.
Plenty of players in a wide range of RPG games will take it for granted that they can carry their swords/bows/guns/staffs of power anywhere without hindrance, including bars, temples and audiences with the king. Just have an NPC ask them to leave their weapons behind, and they'll react with fear, suspicion and outrage. Then they'll usually try to conceal the weapons somehow, or develop elaborate tactics to reach their weapons just in case the pacifistic church where no one is allowed to carry a weapon happens to be full of armed soldiers.
This desperation to avoid separation from their most beloved possessions often turns out to be justified, since so many game masters will be unable to pass up the chance to catch the player characters at less than their min/maxed best. This is unfortunate, since these times are almost the only occasions in a tabletop game where the players will not emulate Lee Roy Jenkins when they encounter Villains Out Shopping, Go Karting with Bowser or Did You Just Have Tea With Cthulhu.
Deus Ex: Certain areas will have a "No Weapons" sign when you enter them. Ignoring this sign will cause unarmed NPCs to panic, and armed ones to attack you.
2027, a Game Mod for Deus Ex, cleverly averts this by forcing you to leave your weapons with a bouncer when you enter a nightclub.
Deus Ex: Invisible War averts this, though, as in certain areas you can have your weapons, but they are "locked down" so you can't use them. Also the strength mod is suppressed so you can't use items in the environment heavy enough to damage.
Deus Ex: Human Revolution averts this. Certain areas won't allow you to pull out your weapons, and in other areas civilians will panic and/or refuse to talk to you if your gun is drawn.
In the Gothic games, unsheathing a weapon or preparing an offensive spell out of combat will make people nervous, and they will attack you if you don't put it away after a few warnings.
Radd Spencer of Bionic Commando is warned not to shoot within neutral zones, but the fact that he brought a bazooka with him is perfectly okay.
The computer, naturally, is not at all restricted, and can attack Radd freely. If he retaliates, he's killed by the peacekeepers.
Duke Nukem 3D features a protagonist arming himself across various normal settings, including a movie theater, a burger chain, a theme park, a supermarket, and even a hotel. The trope is justified by the fact that there is an invasion underway.
The Legend of Zelda 3D games generally prevent Link from using weapons while in houses and other town buildings, but the 2D games allow him to commit violence everywhere. In particular, in The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time Link cannot draw his sword in Castle Town, though he can draw his sword and swing it around the his heart's content in every other town. An exception is Zelda II: The Adventure of Link: Link's sprites show him constantly holding his sword, even if he is in a peaceful town. One must wonder if this makes the townspeople nervous.
Averted in Perfect Dark, when wearing a disguise. If Joanna pulls out a weapon in front of a guard or is caught wielding one otherwise, her cover will immediately be blown, and she may even be accosted for it.
Similarly, during the undercover missions in the early Medal of Honor games, pulling a gun out in front of German soldiers would blow your cover. But thanks to No Body Left Behind, taking out lone guards while their back was turned with your silenced pistol didn't.
Averted in all 3 games of S.T.A.L.K.E.R, you can't enter most populated places with your weapon out and nearly no one will talk to you unless you put your weapon away.
Mostly averted in Mass Effect, as being a Spectre allows Shepard to go around armed wherever s/he pleases, and in the first game no one bats an eye if Shepard whips out a shotgun in a residential area and starts firing. There are a couple of exceptions where guards try to confiscate your weapons, i.e. the guards as Noveria and Purgatory, and one specific mission in Mass Effect 2 requires Shepard to go around unarmed, while another restricts Shepard to just his/her sidearm at a formal dinner party where only concealed sidearms are allowed.
Keep in mind that even after the weapon crackdown between games, Shepard is still allowed to walk around the Citadel with a mini-nuke on his/her back.
While taking a gun out while in a fight or police chase will get you shot at, feel free to walk down a street in Liberty City or San Andreas with an assault rifle and not get even a second look from a police officer. However, if you take a gun out inside a police station, they finally take notice (to the player's surprise if they went in to pick up a weapon and forgot it would automatically appear in their hands...)
Another aversion appears in Grand Theft Auto IV, where walking into a strip club with a weapon out will get you attacked by the bouncers.
Another aversion in Vice City Stories, where entering into the airport automatically strips you of all your weapons. The same goes for the golf course in Vice City, but there's an alternate path into the course that's not particularly hard to go through.
In the otherwise forgettable video game for Star Wars: Episode I, Qui-Gon could not draw his lightsaber in Mos Eisley without putting the whole town on alert.
The shopkeepers would also comment on you having your lightsaber out.
In Jedi Outcast, at the start of the Nar Shaddaa level, the game stops you from drawing any weapons or using any Force powers, mainly because Kyle is trying to keep a low profile. When he enters a cantina, his pistol is immediately confiscated, yet he is allowed to keep his lightsabre (although the game still won't let you activate until the action begins).
In Knights of the Old Republic and its sequel, you can go anywhere, anytime with any weapon clearly visible in your hands, even Manaan, a planet under very strict pacifist rule. There is a moment on Tatooine in a cantina where the barkeep tell you not to use blasters inside, but he still seems okay with you waving one or two around.
Averted in Postal 2. Waving any kind of weapon around will scare people away and/or alert the police. The "E" key allows you holster your weapon.
Just wait until you get to the ACTUAL church! Islamic terrorists decide to attack the place, Catholic priests grab guns to fight back and you're stuck in the middle of it. No doubt you will have to pull your own gun out just to get out of here alive.
The Elder Scrolls games vary. In Arena and Daggerfall nobody notices you pointing your Daedric Longsword at them in a threatening manner. In Morrowind and Oblivion, however, keeping your weapon drawn while talking to people will result in barely noticeable disposition penalties.
In Skyrim guards will complain if you go around with your weapon drawn, but will do nothing to make you sheath it. Also, NPCs may comment if you have a spell ready
In LEGO Star Wars, attacking anyone (friend, foe, droid, or neutral party) in the hubs will set off a bar brawl in which you can actually take damage and die. Though in the first game, once you buy a few villain characters this is the default state: Jedi and Sith will duel, good gunslingers will trade gunfire with mooks, etc.
The Hitman series of games takes this trope and tosses it off a cliff. If you carry ANY weapon that isn't concealed whilst wearing your default outfit, you will blow your cover and all hell will break loose, with the exception of one level in the entire series (so far), however if you have a guard's uniform on things get a bit more relaxed, you can carry two handed weapons, however you can only carry them underslung, and they have to be standard issue to guards/security/gang members. (So if the guards are armed with SMG's, you can't be carrying around a gatling gun), carrying them "at the ready" is still allowed, but far more suspicious, but don't even THINK about aiming. Interestingly even if an alert has been raised, you can only ever have pistols concealed, even if other guards are running around pseudo-aiming, if you draw yours you will be fired upon the moment you are spotted.
There's one stage in any of the games where you can basically carry any gun openly, in any outfit including the default. In Blood Money, one of the missions takes place at a large Mississippi crime family wedding in the father of the bride's mansion. The guests are so redneck that they don't bat an eye if you're carrying a scoped M4, although you do run into trouble if you run into the paranoid groom or if guards catch you in a restricted area while armed. You can even fire any gun you like while in the front yard, though if you hit anyone the guests will come after you with their guns.
Aversion in Fable: When you enter Bowerstone, a guard will confiscate your weapons until you leave again. Played straight everywhere else, but "everywhere else" is a lot of small hamlets and the townspeople will still freak out if you actually draw a weapon.
While carrying your weapons on your back (or on your side for that matter) in Fable II is acceptable seeing as it is an archaic society, oddly enough, most NPCs keep their weapons in hammerspace.
And throughout Fallout 1 and 2 there are several places where people will tell you to put your guns away, before they allow you to talk to them or walk into the town.
Not exactly this trope but wearing your power armor everywhere can scare quite a few people.
The casinos in New Vegas frisk guests for weapons, and thus the guards get understandably upset when you draw a weapon. Gets hilarious when you're treated politely while wearing full Brotherhood of Steelpower armour and accompanied by an eight foot tall Super Mutant and a Cyborg German Shepherd, but the guards all pull guns if you slip on brass knuckles.
Avoidance of this is an actual play element of No One Lives Forever, as civilians are less than cooperative when Cate is brandishing, so use of quiet weapons and timely holstering are both necessary when in public levels.
Subverted in Divine Divinity. People notice when you talk to them with your weapon drawn, and you are given you the option to threaten them, or attack them.
Given its relative realism you'd expect that drawing weapons in a city might cause a ruckus, but Mount & Blade averts this, and with good reason. Calradia is in a state of constant war, with raiding parties, bandits, and mercenaries pretty much everywhere. A person carrying weapons openly while covered in plate armor is hardly worth a second glance, but civilian NPCs won't fuss if you happen to draw a spear and shove the pointy end in their face while talking to them. Shopkeepers blithely ignore the mace being waved in their face by your character while you browse their wares, and even city guards will simply give you a generic 'don't cause trouble' message.
A gameplay element in Scarface: The World is Yours. Waving a gun around causes people to flee and police interest to skyrocket. Paying off the cops is possible. Outright hiding works as well. Even crooks get nervous around your gun. It gets funky when you're trying to do in-game required missions in the middle of the street.
Explicitly averted in Persona 4. The Protagonist and Yosuke are ready to go into the TV World to find some clues on the murder of one of their classmates, so Yosuke brings along weapons for them to defend themselves with. Problem is, the portal to the TV World is a TV screen at the local supermarket. And the town IS on edge due to the murder investigation. A brief incident with the police later, they have to spend a few tense moments sweating it out with the Protagonist's uncle (the detective in charge of the investigation) and he spends the entire game being suspicious of his nephew's activities afterwards. They wisely decide to hide their weapons under their clothes next time.
In Vampire: The Masquerade – Bloodlines, anywhere designated a 'combat' zone allows you to draw your heaviest artillery and blast away, with no worse repercussions than making nearby non-combatants panic. Normally, combat zones are in areas not covered by law enforcement anyway, but there are a few examples where you'd think you'd get some problems. The trope is inverted in one case, however: A certain enemy has to be killed without the use of firearms or you will be chewed out by the quest-giver, as the subsequent investigation into the enemy's death will have multiple witnesses hearing the gunshots.
Played with in Mafia: The City of Lost Heaven, where the player character stumbles in on the funeral of somebody that they murdered, and is recognized; the mourners draw their guns and a tactical shoot-out ensues. It turns out the family attending goes everywhere armed with their guns.
The first gun obtained in They Hunger, is in fact, found in a church. It lies next to the corpse of a Priest, who attempted to ring the church bell that unlocks his secret Dynamite stash. Someone apparently knew that a Zombie Apocalypse was going to happen sooner or later.
7.62 High Caliber has no restrictions on carrying weapons in the war-torn country, and everyone (including bartenders and people masquerading as civilians) will insist on carrying their weapon in their hands as they walk around and do business. You'll still automatically incite combat if you aim a weapon at someone for too long, though.
On Archer, "covert operative" Lana Kane frequently wears two guns openly in side holsters over her otherwise skintight clothing.
Most Westerns would have you believe this was case in the wild west. In reality many towns at the time had ordinances requiring you to turn your guns over at a saloon or livery while you were in town. This was one of the things that led up to the shootout between the Earps and the Clantons & Mc Laurys at the O.K. Corral, since the former were attempting to disarm the latter.
In most States in the US, it is legal to walk around wearing guns openly, but there are variations in both law and practice that a wise man would do well to familiarize himself with. Additionally, just because it's legal doesn't mean that some random citizen won't freak out at the mere sight of a firearm, or that you won't have occasional conversations with law enforcement while they try to determine if you are going to cause a problem. Private property owners also have the right to forbid weapons on their property.
In the state of Pennsylvania, it is actually legal for you to carry most sorts of weapons as long as they are not concealed, and you are not brandishing them. You need to get a special license to carry concealed. The exception to that is within the City of Philadelphia where, unless you are a law enforcement officer, you basically need a concealed carry permit to have the gun in your possession outside of your property.
In Germany you need a special permit to carry a concealed weapon, more special than the permit for carrying a weapon.
A lot of people seem to think this is the case in Texas. It's true that Texas gun laws are not strict when it comes to the purchasing and possession of firearms for an ordinary citizen who is not a convicted felon. But there are plenty of limitations on where you can carry, even if you have a concealed handgun license.
Texas law forbids the carrying of an openly displayed firearm in public places except in appropriate situations or traveling between appropriate situations. If you want to carry in Texas, you need a concealed weapons permit and the firearm cannot be showing. On the other hand, carrying openly in Kentucky is likely to get attention only in the most metropolitan areas and even then police will just politely ask the carrier not to carry openly if possible due to the risk of an alarmed citizen wasting police time with a report of a "man with a gun".
Churches are in fact one of the places specifically mentioned by Texas state law as off limits for concealed carry. In an odd showing of non-hypocritical governance, the Texas Capital is not. A concealed handgun permit even allows you to bypass the security line and carry a concealed firearm into the Hall of Congress itself.
A group of Black Panthers led by Bobby Seale once carried assault rifles right into the California state capitol building. This was done to protest a bill submitted in the state assembly to outlaw open carrying of firears (as they had done while patrolling black neighborhoods to protect people from police brutality, resulting in shootouts at times). It passed, and Ronald Reagan, then Governor of California (later so pro-gun he wouldn't even support restrictions proposed after he himself was shot) signed it into law. In certain areas of Massachusetts, there are artifact laws requiring you to bring a gun to church (Danvers and Salem), which were passed in colonial times, when it was quite possible that people might need to protect themselves from hostile natives attacking during the sermon.
Played straight in a Colorado church in 2007, when two people carrying Guns In Church prevented a third (who had apparently chained the other doors shut and was in the only available escape path) from turning the house of worship into an abattoir.
Ironically, there are a few places in Europe where this approaches the truth - In Switzerland, you may sometimes find men doing their military service traveling by train and carrying their (unloaded) assault rifles with them. Civilians doing rifle shooting might also carry their assault rifles with them to the range. Still, you won't generally find anyone carrying guns publicly unless it's for the two reasons mentioned (policemen and border guards excepted).
There's a joke about how Israel is the safest country in the world because it's the only place where a group of young men can walk into a bank carrying guns and be expected to wait in line (soldiers carry their guns with them when on leave). Though Israeli soldiers, like their Swiss counterparts, are not allowed to have their weapons loaded unless they're either at the range or in battle, the considerably higher odds of the latter situation happening in Israel means that they typically carry their assault rifles "unloaded" by simply having the fully-loaded magazine strapped to the side of the rifle instead of inserted into the magazine well. Thus, the "unloaded" rifle is still ready for action within a matter of seconds.
Truth in Television. While churches have a very long history of being sanctuaries where you're not permitted to bring a holstered and concealed weapon, there have been been cases of police officers interrupting mass or sermons with drawn guns and not understanding what people are so upset about. The exact phrase used for this sort of situation (at least in Texas) is ".22s for Jesus". Of course we all know that the Lord would prefer to use a Jericho, but that gets into a completely different debate all together.
Truth in Television in much of the US, where concealed-weapons permits are easy to obtain. May not count as this trope since they're concealed.
And even those can be banned from certain places, such as schools, government buildings, and some private businesses. Interestingly enough, many gun shops in the US (which often contain an attached shooting range and offer gunsmith services so you can get your weapon fixed) will have a strict rule concerning concealed or holstered weapons: They STAY that way while you are in the store. If you want to have the gunsmith look at the weapon, or if you want to use the shooting range, you walk in with the weapon out where they can see it. And unloaded, until you actually step in to the shooting range. This way you pulling the weapon out won't be misconstrued as you drawing a gun to rob the place or shoot someone.
Gun shop carry rules are also often in place to prevent incidents of negligent discharge in the "trying out holsters" situation (holsters come in all manner of designs to accommodate differing body types and carry positions. Quality holsters can be expensive, and carrying a 4lb chunk of metal on your body in a poorly-fitting holster can be very uncomfortable, making "try before you buy" a good idea in holster selection if you're not independently wealthy). And yes, there have been cases where a guy walked into a gun store (with customers in there) and tried to rob it. Even funnier in the Real Life version of the story: The robber had to walk past a police car to get to the gun shop. He was promptly ventilated.
Later on, some states have open-carry laws which don't require any permit so long as the weapon is worn in plain sight. Federal property restrictions still apply and private property owners can forbid them, but as long as you can legally possess a weapon it's okay. Don't assume or take anyone's word that your state allows open carry - check your local laws first.
It should also be noted that most states have separate laws for handguns and long guns. For example, in Michigan a license must be obtained to carry a concealed handgun, but no permit is needed to carry in the open. It's perfectly legal to carry around a rifle or shotgun without a license, so long as it's not in or on a motor vehicle (due to hunting from vehicles being prohibited). If you want to carry in a church, synagogue, mosque, etc., you need the concealed carry permit along with the permission of the person in charge of the house of worship. Michigan also happens to be one of the few states that require law-enforcement personnel to carry their sidearms even when off duty, except in church.
Despite being under Norwegian sovereignty, Svalbard allows everyone to carry rifles openly (although there are some rules on how to carry them in populated areas). Why? Because of Polar Bears.
Averted in the UK, where handguns aren't allowed, at all. So when a French cop working in St Pancras station for the international customs office (they have French cops on the British side and vice-versa) forgot to take her gun out of her holster when she walked across to the non-international section of the station to buy lunch, she got in serious trouble.
Swords served a dual purpose in Medieval Europe: In addition to weapons, they were also a makeshift crucifix. It was not that uncommon for a knight to enter a place of worship and use it as such, or in some other peaceful, humble way.
A subfaction of pro-gun proponents advocate militantly open-carrying wherever it's legal to do so, a practice that is controversial even within the pro-gun community.
In communities in the Canadian Arctic it isn't impossible to see someone walking into the local store with a slung rifle to pick up something before they head out on to the land, although it's generally considered to be rude. On the other hand, seeing people driving down the street on an ATV or a snowmobile carrying a rifle or shotgun is extremely common. It actually became a security issue when G8 Finance Ministers were meeting in Iqaluit and southern security personnel had to be briefed in advance to make sure that they didn't shoot an elder puttering along down the street heading out to his cabin.
In Ohio, for example, you can carry in the bar but have committed a serious felony if you touch so much as a drop of alcohol.
Sometimes averted depending on the weapon. Some (admittedly amateur) research indicates that carrying mediaeval edged-weapons around doesn't intimidate people, as they assume that criminals would use a modern weapon...
The Cameron Highlandersnote Amalgamated three times; their current descendant unit is the Highlanders, 4th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (4 SCOTS) had a tradition of maintaining military discipline during Church services, including posting sentries and keeping arms nearby. This is an invocation of the time when their ancestors were a Protestant regiment with lots of Catholic troops nearby.