is kind of like live action Film
. Kinda. You have actors on a set, with specific characters, telling a story. You film it, you send it to post-production, and you jazz it up with special effects. When you're done, you have what appears to be real people
in real situations acting unusual stories for your entertainment. And since it's recorded, you can watch it over and over again and it'll be the same every time, unlike Theater
. But TV is different—the stories go on longer and are cheaper than movies (unless you buy massive TV box sets
), but you only get to see a little of them every week.
Eventually, someone in the Video Game
industry looked at this model and said: "Huh. Well, if TV can do it... why can't we?"
Episodic Games (or Episodic Gaming) is a relatively new take on a fairly old model
in game production and distribution, pushed forward by digital download services. Episodic games are actually more like miniseries than TV shows, but the idea is similar. (PC shareware games during the late 80s and early 90s were all about episodic content, just not quite in the same way as modern episodic games.) Episodic games are short, cheap games (usually in the 5-10$ range), each of which tells part of the story. They take less time to develop due to their short length, so they can come out more frequently. They only tell part of a game story. However, due to their cost, if a player buys all the episodes, they still end up getting a full retail-priced game over a period of time. The idea behind releasing games episodically is fairly simple: By releasing more content over several months, gamers don't have to wait years for more new games. And by pricing them moderately, gamers can buy them and enjoy them steadily without having to put one massive-sized dent in their wallet.
It doesn't always work out perfectly, of course.
Companies can have financial troubles, developers can get carried away with designing the next installment, bugs happen, and all the usual stuff that stops games from being released on time.
Because of the way it works, episodic gaming lends itself well to story-based games, such as Adventure Games
. In particular, Telltale Games
has been making significant bank as of late on episodic adventure games.
Games in this format include:
- A Second Mario Bros. X Thingnote is split into multiple episodes, the first being called "Analog Funk". Future episodes are currently in development.
- Aveyond 3, a shareware RPG that comes in three installments.
- Broken Age famously split the game into two sections in order to get more money to finish it. As a high profile Kickstarter project this caused some controversy.
- Byteria Saga: Heroine Iysayana, a freeware RPG. The three parts are now exclusively available as a bundle, but still distinct.
- Ciel nosurge is a simulation game, but vital backstory is told through downloadable episodes.
- Cutie Mark Crusade, a fanmade My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic Point-and-Click Game by Manestream Games.
- Final Fantasy Dimensions
- Final Fantasy IV The After Years
- Half-Life 2's Episodes were an early attempt, which are more or less infamous for the fact that the gap between Episode Two and (the mythical) Episode Three is starting to get pretty damn large. Whenever Valve goes to a major expo like E3, forumites place bets on whether Episode 3 will be announced or not.
- Hydrophobia was originally one but the first episode sold so poorly episode two never appeared. Instead it had an Updated Re-release to the PS3 and PC...then the company went bust so still no episode two.
- I Miss the Sunrise (You can read the developer's musings on the format here.)
- Joe Dever's Lone Wolf, The game is separated in four acts.
- Learning with the Pooyoos, targeted at very young children.
- Lost Winds
- MARDEK, though Development Hell problems (rewriting the entire engine twice, among other things) caused chapter 3 to be over two years late, and the experience has exhausted the developer so much that he doesn't want to continue working on it for a while.
- Penny Arcade Adventures
- The first Doom had episodes, the first one was free to play but you had to buy the other two/three episodes.
- Quest Fantasy, while not initially intended this way, fits with the shortness of each game.
- Siege of Avalon
- King's Quest: The Silver Lining
- Shadow Realms is intended to be episodic, with developers comparing episodes to sessions of the pen-and-paper RPGs from which the game takes inspiration.
- Sonic the Hedgehog 4
- Super Robot Wars occasionally does this. With the exception of Operation Extend, each episode is a separate physical product.
- Wing Commander Secret Ops, based on the VISION engine used in Prophecy. It's probably the Ur Example, having come out in 1998.
- Telltale Games is often being praised for being one of the few companies that are using the model effectively. Games they have developed in this way include:
- Warner Bros. did Flash Point And Click Adventure serials called Steppenwolf, which had six chapters with four episodes, as well as Arcane, which had two seasons, one with four episodes and the other with eight episodes.