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Anime & Manga
- Tenchi Muyo!: Mihoshi Special, Mihoshi tells the Masaki Household a story of her greatest Galaxy Police adventure, casting the various characters of the show in the roles of various players in her story. She doesn't even bother to change their names to those of the characters in her story, to much ongoing annoyance of her audience.
- An episode of Azumanga Daioh uses this: Osaka, Tomo, Sakaki and Kaorin have dreams in the New Year's morning involving their friends. In all of them, Chiyo-chan made an appearance - not to mention Chiyo-dad's formal debut in Sakaki's dream.
- The Wizard of Oz - The Trope Namer, in which after waking up, Dorothy realizes that the Tin Man, Cowardly Lion and Scarecrow bear more than a passing resemblance to the ranch hands.
- She also notices that the travelling mystic looks an awful lot like a certain wizard and sees Miss Gulch turn into the wicked witch, though she does not mention the latter upon returning home/regaining consciousness.
- Hilariously parodied in the "A Fistful of Yen" segment of The Kentucky Fried Movie, complete with the (male) chop-socky action hero "waking up" in a blue gingham dress for the "And you were there" scene. Also, the character representing the "dream's" Big Bad (who had a flamethrower hand) is shown to still have the flamethrower hand, which he suddenly realizes is in shot and tries to hide.
- MirrorMask: The Prime Minister is Helena's dad, and the Queens of Light and Shadow are both her mother. Oh, and the Princess of Shadow is Helena herself. At the end of the movie, Helena meets the real-world version of Valentine.
- In the Abbott and Costello film Jack and the Beanstalk, Costello's character dreams that he is Jack, and all the other characters in the story are people he knows in real life.
- Implied in the 2010 Alice in Wonderland (2010) that Alice used this reaction to dismiss her first visit to Wonderland as a dream. There's an old woman who has traits of the Red Queen, and twins that behave like Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum. Subverted on her return to Wonderland when she decides it wasn't all a dream.
- Sherlock, Jr.. plays this straight, with all of the characters in the framing story playing similar roles in the dream sequence that constitutes the bulk of the film.
- Inverted in Paper House: Anna dreams of Mark, a boy who does exist in reality but also whom she has never met.
- The 1986 version of Babes in Toyland. Most even have the same names.
- Sucker Punch: They're hallucinations, not dreams, but still.
- The Woman in the Window: After waking up, the hero recognizes two acquaintances as the victim and the blackmailer.
- In the 1999 version of Alice in Wonderland, many of the people Alice meets in Wonderland make an appearance at her parents' garden party.
- In Jumanji, Sam Parrish and the hunter Van Pelt share a striking resemblance. According to Word of God, it's a nod to the Peter Pan tradition mentioned below.
- Piwem i Mieczem ("With Beer And Sword"), an episodic story published in the magazine Top Secret!, involved a character hallucinating about going to a fantasy world and meeting comrades who were all based on the magazine's editors.
- In Les Misérables Jean Valjean has a very strange dream where he meets up with his brother.
Live Action TV
- Gilligan's dreams on Gilligan's Island are always like this.
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer - comatose child Billy is causing everyone's nightmares to come true - when Buffy and friends finally wake him at the hospital he says "I had the strangest dream! You were there, and you...who are you people?"
- The MacGyver (1985) Old West dream episodes: "Serenity" and "MacGyver's Women", and the King Arthur episode "Good Knight, MacGyver".
- All That had a parody of The Wizard of Oz called the wizard of coz. At the end of the sketch, Dorothy says the quote, and nobody believed her.
- Arabian Nights (2000 mini-series):
- When Scheherazade tells Shahryar the tale of the Sultan and the Beggar, Shahryar pictures himself as the tormented and possibly mad Beggar, his brother as the cruel Sultan, and his principled but loyal Grand Vizier Ja'Far as the cruel Sultan's principled but loyal Grand Vizier.
- There's also the moment where Scheherezade has been telling the story of Ali Baba, including the slave girl Morgiana. Though in this case Scheherezade says "oh, no, she wasn't like me at all," and the face of Morgiana actually changes from being the same actress as Scheherezade to being someone else.
- In the episode "The Van Gogh Job", the World War II-era backstory of the van Gogh the team is trying to retrieve gets told to Parker by its current owner; she fantasy-casts members of the Leverage team in all the appropriate roles of the story.
- And again in "The D.B. Cooper Job", where Nate is shown as the detective hunting the eponymous bad guy. This can result in figuring out what's going on early because Cooper himself is not cast as one of the Leverage team. This is because that's a deliberately misleading description of him, and the real Cooper is indeed one of the people played by the team.
- The Noir Episode of Smallville, where Jimmy dreams the entire cast into a world of thirties cynicism. Notably, his casting suggests his subconscious knows more about them than he realises; for instance, he casts Clark as an undercover cop, and on awakening thinks the idea of Clark secretly being a crimefighter came out of nowhere.
- JAG has three examples - "Mutiny" (re-telling the attempted mutiny aboard the USS Somers), "Ghosts of Christmas Past" (the day Harm's father was shot down) and "Each of Us Angels" (a WWII period piece about hospital ships), where the cast fills various roles after a framing story is established in the present.
- This was used during the Wizard of Oz inspired episode (The Wizard of Song) of The Fresh Beat Band
- When Hustle based a con on "The Emperor's New Clothes", they did a quick fairy-tale-theater reenactment of the story with the regular cast members.
- In "The Blue Butterfly", Castle had Rick reading a diary about a decades-old murder and imagining himself as the private detective, Beckett as the Femme Fatale, and the rest of the major characters in various supporting roles.
- SCTV ended a Fantasy Island parody where a couple of hippie musicians play Bob Hope and Bing Crosby in a Road to ... picture, overlapping others' fantasies of Casablanca and a Fred Astaire musical, which gets taken over by a The Wizard of Oz sequence when they wake up this way.
- From the song "Last Night I Had a Dream" by Randy Newman:
Everyone that I knowAnd everyone that you know was in my dreamI saw a vampireI saw a ghostEverybody scared meBut you scared me the most
- Yet another The Wizard of Oz parody occurs in the final The Far Side strip, when cartoonist Gary Larson wakes up surrounded by his relatives: "All the cows looked just like you [to a relative with a bovine face]...All the scientists looked just like you...All the nerdy kids looked just like you..."
- In Calvin and Hobbes, the foes of Calvin's imaginary alter egos are patterned on people he doesn't get along with in his own life: his parents, his teacher Miss Wormwood, his classmate Susie Derkins, his babysitter Rosalyn, etc.
- In Fellowship! The Musical, The Balrog sings a lounge act entitled The Balrog Blues, about how he was woken up from a "delightful little dream". His description of the dream parodies this - while pointing at members of the audience, he says: "well you know, you were there, and you were there..." Astoundingly, they took it to the next level by having him say this exact line on the CD, and then calling out the person listening to the CD by adding, "And you were there, and y... who the hell are you? Why don't you get out of your mom's basement and get a job? Sheesh."
- The prelude to Alice in Wonderland Jr. takes place in the park where Alice' sister Mathilda instructs Alice on history. There's a boy in a white vest for the White Rabbit, a child blowing bubbles for the Caterpillar, and kids playing Ring-Around-the-Rosie for the Caucus Race.
- Peter Pan: It's a tradition on stage and in various media that Captain Hook and Mr. Darling are played by the same actor.
- Sonic Storybook Series - Sonic is transported into the book 1001 Arabian Nights and finds that Ali Baba, Sinbad and the emperor/sultan take after the appearance of Tails, Knuckles and Eggman, respectively.
- Happens again in Sonic and the Black Knight: Knuckles - Sir Gawain, Shadow - Sir Lancelot, Blaze - Sir Percival, Silver - Sir Gallahad, Jet - Sir Lamorak, Amy - Lady of the Lake, and apparently Sonic - King Arthur.
- The Legend of Zelda:
- The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time inverts this trope by having several real world characters (Malon, Talon, Kaepora Gaebora) that are based on characters that originally appeared in a dream in The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening (Marin, Tarin, Owl).
- Then in its own sequel, The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask, Link finds himself in a world populated by people who look like those he knows, but have different names and personalities. In this case, it's not a dream but an alternate reality.
- In Fite!, Lucco turns out to have been in a coma. Cub and Skerry from his dream turned out to be another patient at the hospital and a doctor, respectively.
- In El Goonish Shive newspaper storyline "Magic Comic Shop", there's a brief glimpse into the fantasy novel Nanase is reading, which is a love scene between two characters named Nancy and Elaine. Nanase is, of course, visualising them as herself and Ellen.
- One of the alternate endings of Red vs. Blue partially subverts this.
Church: Man, I had the weirdest dream. There was an evil computer program, and a bomb, and my ex-girlfriend was there.
Church: Yeah, and you were there Tucker, and you were there too, rookie. And the tank was there.
Jacobs: (only appearance in the entire series so far) Was I there, Church?
Church: No, Jacobs, you weren't there. I dunno why. I guess I just forgot about you. Sorry.
- In the Yogscast 2000th video animation, Simon Lane falls asleep whilst coming up for ideas for the video itself and dreams that many of the hostile mobs were benevolent, and the neutral mobs were hostile. When Lewis Brindley wakes him and he invokes this trope, he appears to be delirious, addressing Lewis (who was not present), several appliances, and the camera itself.
- Parodied in Episode 45 of The Most Popular Girls in School:
Mackenzie: Oh good Saison, you're still fat.
Saison: Oh oui.
Mackenzie: I had this terrible dream last night. You and I were there. And Brittnay and Blaine.
Shay: What about me?
Mackenzie: Yes Shay, you were there too, Jesus Christ.
Shay: How did I look?
Mackenzie: You looked fine. Anyway, Saison—
Shay: What was I wearing?
Mackenzie: The same fucking thing you always fucking wear!
Shay: Oh. So you dream about me huh?
Mackenzie: Say one more thing Shay! Interrupt me one more fucking time and I will put your face through that goddamn locker!
Shay: Jesus, someone woke up on the wrong side of the bed.
Mackenzie: Yeah you're goddamn right I woke up on the wrong side of the bed! I couldn't sleep after my fucking nightmare that Saison Margeurite gave birth to a motherfucking hipster baby!
Shay: ...So, how was my hair?
Shay: In the dream. How did my hair look?
Mackenzie: Alright, Shay, you want to do this?
- The Simpsons has done a few episodes like this. The original "Treehouse of Horror" featured a sequence based on Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven", with Homer as the narrator and Bart as the titular bird. This was later done in "Simpsons Bible Stories", "Simpsons Tall Tales", "Tales from the Public Domain" and "Simpsons Christmas Stories".
- In "Bart Gets Hit by a Car", the end of The Wizard of Oz is parodied when Bart regains consciousness. He points out everyone standing around the hospital bed like Dorothy until he spots someone he doesn't remember from his dream of the afterlife: ambulance-chasing lawyer Lionel Hutz.
- The Wizard of Oz example is parodied in Futurama.
Leela: I was having the most wonderful dream. (beat) Except you were there, and you were there, and you...
- Bender is talking in his sleep, droning "Destroy all humans...". Fry frantically wakes him, and he says "Why'd you wake me? I was having the most wonderful dream - and you were in it!"
- Used on Arthur in "D.W.'s Name Game" with an Or Was It a Dream? twist when a character that was original to the dream appeared outside D.W.'s window.
- The Musical Episode of Pepper Ann ended with Pepper Ann waking up from her musical dream, and telling each of the people surrounding her that they were in it. Pink-Eyed Pete asks if he were in the dream, and she answers, "no," causing him to go off and sing sadly about his lack of respect.
- The Krypto the Superdog episode "Storybook Holiday" has Kevin enter a storybook and finds that the famous characters resemble his visiting relatives.
- As an example of the overlap with Whole Plot Reference, see the Phineas and Ferb entry "The Wizard of Odd".