For the 1981 arcade game, go here
is a franchise of video games centered around the eponymous necktie-wearing gorilla Donkey Kong.
Donkey Kong made his debut in the 1981 arcade game Donkey Kong
. The premise of the game was that a gorilla named Donkey Kong kidnapped the girlfriend of a carpenter nicknamed Jumpman and escaped into a construction zone. Jumpman then had to brave the game's four levels, each one with many obstacles, in order to rescue his girlfriend. Donkey Kong
was the Ur Example
of the genre known as the Platform Game
. The game was the Breakthrough Hit
as a video game company, paving the way for their later success in the industry.
DK later returned in the game's sequel: Donkey Kong Jr
In this game, however, DK was made a Distressed Dude
by Jumpman, newly rechristened as Mario
, in revenge for kidnapping Pauline. DK had to be rescued by his son, Donkey Kong Jr., from Mario, who kept DK in a cage and summoned many creatures to stop DK Jr. from rescuing his father.
After DK Jr.
, Mario would later go on to establish his own franchise
separate from DK. First, he would star in Mario Bros.
, where he and his brother Luigi (who made his debut there) had to deal with the creatures in the Brooklyn sewers. Afterwards, he and Luigi starred in the landmark Super Mario Bros.
, which codified
the standards for the Platform Game
genre and made Mario the mascot of Nintendo and the centerpiece of their gaming empire.
Donkey Kong wasn't done yet, though. He once again appeared in Donkey Kong 3
, which was very different from either of its predecessors, being more like a 2D shooter instead of a simple Platform Game
. In this game, Donkey Kong terrorized a gardener named Stanley, and Stanley had to defend his greenhouse from the swarms of bees DK sent at him.
Donkey Kong was completely reinvented by the British studio Rare
with the Donkey Kong Country
games on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System
. The trilogy breathed a new life for the Donkey Kong character, giving him a supporting cast of other Kongs such as Diddy Kong and Dixie Kong as well as giving him an established group of enemies to fight called the Kremlings, an army of anthropomorphic crocodilians lead by a constantly name-changing king called King K. Rool. It was also established that the Donkey Kong of the arcade games was now old and retired, going by the name of Cranky Kong, while the playable Donkey Kong was either his son (and therefore the old Donkey Kong Jr.) or his grandson. These games were massively popular for their highly detailed digitized graphics that took full advantage of the SNES
' color rendering capabilities. It also paved the way for Rare
to become one of Nintendo
's most acclaimed development studios. Rare also produced Donkey Kong 64
for the Nintendo64, often thought to be a Self Plagiarism
of their own Banjo-Kazooie
Rare was later bought out by Microsoft, leaving the franchise in a state of limbo. Nintendo still kept the rights to all elements of the DKC
games introduced by Rare. During this period, they collaborated with Namco
to produce the Donkey Konga
series of Rhythm Games
, which used elements of the DKC trilogy, and the platform game Donkey Kong Jungle Beat
, which was set outside the continuity and used no elements from the Rare games. The franchise was eventually given to Paon, who produced DK King of Swing
and DK Jungle Climber
, two games reminiscient of Clu Clu Land
set in the Rare continuity, as well as the Racing Game Donkey Kong Barrel Blast
. The American subsidiary Nintendo Software Technology also produced Mario vs. Donkey Kong
, which reunited Mario with his former rival (or probably the son/grandson of his former rival). The limbo came to an end when Retro Studios
released Donkey Kong Country Returns
, which marked a return to the 2D platforming style.
Throughout its life, the Donkey Kong
franchise has maintained a connection to its daughter franchise, Mario
. DK himself appeared in several Mario
spinoffs like the Mario Kart
series, Mario Tennis
series, and the Mario Party
series. For a while, Nintendo
was reluctant to incorporate the elements from the Rare
games with the extended Mario
universe, as they were unsure if they could use those elements. The DKC elements were finally integrated into the extended Mario
universe with Mario Kart: Double Dash!!
, which featured Diddy Kong as a playable character. Since then, other DKC characters have made appearances in the Mario
spinoffs, among them Funky Kong and the Kremlings. Donkey Kong is also a perennial playable character of the Super Smash Bros.
series of Fighting Games
, which, unlike the Mario
spinoffs, has incorporated DKC elements from the very beginning. Diddy Kong later joined in Brawl
- Donkey Kong series:
- Donkey Kong Country series:
- Donkey Kong Land series:
- Donkey Kong Land
- Donkey Kong Land 2
- Donkey Kong Land 3
- Mario vs. Donkey Kong series:
- Mario Vs. Donkey Kong
- Mario Vs. Donkey Kong: March of the Minis
- Mario Vs. Donkey Kong: Minis March Again
- Mario Vs. Donkey Kong: Mini-Land Mayhem
- Mario and Donkey Kong: Minis on the Move
Tropes displayed by the Donkey Kong Franchise