Video Game are made by conversion of an external image (such as a photograph, CGI render, hand-drawn artwork, video feed, etc.) into a sprite, as opposed to the Pixel Art methods typically associated with the creation of videogame sprites. This can actually save a lot of time and effort in the production cycle, but the results are often not as pleasing (particularly when photography is used). This was popular in the 1990s (the 16-bit era) before processing power and tech prices could make Polygonal Graphics practical for home computers and video game consoles. The process could actually make more detailed graphics than many of the early polygon-capable game systems, since it was taking more advanced CGI and converting it to 2D images. Also, if a photo is used, it could be anything from Real Life pictures, to actors, to Stop Motion (e.g. Claymation models). Compare Sprite/Polygon Mix (and can overlap if the sprites or bitmaps are also digitized).
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- Police Quest: Open Season
- Sierra used this technique heavily in their '90s adventure games, though the artists would usually touch up the sprites in their paint programs. They did this heavily in games like King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow but left the sprites largely untouched for the Police Quest games to fit the series' more naturalistic setting.
- The Game Boy Advance video game adaptation of The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe uses digitized sprites for player characters and backgrounds.
- The Neverhood. The CD includes a "behind-the-scenes" video showing how the claymation and CGI were created.
- The Legend of Zelda: A Link Between Worlds uses actual 3D models almost everywhere, but the wild audience of the Treacherous Tower is pre-rendered, to avoid rendering too many characters in addition to the (already numerous) monsters in the arena with you.
- Pictured above: the Mortal Kombat series started out this way, with sprites and animations based on filming live actor performances. Most of the more "monstrous" fighters, such as the Shokan, were made with clay models.
- Killer Instinct
- Rise of the Robots
- Primal Rage using digitised claymation figures as sprites.
- X-Perts (Beat 'em Up Spin-Off of Eternal Champions)
- Street Fighter The Movie
- One Must Fall 2097
- Clay Fighter
- The Batman Forever Licensed Game.
- Way Of The Warrior
- Tattoo Assassins
- Done for the character sprites for Persona 4 Arena, according to an interview.
- Jackie Chan The Kung Fu Master, produced at the same time as the movie Thunderbolt.
- Skullgirls does this to retain its cartoon style. Every frame of animation is drawn by hand to make digital art, without the assistance of vectors.
- Avengers in Galactic Storm
- Dino Rex has digitized dinosaur models.
- Certain M.U.G.E.N characters are like this. A good example of a MUGEN-exclusive character with these would be Dragon Claw.
- Some of the late-90's WWF arcade games such as In Your House featured sprites of the actual wrestlers like Bret Hart and The Undertaker.
First Person Shooter
- Some of the monsters from DOOM and DOOM 2 were first created as clay, 3D, or latex models which were photographed and then rendered into sprites. In mods, it's common to see weapons from modern 3D games imported into Doom via the same technique.
- Likewise with Duke Nukem 3D.
- Rise of the Triad used the Apogee staff in costumes to create the enemies. Tom Hall played the final boss.
- Blood also used detailed models for all the monsters. More info about the work process can be found here.
Light Gun Game
- The Sega Genesis game Bugs Bunny: Double Trouble
- All graphics elements (sprites and backgrounds alike) from the first three Donkey Kong Country games were created from renders of 3D models created and animated on expensive SGI workstations.
- Gargoyles on the Genesis used this to contrast the futuristic machine enemies with the hand-drawn sprites of enemies from Goliath's original time.
- Iji's sprites are 3d models from Blender, rendered with flat-shading.
- DK Jungle Climber
- Deliberately averted in Yoshi's Island. According to Super Mario Bros. creator Shigeru Miyamoto, the reason why the game is drawn with a sketchy, storybook-like artstyle is that around the time the game was released, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System was almost near the end of its life, and it was now mandatory for its last few games to use Digitized Sprites in order to compete with true 3D games. Miyamoto, however, despised the look of these prerendered sprites, and as a result the game's graphics style is how it is, looking like illustrations straight out of a storybook.
- Mario vs. Donkey Kong, first installment.
- Toy Story had sprites based on the CG models used in the film.
- The Lion King used cels drawn by Disney's film animation team drawn specifically for the game.
- Sprites in Wario Land: Shake It! used hand-drawn animated cells.
- Shinobi Legions
- Mischief Makers does this along with Sprite/Polygon Mix.
- Castle Of Magic actually gives this ability to the player. They can take photos of real-world objects and turn them into sprites in the game, for everything from the basic gem pickups to the bosses' heads.
- Penguin Brothers: Many enemy sprites are obviously digitized 3D models, as are the zoomed-out versions of the player characters.
Real Time Strategy
- Fallout used 3D models converted into sprites for all of its graphics. The sole exception were talking heads, created from clay models painstakingly digitized into 3D and then saved as sprites.
- The Golden Sun games on the Game Boy Advance digitized most of the sprites.
- A modern example: Project Zomboid uses this as a Retraux.
- The Enhanced Remake of Quest For Glory 1 used clay models for its in-battle monster graphics.
- Super Mario RPG, much like Donkey Kong Country, derived its sprite and environment graphics from pre-rendered CGI models.
- The first six installments of the Final Fantasy series generated their monster graphics by directly scanning artwork into the game.
Shoot Em Up
- Cho Aniki: Kyuukyoku Muteki Ginga Saikyou Otoko. There is a short video in the main menu showing how the digitizing were created.
- Ginga Fukei Densetsu Sapphire has many enemies, particularly bosses, made of prerendered polygonal models.
- Silpheed for the Sega CD had all ships and background objects as prerendered flat-shaded polygons.
Wide Open Sandbox
- Saints Row IV has the mission Saints of Rage, where The President goes into a 16-bit side-scroller to rescue Johnny Gat,resulting in Digitized Sprites (mostly to allow the player's customized President, converting their normal 3D model). It's all, naturally, Lampshaded, and comes complete with choppy sound bites and nonsensical food healing items.
- American Girls Premiere used chroma-keyed footage from live actors and props from the American Girl catalog. It wasn't as refined as Mortal Kombat's, though, and was grainier due to the dithered 256-color palette.
- Sociolotron sprites are still renders of 3D models at various animation frames. The independent developer didn't have the artistry to illustrate the full graphic set needed to animate the characters, and at the time most systems and internet connections didn't have the speed to render huge communities of 3D animated models. It was a necessary compromise that has lingered while the developer focuses on game mechanics and setting instead.