Film: Silver Linings Playbook
A 2012 film directed by David O. Russell
, based on the novel
of the same name by Matthew Quick.
Pat (Bradley Cooper
) is trying to put his life back together. He's just spent eight months in a mental hospital on a plea bargain, after nearly beating his wife's lover to death when he caught them in the shower
. He's forced to move back in with his parents (Robert De Niro
and Jacki Weaver) and put up with his father's obsessive and superstitious love for the Philadelphia Eagles. He's desperate to reunite with his wife, but the restraining order makes that a bit tough. And then he meets Tiffany (Jennifer Lawrence
), a girl with just as many problems as him who may be the key to solving his own.
It became the first film to get Academy Award
nominations in all four acting categories since Reds
in 1982 (and the first to get on the "Big Five" since Million Dollar Baby
in 2005), with Jennifer Lawrence taking home the Best Actress Oscar.
This film provides examples of:
- Above the Influence: Pat resists Tiffany's solicitations, because he is madly in love with Nikki.
- Adaptation Distillation: Possibly due to Tiffany (and maybe the other characters too) being significantly younger than in the book, the time-scale of the film is greatly reduced. (Tiffany and Tommy were married for three years rather than ten, Pat was in the hospital for eight months rather than four years, etc.)
- Age Lift: Tiffany is around 39 in the book; in the film, she's played by 21-year-old Jennifer Lawrence, though the character has a Vague Age somewhere in her later twenties.
- All Take and No Give: Tiffany discusses how she can give someone everything and then still feel empty afterwards due to people's habit of doing this. "I do this! Time after time after time! I do all this shit for other people! And then I wake up and I'm empty! I have nothing!" Also lampshaded in that Pat expected Tiffany to give his ex-wife a note, without giving anything in return as a gesture of friendship.
- Aloof Big Brother:
- Pat's brother Jake. He even lists his accomplishments to Pat's failures. This is more subverted. Jake does turn out to care about Pat. It's just that he had a rather awkward reintroduction with him.
- Played more straight with Veronica, who is quite apathetic towards Tiffany.
- Aloof Dark-Haired Girl: Tiffany is very dismissive of other people.
- And Starring: Chris Tucker in the CBB.
- Anguished Declaration of Love
- Anything That Moves: The reason Tiffany got fired from her job, she slept with everyone in her office, including women.
- Arc Words: "Reading the signs" is Tiffany's mantra, while "Excelsior" is for Pat.
- Armor-Piercing Question: Tiffany to Pat: "I was a slut. There will always be a part of me that is dirty and sloppy, but I like that, just like all the other parts of myself. Can you say the same thing?"
- Asshole Victim: Possibly the man that was having an affair with Nikki. He even asks Pat to leave (his own house) after he catches them.
- The guy Pat beats up at the Eagles game was one of a group who harassed and then started beating up a group of Indian spectators and then Pat's brother when he tried to stop them, is a straight example of this
- Awkward Father-Son Bonding Activity: Pat Sr. tries to make watching the Eagles his bonding activity with his son, who has open contempt for his father's superstitions. They make it work eventually.
- Ax-Crazy: It's best not to push the main characters' respective Berserk Buttons.
- Beware the Nice Ones:
- Pat is actually a really nice guy. But don't have an affair with his wife. Just don't.
- Pat Sr. may qualify too. He's nice enough, but gets pretty angry easily. He can't go to any Eagles games because of all the fights he gets into.
- Berserk Button:
- For Pat, it's hearing (or even imagining he's hearing) the Stevie Wonder song "My Cherie Amour". It was his wedding song and then it was playing on the stereo when he caught his wife cheating on him.
- Also, beating up Pat's brother is nowhere near to being a good idea. Those fools had a chance of avoiding his wrath until they made that one mistake.
- For Pat Sr., it's messing with his superstitions.
- Big Damn Kiss: Between Pat and Tiffany at the end.
- Big Game: The dance competition at the climax of the movie (and, in the background, the Eagles-Cowboys game). Played with in that they aren't trying to win against the other, obviously more practiced dancers - just score a five.
- Birds of a Feather: Pat and Tiffany initially bond over their mutual neuroses, recently single status (he's divorced, she's widowed) and interest in running.
- Black Best Friend: Danny, played by Chris Tucker.
- Black Comedy: The film alternates between poking fun at the characters' troubles to treating them very seriously.
- Blond Brunette Redhead: Veronica is the blond, Tiffany is the brunette, and both Nikki and Pat's mother are the redheads.
- Blood Is Squicker in Water: In Pat's flashbacks to his vicious beating of his wife's lover in the shower.
- Brick Joke: Tiffany ambushes Pat twice while he is jogging past her house. It is revealed much later that Pat's mother told her where he would be so she could do so.
- Broken Bird: Tiffany. Pat practically mentions this trope by name when he's describing her.
- Brutal Honesty: Pat and Tiffany don't care much for etiquette.
- Call Back: The music Ronnie tells Pat is on the iPod he gives him ends up being used in Pat & Tiffany's dance routine.
- Celebrity Paradox: A scene early on briefly shows the marquee of a theatre on Halloween playing the film The Midnight Meat Train, which starred Bradley Cooper.
- Chekhov's Skill: Pat and Tiffany's roadwork exercise becomes useful during the Race for Your Love scenario.
- Cluster F-Bomb: "And I'll take that fucking camera and I'm gonna break it over your fucking head, then I'm gonna come back and interview you about what it's like to get that fucking camera broken over your head!"
- The Coats Are Off: Tiffany during the dance competition.
- Crazy Jealous Guy\Mad Love: Pat regarding Nikki.
- Cry Cute: Tiffany does this numerous times.
- Dance of Romance: Tiffany and Pat.
- Downer Beginning: You can see that for the first half of the movie, Pat's not really in a good place. He gets better.
- Down to the Last Play: Somewhat inverted, the final dance has the two performing rather well, but botch the climactic move where he holds her above him (she gets up there, but it is clumsy looking). That gives greater tension when they are waiting for their score, when the last judge rates them high enough to average a 5. The whole dance subverts the trope anyway, as they go in for a personal goal and not to be the best.
- Do You Want to Copulate?: Having No Social Skills, Tiffany propositions Pat for sex pretty bluntly, after he walks her home:
Tiffany: Listen, I haven't dated since before my marriage so I don't really remember how this works.
Pat: How what works?
Tiffany: I saw the way you were looking at me, Pat. You felt it, I felt it, don't lie. We're not liars like they are. I live in the addition around back, which is completely separate from my parents' house, so there's no chance of them walking in on us. I hate the fact that you wore a football jersey to dinner because I hate football, but you can fuck me if you turn the lights off, okay?
- Drowning My Sorrows: After Tiffany sees Nikki at the dance competition, she goes to the bar and starts drinking. Pat stops her before she could get drunk.
- Dysfunction Junction: Let's see: a Stepford Smiler husband and his tyrannical wife; at least two characters with bipolar disorder, one of whom is a woman with a string of suitors who are just using her for sex; an unfaithful ex-wife; a father with OCD and his manipulative and exploitative best "friend"; an Aloof Big Brother...about the only normal characters in the whole thing are Pat's mother Dolores and Dr. Patel, and even the latter is not above deliberately provoking a psychotic episode in Pat in order to study his reaction.
- Earn Your Happy Ending
- Easily Forgiven: Nobody ever really speaks badly about Nikki, despite her having an affair in her husband's house to their wedding song, henceforth traumatizing him. To be fair, it is all overshadowed by Pat's savage beating of her lover along with the restraining order.
- Also, while nobody speaks badly about her, nobody really speaks well about her besides Pat. Their main concern is trying to keep Pat away from Nikki. This could be because of the restraining order or because they think that what she did was wrong and she's not right for him anymore.
- This is in definite contrast to the novel, where nearly everyone who knows Pat speaks badly about Nikki. In fact, Pat's parents file a counter restraining order against her. Then again, Nikki is portrayed in a far less charitable light: not only does she cheat, but she also knocks Pat out in the incident that broke them up, and then takes his assets, their bank accounts, and their house in the divorce. Doubles as a Karma Houdini, since she marries the man she cheated with, has kids with him, still resides in their old home, and seems to have lived a perfectly happy life while Pat has been institutionalized for four years.
- Everyone Owns A Mac: A variant, this time with iPods.
- Fanservice: Although in no way shot exploitatively, Jennifer Lawrence's dancing and her attire while doing so are... eye-catching. There's also a shot (from behind) of her topless, changing.
- Fanservice Pack: Discussed. Pat apparently was way out of shape before his confinement.
- Fish out of Water: Pat does not know a thing about dancing before he agrees to enter the competition.
- Flipping the Bird: After Pat offends Tiffany at the diner, she storms out, and gives him the finger with both hands through the window.
- Foregone Conclusion: As the movie takes place in 2008, anyone familiar with the NFL could tell you that Eagles were going to beat the Cowboys and make the playoffs. This also makes the decision not to bet on the Bengals game a good one because that game ended in a tie. So, the football side of the bet is quickly won so the story can focus on the dance contest.
- Freak Out: A few times, most notably when Pat first catches his wife cheating and nearly beats her lover to death in a blind rage and when he can't find his wedding video.
- Friendly Enemy: A couple of fellow contestants at the dance competition are visibly consoling Pat and Tiffany when their low scores are being announced.
- Funny Background Event: The judge whose score of 5.4 puts the main characters' score over 5.0 on average is the same one who was lowballing all the pros before them.
- When Pat and Tiffany first meet, Ronnie is standing in the background, shaking his head.
- Gainaxing: When Danny dropped by to see Pat and Tiffany's dance practice, he sees Tiffany bouncing in every way, intervenes, and makes her bounce even more!
- Girl-on-Girl Is Hot: Tiffany relates the story of how she got fired for sleeping with pretty much everyone in her office. Pat specifically wants to know if any of them were women. Some were, and, according to Tiffany, were indeed hot.
- Go Mad from the Revelation: Notably averted; while catching his wife in infidelity sent Pat over the edge, there are plenty of references to how his undiagnosed bipolar disorder was already strongly affecting his life beforehand.
- Happily Married: Tiffany and her husband for the first couple of years. By the third it had gone stale. In an effort to spice up their marriage he buys her some lingerie. On the way home he helps someone with car trouble and gets struck and killed by another car.
- Held Gaze: Pat and Tiffany share one when they first meet.
- Hollywood Psych: Although the film has been praised for "accurate" depictions of people with mental illness, Pat and Tiffany are particularly extreme examples of patients with bipolar disorder. The majority of people with bipolar do not have public shouting matches or throw things in a diner. No Social Skills isn't a permanent part of having the illness, either— in fact, many people with bipolar disorder are incredibly charming and magnetic while in a manic episode.
- Hypocritical Humor: When Pat calls Tiffany out for being rude and "[having] No Social Skills."
- Insane Equals Violent: This is mostly averted. Of all the characters, Pat is the only one who has displayed violence. Even then there were only a few incidents. One was purely an accident when he hit his mother on the face a little. Another time was to break up a fight and defend his brother from some racist assholes. One was much more violent, however, as he nearly beat to death the man who he caught having sex with his wife. In his house. While his wedding song was playing. And after he asked PAT to leave. Perfectly sane men would've done the same thing. For the most part, he really is a nice guy who doesn't want to hurt people.
- I Reject Your Reality: Pat Jr takes this as his mantra when dealing with the reality of his divorce, for the first three parts of the movie.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Pat's older brother, who comes off as a smug Jerkass in his first scene but spends the movie's final act wholeheartedly supporting Pat.
- Also played with a bit - he admits that he has no idea how to deal with Pat's situation when contrasted with how well he is doing himself.
- Jerkass Realization: All he really wants to do is catch Pat up on how his life is going. You can tell that around the middle of the conversation Jake starts to realize that it sounds like he's rubbing it in.
- Tiffany is definitely this.
- Male Gaze: When Pat meets Tiffany, it's from his POV and his eyes start off from her chest. Twice.
- The Matchmaker: Pat's mom tells Tiffany when Pat goes running so she can ambush him.
- Mood-Swinger: Pat, owing to his only recently diagnosed bipolar disorder.
- Mood Whiplash: The movie frequently jumps between serious matters (Pat's and Tiffany's backstories and disorders) and funny moments resulting from the characters' quirkiness.
- My God, What Have I Done?: Tiffany has this reaction when she realizes that her Freak Out could get Pat arrested and quickly defends him.
- Never Trust a Trailer: The first full trailer for the film featured Pat's line "I'm my best self today, and I think she's her best self too," presented in a way that implies he's referring to Tiffany; in context, he's referring to Nikki.
- Another trailer makes it look like Pat started the fight at the Eagles game when one of Jake's friends said something insensitive. In the movie, Pat remains perfectly calm after the friend makes the comment, and the fight is started by some racist assholes who attack his therapist.
- No Medication for Me: Pat complains about how his pills "make him fuzzy" and he spends the first half of the movie avoiding taking them.
- Noodle Incident: How Tiffany's husband died. This trope gets played a couple of times before we hear what happened.
- No Social Skills: Pat's a Nice Guy with Brutal Honesty, leading him to say very inappropriate things.
- Not a Date: Pat invites Tiffany to a diner, but he orders Raisin Bran. When Tiffany asks why, he responds: "Because I didn't want there to be any mistaking it for a date." She quickly points out that it can still be a date even if he orders Raisin Bran.
- Not So Different: Invoked by Pat as his father drives him to an Eagles game, as he points out that his father's been banned from the stadium for getting in fights.
- Pat lets it slip that he thinks Tiffany is crazier than him. She vehemently disagrees, and he comes to agree with her as well.
- One Steve Limit: Pat Jr. and Sr.
- Only Sane Man: Pat's mother Dolores and Dr. Patel.
- Orbital Kiss: The ending.
- P.O.V. Cam: All of Pat's flashbacks to when he caught his wife cheating on him.
- Pragmatic Adaptation: The film and the book don't diverge much until about halfway through, then go on completely different paths. For example: in the book, the dance competition takes place much earlier in the plot, is organized for troubled teens (making Tiffany the odd woman out in more ways than one), has no prize beyond participation (and has no bet riding on it) and in the end has little effect on the plot's resolution beyond Tiffany and Pat's relationship. Neither does Nikki show up.
- Precision F-Strike: A couple of times.
- Properly Paranoid: To some extent; Pat relates an incident where he tried to report his wife and a history teacher at the school they worked at for conspiring against him, which he later recognizes correctly as a delusion. However, he learns barely a week later that they are in fact having an affair.
- Race for Your Love: Pat to Tiffany at the end.
- Realistic Diction Is Unrealistic: Averted. People will talk over each other, interrupt and shout louder to get heard.
- Really Gets Around: From Tiffany's own words, "I was a slut. There will always be a part of me that is dirty and sloppy, but I like that, just like all the other parts of myself." (see also Anything That Moves, above)
- Reluctant Psycho: Pat's story arc is about coming to terms with the fact that he's one of these. The Psycho part of it becomes frighteningly apparent on the night he starts searching the house for his wedding video. He freaks out because he can't find it, wakes up everyone in the neighborhood with his shouting, punches his own mother in the face when she tries to restrain him and then gets into a fistfight with his own father.
- Remember the New Guy: It seems odd that Pat had never met Tiffany before, with him and Nikki being friends with her sister and her sister's husband. It's implied that she and Tommy still lived in Philadelphia, as the officer that is assigned to enforce Pat's restraining order remembers Tommy, meaning he served in Philadelphia.
- He does know her name before Ronnie mentions it, so maybe they just weren't well acquainted?
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Tiffany delivers one to Pat, after he seems offended by being compared to her:
You may not have experienced the shit that I did. But you loved hearing about it, didnít you? You are afraid to be alive, you are afraid to live. Youíre a hypocrite. Youíre a conformist. Youíre a liar. I opened up to you and you judged me. You are an ASSHOLE. You are an ASSHOLE!
- Running Gag: Pat constantly reminding Tiffany that her husband's death.
Tiffany: Can we have one fucking conversation without you reminding me that my goddamn husband is dead?
- Samaritan Relationship Starter: Tiffany is touched when she overhears Pat standing up for her in a conversation with one of her "work friends".
- Sanity Slippage: Discussed throughout the film.
- Second Love: Pat and Tiffany to each other.
- Second Place Is for Winners: Knowing that there is no way they could beat their more practiced competitors, Pat and Tiffany were only hoping for at least 5 out of 10 collective score to win The Bet. They make it and their competitors and judges are wondering why they so happy at such a low score.
- Separated-at-Birth Casting: Jennifer Lawrence and Julia Stiles are very believable as sisters.
- Serious Business: Pat's father's devotion to the Eagles, Tiffany about the dance competition.
- Sex for Solace: After her husband died, Tiffany started sleeping around.
- Shipper on Deck: Pat's mother. Tiffany's mother seems to lean toward it later in the film. Ultimately Pat's father.
- Ronnie and Veronica probably before everyone. They were likely trying to set the two up.
- Shower of Love: "I come home from work. I see my wife in the shower... then the History teacher in there with her."
- Single-Target Sexuality: Pat spends much of the film only attracted to Nikki.
- Soft Glass: Honestly Pat Sr, when You buy window glass so cheap that a paperback novel is like a brick when thrown at it, You have only Yourself to blame.
- Something Only They Would Say: What ultimately tips Pat off that Tiffany, not Nikki, wrote the letter.
- Stepford Suburbia: Veronica and Ronnie have some hints of this going on, particularly with the revelation that Ronnie is barely holding together from all the pressure of maintaining the perfect suburban image. They're on their way to work it out after Pat tells him that he needs to confront these fears.
- Sugar and Ice Personality: Tiffany. A good example is the time she first meets Pat. After he walks her home, she offers to sleep with him. Pat rejects, saying that he's married. Tiffany responds that so is she, but Pat counters that her husband is dead. Tiffany cries and hugs him, then slaps him in the face and walks away.
- Survival Mantra: Pat tries calms himself down by repeating that he's going to find "silver linings" and turn things around. Also, "Excelsior."
- Third-Act Misunderstanding: Played straight with Pat withholding his love (letter) to Tiffany, and her believing Pat was going for Nikki after the dancing contest.
- Avoided, when Pat realizes who the letter was written by.
- Throw the Book at Them: Though not at someone, Pat chucks A Farewell to Arms out his bedroom window upon finishing it. And throws a fit at its Downer Ending.
- Played straight in a deleted scene, when Pat throws a copy of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest aside for the same reason, and it hits his father in the face, purely by accident. It appears from his father's reaction that this scene is meant to take place after the earlier one.
- Title Drop: A partial one, Pat mentions several times his drive to look for "silver linings."
- Toplessness from the Back: Pat sees Tiffany changing from behind.
- Trigger: Stevie Wonder's song, "My Cherie Amour" is a trigger for Pat's flashbacks of the time he caught his wife cheating on him.
- Vague Age: Tiffany is at least 21, but she was also married to her cop husband for 3 years before he died. Lampshaded when Pat asks how old she is after she propositions him for sex.
- This is likely because Tiffany was intended to be much older than Jennifer Lawrence. Anne Hathaway was originally cast in the part, and Lawrence stated that there was some initial concern between her and director David O. Russell that she would be too young (she was 21 when filming started). This may be why Tiffany's age is left ambiguous, so as to not look ridiculous if she was in her late 20s or even early 30s.
- Wham Line: Pat's father uttered a major revelation flat out during an argument with his wife and Tiffany.
Pat Sr.: I didn't approve when you (his wife) called her (Tiffany) and you told her where he (Pat Jr.) was running so she could ambush him.
- Widow Woman: Tiffany.
- Woman in Black: Tiffany most of the time.