John Thomas "J.T." Edson was an English writer of Westerns.He was born in 1928 near the border of the county of Derbyshire, England, in a small mining village, Whitwell, and was obsessed with Westerns from an early age. In his 20s and 30s, he spent 12 years in the British Army as a dog trainer. It was during this time that he began writing to alleviate boredom during long periods in barracks.Upon leaving the army, J.T. won second prize (with Trail Boss) in the Western division of a literary competition run by Brown & Watson Ltd, which led to the publication of 46 novels with them, becoming a major earner for the company. He also wrote a series of short stories (Dan Hollick, Dog Handler) for the Victor boys papers, and wrote the "box captions" for comic strips, which he credited with instilling discipline and the ability to convey maximum information with minimum words.His writing career forged ahead when he joined Corgi Books in the late 1960s, which gave J.T. exposure through a major publishing house, as well as the opportunity to branch out from the core Westerns into the Rockabye County police procedurals, the science-fiction hero Bunduki and other series.J.T. Edson wrote 136 books, spread primarily across nine series, although there were several stand-alone novels.His main series are:
OLE DEVIL HARDIN SERIES (5 books): The adventures of Ole Devil Hardin, Dusty Fog's uncle, during the Texan War of Independence (1836).
THE CIVIL WAR SERIES (13 books): The adventures of Ole Devil Hardin and the members of the Floating Outfit during the American Civil War (1861 -1865).
THE FLOATING OUTFIT SERIES (66 books): The exploits of the Floating Outfit. This group consists of Dusty Fog, Mark Counter and the Ysabel Kid. This trio is joined by various others during the 10-year span of the novels (1870–1880) such as Waco, Doc Leroy and Red Blaze.
THE WACO SERIES (7 books): About the adventures of former Floating Outfit member Waco.
THE CALAMITY JANE SERIES (12 books): The adventures of Calamity Jane, a friend of the Floating Outfit.
THE WAXAHACHIE SMITH SERIES (3 books): Smith is an associate of the Floating Outfit and a former Texas Ranger.
THE COMPANY Z SERIES (6 books): This series outlines the adventures of the grandsons of Dusty Fog, the Ysabel Kid and Mark Counter, (Alvin Fog, Mark Scrapton and Rance Smith respectively) in this extra-legal company of Texas Rangers.
THE ROCKABYE COUNTY SERIES (11 books): This series is about the Rockabye County Sherrif's department, of whom Brad Counter, Mark Counter's great-grandson, is a member.
THE BUNDUKI SERIES (4 books): A Planetary Romance series about Mark Counter's great-grandson James Allenvale 'Bunduki' Gunn, who is abducted by aliens known as 'Suppliers' to act as a game warden for the planet Zillikian.
Edson retired from writing in the 1990s due to failing health, and died in 2014.
J.T. Edson's novels provide examples of:
Abnormal Ammo: The short story "Some Knowledge of the Knife" was a murder mystery in which the assassination weapon was an oddly-balanced knife fired from a large-bore "wall gun".
Academy of Evil: Bekinsop's Academy for the Daughters of Gentlefolk in Blonde Genius.
Action Girl: Calamity Jane, Dawn Drummond-Clayton, Belle Boyd... Pretty much all of J.T.'s heroines qualify. Even Dusty's gently-bred cousin Betty Hardin can beat Dusty at judo if he gets careless and fight several times her own weight in outlaws when she's not dominating them by sheer force of will (short story "The Quartet").
Animal Assassin: In Cure the Texas Fever, one of the attempts to kill Waxahachie Smith involves unleashing an enraged longhorn steer to run him down.
As the Good Book Says: Deputy Marshal Solomon Wisdom 'Solly' Cole is fond of quoting Bible verses. Some of them are made up out of the whole cloth, with Solly relying on the fact that reprobates he is lecturing will not have the biblical knowledge necessary to contradict him.
Author Appeal: J.T.'s heroines are always well-endowed, even in historical periods when this was not considered the ideal of female beauty.
Archer Archetype: Dawn Drummond-Clayton from the Bunduki novels. Bunduki himself is also an expert with the bow, but is more likely to get into melee combat than Dawn, and Dawn is definitely the more analytical of the two.
Bad Habits: Villains disguising themselves as clergymen or nuns is a common tactic in Edson's novels. Examples occur in The Remittance Kid, The Sheriff of Rockabye County and Diamonds, Emeralds, Cards and Colts.
Banging for Help: Doc Leroy, temporarily working as a lawman, was coshed and immobilised to prevent his interfering with a planned robbery. (The crooks didn't kill him as they didn't want to spend the rest of their likely-to-be-short lives running away from the Floating Outfit.) He was reduced to banging on the floor of the hotel room he was shut up in, hoping to attract attention.
Because I'm Jonesy: In The Bad Bunch, Belle Boyd poses as Belle Starr in order to infiltrate an all-female outlaw gang. Unfortunately for her, the real Belle Starr had the same idea.
Blasting It out of Their Hands: Waco does it in "Jase Holmes's Killer" in Sagebrush Sleuth. He does it with the collusion of the man he was drawing against, in order to prove that the man was not really a fast gun.
Bullet Dancing: Wannabe hardcase Bill Wendee does this to the local schoolteacher in the short story "Bill Wendee Likes an Edge" in Sagebrush Sleuth.
Bulungi: Ambagazali from the Bunduki short stories.
But Liquor Is Quicker: In The Justice of Company Z, one of the villains Company Z take vengeance on is a rapist who plied a teenage girl with alcohol-laced lemonade.
Camping a Crapper: Assassins try to get to the drop on Waxahachie Smith this way in Cure the Texas Fever. Wax turns the tables on them by leaving behind his boots and pants, which is all of him they can see, and sneaking up behind them.
Carnival of Killers: In Kill Dusty Fog!, General Trumpeter offers a $1,000 bounty on the head of Captain Dusty Fog, despite this being against the rules of war. Several guerillas make attempts to claim the bounty, before Dusty decides to confront Trumpeter directly.
Cat Fight: A frequent occurrence and always lovingly described.
Cattle Drive: Cattle drive feature prominently in several novels, including Edson's first novel Trail Boss.
Cavalry Officer: The Ole Devil Hardin series and the Civil War series focus on the careers of 'Ole Devil' Hardin and his nephew Dusty Fog as cavalry officers in wars a generation apart (the Texan War of Independence and the American Civil War).
Chained Heat: Company Z stage this in Rapido Clint: having Alvin Fog pose as a criminal and handcuffing him to a wanted felon, then orchestrating an escape so the felon will take Alvin to his boss.
Convenient Misfire: J.T. Edson disliked it when guns jammed or misfired for no reason in movies, so whenever it happened in his novels he would give a detailed explanation of what caused the gun to jam (usually poor maintenance on the bad guy's part). That said, it still happened several times when it was convenient for his heroes. The short story "Jubal Branch's Lucky B.A.R." was one example.
Covers Always Lie: The covers of many J.T. Edson novels feature generic western scenes that bear no real connection to the contents of the book. And some are just flat out wrong. The Corgi edition of The Remittance Kid shows a gunfight on the deserted main street of tiny frontier town. The novel takes place entirely in Chicago.
Dressing as the Enemy: A common tactic of Company C in the Civil War series. Sometimes it was not even necessary to dress in enemy uniforms as the only difference between the Federal and Confederate uniforms was the colour, so in near darkness it was quite easy to pass yourself off as a member of the opposing side.
Embarrassing First Name: Horace Rangoon, villain of The Rio Hondo Kid, has a huge chip on his shoulder on account of his first name — all the more so because his father insisted on shaming him with such a name to disgrace him for being short.
Calamity Jane is able to keep her freight-driver boss Dobe Killem sweet by threatening to reveal that his given name is Cecil.
Expecting Someone Taller: Dusty Fog who, though strongly built, is only about five feet five inches tall and continually overlooked by strangers who know him only by reputation. Usefully, one of his associates, Mark Counter, really is well over six feet tall with big muscles and the face and figure of a Greek god, and from time to time Mark pretends to be Dusty in order that strangers will blab secrets when he is not around but the insignificant-looking real Dusty is. Word of God is that Fog was based on Audie Murphy, who was himself of no great size (and just as much of a Big Damn Hero).
Famous-Named Foreigner: In The Code of Dusty Fog by J.T. Edson, three trouble-making Russian members of a rail gang are named Kruschev, Gorbachev and Gorki.
Fastest Gun in the West: Dusty Fog (except that Doc Leroy is a hairsbreadth faster with a single gun versus Dusty's ambidextrous pair; but Dusty is the one whose name gets mentioned). Mark Counter is a fraction slower than either and Waco a similar distance behind him; none of the four have ever been beaten.
Fiery Redhead: Red Blaze. Also Rusty Willis, but he turns up less often.
Flaying Alive: The villainess of A Town Called Yellowdog suffers permanent insanity after a tribe of Kiowa Indians take revenge on her brother for the rape and murder of one of their women. The final chapter is spoilered with the title "She Saw Her Brother Skinned Alive".
Frontier Doctor: 'Doc' Leroy. 'Doc' was studying medicine when his father's murder caused him to drop out and take work as a cowhand. He spent a lot of time using his medical expertise as a doctor in a Closest Thing We Got manner. He eventually completed his qualifications in Doc Leroy, M.D..
Giving Them the Strip: InTroubled Range, Belle Starr has grabbed Calamity Jane by the waistband of her jeans. Calamity escapes by unbuckling her belt and grabbing the leg of a table, causing Belle to pull her jeans right off her.
Glad-to-Be-Alive Sex: While Dusty Fog gets laid less than, say, Mark Counter, he does benefit from this trope when he rescues a complete stranger - previously a man-hating feminist - from being eaten by a grizzly bear in A Town Called Yellowdog.
Go-to Alias: 'Rapido Clint' is Alvin Fog's go to alias when posing as a criminal.
Dusty Fog often uses 'Edward Marsden', which are his middle names.
Also Bunduki before he was transported to Zillikian.
The Gunfighter Wannabe: These turn up from time to time, sometimes living to become wiser and less set on being gunfighters, sometimes making the last mistake of their lives against one of the Floating Outfit.
The fake Belle Starr does this to a shotgun guard in Waco's Badge.
Waco tosses a glass of lemonade into Bill Wendee's face to blind him when Wendee pulls a knife on him in "Bill Wendee Likes an Edge" in Sagebrush Sleuth.
Handicapped Badass: Waxahachie Smith is a gunslinger who had his trigger fingers amputated by vengeful foes.
Historical Beauty Update: J.T.'s version of Calamity Jane is a stacked blonde who dresses in skintight buckskins. This is at odds with photographs of the historical Calamity Jane, who could charitably described as plain.
Historical Person Punchline: In Cure the Texas Fever, Waxahachie Smith is aided by a young man calling himself 'Frank Smith'. At the end of the novel, it is revealed that this 'Frank' is an impersonator who has been posing as Frank Smith to allow the real Frank Smith to travel to Texas unhindered. The impersonator's real name? Teddy Roosevelt.
Historical Villain Upgrade: It is unlikely that General José de Urrea was anywhere near as black as Edson paints him in Get Urrea!. In particular, historians now believe that the Goliad Massacre was perpetrated at the orders of Santa Anna and not Urrea.
Hollywood Silencer: In The Professional Killers, one of the killers uses a silenced revolver. This is an odd slip-up from Edson who was usually meticulous in his firearms research.
It Works Better with Bullets: In The Cow Thieves, Ella manages to wrestle Calamity Jane's gun away from her and attempts to shoot her with it, only to discover that Calamity had not had time to fit the percussion caps to the nipples.
Lost Him in a Card Game: In Troubled Range a friend of Mark Counter's accidentally wins a wife in a poker game. The friend thought the ship's captain he was playing against had been betting his ship when he tossed in the marker with the name written on it.
Magic Feather: Used in "Dusty Fog's Gun" when Waco gives a young deputy a gun and tells him it once belonged to Dusty Fog, giving him the confidence to win an upcoming gunfight.
Marijuana Is LSD: Edson was violently opposed to marijuana use and any time it is portrayed in his novels, it is shown in a negative light. However, he also appears to have had no idea of what its effects actually were, and it was portrayed as everything from a date rape drug to driving people into a beserk frenzy like PCP.
Medicine Show: Doctor Erazamus K. Thornett's Superior Elixir show in Apache Rampage.
Mid-Battle Tea Break: Troubled Range features an epic Cat Fight beyween Calamity Jane and Belle Starr. In the middle of it, the two combatants break off, stagger to the bar, down a drink, and then start waling on each other again.
Missing Episode: J.T. completed a fifth novel his Bunduki series titled Amazons of Zillikian that was never released due to a dispute with the Edgar Rice Burroughs estate. Fans hold out hope that it will one day be released.
Mistaken Nationality: Tommy Okasi, who is Japanese, is almost always assumed to be Chinese. Justified because Chinese were the only Asians most people in the old west had ever encountered.
The Ysabel Kid is half Kentucky Irish, a quarter Comanche, and a quarter French-Creole.
Annie Singing Bear has a Comanche father and a white mother.
Murder by Mistake: In The Professional Killers, Deputy Tom Cord is killed because he matched the description the hitmen were given of their target (old trenchcoat and hat) and got off the train the target was supposed to be arriving on. It is later discovered that target had changed his mind and not caught that train at all.
Naked in Mink: In The Professional Killers, the police raid the house of a burgular and find his girlfriend wearing a recently stolen mink stole and nothing else.
Outlaw Town: Hell in the Palo Duro and Go Back to Hell.
Pants Positive Safety: Almost gets Waxachie Smith killed in Cure the Texas Fever. While in Chicago, Smith is unable to carry his revolver in a fast-draw holster the way he normally does, so he sticks it in the back of pants under his jacket. When attacked, his reflexes cause him to reach for the holster he is no longer wearing.
Pocket Protector: Dusty Fog's life is saved in The Bad Bunch when a bullet from a derringer strikes his belt buckle. The impact is still enough to lay him out in bed for several days.
Professional Gambler: Professional gamblers appear in many of the novels. Frank Derringer is one who is a recurring character.
Quick Draw: Most of Edson's heroes are phenomenally fast draws. The Ysabel Kid - who has draw speed of a second - is considered slow compared to the rest of the Floating Outfit. The fastest character is probably Brad Counter of the Rockabye County series who has the advantage of modern pistols and holsters not available to the Wild West characters. One of the Rockabye County novels is titled The 1/4 Second Draw, which is Brad's best speed.
Quicksand Sucks: In The Law of the Gun, the main bad guy perishes when he attempts to escape the heroes by diving of the trail through the cane brakes along the Rio Grande and plunging into quicksand where he vanishes without trace.
Rancher: 'Ole Devil' Hardin, John Slaughter, Charles Goodnight (who is powerful enough to qualify as a Cattle Baron)
Reckless Gun Usage: In The Return of Rapido Clint and Mr. J.G. Reeder, a British thug picks up Rapido's Colt automatic. Being unfamiliar with firearms, he pushes the safety catch off thinking that he is putting it on. He then strikes a pose like his favourite cowboy actor and the gun goes off.
Rewrite: A large number of Edson's later novels were 'expansions' of earlier short stories. These novels usually change substantial details of the earlier stories. Perhaps the most significant of the changes is revealing that Dusty Fog had married much earlier than Edson had previously established.
Rings of Death: Razor-edged chakrams are the weapon of choice for one of the tribes in Bunduki.
Ruptured Appendix: Doc Leroy, one of the characters in the Floating Outfit series, once saved the life of a cowhand with a burst appendix by operating on him with a Bowie knifenote or so the legend was widely repeated. In Doc Leroy, M.D. the character explains to a medical professor that this is untrue and he did carry around a bona fide scalpel and other instruments.
The Rustler: Edson preferred the term 'cow thief', which he claimed was more historically accurate.
Scooby-Doo Hoax: A gang of bootleggers do this to scare people away from their hideout in You're a Texas Ranger, Alvin Fog.
Shaming the Mob: Waco does this in the short story "A Man Called Drango Dune" in Arizona Ranger.
Shooting Gallery: Features prominently in The Sixteen-Dollar Shooter, when Deputy Brad Counter leaves a combat pistol shooting competition and walks straight into an armed showdown with four Mexican terrorists.
Shoot the Rope: Waco does this to save the Apache scout Johnny No-Legs from being lynched by a wagon train in "A Rope for Johnny No-Legs" in Sagebrush Sleuth.
Sickbed Slaying: In The Remittance Kid, one of the anarchists sneaks into a hospital disguised as a priest and uses a Vorpal Pillow to smother a wounded accomplice before he can talk to the police.
Straw Character: Especially in the later novels, any character described as 'liberal' will be a coward, a hypocrite and a homosexual. They will also be ugly and not bathe.
Ten Paces And Turn: Dusty Fog fights a traditional pistol duel (albeit using Colt revolvers rather than duelling pistols) in A Matter of Honour. His opponent cheats by having a fully loaded revolver (Dusty's has only one loaded chamber) and firing before the full ten count. Dusty still beats him.
Tome Is Where The Heat Is: In Two Miles to the Border, the so-called 'Daughters of the Lord' conceal Colt Cloverleaf Pistols inside the heavy bibles they carry.
Trojan Prisoner: Alvin Fog and Mark Scrapton do this in order to get access to the prison where 'Handsome Phil' Foote is being held in The Justice of Company Z.
Tuckerization: Done as a Take That in J.T.'s Ladies. Edson included a gunslinger and his sidekick named Roy Hattersley and Len Murray - named after Labour Party politicians - and three desperados named Alex Kitson, Alan Fisher and David Basnett - all of them well-known trade union leaders.
Underside Ride: In Terror Valley, Calamity Jane sneaks out of the mission by hiding in a 'possum-belly'; a sheet of rawhide attached to the bottom of a wagon for carrying firewood.
Belle Starr pulls the same trick in Troubled Range.
Unintentionally Notorious Crime: In The Professional Killers, a pair of hit-men commit Murder by Mistake when they gun down a man who matches the description of their target as he gets off a train. It turns out their target had never got on the train and the man they killed was senior sheriff's deputy.
U.S. Marshal: Waco ends his career as a U.S. Marshal. Deputy U.S. Marshal Solomon Wisdom 'Solly' Cole is a supporting character in several books.
Vapor Wear: Edson's descriptions of his heroines often mention that it is clear that they are not wearing anything under their clothes. This is usually a sure sign their clothes are going to be shredded in a Cat Fight.
Vorpal Pillow: In The Remittance Kid one of the anarchists sneaks into a hospital disguised as a priest and uses a pillow to smother a wounded accomplice before he can talk to the police.
We Named the Monkey Jack: In Slaughter's Way, Camp Cook Coonskin has a pet skunk named 'Mr. Earp', reflecting how most Texas cowhands felt about Kansas lawman Wyatt Earp.
Who Names Their Kid "Dude"?: In Texas Teamwork, the Sheriff's Department goes looking for a call girl named Lois Lane. The deputies are sure this is an alias, but the madam assures them it is the name on her social security card.
Young Gun: Waco is a hard-eyed youngster of about sixteen when he is first encountered, and already has several notches on his gun-belt, all of them nominally "fair fights" but several, as he later admits, for no good reason at all. He reforms after being pulled out from in front of a cattle stampede.