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Cyrano de Bergerac
- Badass Boast: Cyrano’s gasconades are spread among the entire play beginning with Act I Scene IV.De Guiche: Oh, ay! Another Gascon boast!
- Beast and Beauty: In Cyrano's eyes, at least, but without the beast being made beautiful, as he lampshades.
- Berserk Button: His nose. Even mentioning the word around him is a bad idea.
- Betty and Veronica: The loving but unattractive Betty to the foreign and beautiful Christian. Subverted in that most of Christian's mystique is courtesy of Cyrano himself.
- Be Yourself: Averted. His Fatal Flaw is his insistence on avoiding this.
- Birds of a Feather: With Roxane.
- Broken Ace: Renaissance man, legendary poet, duelist, soldier, philosopher, physicist, musician, playwright, novelist and excellent actor, who also is an ugly, writhing pile of Freudian Excuse, who systematically throws away every chance of success he has, would rather help some other guy get the girl he loves than confess to her, and assiduously kills anyone who mocks his enormous nose.
- Bullying a Dragon: A frequent "victim" of this ploy.
- But for Me, It Was Tuesday:First poet: We were stayed by the mob; they are crowded all round the Porte de Nesle!...
Second poet: Eight bleeding brigand carcasses strew the pavements there—all slit open
Cyrano [raising his head a minute from writing his love letter]: Eight?... hold, methought seven.
[He goes on writing.]
- Buy Them Off: Used by Cyrano after he refuses to apologize to the Burgundy Theater's audience for interrupting La Clorise; he pays Bellerose for all the entrance fees so they can give it back to the public. Cyrano uses it to bribe the Duenna to leave her and Roxane alone, and De Guiche invokes it with Cyrano and Cardenal Richelieu's patronage.
- Cannot Spit It Out: Justified, Cyrano has a Freudian Excuse that doesn't let him spit it out.
- Caustic Critic: Cyrano critiques your artistic work without any pity, and given the play is a Period Piece, Cyrano is always right in his critiques: Montfleury was a "An actor villainous!" (and then Cyrano kicks him out the theater), les Précieuses could "Inspire our verse, but—criticise it not!", playwright Baró’s "verses are not worth a doit! I'm glad to interrupt" (Baró’s play). Cardenal Richelieu (famous politician, wrote plays as a hobby) "is an author. 'Twill not fail to please him that I should mar a brother-author's play". Cyrano also is fair, of his own talent he thinks: "Not to mount high" and about Molière, Cyrano thinks he’s a "genius".
- Cultured Badass: What with Cyrano's supreme talent for poetic improvisation and the countless literary, historical and mythological references he displays doing so.
- Conspicuous Consumption: Cyrano combines it with A Fool and His New Money Are Soon Parted, as he confides to Le Bret that the bag of crowns he used to pay the entrance fees of the Burgundy Theater was his parental bounty, and so he has not money for the rest of the month. Even when Le Bret scolds Cyrano for his folly, Cyrano calls this "a graceful act". This conduct explains better than anything why Cyrano is condemned to a life of Perpetual Poverty.
- Deadpan Snarker: A legendary one. In a World of Snark, he's hands down the snarkiest, and will easily upstage any who claim otherwise.
- Dirty Coward: He considers himself one because he Cannot Spit It Out.
- Don't You Dare Pity Me!: Please don’t dare. Seriously, don’t.
- Establishing Character Moment: Cyrano's performance at the Burgundy Theater.
- Excuse Me While I Multitask: Cyrano composes a ballad in honor of his opponent while in the midst of a swordfight.
- Expy: Of Crisóstomo, a character from Don Quixote.
- Fatal Flaw: He believes it to be his humongous nose, but in reality it's his vanity that causes him to think this way. He only comes to realize that it was his vanity holding him back all along in his final scene.
- Genius Bruiser: He's just as clever as he is good at fighting.
- Gentleman Snarker: His wit is as sharp as his rapier, which is saying something.
- Gonk: A self-admitted one, though there's some heavy suggestion that this is simply him being self-conscious as a few women are shown to be attracted to him.
- The Grotesque: Cyrano considers himself one even though all that's wrong with him is that he has a big nose.
- Grumpy Bear: Despite all the evidence the audience can see to the contrary, Cyrano just cannot consider even for a second that Roxane actually might be able to look past his appearance and love him for his soul.
- Heartbroken Badass: After Act II Scene VI.
- Heroic Self-Deprecation: Cyrano is his own harshest critic.
- I Can't Believe a Guy Like You Would Notice Me: Belives that he's too ugly for anyone to want, and especially someone as beautiful as Roxane.
- I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Cyrano helping the handsome Christian to win the heart of the woman they both love, Roxane. He does this because Roxane is already fond of Christian (who's genuinely a decent guy, just lacking in wit), and Cyrano himself believes he's too ugly to ever have a chance with her.
- Large Ham: Depardieu as Cyrano in The Movie.
- The Last DJ: Cyrano dares to refuse Cardinal Richelieu's patronage as a playwright because Richelieu could alter his lines.
- Manly Tears: Cyrano insists in Act I that he never cries, but in Act IV, Christian notices a tear drop on his most recent love letter to Roxane.
- Master Swordsman: Likely the best in the world.
- Master of All: Pretty much good at everything other than having a big nose.
- Nice to the Waiter: Is very kind to a serving girl who offers him dinner, and generally shows great sympathy to the lower classes, reserving his abrasiveness for the nobility.
- One-Man Army: Between Acts I and II, Cyrano stands against one hundred men and kills eight of them. Between Acts IV and V, he manages to survive the Last Stand of only one company of Gascon cadets against all the Spanish Army.
- Renaissance Man: Both in the play and in Real Life.
- Small Name, Big Ego: In-Universe
- Starving Artist: A brilliant poet who's perpetually short on cash.
- Stepford Smiler: Cyrano is a Type A, obsessed with not projecting an image of sadness in order to be accepted by his peers.
- Unlucky Childhood Friend: To Roxane.
- Warrior Poet: As good of a poet as he is a sword fighter— which is to say, extremely.
Madeleine "Roxane" Robin
- Arranged Marriage: Intended with de Valvert, invoked with Christian.
- Expy: Of Marcela, a character of Don Quixote.
- Hidden Depths:Cyrano: A heroine? Our intellectual?
- Loves My Alter Ego: Falls in love with the 'hero of romance' that Christian and Cyrano create.
- Meaningful Rename: Madeleine Robin renamed herself Roxane (Persian for "Beautiful Woman") after joining Les Précieuses.
- Spell My Name with an "S": "Roxana" in the Anthony Burgess translation.
- You Go, Girl!: Again, Act IV
Baron Christian de Neuvillette
- Betty and Veronica: He's the beautiful out-of-towner to Cyrano's big-nosed but caring childhood friend. Subverted in that all of his charm is courtesy of Cyrano's own help and aid in courting Roxane.
- Brainless Beauty: Played Straight and Defied. He's nowhere near as smart as Cyrano is, but he's also shown to be much smarter than others give him credit for.
- Cannot Talk to Women: This is more of his problem than actually being stupid.
- Hidden Depths: He's actually a decent guy whose quite a bit sharper than you may initially think.
- Hurricane of Puns: He administers one to Cyrano.
- Love Makes You Dumb: He becomes tongue-tied whenever he's in front of Roxanne, needing Cyrano to feed him lines from the shadows just to speak properly.
- No Respect Guy: Frequently called stupid and only admired for his good looks, to the point where even his admirers admit he's probably nothing more than a pretty face. Roxanne also immediately becomes annoyed with him the moment it's made clear he's not good with words.
- Pretty Boy: Pretty much the only real "skill" that he has is being incredibly good looking.
- Shipper on Deck: Deconstructed: He forces Cyrano to admit his feelings hoping Roxanne will choose him.
- Smarter Than You Look: He's regularly referred to as stupid throughout the play but, while he's nowhere near as witty as Cyrano, proves to be cunning in his own right when not in front of Roxanne.
- Cyrano himself notes that he's not stupid; he just doesn't have the ability to put his feelings into words.
Count de Guiche
- Arranged Marriage: with Roxane.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Against Ligniere and all the Gascon Cadets.
- Don't You Dare Pity Me!: Against the Cadets who offer him food when he is starving.
- Even Evil Has Standards: He will never abandon a lady in peril.
- Foil: For Cyrano
Captain Carbon de Castel-Jaloux
Viscount de Valvert
- Arranged Marriage: Intended with Roxane.
The Gascon Cadets