Western Animation: Calimero

Calimero (Karimero) is an Italian/Japanese cartoon about a charming, but hapless anthropomorphized cartoon chicken; the only black one in a family of yellow chickens. He wears half of his egg shell still on his head, which is probably his main recognizable feature. Calimero originally appeared on the Italian television show Carosello (consisting of long commercials) on July 14, 1963. He was a testimonial for a line of soaps, and in each black and white cartoon he ended up washed and white ("I'm not black, I'm only dirty!"): remarkably racist and conformist, even for the times. Calimero's authors are Nino and Toni Pagot.

After becoming a popular icon in Italy the character was later licensed in Japan and had his own two-part anime series. The first series was made by Toei Animation and ran from 1974 to 1975, and the second, with new setting and characters, was made in 1992. The second series, the most popular and famous of the two, mostly consists of the many adventures of Calimero and his friends as they solve mysteries and make documentaries, usually getting into quite a bit of trouble. The series have become a stand in the memory of many Europeans, specially in Spain, Italy and France.

Currently, a CGI produced series is coming for the 50 anniversary of the character. It will be released in 2014.


Calimero provides examples of the following tropes: