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''Calimero'' (''Karimero'') is an Italian/Japanese cartoon about a charming, but hapless anthropomorphized cartoon chicken; the only black one in a family of yellow chickens. He wears half of his egg shell still on his head, which is probably his main recognizable feature. Calimero originally appeared on the Italian television show Carosello (consisting of long commercials) on July 14, 1963. He was a testimonial for a line of soaps, and in each black and white cartoon he ended up washed and white, revealing he was just dirty and not black. Calimero's authors were Nino and Toni Pagot.

After becoming a popular icon in Italy the character was later licensed in Japan and had his own two-part anime series. The first series was made by Creator/ToeiAnimation and ran from 1974 to 1975, and the second, with new setting and characters, was made in 1992. The second series, the most popular and famous of the two, mostly consists of the many adventures of Calimero and his friends as they solve mysteries and make documentaries, usually getting into quite a bit of trouble. The series have become a stand in the memory of many Europeans, especially in Spain, Italy and France.

A third, CGI-made series was produced for the 50th anniversary of the character. It was released in 2014.

!!''Calimero'' provides examples of the following tropes:

* AdaptedOut: The second series introduced new characters, but ditched out old ones like Piero's two friends (a rabbit and a piggy, if you are curious) and Calimero's parents. The third series seemed to be doing this with Susy and Rosita, but they ended up coming back as secondary characters, and Calimero's parents were brought back.
* ADogNamedDog: Mr. Gufo the owl teacher. "Gufo" means "owl" in Italian, so most dubs translated the name and rendered him Mr. Owl or some variation.
* AllCGICartoon: The third series.
* AlternateContinuity: The second series wasn't marketed explicitly as a sequel to the first, but it can be taken for granted, as the characters are older while the setting is noticeably the same. The 2013 CGI series, however, is a completely new continuity, as the characters are younger again and it takes place when Calimero moves to another city.
* AnimationBump: The differences between S1 to S2 are extremely noticeable. The first series is more akin to the original advertisment material.
* AttentionWhore: Susy
* ArtisticLicenseBiology: Valeriano's parents, introduced in the 2013 series, are both white-feathered, which is an oddity considering their son is green.
* AscendedExtra: After spending the first series as Calimero's SpoiledBrat rival, Piero became one of his friends in the second series. He didn't lose his spoiled personality, however.
* BetaCouple: Valeriano and Rosita (although it was forgotten in the 2013 series, in which Rosita insteads likes a chick named Sandro). Piero and Susy look like another, but their case is perhaps more one-sided.
* BlushSticker
* BornUnlucky: Calimero's luck in the first series is less than impressive, being both a trouble magnet and not good at making decisions, the latter being justified given that he is a little child after all. He ends up having to ask for help (or pardon) from his parents half of the time.
* CameraFiend: Valeriano
* CatchPhrase: "It is an injustice, it is!" or some variant. Actually, the line was very rarely said in the first series and original material at all, only becoming a true catchphrase in the second season when Calimero took a more heroic role.
* CheerfulChild: All the characters fit.
* ClingyJealousGirl: Susy towards Piero, and sometimes Priscilla towards Calimero.
* CoolHelmet: Valeriano commonly wears a red motorcycle helmet.
* CoolTeacher: Mr. Gufo in the first series. The old owl is pretty charismatic.
* DeadpanSnarker: The perpetually peevish Piero.
* DeadUnicornTrope: Due to the character's popularity, "Calimero" became an old European slang for a person who feels unhappy and misunderstood to a childish extent. However, this was really a deep case of cultural {{Flanderization}} instead of an accurate portrait of the character. While it is true that Calimero often felt misunderstood in the series, he had actually a strong and upbeat personality (particularly in the second series) and always managed to get over his problems.
* DemotedToExtra: Rosita and Susy in the 2013 CGI series.
* DubNameChange: To the extent that it's very difficult to tell apart the original names from the dub names.
** Piero has been known as Pedro, Peter, Pierrot and Pierre.
** Rosita has been known as Roshita, Rosalie and Rosella.
** Valeriano is also known as Giulano.
* {{Earworm}}: The opening themes.
* EggshellClothing: The eponymous character wears half of his egg shell as a hat. It has multiple utilities, including a memorable one in the second series's opening, in which he uses it as an improvised raft.
* FeatherFingers
* FiveManBand
** TheHero -- Calimero
** TheLancer -- Valeriano
** TheBigGuy -- Piero
** TheSmartGuy -- Susy
** TheChick -- Priscilla
** SixthRanger -- Rosita
* FreeRangeChildren: Particularly notable in the second series.
* TheGlomp: Priscilla does a romantic version to Calimero in the already romantic ending of the second series.
* GadgeteerGenius: Valeriano has shades of this in the third series.
* HotBlooded: Valeriano.
* IconicItem: Calimero's egg shell.
* IdealHero: Calimero has a great ideal of justice. From here his famous line "It's an injustice! It is!"
* IdenticalStranger: The 2013 series introduce an owl teacher that is strikingly similar to Mr. Gufo, but who cannot be him, as the series takes place in a different city.
* InnocentBlueEyes: Calimero has blue eyes, although he isn't particularly naive, at least in the second series.
* {{Intrepid Reporter}}s
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Piero
* {{Keet}}: Valeriano, which could be even a literal example.
* {{Kodomomuke}}
* LesserStar: In Spain, the second series was named [[NameAndName "Calimero y Valeriano"]], which is a rather odd case, as Valeriano had no more protagonism than any other new characters (although he did end up becoming the most popular of them, perhaps due to the title).
* LighterAndSofter: The second series. It isn't that the first one was particularly dark, but by then Calimero only had Priscilla as a friend and was target of bullies and troubles, while at the second one he is more mature and has a band of TrueCompanions.
* LikeAnOldMarriedCouple: In the first series, Calimero and Priscilla had some due to her occasional {{Tsundere}} traits. In the second, the niche is taken by Piero and Susy for laughs, although Calimero and Priscilla never leave it completely.
* MadArtist: The pianist and composer [[MeaningfulName Pianissimo]]. He finds inspiration in the oddest situations, specially if there are mess around.
* {{Meganekko}}: Rosita and Susy.
* NiceGuy: Calimero is the most polite and good-natured character in the series.
* NotSoAboveItAll: The typically righteous and just Calimero turns into a GreenEyedMonster towards Tiberio when Priscilla is nice towards him in an episode of the second series. He gets over it when they discover the dirty business around Tiberio and resolves to help him.
* PuppyLove: Every romance in the series qualifies, naturally.
* RakeTake: Calimero's father, the very moment he learns his son has hatched.
* RedOniBlueOni: A rare example where TheHero Calimero is the Blue Oni to TheLancer Valeriano's Red Oni.
* RidiculouslyCuteCritter: And how.
* TheRival: Piero towards Calimero in the first series.
* RollerbladeGood: Calimero and Priscilla are shown rollerblading in the opening, along with Valeriano on a skateboard and Piero on a bike.
* SliceOfLife
* SmoochOfVictory: Rosita gives one to Valeriano in the ninth episode.
* SpoiledBrat: Piero
* ThreeAmigos: Calimero, Valeriano and Priscilla compose one when the rest of the band is absent.
* TitleThemeTune
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: Priscilla and Rosita, respectively.
* TookALevelInKindness: Piero from first to second series, and not a small one. He passes from being a rather vicious bully to a close friend to Calimero.
* TrueCompanions: Calimero and his friends are the typical example.
* {{Tsundere}}: Priscilla has her moments of Type B towards Calimero.
* TwiceShy: Averted with Calimero and Priscilla. Although they (especially Calimero) become a bit shy in romantic moments, they apparently know perfectly each other's feelings and have no problem about it.
* VagueAge: The kids' ages are never told, but they seem to be in elementary school or around during the second series.