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Alternative Dance
In a nutshell, Alternative Dance is exactly what it sounds like- a style of music that combines the alternative-ness (and sometimes the guitars) of Alternative Rock with the, well, danceability of Electronic Dance music. No more, no less.

It's a very eclectic genre, since Alternative Rock and Electronic Music are quite varied in and of themselves, but there are certain common threads: a greater emphasis on songwriting than in typical dance music (if such a thing can be said to exist); generally conventional (verse/chorus) song structures; lyrics that reflect the influence of Alternative Rock and are thus likely to be darker and/or more complex than those found in Dance Pop; and often (though not always) some combination of Rock instruments (guitar, bass, drums) and electronic music.

The genre first came into existence in the 80s in the aftermath of the mainstream success of New Wave Music and Synth Pop. Arguably the first bands to play this style of music were New Order (who virtually invented it on singles like "Temptation" and, most famously, "Blue Monday"), Depeche Mode (starting around 82/83- earlier work is straight Synth Pop or New Wave), Yazoo and Orchestral Manouevres in the Dark. These bands all combined electronic music with Post-Punk rock music and had somewhat more thoughtful lyrics than was typical of the Synth Pop of the day. The latter three bands came from a Synth Pop background, whereas New Order were rooted in the Post-Punk of their former incarnation as Joy Division. These two genres were the largest influence on Alternative Dance, at least early on. Also, these bands were all British, as were most of the prominent bands in the early history of the genre.

The genre became popular fairly quickly, with bands landing hits on both mainstream and underground charts in England and Europe. In America, on the other hand, the genre was primarily successful on College radio, hence its association with Alternative Rock. Bands that achieved popularity in the later years of 80s included Pet Shop Boys, Erasure, Big Audio Dynamite (formed out of the ashes of Punk Rock band The Clash), and the entire Madchester (The Stone Roses, Happy Mondays, etc.) genre, which combined Punk Rock and Psychedelic Rock with the music of the then-booming Acid House/Rave scene.

The genre continued into the 90s, with new bands (Saint Etienne, Republica, Garbage, Curve) forming and many older bands who were established in other genres moving towards it (Primal Scream, Everything But the Girl and, most famously U2, who embraced the genre on their huge hit Achtung Baby). Also, many of the older bands experienced their biggest hits at the turn of the decade- for example, Depeche Mode and New Order, who both finally broke into the American mainstream. The popularity of Grunge generally did little to hurt the genre, and it even provided influence for some (for example, Garbage)- many bands added heavier guitars as a result of Grunge and (to some extent) Brit Pop.

The genre was closely related to Trip Hop, which often influenced it, especially in the 90s. In fact, many Trip Hop bands can be classified as Alternative Dance as well. It's also closely related to Synth Pop, which was a major influence on and continues to be to this day, and to a lesser degree, to Dream Pop, Dark Wave and Industrial (especially the more danceable end of it).

The genre continues to go strong, with many Indie Rock bands (i.e. LCD Soundsystem, The Rapture, M.I.A.) playing it. Many of the recent Dance Punk/New Wave revival bands can be considered to belong to this genre as well.

As time has went on, the genre's sound has become more diverse, as newer genres of Electronic music have often been incorporated by new bands. However, the basics of the genre haven't changed much since the 80s.

Alternative Dance artists include:

    Electronic MusicAmbient
Alternative CountryAlternative RockAlternative Hip Hop
Music Video TropesMusic TropesAlternative Indie

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