This page covers the manga and Crystal anime. For specifically the 90s TV series, see Bishojo Senshi Sailor Moon. For the entire franchise, see Franchise.Sailor Moon.
A famous manga created by pharmacist-turned-manga-author Naoko Takeuchi
tells the story of Usagi Tsukino, a clumsy and lazy 14-year-old underachiever whose life takes a turn for the unexpected when she discovers that she is the Reincarnation
of an ancient lunar warrior from the Moon Kingdom
. With the aid of a feline mentor
called Luna, Usagi must take up the mission of defending the Earth from the various evils that threaten it while searching for the reincarnation of the Moon Kingdom's princess.
Over the course of a year, Usagi grows into her role as the Magical Girl
Sailor Moon and greatly matures as a result, gathering a team of four other reincarnated warriors and realizing her true potential as both a fighter and a growing young woman. The series itself mostly follows a Monster of the Week
format, with subsequent series introducing escalating foes
and matching power-ups
, and greatly expanding the mythos behind Usagi's past life in the Moon Kingdom and her fated future in the utopian Crystal Tokyo
The show ended up licensed all over the world throughout a good portion of The '90s
, and practically every country/region received its own international dubs, all of which thoroughly displaced the original work
(which itself heavily displaced the original manga
). The regulation of translation accuracy, adaptation for ease of viewing, and editing due to local censorship concerns varied wildly by region, but thanks to the concurrent flowering of Internet fan communities, fans became aware of these changes (loudly, in the case of the North American fandom
) sometimes well before episodes aired.
The original English dub was produced by DiC
for the first two seasons, and recorded at Optimum Productions in Toronto, Canada. This English dub was heavily edited and reduced the first 89 episodes to 82, with many plot-points changed and characters renamed. The show initially aired in strip syndication in the US in 1995, but was a ratings failure and moved to cable on the USA Network and later to Cartoon Network
block in 1998, becoming their first anime hit and the show credited with starting the anime boom in the late 90s/early 2000s. To this day, Sailor Moon
remains one of the most recognized and mainstream anime titles in North America. If you approach anyone on the street and ask them to name a Japanese anime, Sailor Moon
will almost certainly be one of the natural responses, along with Pokémon
and Dragon Ball Z
was unable (or declined, depending on who you ask) to license future episodes, Cloverway (Toei's US branch) teamed up with YTV in Canada and Cartoon Network in the US to localize future episodes (Cloverway had previously worked with Pioneer
and Optimum to bring the movies to the states). They ended up dubbing all of the third and fourth seasons with Optimum Productions returning as dubbing studio (although only a few of the original voice actors returned). These dubbed episodes were visually uncut (though lightly edited for TV), but continued localizing names and plot points and were poorly received by fans and viewers. Most infamously, Sailor Uranus and Sailor Neptune's lesbian relationship was changed into them being "cousins"
The original North American DVD releases were handled by ADV Films
(Seasons 1-2) and Geneon
(Seasons 3-4 plus the movies), using the existing dubs. ADV released separate dub/sub editions, while Geneon's were billingual. ADV's releases in particular were heavily criticized for being of poor quality.note
In 2004, for reasons still unclear, Toei
discontinued licensing the franchise worldwide, with ADV's releases going out-of-print in 2005 and Geneon's in 2007. This happened right when Sailor Stars
sat on the cusp of getting dubbed into English, meaning that season never got dubbed or
released in North America. This would be the situation for the next ten years, with the original ADV and Geneon DVDs selling for lots of money online.In 2010, Toei began shopping the show in its entirety around again,
and many countries began rebroadcasting the series and/or re-releasing it to DVD, but mostly using their old dubs. For years, anime fans speculated on if the series would ever be licensed again in English. However, in May 2014, Viz Media announced the release of a completely remastered, re-dubbed, uncut version of the entire 200-episode original television series.
That same month, the original anime began streaming subtitled on Hulu
via Neon Alley
, and the new dub – produced in Los Angeles by Studiopolis (the same studio that dubbed Naruto
) – premiered on Neon Alley in September 2014, with the bilingual DVD/Blu-ray releases beginning on November 11th, 2014. While the reception of the home video releases was met with mixed reviews (mostly for the video quality being the biggest criticism), the reception of the redub itself has been overwhelmingly positive.
In 2012, Toei Animation
revealed plans for a new Sailor Moon
series. Originally planned for the summer 2013 and winter 2013/2014 seasons, it eventually started airing in July of 2014,
and streams worldwide. The new version, called Sailor Moon Crystal
, follows the manga version instead of the original anime, and features a different cast and crew (sans Kotono Mitsuishi
as Sailor Moon). It will be released
in North America by Viz Media
with a dub with their same cast and crew of the original series.Sailor Moon
received several Video Game Adaptation
games between 1993 and 2004, including a fan project by Destiny Revival based on Final Fight
and Double Dragon
variants of Beat 'em Up
Back when it ran under the name Mixx Comics, Tokyopop
picked up the original manga as one of its first series. Their translation was loosely based off the DiC version of the anime (though some name-changes were unique), filled with inconsistencies, and was flipped so that it read left-to-right, a then-common practice in US manga localization. Besides the questionable translation, Tokyopop's release was also criticized for its poor print and binding quality (it is very rare nowadays to find one of these volumes in good condition). All of their releases went out of print in 2005. Kodansha USA announced in 2011 that they had picked up Sailor Moon
and Codename: Sailor V
(see below), and would be using the 2003 Japanese reprints as the base for a new printing of the series. Their editions retain the original right-to-left format and use an all-new accurate translation (though it has been frequently criticized for being too
literal). In 2014, Kodansha in Japan began releasing brand new editions of the manga with even more updates and alterations.
The manga has a prequel
in Codename: Sailor V
(well, a prequel of sorts
, anyway; the first issue got released before Sailor Moon
, but the series itself finished after Sailor Moon
ended). A pilot for an aborted American live-action/animation blend adaption also exists – a company called Toon Makers pitched this to Toei instead of a dub, but since Toei didn't pick it up, a two-minute music video put together using footage from the pilot remains the only footage ever seen by the general public. You can find more information on this project at Toon Makers Sailor Moon
.This page has a character sheet
put character-specific tropes there instead of adding them here.
Because of the massive amount of tropes associated with Sailor Moon, we've split the trope listing into three separate pages: