The Incredibles deconstructs both Impossibly Cool Clothes and Badass Cape with the character of Edna Mode, superhero costume designer. One of Edna's most memorable scenes comes when she points out the unfortunate side effect of making costumes out of bulletproof "Mega-mesh": cape-related accidents are deadly.
Holding Out for a Hero was also deconstructed. The people of Metro City (minus Roxanne) were so dependent on Metro Man to solve all their problems that when Metro Man died, there was no one brave enough to stand up to the titular villain. This only ends up demoralizing the villain since everything is so easy for him and everyone was too cowardly to challenge him. The whole mess started because Metro Man faked his own death because he was suffering from burnout over the fact that everyone expected him to solve all their problems without consideration for what he wanted to do, that he decided to just quit so he could finally have his own life.
Ascended Fanboy was deconstructed through Hal/Titan. As a regular human, he secretly despised Metro Man because he thought the girl he had a huge crush on was in love with Metro Man. When he gained superpowers, he abused them to attempt to impress said girl and win her over, only for said girl to reject him.
The Nightmare Before Christmas deconstructs the classic Disney aesop "you can be whatever you dream to be". Yeah, Jack dreams to be Santa, but dear Lord, does he suck at it. Might be sensible ("Look Before You Leap, Think Of May Get Happen If You Commit A Mistake") or family unfriendly ("Don't Try To Overcome Your Place In Life, It'll Only Lead To Destruction"), depending on how you view it. Or, taking a third option, it could be "if you like a totally different lifestyle, fine, but think twice in regards to taking it for yourself since it's completely different to what you know and you may commit huge mistakes regardless of your intentions."
Shrek regularly deconstructs the usual fairytale tropes. Shrek wasn't any knight or prince going to save Fiona; he only did it so he could live in peace in swamp and after he struck a deal with Farquaad. It also deconstructs Beast and Beauty, as Fiona transformed into an ogre at night and thus also becoming a "beast" like Shrek and after Shrek gives her True Love's Kiss instead of transforming her or Shrek into a human, Fiona becomes an ogre. And realizes, she would be happier this way.
In The Lion King, the song "Hakuna Matata" is presented as a paradise of "just forget about it and have some fun", but this is immediately taken to pieces when Nala shows up and forces an adult Simba to realize that this is just petulant and childish and he needs to step up.
Simba: Look, bad things happen and there's nothing you can do about it. So why worry!?
Nala: Because it's your responsibility!
On a wider scale, The Lion King deconstructs Conveniently an Orphan, and in turn other missingparent tropes which were common in Disney movies up to that point. Simba has long-lasting psychological scars from losing his father - and though part of it was because he blamed himself, it served as a reminder that losing a parent can be pretty traumatizing for a kid. Up until The Lion King, Disney movies (even the darker ones) never really delved into the effects of losing a parent, and sometimes didn't even bother to explain what happened to take the parents out of the picture. From the late-90's onward, there were noticeably more heroes with two parents, any missing parents were at least acknowledged, and the loss of a parent is treated as a significant part of The Hero's development.
The Prince of Egypt deconstructed Red Oni, Blue Oni through Moses and Ramesses, respectively, by showing the qualities associated with them evolving in positive and negative ways as they mature.
Lilo & Stitch deconstructs Promotion to Parent with the well-intentioned and loving Nani struggling to be a competent guardian and raise Lilo to the satisfaction of the Social Services, as well as balancing her job, dealing with Lilo's strange coping methods and coping with their parents' death herself. They still argue like sisters and Lilo even says, "I like you better as a sister than a mom."
Brave deconstructs Screw Destiny. So Merida wants to totally defy tradition, without back-up plans or thoughts of how this could affect her and others? Her mother Queen Elinor and her three little siblings shall forcibly be transformed into bears, when she asks a very mischievous witch for help to "change her mom" without specifying anything. And for worse, when a Reasonable Authority Figure like Elinor disappears, then the clans that she and Fergus held together start fighting against each other, and that means war will start soon... with one of the reasons being Merida's "Plucky Girl" action of "winning her own hand", which the noblemen saw as a massive insult from their royalty. So it's up to Merida to go into a quest not just to prove her worth as a person, but to rescue her bear-ized mother and siblings and fix up the massive mess that has been left - alongside becoming physically, mentally and emotionally stronger on the way.
In general, Brave is a punch to the face of the typical "Tomboy Princess hates girly things, is a rude asshole to any women she views as 'inferior' to herself, treats people like crap because SHE'S STRONG, and wants to be the Head Bitch In Charge without any back-up plans AND without facing consequences for her entitled behavior" fantasy." The super feminine Elinor turns out to be the one who actually holds the whole realm together, so when Merida tries to be a "Strong And Empowered Wimmen" she unintentionally throws off the VERY delicate balance between the clans and the royalty, AND her family as well as herself end up suffering massive consequences, then she has to become a sort-of only sane girl as Bear!Elinor begins to lose her human conscience, and by the end of the movie the same girl who fought hotly with her mother is crying her heart out at the prospect of losing her and her siblings forever. Watch and learn, Jerk Sues.
In regard to the Tomboy Princess trope itself... Merida's frustration at society's expectations of her is treated sympathetically, as her distress doesn't come out of nowhere and you can understand her fear of being seen as just a pawn in her family's plans through the prospect Arranged Marriage. However, as said above, the negative consequences of her headstrong and selfish backlash are what set the plot in motion, forcing her to atone for her actions and find a compromise between her desires and her responsibilities. Actually admitting that she was too proud for her sake is the catalyst for the spell breaking.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame deconstructs the Madonna–Whore Complex with regards to Esmeralda. Both Quasimodo and Frollo see her as each of them. Quasimodo only sees her as a pure Madonna because she stood up for him when he left Notre-Dame for the first time, therefore he idealises her heavily and becomes her Dogged Nice Guy; in the meantime, Frollo only views her as a Whore because she is a gypsy and tries to force her to be with him so she can become a Madonna and therefore "respectable". Phoebus on the other hand is attracted to her real personality in itself; the reason he ends up with her is because, out of the three, he's the only one that sees her as an actual person and goes beyond these strict definitions..
Wreck-It Ralph deconstructs and plays around with several tropes regarding the roles that characters play in a given work: What kind of psychological effects that these roles have on the characters outside the stories and what happens when they decide to deviate from the roles they were created for. Ralph is a Punch Clock Villain who isn't appreciated for the vital role he plays in his video game and decides to be a hero by going to another game. This causes a lot of havoc that puts several game worlds in jeopardy which he then has to stop and becomes a true hero in the process. Another one is the Dark and Troubled Past given as a in-game backstory to Sergeant Calhoun. She suffers from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder which would prevent her from forming a real romantic relationship, even though the first one may have been her game's fabrication. Another one is the status of the Dummied Out/glitched character and the sort of existence she has in a game that doesn't recognize her as a legitimate character.
Frozen has a deconstruction of Fourth Date Marriage and Love at First Sight. Princess Anna and Prince Hans have such a moment and later get engaged that very night. Both her sister Elsa, and later on Kristoff, are shocked and appalled that Anna got engaged to someone she just met. And that proves to be bad, as Hans later reveals he really doesn't love her and is only using her to take over Arendelle.
It also deconstructs Overprotective Dad with the King and Queen of Arrendale. Their desire to protect their children is very genuine, but it only served to keep them from developing the skills they ended up having to learn during the course of the film. Older sister Elsa became an Ineffectual Loner who shut out her emotions from everyone, including her sister; younger sister Anna grew up very naive to how love actually works, winding up getting engaged to a man she just met and as mentioned above, goes into another deconstructed trope.
Big Hero 6 deconstructs the Death by Origin Story for both hero and villain. Hiro was deeply affected by Tadashi's death, not eating or going to the school that he worked so hard to get into. And when he found out Callaghan coldly dismissed Tadashi's accidental death as Tadashi's fault, he snapped and tried to kill the latter immediately. For Callaghan, it was the perceived death of his daughter Abigail that started everything and led them to become a revenge-driven supervillain, with no regards to anyone who got caught in the crossfire.