These are what we call the 'YMMV items.' Things that some people find in this work. We call them 'your mileage might vary' because not everyone sees these things in the same way. This starts discussions in the trope lists, a thing we don't want. Please use the discussion page if you'd like to discuss any of these items.
Family-Unfriendly Aesop: The one where Carlos decides he doesn't want to go to Church any more could be setting up things for a resolution where the parents let him make a decision like that on his own. It ends with him changing his mind and going to Church anyway - making it come across as emotional blackmail forcing him to change his mind.