Absurdly Youthful Mother: Jane only appears to be in her sixties and is already a great-grandmother. Justified in that she had her daughter extremely young and her granddaughter got pregnant at around the same age.
It's mentioned that Goldie's mother was also very young. Jane calls it "the family tradition" and hopes her great-granddaughter will break it.
Actually Pretty Funny: When Jane refers to Bryan and David as "salami smokers", Bryan replies, "That's a good one. That's new."
Actor Allusion: Bryan refers to Romney as "the Mormon". Andrew Rannells played a Mormon in the Book of Mormon Musical before.
Arson, Murder, and Jaywalking: Jane can withstand the concept of a gay couple and Clint flirting with Goldie, but she draws a line at no turkey on Thanksgiving.
Big "WHAT?!": How Goldie reacts to hearing that Shania scribbled on Bryan's couch.
Book Dumb: Goldie didn't finish high school, so there are times when Shania knows more about intellectual stuff than her. That said, she does have a lot of life and parenting experience to share with Bryan and David.
But Not Too Gay: Averted. Bryan and David get to show a normal amount of affection for a committed couple.
Camp Gay: Bryan, albeit not an extreme case. He is obsessed with home design and pop culture, but he does not have very effeminate mannerisms. Also, a fairly extreme case by Chris, Rocky's love interest in "Gaydar".
Camp Straight: Bryce from "Gaydar", so much so that Jane finds it necessary to put on an elaborate show to determine whether he's gay or straight.
Expy: Ryan Murphy said Bryan and David are based on him and his husband.
Evil Matriarch: Jane sees herself as trying to guide her granddaughter and great-granddaughter down the "right" path in life. Ironically, despite her self-proclaimed belief in traditional values, good manners are not among those traditions she practices and she is incredibly rude to other people almost all of the time. Also racist, homophobic, anti-Semitic and every other known for of prejudice.
Informed Judaism: David self-identifies as a Jew, but admits to being of a secular mindset. He also observes Christmas and goes along with Bryan's desire to have godparents for their child.
Intergenerational Friendship: Bryan and Shania clearly are very close, often sharing similar views and attitudes and often hanging out together in whatever scheme or plot they might be involved in for the week.
Jane and Rocky, they didn't like each other at first, and are still drastic opposites by the end of the series, but respect each other for being strong, independent women.
Jewish Mother: Frances is pretty much a stock example in appearance, behavior and voice.
KidAnova: There's one in Shania's class. He even hits on Nana.
Bryan: You know, the old the playground song? Bryan and David sitting in a tree, K-I-S-S-I-N-G. First comes love, then comes inability to marry, then comes a stranger with a invasive procedure, then comes the baby in the baby carriage.
Memetic Mutation: Invoked in-universe with the "Gayest Video Ever", which takes the internet by storm.
Missing Mom: Goldie's mother left her to be raised by her grandma.
Moral Myopia: Jane seems to exhibit this on a range of issues. But most striking is her willingness to collaborate with Goldie's adulterous husband in challenging for custody of Shania just to try to force them to move back to Ohio. Made all the more appalling by her pontificating about the sanctity of marriage and her claims of caring about their well-being.
Mr. Fanservice: Goldie's very buff, if very stupid, husband Clay is repeatedly seen in bed nearly naked.
David's "young clothing" also counts
Bryan's ex-boyfriend Monty is shirtless more than he's not and played by Matt Bomer.
N-Word Privileges: Nope. Shania sings Cher's "Half-Breed" in a school performance and is promptly suspended for it.
No Bisexuals: "Gaydar" has our motley crew putting on a elaborate game to determine whether Jane and Rocky's new love interests are gay or just Camp Straight, but never actually considers the possibility bisexuality as an option.
One Head Taller: Not quite one head, but David is clearly shorter than Bryan. Noticeable only because the show doesn't seem to bother to try and make the two seem the same height as with other TV couples.