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Emo isn't just a subculture, you know. It's a form of music. A very woefully misjudged form of music actually, emo has a long and varied history that touches the early 2000's and extends all the way back to the 80's. Despite the fact that emo has become a... polarizing term in our current critical establishment, Emo has produced a fair share of talented but underrated (and often multi-platinum selling) acts who aren't quite given proper critical respect due to the rise of modern day hipsterdom. The history can be seperated into three different eras, four if you count screamo, which is emo with lots of screaming. Emo itself (the music) is typically characterized by melodic musicianship and bluntly expressive, often confessional lyrics. It grew out of the Hardcore Punk and Post Hardcore scenes in Washington DC in the mid-eighties, with bands like Rites of Spring, Fugazi, and Embrace rising in popularity as a response to the perceived violence in the punk movement. While the DC scene would fade out by the end of The Eighties, by then it had spread across the country, with bands like Seattle's Sunny Day Real Estate and San Francisco's Jawbreaker carrying the torch of emo through The Nineties. Thanks to the rise of grunge and the boom in underground music in the early part of the decade, bands later labelled "emo" first got mainstream exposure during this period. It was in the later part of The Nineties when emo began to capitalize on its increased appeal. In 1996, Weezer released their sophomore album Pinkerton which, despite being initially bashed by critics and listeners alike, is now regarded as one of the greatest albums of the decade, and is viewed as having introduced emo to the mainstream (emo bands that had gotten famous before were, at the time, mostly associated with grunge) and influenced the genre. Emo firmly broke into the mainstream in 2001, when Jimmy Eat World released their hit album Bleed American, with its hit single "The Middle". Thanks to Jimmy, a whole new subculture evolved. The emo scene, once associated with underground music, developed and evolved as a result of mainstream exposure, and out of it grew the Emo Teens. For the exact definition of an emo, go see the article. We're describing the music, not the person who listens to it. Now, for the "three forms of music" thing. The three are commonly just known as "emo". To avoid confusion, we'll name the three types: "classic emo", "2000's post-hardcore", and "emo-pop". Classic emo is essentially Hardcore Punk with an artsy and emotional twist, with some of it even predicating Post Rock. This is the form both sides of the fence will agree has mettle. Despite this, the bands never quite touched the mainstream. The key bands from this genre each had a different and unique variation on the sound: from Sunny Day Real Estate's anthemic, artsy blood-lettings, Braid's math pop, Weezer and The Get Up Kids' emotional power pop filled with crunchy guitars and nerdy sexual frustration, Texas is the Reason's sensitive, hardcore derived punch, Jimmy Eat World's grand ambition and "guy next door" song writing, and Mineral's pure, raw emotion. Of the emotive hardcore bands only Weezer, The Get Up Kids, and Jimmy Eat World had real commercial success due to their greater reliance of conventional pop song structure. After Jimmy Eat World hit multi-platinum it also popularized a new darker variation of the sound. This early 2000's movement known as the post-hardcore or "Eyeliner" Emo movement (due to the band members penchant for wearing) managed to balance a dark hardcore punch with introspective pop craft to create a powerful and moving variation of the emo sound that was more abrasive than the first, but was also more accessible. The bands in this genre act as a sort of midpoint between emotive hardcore and emo-pop since it combines elements of both post-hardcore and pop punk. Many bands of this genre are greatly influenced by Goth Rock and Post Punk as well as The Misfits horror influenced take on Hardcore. The bands in this genre became widely popular with many groups and are sometimes confused with emo-pop despite their more abrasive, hardcore punk derived sound. The most well known members of this genre are: the hardcore punk revivalists (and dabbling post-industrialists) called AFI, the suburban art rockers that make up Brand New, the gothic, theatrical, and over the top Post-hardcore meets Glam Rock act My Chemical Romance, eclectic screamers The Used and Thursday, The bunch of indie ironists and music philosophers known as Say Anything, and finally Taking Back Sunday who pretty much personified the whole movements combination of darkly romantic hardcore punk and poppy, melodic rock. Emo-Pop was born in the mid-2000's and combines elements of pop rock, classic emo introspection, and punk rock. The first and most well known of these is Fall Out Boy. Although many earlier emo bands had a poppy sound Fall Out Boy was the first to take emo into an overtly pop direction. Now that's not necessarily a bad thing, since Fall Out Boy is generally treated more favorably by the critical spectrum by often go against the stock formula used by their emo-pop followers: adding elements of Soul, R&B, orchestral flourishes, and even hardcore punk. This is much less common among their emo-pop contemporaries, who often are more than a bit formulaic, and lacks the emotion and sensitivity of the previous emo scenes. Along with metalcore and post-grunge, emo-pop is a Love It or Hate It genre — it is insanely popular with some groups, while the rest... well, you know. So, there you have it. The basic history of emo. A genre that captures and defines a point in time just like what New Wave, Grunge, Psychedelic Rock, and Disco did for past decades.
Right, the band list. Um... this may get a bit controversial, so refrain from making drastic edits. This topic's already likely to cause enough Internet Backdraft to destroy half the bandwidth. "Classic" Emo bands: