(phone rings)Cartesian philosophy (flanderised by the pop culture — consult The Other Wiki) includes a notion that there is, in effect, a little guy inside your head. He sits on your pineal gland and works the controls that make your robot-like body move around, much like the pilot of a Mobile-Suit Human. The little guy is the "real you", and he's a much deeper and more interesting guy than the physical "you" everyone else gets to see, mostly because the human body has lousy User Interface design. The term was actually coined as a criticism of Cartesianism by the British philosopher Gilbert Ryle. In any event in the land of fiction the notion of a ghost in the machine is not only dominant but often literally true. Of course, this might cause Fridge Logic issues when one asks oneself whether this "little person" needs to have an even smaller person inside them, leading to an infinite regress. Insert joke about TV writers being behind the times here if you like, but the idea remains dominant because it is a good parallel to the experience of the viewer. This is realized in numerous ways:
Familiar Voice: Jay! This is your inner child! I escaped and I just robbed a liquor store! (sirens) Gotta go!
Familiar Voice: Jay! This is your inner child! I escaped and I just robbed a liquor store! (sirens) Gotta go!
— The Critic, "Dukerella"
- The Herman's Head/Inside Out notion: actual little people live inside your brain, each representing some aspect of personality
- Inner Monologue is, essentially, an expression of the character's "inner self" speaking about his actions as an observer
- Robocam is the application of this concept to robots: essentially, treating the robot as if it were a man in a robot suit.
- "Freaky Friday" Flip switches the little guys between bodies. Not Himself or Puppeteer Parasite is usually something sinister replacing the little guy.
- Battle in the Center of the Mind is when two or more little guys fight it out to see who's driving.
- Journey to the Center of the Mind is when the cast goes to visit those little guys.
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- A commercial for the Sega Saturn featured the effects of playing said system. These effects were shown via a Ghost in the Machine. Not only the brain, but the eyes, ears, nervous system, etc. This commercial has been placed as indirect Nightmare Fuel due to the ending, which displayed the person's bowels literally malfunctioning from playing the Sega Saturn too much.
Anime & Manga
- In Neo Human Casshern the human scientist Tetsuya Azuma needed to find a method where he could stand against BK-1 in combat, and so transferred his mind into the titular android.
- Sayo of Mahou Sensei Negima! is both a figurative AND literal example. For starters, she is an actual ghost possessing a tiny doll. This tiny doll pilots a Humongous Mecha, which is to say, a normal sized robot. Built to look like her.
- On Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo, little people who reflected Bobobo's (fractured) state of mind would be seen inside or around Bobobo's head. Examples include two talking squirrels going through a break-up, the graduating class of a Japanese high school, a mecha pilot, and a rock band. The thing is, they were not only visible to the audience, but to the other characters.
- In early episodes of Naruto, Sakura had an "Inner Sakura" in her head. Inner Sakura was mostly just a device to let the audience know what Sakura really thought of a given situation, so there was no need for it once she became more assertive and outgoing. However, Inner Sakura did help her shake off Ino's mind control at one point, so whether it was an actual alternate personality or not is left up in the air.
- A major part of the premise of Shugo Chara!, where the Guardian Charas within everybody are their Ghost in the Machine brought out into the real world. Most people have one, but heroine Amu has three later four. That's one very busy machine.
- B Gata H Kei has everyone's sexual desires taking the form of small gods (or at least godlike) people that appear around their head.
- In an early chapter of Eyeshield 21, Sena tries to remember how scoring extra points after a touch-down works, which is represented by an Imagine Spot of Sena running around a library representing his memory before finally asking the Devil Bats' mascot about it. Sena even thinks to himself afterward "I've got quite a vivid imagination."
- Ghost in the Shell: anime, manga, and OVA. Takes both a personal look at this, in everything from the mind of Motoko and the arc antagonists to the Case Of The Week, and the more Meta idea of consciousness born of the interactions of millions of consciousness. Most of the anime is spent looking into the idea of mind, consciousness and the viability of a reality in which virtual immersion is so consistently present. If you want to see this trope played with, subverted, deconstructed and reconstructed, this would be your primary base of examples. There are literally hundreds of individual examples to choose from, and all 3 mediums present probably the most thorough hypothetical analysis of the idea of the individual mind this side of the 21st century.
- This is the main part of a Josei manga and adapted film (of all things) called Nounai Poison Berry. Starring a 30 year-old woman's Boss/Reason, Past/Memory, Impulse, Pessimism, and Optimism—all personified as people having a business meeting in her brain.
- Axis Powers Hetalia: This happens to Germany after hugging Italy in "Buon San Valentino" (Part 2). And in Germany's head, there are army men (complete with a General) sorting files... in which they don't know where to store any of those heart-shaped files containing feeling of romance.
- Played for Laughs in Kaguya-sama wa Kokurasetai. When Kaguya realizes that the birthday cake she bought for Shirogane is way too big, she mentally contemplates what to do which is represented as a court case with her cold side/pride and her dumb side/feelings arguing while her kid side is the judge.
- Swedish comedy group Galenskaparna has a routine in which a man's brain gets so tired of the man never using it, that it escapes and tries to make a new life for itself. ("Does anyone want a brain? Practically unused, only one previous owner!")
- "The Numskulls", a strip which appeared in the British comic The Beezer (and later The Beano).
- "The Nervs" were a similar idea in Smash!
- In Leah Moore's Albion (which did to UK comics of the seventies what her father's League of Extraordinary Gentlemen did to Victorian literature), Numskulls and Nervs are both called "Menorgs", relating them to the rather odd theories of Alfred William Lawson.
- Note that Numskulls and Nervs (and indeed Menorgs) don't just run the brain, they run the entire body. There's a Numskull in the mouth whose job is to shovel food down the hatch, and another whose job is to process it when it gets to the stomach.
- Several times in Calvin and Hobbes, Calvin has had little mini-Calvins operating his body and screening his dreams as films.
Films — Animation
- The film Osmosis Jones featured a less metaphysical version, showing a brain inhabited by technicians tapping away at computers which represented neurons.
- The Pixar film Inside Out is based around this concept, with characters representing Joy, Sadness, Fear, Disgust, and Anger living in the head of a young girl. There are also teams of "mind workers" who run the other aspects of the brain such as memory, reason, and imagination.
- Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie: This happens by showing a scene of George and Harold's brains communicating with each other, frantically trying to come up with a way out of their dilemma as their "Haha-Guffaw-Chucklotamuses" shrink smaller and smaller.
Films — Live-Action
- In Spy Kids 3: Game Over, the Toymaker creates three virtual representations of his ghosts; a hippy, a doctor and a soldier.
- In the film version of Stephen King's Riding the Bullet, while Alan Parker is in the front seat of several vehicles, his inner self is in the back snarking all the way. His last driver, dead and well-aware of the goings-on in the story, turns around and yells at Parker's inner-self to shut up already!
- In a segment of Woody Allen's Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex (But Were Afraid to Ask) (1972), Burt Reynolds plays the master controller of an unseen man's body, while Woody plays a sperm.
- Parodied in Men in Black, where the giant guy played by Carel Struycken was the character whose body temperature rose after death and the gentle jeweler played by Mike Nussbaum was the one with the tiny alien in his head. And they were both androids controlled by tiny aliens.
- A big part of the premise behind eXistenZ.
- Scrooge and the three spirits in A Christmas Carol (2009) are depicted this way, and all are played by Jim Carrey.
- This comes up from time to time in the series, especially with the character of Sam Vimes. He has a number of ghosts, including the Beast, who is the part of his brain that wants to inflict his own view of justice on the world, and the Watchman, who doesn't let him.
- This is especially popular among the witches. Agnes Nitt, a witch "with a wonderful personality," who hates that role, has a sassier alter ego named Perdita X. Dream, and Perdita's interference prevents her from the dreamy vampire's Mind Control. It turns out Agnes isn't alone, as the Reverend Mightily Oates has a Good Oates and a Bad Oates, who disagree on theology and life philosophy.
- Granny Weatherwax is implied to have this. She's a natural Bad Witch, but since her sister ran off to be evil she has to be good, and her evil impulses are kept firmly in check by her own iron will, even if throwing off her constraints would let her pretty much deal with every threat that comes her way in minutes.
- As mentioned above, Herman's Head depicted the thought processes of the title character as arguments between four personified aspects of his personality living in a loft apartment.
- In Smallville, the good Alexander inside evil Lex's head.
- Battlestar Galactica:
- One could argue that Baltar's hallucinatory Six fills this role; she spends an awful lot of time doing his thinking for him, especially as he tends to be rather useless in a crisis. Of course, there's always the possibility that she's something else entirely...
- The same could be said of Six's ghost Baltar, for that matter.
- Or Baltar's ghost Baltar! ...You know what? We give up trying to figure this one out until Ron Moore explains it. The finale suggests that they're angels, or maybe demons
- Shows up in Dollhouse. Namely, the "other personality" type.
- Stargate SG-1:
- In the episode "Grace", a little girl appears to a concussed Carter and helps her find the solution to her problem. The rest of her team and her father also appear to her at various times, representing different aspects of her personality (eg: Teal'c as the seasoned soldier).
- In the mirror episode "Grace Under Pressure" from Stargate Atlantis, Carter appears to McKay as the genius-part of his mind trying to stop him from killing himself.
- An episode of Corner Gas had this, in Hank's head. Lacey almost shows him how to open a notoriously difficult carafe, but he stops her, saying he has a limited amount of room in his head. Cut to a Hank sitting at a desk in front of some boxes. Another one comes up to him to place a box of Knock-Knock Jokes next to the Bananarama Lyrics. A minute later, Hank tries to tell a joke, but he says "Bananarama" instead of the proper punchline. Cut to his head again, where the boxes have all fallen and mixed together.
- Depending on your interpretation, this could at least partially be what drives the odd behavior of Cameron from Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles. The episode "Allison from Palmdale" implies that the "Allison" persona she adopted could be influencing her actions in many ways, especially considering that she becomes Allison at one point.
- In the The Mighty Boosh episode "Journey to the Center of the Punk," the ultimate destination of Howard's "Fantastic Voyage" Plot is Vince's brain: a lone cell who looks like Vince and spends all its time watching a television that only shows people who look like Vince.
- In Seinfeld, Jerry is dating a girl who is gorgeous and sexy, but not very bright. His conflict over this manifests itself in a scene where his brain (Jerry in a brain-shaped hat) and his penis (Jerry in a flesh-toned military helmet) face each other off in a chess game until one folds.
- Lizzie Mcguire often featured monologues and asides from an animated version of Lizzie depicting her inner thoughts.
- In Farscape, over the course of the series, John has had everything from retreating into his inner self to try to work ideas out, to literal multi-layered wars inside his mind. On a day to day basis, his inner self usually has prolonged conversations with Harvey, Scorpius's mind clone who is mostly almost not entirely trying to help John. ...Maybe.
- Ayreon built a whole two-disc album around this. In The Human Equation, the main character — named "Me" — goes through a metal opera interacting with different aspects of his personality: Pride, Reason, etc.
- "Driver", by Phish:
Let me tell you about the driver
Who lives inside my head
He starts me up and stops me,
and puts me into bed...
- The song "Minus the Machine" by 10 Years references this concept explicitly in its opening lines:
You're not alone
They're closer than you know
And now there's ghosts
In the machines we host
- Inverted by the Apollo 440 instrumental track "Machine In The Ghost".
- In Poets of the Fall's "Drama for Life," a "prolific designer" that personifies the singer's unrestrained creativity is off-leash, alternately depicted as a madman or rampaging animal with which the singer is in conflict.
Myths & Religion
- This is a central doctrine in any religion that believes in an immortal (or killable, for that matter) personal soul, including Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and some branches of Buddhism: You do not have a soul, you are a soul; you have a body; the soul is the driver, the body is the car. After much debate, Christian philosophers have borrowed the aristotelian notion of body and soul being inextricably interconnected. So yes, we'll have bodies in Heaven, just maybe different, and soul is as much a part of "you" as your leg is.
- At one time Epcot had an attraction called "Cranium Command" which was built around this trope. The hero had to "pilot" a twelve-year-old boy through his day with the aid/hindrance of the body's various organs, glands, etc. Especially noteworthy for Bobcat Goldthwaite's tender, nuanced performance as the adrenal glands. Curiously, the people who controlled the world's brains seemed to be randomly assigned and fired from hosts at random, one day piloting a chicken and then one day piloting a 12-year old boy.
- The Sims and its sequels are a computer game expression of this trope, in that the player serves to control the Sims' every move. The Sims Medieval has the player play as The Watcher and control the characters.
- The final villain in Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse is revealed to be one of these — specifically, Max's super-ego, plotting to destroy both of them and a huge part of New York in order to save both others and himself from having to put up with Max.
- What video gamer doesn't have a Personality 47, aka "The Red Right Hand"?
- This is actually a recurring gag in the strip; at one point, the facets of the main character's personality (including his inner angel, inner devil, muse, and inner ninja) are shown in a hot tub... and then the one representing his psyche realizes they're moving and storms out of the hot tub to find out who the hell is driving.
- King Of The Unknown co-stars Leonardo da Vinci, who on his death bed built one final, great invention to contain his spirit, so that he could continue to roam our plane of existence. In his now-robotic body, the modern-day "Vinny" acts as an agent of the U.S. Government Agency of Fiction known (to few) as IRSU. There, he constructs various technological wonders necessary to investigate and eliminate forces of the unknown and supernatural. He is also the roommate and best Robot Buddy of the series' titular protagonist, the King of Rock'n'Roll.
- In Narbonic, all the characters have swarms of pixies that sometimes appear around their heads and represent aspects of their personality. They have iconic outfits that show what they represent. Most characters have an angel and a devil, but sometimes the angels are evil too. Interestingly, while the characters can only see their own pixies (and only when the pixies are talking) pixies can see the pixies of other characters and communicate with them when both sets are active.
- The Order of the Stick has an arc where Haley loses the ability to speak properly and has inner-monologue conversations with various facets of her personality, including her self-loathing, her optimism, her vanity and her latent bisexuality. Only one facet is present in the beginning, but more started showing up, and they even lampshade the fact that Haley is probably going crazy.
- Ménage ŕ 3: Most of the cast seems to get Shoulder Angels, but Sandra has her id, ego and superego debating whether or not Didi is flirting with her.
- I'm My Own Mascot has Indie Kevin, a badly drawn version of the main character who seves as his self-loathing and Kevin's inner five-year-old, who seems completely unphazed by him.
- Internet comedy group Britanick have done a sketch about this.
- Referenced in the Big Hero 6 episode of Midnight Screenings:
Angry Jake: Sorry, I've just got the black people playing jazz in my head.
Slaver Brian: (to audience) That means he's thinking.
- Some versions of Twitch Plays Pokémon plots turn the Mob into this, serving as a physical manifestation of the protagonist's judgement instead of the puppeteers behind a Person Puppet.
- Family Guy does several gags based on this.
- In one instance, two accountants are seen working inside Peter's skull as he suffers a hangover. In another, we cut to the inside of his brain, as the last brain cell after Peter's heavy drinking killed the rest (in homage to a Twilight Zone episode) reflects on having time enough at last to read all his books... only to suffer the same terrible fate as his Twilight Zone counterpart.
- And in yet another episode, Lois tells Peter that his idea for a Who's the Boss parade float is "esoteric". It shows a board of directors inside Peter's head trying to figure out the definition of esoteric. They decide it means "delicious", and Peter continues the conversation as if this usage of the word is perfectly normal.
Peter: Lois, Who's the Boss is not a food!
Brian: Swing and a miss.
- The Simpsons:
- Homer converses with his brain several times. They generally have an antagonistic relationship. ("Shut up, brain, or I'll stab you with a Q-Tip.")
- This happens to other members of the cast, as well; for example, when Lisa becomes a popular kid because of her pool, her brain tries to advise her it's fleeting. ("Shut up, brain! I have friends now! I don't need you!") Her brain later gloats when her "friends" abandon her and she has to think of a way out of the now-empty pool.
- Homer is so stupid that his inner self is usually shown as similar to those toy monkeys banging the cymbals. Subverted in the movie, when the toy monkey in his mind is going off while Marge is talking, and it drops the cymbals and forces Homer to listen to her.
- Homer's brain has given up and left him to go it alone on at least one occasion. It is, however, kind enough to remind him that money can be exchanged for goods and services.
- Homer's liver once cheered when Homer thought he had to stop drinking. Homer angrily punched his liver to shut it up... then doubled over in agony because he had just punched his liver.
- Seen once with Marge, and implied that she has several inner voices, each one residing higher up in her beehive. The one on top simply says "Why are you asking me, I'm just hair; your head stopped eighteen inches ago."
- In "Diatribe of a Mad Housewife", in what is probably an Actor Allusion to Herman's Head, Lisa is shown to have several little Lisas in her brain representing different aspects of her personality. There is a wild and crazy Lisa locked in a cage, and is implied that she won't be let out until Lisa turns 16.
- In "We're on the Road to D'ohwhere", Bart asks why Homer is so serious all of a sudden and he tells him that "Serious!Homer has Fun!Homer locked up". It then goes into his brain showing Serious!Homer in a guard's uniform guarding a cage holding drunk Fun!Homer.
Serious!Homer: I'll kill you the way I killed Intellectual Homer.
- A number of shows have applied the trappings of Robocam to human characters, including The Simpsons and Coupling.
- SpongeBob SquarePants used a clever subversion:
Tiny Spongebob #1: Hurry up! What do you think I'm paying you for?
Tiny Spongebob #2: You don't pay me. We don't even exist. We're just a clever visual metaphor used to personify the abstract concept of thought.
Tiny Spongebob #1: One more crack like that and you're out of here!
Tiny Spongebob #2: Please, no! I have three kids!
- Darkwing Duck explained that everyone has a "little hero" trapped inside their mind. Actual heroes have them free and in charge. Villains have them tied up and gagged. Darkwing's is not only free, but partnered with a grotesque monster that represents his ego.
- Reason and Emotion, a Disney Wartime Cartoon, revolved around this concept. Apparently, the inside of one's head is like a car, and inside it are Reason (a prim and proper guy in a business suit) and Emotion (an unruly caveman). When Reason is in the driver's seat, everything is fine, but when Emotion is in charge... well, apparently you run the risk of turning into a Nazi. The short ends with both Reason and Emotion as pilot and co-pilot on an Allied bombing mission. A segment from this cartoon set in a woman's head, with a prim librarian-type and an impulsive wild girl, and no wartime references, often played on Disney TV shows.
- The Fairly Oddparents:
- In an episode, Timmy travels inside Vicky's brain to find that it is run by an army of computer technicians. It's revealed that Vicky is so nasty because the technician responsible for controlling her "nice" emotions never showed up for work.
- Another episode involves Timmy wishing to have no emotions, which resulted in the emotions flowing out of his head in the form of colorful little characters(such as a white square for Common Sense, a pink heart for Love, and a green thing for Envy).
- A very literal example in Transformers: Generation 1 Season 3, the episode Ghost In The Machine, deals with the ghost of Starscream, who is literally able to possess machines (other Transformers).
- In one episode of 2 Stupid Dogs, Little Dog is trying to think of a plan, and we cut to the inside of his head, where his brain has an "OUT OF ORDER" sign hanging from it, and a sad little repairman sitting next to it and lamenting "I can't fix it! I just can't fix it!"
- In the Teen Titans episode "Nevermore", Beast Boy and Cyborg find themselves trapped in Another Dimension which is really Raven's mind, inhabited by copies of Raven with different personalities and costume colors — as well as her demonic father and some creepy red-eyed crows.
- In Brandy & Mr. Whiskers, Whiskers' brain is a separate entity in the vein of this, and for some reason he's Jewish. On multiple occasions, he gets fed up with Whiskers not paying any attention to him, and leaves. This doesn't seem to slow Whiskers down, although he's invariably despondent that his brain has abandoned him.
- Il était une fois... used this metaphor extensively, up to the point that the nucleii of every cell in the body were represented by fully staffed command centers.
- An episode of Jimmy Two-Shoes has two racing bugs climbing into the brains of Jimmy and Beezy and finding little one-eyed blobs in the driver's seat. Jimmy's happily gives up his post when requested, while Beezy's is asleep on duty.
- One episode of American Dad! shows that Roger did, in fact, have a conscience modeled after Jiminy Cricket. It was caged and dying of neglect before finally committing suicide, which explains a lot.
- The Phineas and Ferb episode "Monster From the Id" reveals that Candace's mental landscape is mostly devoid of these, save for a monstrous creature wielding a Ducky Momo club that represents her Id.
- The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy: Shows up in the first episode to feature Hoss Delgado. When Grim begs him to destroy him because he's a slave to two rambunctious kids, Hoss is so dumbfounded, we see inside his mind a hamster running on his wheel and slowly coming to a stop.
- The Dexter's Laboratory episode "Dimwit Dexter" shows that while Dexter is overworking himself, we see his brain being represented as a nuclear plant whose core is about to have a meltdown. The men inside initiate a temporary shutdown so the core can cool off, which turns Dexter into an idiot, and then they turn the plant back on at the end.
- Some people who experience the phenomena referred to as multiple personalities (or MPD or DID, in cases where it's dysfunctional) report having spaces within their minds where the various selves interact and converse.