Literature: The Plague Dogs
A 1977 novel by Richard Adams
about two dogs named Rowf
. The two narrowly escape from an animal testing lab and roam the English countryside with the help of a fox known only as "the tod
" (a dialect word for "fox"). The facility, Animal Research, Scientific and Experimental
, attempts to reclaim the dogs and spreads a rumour that the two harbour a dangerous bioweapon to assist in their capture, hence the title. It was made into an animated feature-length film
in The Eighties
a few of years after Richard Adams
' other book Watership Down
Known for being Darker And Grittier
than the previous work, it is set in the gray and wintry fells
of England's Lake District
. The animated adaptation is an infamous Tear Jerker
as well; the original print of the film was censored for wide release and is considered rare
Emphasis is made of Rowf's Woobie
status as an animal subjected to repeated drowning experiments, and Snitter's role as a Doom Magnet
is emphasized in at least one scene of death and serious injury
that is probably the emotional nadir of the story.
Should not be confused with the Revolution
episode "The Plague Dogs
", even though the episode title almost certainly refers to this book and/or film adaptation.
This novel provides examples of:
- And There Was Much Rejoicing: The dogs have a song about another dog from their lab. It ends with "His name was Kiff, he was black and white/He was burned to cinders—serve him right." Subverted, since Rowf and Snitter actually seem to miss Kiff and often mention him
- Animal Nemesis: The dogs to Geoffrey Westcott.
- Animal Testing
- Animal Talk
- The Atoner: Digby Driver. A lot of what goes wrong for the dogs is his fault, but he later makes up for it by finding Snitter's owner and helping save the two dogs.
- Be Careful What You Wish For: Rowf asks Snitter if he can make the humans afraid of them. Pretty soon they are—because they think the dogs have the plague.
- Better to Die Than Be Killed: The two dogs swim out to sea to escape their human pursuers.
- Bewildering Punishment: Rowf and Snitter aren't certain why the humans have all turned against them.
- Break the Cutie: It happens over and over and it only gets worse as the plot progresses.
- Brief Accent Imitation: Rowf after their encounter with the sheepdogs. Snitter tells him it's not funny.
- Snitter imitates the tod's accent a lot.
- Celebrity Paradox: Near the end, Ronald Lockley mentions Richard Adams, and criticizes him for antropomorphizing rabbits.
- Cloudcuckoolander: Snitter, due to multiple brain surgeries that removed the barrier between his conscious and subconscious.
- Cold-Blooded Torture: Animal testing includes drowning, vivisection, etc.
- Crapsack World: For Rowf and Snitter.
- Cunning Like a Fox: The tod is a literal example.
- Deus ex Machina:
- At the end of the novel both dogs are rescued by a boat that just happened to be hanging around — a boat piloted by Sir Peter Scott and Ronald Lockley, no less.
- The novel also pulls off the impressive trick of suggesting that the reader themselves managed to talk the author into sparing them.
- Diabolus Ex Machina: The hunter who wants to adopt Snitter.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Geoffrey Westcott is determined to hunt down the dogs because they invaded his car and ate his groceries.
- Dogs Are Dumb: Both subverted and played straight.
- Doom Magnet: Snitter literally believes himself to be this, suggesting that they cannot kill him because if he dies all the humans would die, too.
- Everyone Has Standards: Driver Digby is generally a selfish, amoral bastard. However, he's disgusted and angered when he finds out that Snitter's owner didn't die, and his sister still sold Snitter to A.R.S.E. Digby's anger over this surprises even himself.
- Eye Scream: The hunter pointed his rifle at just the right angle, although we see nothing more than him clutching his face with blood everywhere.
- Family-Unfriendly Death: Oh so very many. The tod is killed by hunters, both dogs are strongly implied to have drowned, a man is shot in the face with blood splattering everywhere, and a hunter is killed by a long fall and his corpse is eaten.
- For Science!: Most of Dr. Boycott's animal testing. For example, in one experiment, cats are forced to wear hoods that constantly cover their eyes and ears. The purpose of the experiment is to find out what happens to cats who are forced to wear hoods that constantly cover their eyes and ears.
- Funetik Aksent: Most of the characters besides Snitter and Rowf.
- Fun with Acronyms: The animal testing laboratory is called Animal Research: Scientific and Experimental, or A.R.S.E.
- Gallows Humor: Snitter has a dark sense of humor. It irritates Rowf.
- God Is Inept: Rowf believes that the star dog gave the world up as a bad job.
- Grey and Gray Morality: When the story starts it seems quite clear that the baddies are the whitecoats and the men with guns, while the goodies are those who show sympathy to the dogs. Later, as the characters become more developed, the "baddies" begin to appear more human, reasonable and even nice in their own way, while the "goodies" show signs of shallowness or hypocrisy. (See Humans Are Bastards.)
- Hallucinations: Snitter often has them, due to his brain damage.
- Heroic Sacrifice: Snitter's master threw him out of the way of a lorry and was run over instead.
- Hero with Bad Publicity: Thanks to Digby Driver.
- Humans Are the Real Monsters: Played with. The "White coats" certainly qualify here, even to the point of being Cthulhu-esque, but most of the humans are three dimensional and are only after Rowf and Snitter because they killed sheep and eventually a man. Completely averted in the case of Snitter's idea of "Masters," whom he almost deifies.
- Humans Are Cthulhu
- I Just Shot Marvin in the Face: Probably the most infamous and depressing scene in the book and film.
- Intellectual Animal
- Intrepid Reporter: Digby Driver. He's a negative example, as he doesn't care about finding out the truth; he only wants to stir up trouble so he could sell his newspaper.
- I Will Only Slow You Down: Both Snitter and Rowf tell the other to go on without them at some point.
- Madness Mantra: For Snitter, "The lorry's coming, the lorry's coming!"
- Mood Whiplash: See Marvin, above.
- No One Gets Left Behind: Rowf goes back for Snitter, even though the valley is full of hunters looking for them.
- No Party Like a Donner Party: Strongly implied.
- No Name Given: The tod. When Snitter asks his name he gives a tangential answer: he doesn't even understand the question.
- Not Quite Dead: In the novel, Snitter's owner.
- Oop North: It's grim up north if you are a dog on the run.
- Pet the Dog: The above-mentioned hunter who can't bring himself to shoot Snitter, and tries to literally pet him. It... doesn't go so well.
- Punny Name: Several
- Rowf: Canine onomatopoeia.
- Snitter: Nervous noise a dog makes
- Animal Research, Scientific and Experimental: A.R.S.E.
- Rage Against the Heavens: Snitter and Rowf view Humans as a dangerous cosmic force that have turned against them.
- Revised Ending: In the original print of the book, the Deus ex Machina fails to take place.
- Sanity Slippage: Snitter. He starts out crazy and only gets worse as the story progresses.
- Serious Business: Geoffrey Westcott takes the fact that the dogs broke into his car to steal some food a bit too seriously, and goes on a one man crusade to try and hunt them down.
- Shell-Shocked Veteran: At the research facility Rowf was forced to swim around in a tank of water until he couldn't swim anymore and drowns. He would then be taken out of the tank, revived and forced to repeat the whole process over again. The experience has understandably left him with a crippling fear of water.
- Shoot the Shaggy Dog: Surprisingly literal.
- Spared by the Adaptation: Geoffrey Westcott. Although he appears in the film, his role as the man that falls off a cliff is taken by Ackland, a Bounty Hunter hired by Dr. Boycott to take out the dogs.
- Spell My Name with a "The": The Tod.
- Talkative Loon: Snitter is crazy and talks all the time.
- The Musical: Has a surprising number of songs for a book about dogs.
- The Power of Friendship: What keeps Rowf and Snitter together.
- This Is a Work of Fiction: In the foreword, Adams explains that the unsympathetic characters are entirely fictional, but the sympathetic ones are usually real (though many of them already moved from the Lake District or died by the time the novel was published). Also, Animal Research: Scientific and Experimental does not exist, but the experiments described were all carried out in reality.
- Through the Eyes of Madness: Frequently from Snitter's point of view.
- Waif Prophet: Snitter is a bit of an expy for Fiver.
- Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?: Rowf is afraid of water because of the drowning experiments he went through. At the end, he has to scape by swimming into the sea.
- Wicked Stepmother: Snitter's master's sister sells him to the animal testing lab, leaving Snitter to assume his master is dead.
- Xenofiction: The dogs' limited intelligence is portrayed surprisingly realistically, although they are much more intelligent than the monstrous beasts of Watership Down.
The Film Adaptation provides examples of
- Animals Lack Attributes: Averted. Snitter, Rowf and many other animals are anatomically correct.
- Art Shift: Snitter's mental hallucinations are portrayed this way on film, and also in-story to suggest his limited eyesight
- Blatant Lies: In the film, while Rowf and Snitter are running from the humans, the tod offers to distract the humans so they can get away. He ends up getting killed in the process, and Rowf and Snitter are very aware of it, but assure each other that there's no way the humans got him, because he was too clever. They are both quite aware that this isn't true.
- Bolivian Army Ending: The movie ends with the two dogs swimming out to sea trying to reach an island. Just to increase your doubt in either direction further, the last shot is of an island, while the music for the credits is a song about dying and going to Heaven.
- Book Ends: The film begins and ends in water.
- More specifically, it begins and ends showing a dog in the water, struggling to stay afloat.
- Brad Bird: Helped animate the film of the book before joining Pixar.
- Death by Adaptation: Rowf, Snitter and Snitter's owner.
- Downer Ending: The Deus ex Machina is not present in the film version and it's strongly implied that the two protagonists die by drowning.
- Foreshadowing: The first shot of the movie gives away how it ends by showing one of the dogs in a vat of water, failing to stay afloat and beginning to drown.
- Gender Flip: In the book, the Intrepid Reporter chasing the dogs is a man named Digby Driver. In the film, for no apparent reason, the reporter is a woman named Lynn Driver.
- Heroic Sacrifice: In the film, the tod gives himself up to buy the two protagonists time to escape. In the book, the tod is dead long before the dogs run for the sea.
- Soundtrack Dissonance: Time And Tide, a cheerful, Cat Stevens-esque gospel song about dying.