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In real life, however, very little of this holds out. Real solifugids aren't terribly aggressive -- they don't usually go after prey larger than big arthropods or smaller mice and lizards. They're also one of the few orders of arachnids to be entirely non-venomous -- meaning not that they happen to possess venom that simply isn't strong enough to be more than an irritant to anything larger than a rat, as is the case with most spiders, but that they lack any venom glands or ducts whatsoever. Solifugids rely exclusively on strength and their enlarged, powerful jaws to bring down prey.

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In real life, however, very little of this holds out. Real solifugids aren't terribly aggressive -- they don't usually go after prey larger than big arthropods or smaller mice and lizards.lizards, let alone much bigger humans. They're also one of the few orders of arachnids to be entirely non-venomous -- meaning not that they happen to possess venom that simply isn't strong enough to be more than an irritant to anything larger than a rat, as is the case with most spiders, but that they lack any venom glands or ducts whatsoever. Solifugids rely exclusively on strength and their enlarged, powerful jaws to bring down prey.


Compare SpidersAreScary and ScaryScorpions, for other arachnids portrayed as much more dangerous than they are in real life, as well as CreepyCentipedes. See also SeldomSeenSpecies, as solifugids feature in fiction much less often than spiders and scorpions do.

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SubTrope of ArtisticLicenseArachnids. Compare SpidersAreScary and ScaryScorpions, for other arachnids portrayed as much more dangerous than they are in real life, as well as CreepyCentipedes. See also SeldomSeenSpecies, as solifugids feature in fiction much less often than spiders and scorpions do.


* One german zoologist, Anton August Heinrich Lichtenstein, suggested the mice that terrorised the Philistines were actually camel spiders.

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* One german German zoologist, Anton August Heinrich Lichtenstein, suggested [[Literature/BooksOfSamuel the mice that terrorised the Philistines Philistines]] were actually camel spiders.



* The Roman writer Aelian blamed a plague of scorpions and solifugids for causing the abandonment of a country in Ehtiopia.

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* The Roman writer Aelian blamed a plague of scorpions and solifugids for causing the abandonment of a country in Ehtiopia.Ethiopia.

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* Solifugids and scorpions are natural enemies, and prey upon each other. So this trope complements the ScaryScorpions trope.


* ''TabletopGame/{{Pathfinder}}'': Solifugids, like most other arthropods, are portrayed as highly aggressive animals and in a range in increasingly titanic sizes, including razormouth solifugids that causes grievous wounds in those they bite and duneshaker solifugids larger than giants. The bestiary, however, correctly notes that, in-universe rumors to the contrary, [[ShownTheirWork solifugids possess no poison]].

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* ''TabletopGame/{{Pathfinder}}'': Solifugids, like most other arthropods, are portrayed as highly aggressive animals and in a range in increasingly titanic sizes, including razormouth solifugids that causes grievous wounds in those they bite and duneshaker solifugids [[{{Kaiju}} larger than giants. giants]]. The bestiary, however, correctly notes that, in-universe rumors to the contrary, [[ShownTheirWork solifugids possess no poison]].poison]] (barring the aforementioned duneshakers, which can spew a potent venom at enemies).


* Urban legends habitually describe solifugids as fearsome, almost alien monsters. They're often claimed to attack sleeping people at night, utilizing an anesthetic venom to prevent them from noticing them as they shear off and eat chunks of flesh. They're also claimed to grow to be the size of cats, run at twenty-five miles per hour, jump up to two feet in the air, make a screaming noise as they run, have a venom powerful enough to melt flesh, and attack and kill camels to lay their eggs in their stomachs. In reality, solifuges never grow beyond six inches in length, have a top speed of ten miles an hour, can't jump or make noises and don't even produce venom. The idea that they attack camels and humans comes from their name; "Solifugae" means "those that flee from the sun", which is exactly what they're doing. Dead camels and humans provide shadows for them to use to get out of bright desert sunlight. Aside from all that, they're not even exclusive to the Middle East, also being native to the American Southwest.

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* Urban legends habitually describe solifugids as fearsome, almost alien monsters. They're often claimed to attack sleeping people at night, utilizing an anesthetic venom to prevent them from noticing them as they shear off and eat chunks of flesh. They're also claimed to grow to be the size of cats, run at twenty-five miles per hour, jump up to two feet in the air, make a screaming noise as they run, have a venom powerful enough to melt flesh, and attack and kill camels to lay their eggs in their stomachs. In reality, solifuges never grow beyond six inches in length, have a top speed of ten miles an hour, can't jump or make noises and jump, don't even produce venom.venom (although their powerful jaws can pinch a human painfully), and don't seem to emit any noises more startling than [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Hz9Rjyr_vA a soft stridulating sound]] that a cricket would put to shame. The idea that they attack camels and humans comes from their name; "Solifugae" means "those that flee from the sun", which is exactly what they're doing. Dead camels and humans provide shadows for them to use to get out of bright desert sunlight. Aside from all that, they're not even exclusive to the Middle East, also being native to the American Southwest.


* ''Film/KingKong2005'': Moonspiders, a type of large but not unrealistically so sun spiders, are among the various giant invertebrates native to the abyss of Skull Island's central ravine. While the movie and tie-in book depict them as fairly realistic creatures that prey chiefly on small vertebrates and flee from anything bigger than themselves, the LicensedGame portrays them as invincible, swarming enemies that will [[OneHitKill kill the player in one hit]].

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* ''Film/KingKong2005'': Moonspiders, a type of large but not unrealistically so sun spiders, are among the various giant invertebrates native to the abyss of Skull Island's central ravine. While the movie and tie-in book depict them as fairly realistic creatures that prey chiefly on small vertebrates and flee from anything bigger than themselves, [[VideoGame/PeterJacksonsKingKong the LicensedGame game]] portrays them as invincible, swarming enemies that will [[OneHitKill kill the player in one hit]].


Solifugids (lit. "sun-fleers", after their habit of hiding from bright lights), also known as solifuges or, more colloquially, as camel spiders, sun spiders and wind scorpions, are an order or arachnids related to true spiders and scorpions and chiefly found in deserts and other arid areas. They possess a fearsome reputation in urban legends and popular fiction, where they typically appear as intensely aggressive desert terrors that will attack humans at the slightest provocation. They are often portrayed as highly venomous; traditionally, their bites are described as being either paralytic or outright deadly.

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Solifugids (lit. "sun-fleers", after their habit of hiding from bright lights), also known as solifuges or, more colloquially, as camel spiders, sun spiders and wind scorpions, are an order or of arachnids related to true spiders and scorpions and chiefly found in deserts and other arid areas. They possess a fearsome reputation in urban legends and popular fiction, where they typically appear as intensely aggressive desert terrors that will attack humans at the slightest provocation. They are often portrayed as highly venomous; traditionally, their bites are described as being either paralytic or outright deadly.


* ''Series/{{Primeval}}'': [[Recap/PrimevalS1E2 Episode 1.2]] features a swarm of gigantic, highly aggressive solifugids that came through a rift leading to the Carboniferous. They're ostensibly based on fragmentary fossils interpreted as the remains of a giant spider that were later identified as an unrelated aquatic creature, but there's never been evidence that real solifuges ever got that big or that aggressive.

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* ''Series/{{Primeval}}'': [[Recap/PrimevalS1E2 Episode 1.2]] features a swarm of a fictional species of gigantic, highly aggressive solifugids that came through a rift leading to the Carboniferous. They're ostensibly based on fragmentary fossils interpreted as the remains of a giant spider that were later identified as an unrelated aquatic creature, but there's never been evidence that real solifuges ever got that big or that aggressive.


It's not impossible to see where this reputation has come from, however. Solifugids are exotic creatures, for one -- they're not found in Europe or in most of North America, and for tourists, soldiers and explorers from those areas wild solifugids are thus something of an unknown quantity. Solifugids are also very fast runners and ferocious hunters of their natural prey, and their reliance on biting to subdue their food means that their jaws are proportionally immense compared to a spider's or a scorpion's.

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It's not impossible to see where this reputation has come from, however. Solifugids are exotic creatures, for one -- they're not found in Europe or in most of North America, and for tourists, soldiers and explorers from those areas wild solifugids are thus something of an unknown quantity. Solifugids are also very fast runners and ferocious hunters of their natural prey, and their reliance on biting to subdue their food means that their jaws are proportionally immense compared to a spider's or a scorpion's.
scorpion's. Also, their drive to get out of the sun is so powerful that they really ''do'' run towards people to rest in their shadows, adding to the startle factor in people who don't know what they are.


* ''Webcomic/EightBitTheater'': Drizz'l temporarily defeats Fighter [[http://www.nuklearpower.com/2003/04/26/episode-277-oh-thats-not-good/ by putting a camel spider in his hair]], listing out a grandiose description of these creatures' danger and aggressiveness and sending Fighter in a screaming panic.



* ''Webcomic/EightBitTheater'': Drizz'l temporarily defeats Fighter [[http://www.nuklearpower.com/2003/04/26/episode-277-oh-thats-not-good/ by putting a camel spider in his hair]], listing out a grandiose description of these creatures' danger and aggressiveness and sending Fighter in a screaming panic.

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* ''Webcomic/BattleKreaturez'' features Kraaster and its meta-form Kraaspine; Mons based on Solifugids, embellished with traits from scorpions, wolf spiders and harvestmen.


* The frostbite spiders in ''{{VideoGame/Skyrim}}'' are clearly modeled on camel spiders, but appearance is as far as the resemblance goes, as unlike camel spiders, frostbite spiders are venomous and spin webs.

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* ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim'': The frostbite spiders in ''{{VideoGame/Skyrim}}'' are clearly modeled on camel spiders, but appearance is as far as the resemblance goes, as goes as, unlike camel spiders, frostbite spiders are venomous -- they can spit their venom, for that matter -- and spin webs.webs. They also tend to jump on top of the player to attack them and are often found alongside the desiccated corpses of their victims.



[[folder:Webcomics]]
* ''Webcomic/EightBitTheater'': Drizz'l temporarily defeats Fighter [[http://www.nuklearpower.com/2003/04/26/episode-277-oh-thats-not-good/ by putting a camel spider in his hair]], listing out a grandiose description of these creatures' danger and aggressiveness and sending Fighter in a screaming panic.


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[[folder:Webcomics]]
* ''Webcomic/EightBitTheater'': Drizz'l temporarily defeats Fighter [[http://www.nuklearpower.com/2003/04/26/episode-277-oh-thats-not-good/ by putting a camel spider in his hair]], listing out a grandiose description of these creatures' danger and aggressiveness and sending Fighter in a screaming panic.
[[/folder]]

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[[folder:VideoGames]]
* The frostbite spiders in ''{{VideoGame/Skyrim}}'' are clearly modeled on camel spiders, but appearance is as far as the resemblance goes, as unlike camel spiders, frostbite spiders are venomous and spin webs.

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