Louie Miller disappeared, dear
After drawing out his cash.
And Macheath spends like a sailor;
Did our boy do something rash?
A character is suspected of being involved in illegal activities because he owns things he shouldn't be able to afford on his modest salary: a big house, fancy sports car, expensive watch, etc.
It might not actually be illegal money. It could be the spouse's money, or family money, or simply that the character has chosen to skimp in other areas to have one or two things that are nicer than they "should" be able to afford. Even in the cases where the money isn't obtained by illegal means, though, people suspect
that it was.
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- In Twilight, the Cullens spent much more than they should have been able to on cool cars, designer clothes, etc. for Carlisle being a doctor and the only source of income. Bella wondered about this, before she knew about Alice being psychic and able to predict lottery results and the fluctuations of the stock market.
- The Sherlock Holmes novel The Valley of Fear had Holmes mention that Professor Moriarty owned a painting worth many times over his legitimate annual income. At the time, this was the most tangible piece of evidence Holmes could find against Moriarty.
- Mary Monica Pulver's Peter Brichter series has this. The hero lives in extremely comfortable circumstance for a police officer, which regularly causes other cops to regard him suspiciously. However, his wife is the wealthy one.
- Similarly, in What the Night Knows, by Dean Koontz, the Calvinos live in a house well above what honest cop John could normally afford, because his wife has a financially and artistically successful career as a painter.
- In the Prey novel series by John Sandford, Lucas Davenport is a cop who has a fancy house, nice suits, a Porsche and millions of dollars, but that's because he writes roleplaying games in his off-time. Who knew?
- Played straight in The Da Vinci Code, when the cops ask what the "driver" is doing with a Rolex. He claims it is actually a 'Folex' knockoff, and offers to sell it to the inquisitive officer for a paltry sum.
- In one of the Tarma and Kethry short stories, Tarma figures out who The Mole is by realizing that one of the guards is wearing jewellery he shouldn't be able to afford (Though this is considered to be grounds for suspicion, not proof in and of itself).
- In a Sweet Valley Twins book, Jessica and her friend Ellen find $200 dollars in a box buried in the latter's backyard. They show up at school with new things. . .just as money has been stolen from the class treasury. Sure enough, everyone, including Jessica's own sister, thinks that she and Ellen are the thieves.
- In the Gaunt's Ghosts novel Salvation's Reach, the senior officers are suspicious of Trooper Costin because of his conspicuous wealth (he's so conspicuous that even Daur's wife, who has no investigative training, comments on it). After hard evidence emerges of a fraud scheme, they immediately look to him, but realize that the quantity of money being moved is too much for the dull, unimaginative trooper to be dealing with alone. His platoon leader, Captain Meryn, is behind it, and indirectly kills Costin on the next mission to keep it from getting back to him.
- Brass mentions on an episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation that when he joined the Las Vegas Police Department, one officer had a really luxurious cabin where he threw parties and, in retrospect, Brass realized what that meant.
- In the first season of Law & Order, when Cragen is suspected of being associated with a dirty cop, it's noticed he's getting a new swimming pool. Cragen later reveals that his wife (a flight attendant) is the one paying for it.
- When Dennis Farina was on Law and Order, his character had a nice car, wore expensive suits, and had a massive roll of cash on him at all times, causing his partner and Lt. Van Buren to be suspicious.
- It's seen throughout all versions of the series, when it's noted that certain characters own things much nicer than any cop should be able to afford.
- Meadow from The Sopranos mentions this to Tony in one episode when he comes home with a massive wad of $20 bills, which she comments is somewhat unrealistic for a plumber.
- The Shield plays into this, Vic Mackey is the living embodiment of the idea. He's pretty smart about it, though: after robbing the Armenian money train at the end of season two, he forces the Strike Team to sit on the cash for at least six months (or closer to a year) before investing it in a real estate deal to launder it. Of course, everything goes pear-shaped by the end of season three, but it could have been a lot worse.
- Parodied in Father Ted's episode "Chirpy Burpy Cheap Sheep" when Ted notices that the villains have become ludicrously wealthy and can't resist showing it off (one of them even wears a crown).
- Michael Westen of Burn Notice uses this trope as part of a bluff: impersonating a professional hostage negotiator, the kidnappers asked how he could prove he wasn't a cop. He opens his jacket and says "This is Armani. Cops (salary) don't fit Armani."
- Season 3 of Dexter features a cop who is being investigated by Internal Affairs. The only other person on the squad who knows about the investigation can't help noticing that this officer has a very expensive watch and a car he couldn't afford on a cop's salary.
- The Wire: When the Stevedore's Union donates enough money for a great big stained glass illuminated window for a church, a police major becomes suspicious and investigates the union for corruption, setting up the plot for the season. (Not that the major cared about the illegality in the slightest, he was only upset because this upstaged the major's own donation.) He didn't know (and probably wouldn't have cared) that it was also an arguably good use of a lot of money - a senator the union needed to influence in order to revitalize the Baltimore docks was in that church's congregation.
- In the same season, Nick Sobotka warns his cousin, Ziggy, against this after the two of them steal a container of digital cameras from the docks. Ziggy ignores him.
- In one episode of I Dream of Jeannie, Jeannie magics up some expensive treasures to show off for some random guy who knocks on the door. This random guy, of course, turns out to be an IRS Agent.
- In another one, Roger manages to have Jeannie as his servant. Tony manages to take a picture of him in front of his brand-new house and gets Dr. Bellows and the general suspicious about where the money came from.
- On NCIS, McGee's coworkers are suspicious when he starts buying such extravagant things as a new phone, watch, clothes, car, etc. Turns out that they're right to be, because he has the money as a result of his bestselling novel, which stars characters based on people he knows - based only on people he knows.
- In season two of Republic Of Doyle the mayor starts driving a very expensive car which causes Jake and Leslie to suspect him of corruption. When confronted he explains that he is merely leasing the car for a few months so he can appear more successful for the upcoming re-election campaign. He lied and actually bought the car using kickback money
- Des manages to intimidate a drug dealer into backing off when he points out that the dealer will have a hard time explaining to the police how he could afford an expensive sports car and thus cannot report Des for stealing the car and shipping it back to the dealer in parts. The dealer does not want the trouble and stops threatening Des and Tinny.
- In one episode of Unforgettable, a murdered cop was suspected of being dirty because he was able to pay of his wife's extensive medical bills despite being seriously in debt. He had gotten the money by selling his boat.
- On Suits Louis started spending a lot of money, including $60,000 for a club membership, just as Jessica and Harvey start suspecting someone in the firm of embezzlement. Louis was being framed and he had so much money to spend because he is simply very good at handling his finances.
- In Monk, specifically "Mr. Monk Is On The Run Part Two," Monk, on the lam, has convinced Stottlemeyer that Sheriff John Rollins framed him for murder, making him a dirty cop. In doing digging, Stottlemeyer finds the usual elements of this trope: a second house, a new car, and two offshore bank accounts, on a sheriff's salary.
- On Graceland Mike is told by his superior that Briggs is being investigated for corruption because he is spending too much money compared to what he earns as an FBI agent. However, we are never shown that Briggs lives beyond his means and many of the fancier items he has are provided by the FBI as part of his undercover work. It becomes obvious that Mike's superior has a personal grudge against Briggs and might be lying to Mike because he does not want to reveal the real reason why the FBI is suspicious of Briggs.
- In one of Max Allan Collins's early Dick Tracy strips (the final "Big Boy" continuity), someone points to one cop's extravagant lifestyle when they are looking for a mole inside the Organized Crime Unit. Tracy agrees that is suspicious, but far from conclusive.
- Tracy himself wasn't immune to this either, having been investigated during the forties for how exactly he could afford all his fancy gadgets, his spacious house, his top-of-the-line car, etc. on a cop's pay (answer: in addition to being abnormally thrifty, many of the electronics and cars were provided free of charge by his friend Diet Smith as "test" models.)
- The song "Little Tin Box" from the musical Fiorello!
- Max Payne's confrontation with B.B. in the first game is all over this trope.
Max Payne: The garage was dead. B.B. showed up in his tailor-made suit, gold watch and cufflinks to match. All way beyond a cop's pay.
Max Payne: Oozing suave charm, he was guilty as hell.
- Fortunately, Max can be forgiven for not noticing B.B. was corrupt before: he never interacted with him, except via phone.
- One of the missions for the Italian Mafia in Grand Theft Auto III is a slightly atypical example of this trope. A bartender working for a made man is suspected of leaking information to the Columbian Cartel, who have been showing a remarkable amount of foreknowledge of Mafia movements. The bartender is a suspect because he is spending more than the Mafia is paying him, and because he is not pimping women or selling drugs, which would account for the discrepancy.
- Fridge Logic sets in when you wonder how the Don knew he wasn't doing either of those things: the Mafia probably would have taxed him if they found out he was making money in such a fashion, which could be an incentive to keep his mouth shut about it. Although it would have been a problem in its own way, untaxed criminal activity probably would have explained the extra money. The point is partially moot. He was indeed selling out his bosses. He was, however, paid in drugs, which would not have accounted for the extra money unless he was selling them secretly.
- Brucie Kibbutz from Grand Theft Auto IV is stated, in his police record, to be spending money more freely than his declared taxable income should allow.
- In The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, a suspected corrupt police captain has items in his office that could not have been purchased merely on his own salary. The implication (later proved to be true, if the player has him arrested rather than killed) is that he is imposing outrageous fines on the city folk in order to bankroll his spending, including a large home for himself and his family for when he retires.
- In Dragon Age II, the guard that allowed a Qunari delegate to be captured by fanatics is quickly spotted since he's buying expensive alcohol far beyond a city guard's salary. He's also openly boasting about what he did, since he believes — with good reason — that he acted on behalf of the Chantry.
- In Skyrim, at a certain point in the Thieves Guild questline the guild suspects Mercer Frey of corruption since he lives a lavish and expensive lifestyle while the rest of the guild are dirt poor due to their long run of bad luck. He's dipping into the guild funds using the artifact lockpick that's also the cause of said bad luck.
- In The Fairly OddParents, Timmy is constantly showing up with stuff his fairy godparents got him through magic. His usual answer when asked how he got the stuff is, "From the Internet?". There's even an episode where he is suspected of shoplifting for this very reason. He then manages to catch a real shoplifter using a camera he wished for, leading his parents to stop questioning his excuse, even if they don't seem to believe it.
- In 12 oz. Mouse, Fitz and skillet rob a bank and go drinking. Peanut notes, "Those are the expensive beers. You must have pretty jobs to afford those beers." This leads Fitz to realize that he needs a job to cover for the fact that he robs banks.
- A couple of Soviet moles in the U.S. government were caught this way.
- A lot more spies should have been caught this way but no one paid any attention to the fact they were spending more than they were legally earning. It was only after they were caught that someone finally looked at their finances.
- Aldrich Ames was caught this way, too.
- It was more a case of "OMG! We should have noticed that this guy was living way beyond his means years ago!" after other evidence finally clued them in.
- A standard real-life police investigative technique used when a seriously large theft of money is accomplished, usually in an armored car or bank robbery: keep eyes open on the street and see if all of a sudden someone is making large purchases and take a look at them.
- In one case, a man was arrested under suspicion of breaking into vending machines to steal money from them. It definitely didn't help his case when he made bail using nothing but quarters!
- Al Capone's arrest was derived from this. While the government couldn't prove that the millions of dollars he spent on entertainment alone (Far more than he earned in his official job as a hotelier) every year was earned illegally, they could prove that he hadn't paid taxes on it.