"Miyagi always look for way not to fight. Miyagi hate fighting."A lot of heroes fight for peace, love, friendship, justice and all that sort of stuff. Occasionally they believe in violence as a last resort and as Dirty Business, following the path of the Martial Pacifist and falling back on their prodigious martial training only as the very last resort while avoiding unnecessary deaths. The Reluctant Warrior isn't quite so blessed, he lacks the Improbable Aiming Skills that could make his dealing with them bloodlessly possible. What's more, he will find himself constantly facing enemies who mean to hurt or kill him and his friends, and who are savvy enough to not pick up a Villain Ball and dispose of themselves. Nonetheless, they stand by their Actual Pacifist ideology and continually try to give peace a chance, even when doing so verges on being a Horrible Judge of Character when offered to irredeemably evil opponents. Sadly, they will still rack up a body count. Even so, they won't give up trying to hold to their Heroic Vow, even if it's functionally a Frequently-Broken Unbreakable Vow. They keep trying since they know that pure pacifism will cause more problems than solve, even if it means having to fight and kill again. Because of these conflicting impulses, straight heroes who are Reluctant Warriors will spend a lot of time agonizing over their choices and circumstances, but somehow manage to keep the Angst under control (well, until the villain tries to Break Them by Talking about their similarities). An Anti-Hero or Anti-Villain who is a Reluctant Warrior (it can happen) likely has some underlying good goal and means well — for loose definitions of "well" — and nonetheless laments but will not hesitate to use force. Contrast Suicidal Pacifism. Compare Heroic Neutral and Slave Mooks. Contrast Blood Knight, who is this trope's exact opposite.
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Anime and Manga
- Saint Seiya has Andromeda Shun, who after four seasons and at least three movies refuses to give up on the idea of non-violently settling problems, and talking to his enemies in the hopes of reasoning with them. He has the unfortunate tendency to combine this noble character with Martyr Without a Cause and almost giving away his life on a few occasions... but when push comes to shove and the enemy proves they are a monster, he will fight and kill them if need be. To his credit, he's caused at least one Heel–Face Turn among his opponents, and held back and throttled a body stealing god through sheer love of peace.
- Mahou Sensei Negima!: So how's the teaching job going, Negi? As the series progresses, he's getting less and less reluctant, getting dangerously close to the edge.
- Goku from Dragon Ball grew up to be this (especially the horrible judge of character part) seeing as how he loves to fight but never sets out to kill, even when he is forced to. He actually has the lowest body count in the series, of the important characters at least. As a child he wasn't too concerned about having a large body count. An example is the time he went on a Roaring Rampage of Revenge and destroyed the entire Red Ribbon Army when he was a kid (though they DID piss him off really badly by killing Upa's dad, among other deeds) and also the killing of Demon King Piccolo and his minions. And of course, he kills plenty of people in the movies, though those aren't canon.
- Gohan is another great example, especially in the Cell Saga, before Goku dies at least. Gohan refuses to get mad enough to blindly kill Cell in a Roaring Rampage of Revenge because he doesn't want to kill anyone. It takes Android 16 deathbed speech about how it is okay to kill to protect the innocent and then subsequent death at Cell's hand to get Gohan to let it loose.
- In one of the Code Geass prequel audio dramas, when ten-year-old Suzaku asks Tohdoh, his martial arts teacher at the time, why he should befriend the hostage Prince Lelouch instead of just letting him get beat up, Tohdoh gives him this philosophy as a reply.
- This also comes up in his, Suzaku's and Lelouch's behavior in the series - Tohdoh supporting Zero's order to withdraw in Stage 17, Lelouch's way of dealing with the remade SAZ under Viceroy Nunnally in Turn 8, and Suzaku's philosophy in general, though it can be said that he takes it too far. Then again, it's also his goal to get himself killed...
- Hiiragi in Psycho Staff is this. Also, he just wants to be normal and hates fighting.
- The Vision of Escaflowne: Van Fanel is constantly told he needs to attack more aggressively — at first...
- Haku of Naruto hated fighting and killing, but also desired nothing more than to see Zabuza's wishes fulfilled. In his final battle, despite having many opportunities to do so, he never struck a fatal point with his senbon despite it significantly extending the battle.
- Shizuo Heiwajima from Durarara!! takes this trope to its logical extreme: he's a vocal violence-hating pacifist who happens to have Super Strength and a very severe rage disorder that leads him to respond to the mildest irritation with - you guessed it - violence. He is fully aware of the hypocrisy of that statement.
- Mobile Suit Gundam Wing: Quatre Raberba Winner doesn't like fighting and doesn't believe in it, but will do it if he has to.
- Mobile Suit Gundam SEED: Kira Yamato starts out as a Reluctant Warrior, who tries to spare his enemies, but ends of killing a lot of them. He's eventually able to upgrade to Technical Pacifist, much to the improvement of his mental health. Athrun may qualify in Mobile Suit Gundam Seed Destiny.
- Bleach: Kira Izuru believes the true essence of combat is "despair". As such he despises battle, despite the fact that when he actually does fight seriously he's a complete gangster.
- Neon Genesis Evangelion: Shinji Ikari. At first, he pilots so that Rei wouldn't have to. Then, he pilots because he want recognition from his estranged father. After Bardiel, he quits because he's afraid of hurting innocents but shortly afterwards, he pilots again because if he doesn't, people will get hurt anyway. Therefore, he has no choice but to sit in that fucking cockpit he hates like no tomorrow.
- Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo parodies this trope with Bojiggler, a Bishōnen warrior that expresses his hatred for fighting by pounding the living daylights out of his enemies.
- In Freezing, Kathy Lockhearte is a sweet, rather meek girl who wants to one day become a novelist and raise a loving family. Too bad for her that she naturally possesses the potential to become the one of the most powerful Pandoras on the planet, and her Jerkass father constantly pressured her into becoming the "world's savior" more for to boost his own political career than to actually, well, save the world.
- Simon from Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann starts out as one of these. He's only content with working as a miner and isn't happy with Kamina sending him on adventures. Then Kamina dies, leaving him to fend for himself, and by the end he's piloting a mecha capable of punching another mecha into an alternate dimension, where it explodes. Which it does.
- Martian Successor Nadesico: Akito Tenkawa starts off as one, only wanting to serve as a cook aboard the titular ship.
- Yang Wen-li of Legend of Galactic Heroes hates war and violence. However, he is a genius tactician, and living in a turbulent time means he is thrust into action time and time again. Several characters have remarked on the contradiction between his attitude and action.
- Future Diary protagonist Yukiteru starts off as an antisocial wallflower who would prefer to stay out of trouble. Too bad he's in a Battle Royale for godhood with twelve other people, almost all of whom are directly targeting him. The one who isn't is a homicidally-obsessive Yandere. Despite being frequently scared shitless Once an Episode and not being at all enthused about killing, he's killed just as many diary owners as her before Taking A Level In Badass, by which point the trope gets subverted.
- Nanashi in Sword of the Stranger keeps his sword sheathed with a peace knot preventing him from drawing it because he complied to his superior's order to execute a mother and her child during a raid and had nightmares about it ever since. This doesn't stop him from defending himself or Kotaro through other means, including flinging a boiling pot of water over an enemy soldier's head and crushing another's throat with the butt of his sheath.
- Luluco of Space Patrol Luluco wants nothing more than to live an normal, uneventful life. Unfortunately, she has to work with the Space Patrol to earn enough money to unfreeze her father. This isn't helped by the fact that her coworkers are insane.
- Raiden is one of the Lightsworn’s big guns in Yu-Gi-Oh!. He has gone behind enemy lines and taken out plenty of enemy commanders. However, beneath these actions lie his wish for peace, his desire for a swiftly put an end to the conflict.
- Superman tends to try talking things out before resorting to violence, even if it seems clear that the enemy cannot possibly be talked down. Being Nigh Invulnerable helps with this sort of philosophy.
- DC Comics' western character Bat Lash. He's a fairly cheerful Reluctant Warrior, though, who doesn't anguish much about beating up villains, instead maintaining a steady stream of banter about how he did try to avoid a confrontation, and, really, all he wants is to be about his business, but they've forced the issue. And he means it.
- Most of the Autobots in the Transformers franchise don't want to be warriors. Makes sense since most of them were built for civilian purposes. Optimus Prime in particular always has humble origins: dock worker, data clerk, desk jockey police officer, etc. (except in Transformers Animated, where he's a washout cadet who mistakenly thinks War Is Glorious which ends after his first taste of real war with the Decepticons) He hates war and only fights because the Decepticons have to be stopped no matter the cost. In The Transformers: Robots in Disguise he takes advantage of an opportunity to leave Cybertron and explore the universe so he can abandon his identity as "Optimus Prime" forever and rediscover "Orion Pax".
- In Serenity: Leaves on the Wind, when the New Resistance catches up with Serenity Mal initially rejects their request to be their leader. But after the Alliance captures Zoe and kills most of the NR in separate incidents, he finally gets angry enough.
"I'd made up my mind to steer clear of the Alliance, make my living out where I wouldn't be bothered and wouldn't be bothering neither. But you won't seem to let me live that way. Every time I try to walk away, you come followin'. Well, from now on, you choose to chase me, I'm gonna turn and meet you head on. Be honest, I'm developin' a taste for it."
- It is implied in Racer and the Geek that most mercenaries only choose that line of work after exhausting all other options. However, coming to enjoy it is not unheard of.
- Captain Kanril Eleya comments in From Bajor to the Black that "I don't really like killing people but I'm very good at it."
- Mahanon, in All This Sh*t is Twice as Weird, falls under this trope. Prior to the Divine's Conclave, he was a hunter - he only killed in order to feed his clan, and while he's certainly very good at fighting the Inquisition's enemies, he only does it because it's part of the territory.
- Daniel in The Karate Kid.
- Ditto his mentor, Mr. Miyagi. "Fighting always last resort."
- The Guns of Navarone: Corporal Miller. He's seen one too many examples of the human cost of the war.
Miller : "Well, right now I say to hell with the job! I've been on a hundred jobs and not one of them's altered the course of the war! I don't care about the war anymore, I care about Roy!"
- Brother Gilbert in Dragonheart has a minor dose of this trope, which makes sense since he's a monk. He agrees to fight against Einon because he's so evil, but keeps his shots non-fatal. Then, when presented with Einon himself as a target, he draws a bead on the tyrant's heart but hesitates while growling out "Thou... shalt... not... kill..."
- Eli from The Book of Eli.
- Star Wars series: Yoda. His's comment that "Wars not make one great!" was later elaborated upon with Form Zero, a sort of Jedi philosophy that stressed the importance of finding a non-violent solution to problems.
- In Epic Nod quits the Leafmen because he doesn't play well as part of a team, preferring doing things his way.
- Bruce Banner in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, especially by Avengers: Age of Ultron. He is quite possibly literally the most powerful individual on planet Earth, including gods like Thor. He also has absolutely no interest in fighting and killing, not even getting into the fact that he can't control the Hulk.
Natasha: All my friends are fighters. I've never met a man before who avoids the fight because he knows he'll win.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire, Rhaegar Targaryen. By all accounts, he looked as though he was going to be more of a singer, reader, and poet than any of his ancestors ever were. But then, one day he read somethingnote that lit a fire in him, and turned up in the training yard the next day demanding, with an air of resignation if the person sharing this information with Daenerys is to be believed, that the Master-at-Arms educate him in the use of a sword. He kept his edge, participating in tournaments and the like, but always resorted to diplomacy when possible before he would do battle.
- Faramir in The Lord of the Rings. The Hobbits as well.
Faramir: "War must be, while we fight for our lives against a destroyer who would devour all; but I do not love the bright sword for its sharpness, nor the arrow for its swiftness, nor the warrior for his glory. I love only that which they defend."
- In Twilight, the older vampire, Carlisle, is considered less dangerous than those several hundred years his junior because of his reluctance to harm a living being, even if it's trying to kill him.
- Cassie in Animorphs is the most outspoken of the kids about it, though none of them except Rachael enjoy risking their lives and killing on a weekly basis. Her attempts to create a peaceful end to the alien invasion are first portrayed as well-meaning but naive, then they lead to a peace movement within the invading forces and eventually a peaceful ending.
- Camaris in Memory, Sorrow and Thorn, a classic Knight in Shining Armor and one of the greatest heroes the land of Osten Ard has ever known, hates battle, fights only when compelled, and prays for the souls of his vanquished foes. It helps that he's such a fearsome warrior that no sane enemy would take the field against him. This duality leads him to copious amounts of angst, including a full-scale Heroic B.S.O.D.; once he snaps out of it (twenty years later), he becomes a Shell-Shocked Veteran, but no less of a badass.
- Eragon of Inheritance Cycle, regardless of interpretation, was supposed to be this.
- Over the Wine-Dark Sea: Menedemos and Sostratos; while they constantly have to defend themselves against pirates, warlords, and assorted blackguards they prefer to avoid a fight. In their case it is less from idealism and more because it interferes with their primary mission
- Sam Temple in Gone doesn't want to step up and become the leader of the FAYZ. In fact, he doesn't at first, letting Orc, and later Caine, take over. Only when he sees how evil Caine is does he finally take charge.
- Leland de Laal in Helm doesn't like fighting or, especially, killing, and avoids it assiduously wherever he can, even after being made the captain of a unit of mounted infantry. Up to and including engineering a peace treaty with the nation his unit was originally formed to fight.
- In Alan Dean Foster's The Damned, every soldier in the Weave is this. Most of the Weave races abhor even the thought of violence, and the ones that can bring themselves to fight do so with much distaste. Their foes, the psychic influence-wielding Amplitur, do not like to fight either, but their fanatical belief in uniting all species beneath the banner of "The Purpose" drives them to do so, and they don't hesitate in genetically modifying species under their rule in order to make them better fighters. The only species that enjoys fighting is humanity. The Weave manages to recruit humankind, and the only thing that frightens them more than having humans as allies is the possibility of humans falling under the Amplitur's control.
- Matteo in Someone Else's War. Well, arguably the entire cast, given that they're all Child Soldiers and none of them actually want to be there.
- Yuri Zhivago of Doctor Zhivago is conscripted into the Imperial Russian Army and later the Red Army as a medic, but in the latter case, he is forced to take up a gun when the Reds are cornered in a Siberian forest by the Whites. Upon seeing that most of the White soldiers are still pretty much schoolboys, he instead shoots at a tree to make it seem to his commanders that he is helping in the fight without actually killing anyone, but to his horror, some of the White soldiers still end up in his firing line in the hustle and bustle of the charge.
- Jessamine Lovelace from The Infernal Devices. Although she's no Actual Pacifist. She just really, really hates the Shadowhunter world.
- Rhaegar Targaryen is implied to have been this in A Song of Ice and Fire. Ser Barristan describes him as bookish to a fault as a child, and with little interest in martial pursuits. Supposedly, he came across something in his books— implied to be the prophecy of the Prince That Was Promised— that caused him to say "it seems I must be a warrior" and take up the sword and lance of a Westerosi knight. He was very good at it, but never loved it for its own sake, and he became something of a Warrior Poet, emphasis on the "poet."
- Bowbaq, from the "Cycle of Ji" series by french novelist Pierre Grimbert, is an Actual Pacifist who has to take up arms when a bunch of fanatical killer priests are sent to kill his family, his friends and himself. This might have to do with him being able to mentally communicate with animals (with restrictions on the species of animals he can communicate with).
Live Action TV
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Buffy is very much one, especially during the high school seasons. Giles has to do everything short of grabbing her by the hair.
- Monty Python's Flying Circus: Parodied in a snippet: "I'm starting a war for peace."
- Stargate SG-1: Daniel Jackson often has to reconcile his idealist ways with the more pragmatic ways of his friends. Sometimes he wins, sometimes they do, depending on the episode.
- Alias Smith and Jones: Even as outlaws, Heyes and Curry both fit this trope. Their whole modus operandi for train- and bank- robbing is to secure the maximum amount of loot with no casualties whatsoever. Kid Curry seems unlikely as a Reluctant Warrior, but although he is a Gunslinger par excellence, he really, really, really doesn't want to shoot anyone. The rationale for his becoming a phenomenally fast draw is that the faster he can draw the gun, the less likely the chance that he'll actually have to fire it. And the only two times he DOES actually shoot someone are when they draw on him first, and even in those circumstances he hates having been placed in that position.
- Doctor Who: Before the Last Great Time War, the Doctor was a Science Hero for whom lethal force was the last resort but still a valid one. After the war...they still are. During the war, on the other hand, he fought on the front line until he had no option but nuking both sides to save the universe. Expanded on near the end of Eleven's run - it turns out Eight initially refused to fight and just helped those caught in the crossfire. When it became clear this couldn't last, he constructed a whole new persona that his other incarnations refuse to call "the Doctor".
- Firefly: Both Dr. Simon Tam and Shepherd Book. River also qualifies. She may be a horrifically brutal and efficient killing machine, but she doesn't want to be one, and is terrified of her abilities.
- Spock on Star Trek. The Federation as such would also fall under this category.
- Lee "Apollo" Adama on Battlestar Galactica. He's a crack pilot and tactician, second only to Starbuck, but finds it difficult to carry out out orders he has ethical problems with, and actively questions the decisions behind them on occasion.
- Babylon 5:
- Sheridan's mantra is "We will not start the fight, but we will finish it!" He lives up to it, as in almost all battles he commands, he allows the enemy to make a first shot.
- In a novel Sheridan's predecessor Sinclair said during his introductory speech to the recruits of the newly found organisation of Rangers, that those who'd joined to have revenge on Shadows are not welcomed there, as the ultimate goal of the organisation is to save lives, all lives, including those of Shadows, if it's possible.
- Highlander: The Series: Methos is the oldest living immortal at 5,000+ years. In the present, he prefers to stay out of the Game and usually avoids fights. However, every now and then some other immortal will try to force the issue, only to learn the hard way that there's a damn good reason he's survived as long as he has.
"Just because someone doesn't like to fight, doesn't mean they can't."
- Clarke of The 100 spends a great deal of her time trying to prevent as many deaths as possible. Unfortunately, they live in a Crapsack World where everyone is trying to kill everyone, so she has to kill people anyways, just keep her own people alive.
- Piffany in Nodwick is perhaps nauseatingly nice, but can and will fight alongside her teammates when faced with the forces of naughtiness.
- Our Little Adventure: Julie, the heroic protagonist hates fighting, especially humans and other humanoid races. She got deeply annoyed when her friends celebrated her popping her 'kill cherry' in this comic page.
- Cream the Rabbit of Sonic the Hedgehog is a prime candidate. She's a gentle, caring young girl who hates violence and will try to resolve any conflict without it. When forced to fight however, she and her pet Chao Cheese can seriously lay the smack-down on some robots. Somewhat averted in Sonic Chronicles where all of her special abilities revolve around healing and buffing the party. Though that doesn't keep her from being a horrifyingly powerful asset when paired up with a tank like Knuckles or Omega.
- Metal Gear Solid: Solid Snake
"I'm no hero. Never was, never will be. Just an old killer, hired to do some wetwork."
- Flonne the Love Freak in Disgaea not only annoys her demonic friends and teammates with her endless prattle about "Love" and "Peace", but is quite a powerful magician and caster and helps out in fights.
- Iji starts out as one. She may get less reluctant later in the game, depending on the player's actions. Ansaksie is definitely one, but Vateilika and Yukabacera may also count.
- Trace from Axiom Verge tries to talk his way out of boss fights and tries to negotiate with the Rusalki to avoid killing Athetos. Especially made apparent after defeating the Gir-Tab Variant and the dying Athetos clone.
- Shirou in Fate/stay night starts with the goal of only stopping Master's who are being actively disruptive and is absurdly forgiving of the likes of Shinji or Ilya. He tries diplomacy whenever practical, even with Kotomine and Caster. Unfortunately, when these efforts invariably fail, his only means of fighting back or even self defense involves putting swords in people's faces. Really, that's a very effective method of self-defense.
- Zone of the Enders: Leo Stenbuck is intially extremely reluctant to fight even when his entire colony is being destroyed around him. Only near the end, when his 'girlfriend' has been shot, does he willingly continue fighting, even though a way out was staring him right in the face.
- Mega Man X: The original reploid, he spent about a dozen games and a century (alone and offscreen) fighting incredibly difficult battles despite feeling compassion for his victims. Even when he realized that he was beginning to no longer care about the people he was having to kill, instead of giving up he just found another way to keep trying to protect the world.
- Kasumi from the Dead or Alive series. Always tries to avoid conflict until either she sees there's no other choice (it's even one of her pre-battle Catch Phrases) or gets her Berserk Button pressed.
- Tales of Symphonia: Dawn of the New World: Emil is not only a reluctant warrior, but incompetent at that. He can only do any good in a fight when 'possessed' by Ratatosk, who obligingly does so before every battle (except at certain parts of the game).
- Luke in Tales of the Abyss becomes one of these as one of the earliest stages of his rather extensive Character Development. At first he's downright traumatised by the experience of killing a fellow human being in self-defense. It's only when his hesitation puts himself and his companions in danger that he begins to accept that it is kill or be killed on the battlefield. And while he does eventually learn to let go of his reluctance and face his enemies without hesitation or regret, it's stated that even then he's still troubled enough by it that he's left lying awake shaking at night.
- Mass Effect: Through certain dialogue choices, Paragon Commander Shepard can come off as this.
- In the third game, Shepard can admit to feeling like their entire life has been enslaved by warfare and expresses the hope that after the Reapers are defeated, they can finally be free.
- In Mass Effect: Andromeda, the Initiative as a whole adopts this philosophy. Standing orders during a First Contact situation is to always try to look non threatening and initiate dialog, and shoot only if fired upon. Even Tiran Kandros, a member of a long established Turian military family refuses to authorize a mission to capture The Remnant city Meridian because he doesn't want to antagonize the Kett.
- In Red Dead Redemption, a game set during the dying days of the Wild West, John Marston becomes this. John was trying to give up his old life as a gang member in the Wild West by living on a ranch with his wife and son earning a humble living as a farmer. This plan is ruined when government agents kidnap his family and tell him that he will never see them again if he doesn't kill the members of his old gang. John complies and takes up his gun again for the sake of his family.
- In Soul Calibur V, Pyrrha Alexandra is this to the extent that her default stance is leaning back with her shield pressed up against her. She's quite the fighter if pushed, but she really doesn't want to.
- Hawke in Dragon Age II with a diplomatic or sarcastic personality definitely can come off as this, just wanting to live a quiet life, provide for their family and not deal with all the insane politics in Kirkwall.
- Amagiri Kyuuju in Hakuouki always attempts to talk his would-be opponents into walking away, and enters combat only with great reluctance. Then he curbstomps you.
- In Undertale, Asgore is this. He is described as a "big fuzzy pushover" who hates violence, and if it weren't for the promise he made to his subjects when in a fit of rage, he wouldn't have to fight you. When in battle, he can't even bring himself to look at you, instead looking at the ground. He feels a lot of regret for his actions, to the point that he destroys the Mercy button at the beggining of the fight not to stop you from running away, but because he thinks he doesn't deserve your mercy.
Asgore: Truthfully... I do not want power. I do not want to hurt anyone. I just wanted everyone to have hope...
- Eliwood from Fire Emblem: "I’ve no love for war. If I concentrate on the foe before me, I’m fine. If I picture families, innocents caught up in our foolish politics? If I imagine them… All I can do is pray for a way to solve things peacefully."
- Pokémon has a few examples. For example, Absol abhors violence and doesn't like Mega Evolving according to its Ultra Sun entry. Wimpod would also try to get out of a battle whenever possible.
- Post-World War 2 Germany as a whole. After the shock of what Just Following Orders can lead to, the new German constitution gave every German citizen the right to refuse military service, to prevent instrumentalization of German people by the occupying powers. In the face of the Cold War, the creation of a new German army was highly controversial and required a legal loophole to reintroduce conscription, despite violating the consitution. It wasn't until the Yugoslav Wars in the 90s, when genocide was happening right next to EU borders, that German aircraft engaged in combat action, and even that was extremely controversial. Caught in the frenzy of late 2001, Germany supported the invasion of Afghanistan with equipment and technical specialists and later took control of the mostly pacified Northeast in a mission to "provide security for the population and projects for the development of local security forces". A landmark was reached in 2009, when the Minister of Defense first admitted that German troops in Afghanistan were dealing with "conditions similar to war", which was criticized by many other politicians, who went to great lengths to reassure that German troops were not involved in any war. At the same time, Germany has the world's 7th largest defense budget and is the world's 3rd largest weapons exporter after the US and Russia. While Germany hates to use military force, it's really good at making weapons.note
- The Karate Kid example above is very much Truth in Television at least among traditional, "serious" practitioners or teachers of Eastern martial arts. Those are primarily present in the respective countries of origin, because in the West, these martial arts are most often treated as sports or mere self-defense mechanisms, focusing only on the combat. However, Eastern martial arts usually come with an entire philosophy attached and many, if not most, of those who practice their respective art traditionally will adhere to core points of these philosophies. Especially in Shotokan karate, the core philosophy is that actual combat should always be the very last resort and deescalation through "diplomacy", or, worst case, non-violent intimidation and other non-violent means should always be tried first. Only when there is no way to avoid a fight at all should the "martial" part come into play. This is part of the self-view of the karate practitioner, since the underlying philosophy teaches virtues such as humility, calmness, respect, etc. Many other traditional martial arts are similar, but this component is mostly lacking in their Westernized forms or in MMA.