"This is the past, and the past is in black and white. Get it?"Ever since black and white photography, the past has been depicted as in black and white, sepia tone, or muted colors. Usually invoked for a Flashback or silent film homage. Sometimes made fun of by claiming that the real world was, in fact, black and white prior to the invention of color. Gloriously averted by world's first non-artificial-color footage from 1927. Subtrope of Flashback Effects. See also Deliberately Monochrome, for when the entire work is this way.
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- A Geico commercial, presenting the scenario of Abraham Lincoln's wife asking him whether a dress makes her look fat, was done in heavy sepia with conspicuous film grain, as though it were filmed in the 1930s.
Anime & Manga
- Done in Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood during one Scar's flashbacks. They mix it with Splash of Color to contrast both the blue eyes of the Amestrian Soldiers invading Ishval and Winry's parents with the red eyes of the Ishvallans and Envy in disguise, just before he shoots the young girl to start the war.
- Yoki's flashback to when the Elrics put an end to his scam in Youswell is shown in the style of a black-and-white newsreel, though the flashback switches to color as he relates his Humiliation Conga after he was kicked out of the military.
- Most of the flashbacks in Season 1 of Tower of God are various shades of sepia and brown.
- In season one of Axis Powers Hetalia, when America thinks about the time England spent with him when he was growing up, the Flashback sequences are all shown in an old-fashioned sepia tone.
- Typically, in Kill la Kill, majority of the flashback sequences are shown in some sort of sepia, as shown here and here.
- Batwoman (Rebirth) uses black-and-white flashbacks, with the only colors being muted reds.
- Discussed in one Sunday Strip of Calvin and Hobbes. Calvin asks his dad why old photos are in black and white, and Dad explains that the world used to be in black and white before the 1930s ("and it was pretty grainy color for a while, too"). His dad Hand Waves the fact that old paintings use colors that supposedly didn't exist back then; as to why the photos didn't turn to color with everything else, the explanation that they're color photos of a black-and-white world.
- Funky Winkerbean and Crankshaft use sepia tinted panels with clipped corners (to look like a photograph in an album) for flashbacks.
- A clever variant in the Doctor Who Magazine comic strip story "Doctor Who and the Nightmare Game", an Affectionate Parody of Roy of the Rovers and other 1970s football comics: The flashbacks to how the Shakespeare Brothers took over Delchester United are in duotone, just like the strips being pastiched.
Films — Live-Action
- The prologue to Pineapple Express is this.
- Dead Again: The extensive flashbacks to the 1930s are in black and white.
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets: Riddle's Pensieve Flashback is in black and white with Harry remaining in color.
- Inverted in the film version of Johnny Got His Gun, mainly because the present takes place in a hospital where the main character has no limbs and most of his face blown off. His memories are in color.
- The flashbacks in American History X are in black and white, whereas the rest is in colour.
- The flashbacks of Give 'Em Hell, Malone are in black and white with a Splash of Color, such as the bloody hearts torn from people’s chests.
- The opening scene of The Whales of August, set some fifty years before the main story, is shot in sepia tones. The scene ends with a closeup of a buoy, which turns to color as the film transitions to the present-day story.
- Inverted in the time-travel romance The House in the Square (American title: I'll Never Forget You, or sometimes Man of Two Worlds), a film adaptation of the play Berkeley Square. The present-day (1953) is shown in black-and-white, while the main storyline (1784) is in color, giving an effect like The Wizard of Oz.
- At least two Goosebumps books ("The Haunted School" and "Streets of Panic Park") have had the protagonists travel to the past, which is rendered in an eerie black-and-white world.
- In Where's Wally? in Hollywood, "Shhh! This is a Silent Movie" depicts all the actors and sets in black and white, though the crews filming them are drawn in color.
Bennet: I'm comfortable with morally gray.
- Done for flashbacks in the episode "Company Man". With an excellent Lampshade Hanging/pun in the first such flashback:
- And again in flashbacks during the Volume 4 episode "Cold Wars". Complete with a reprisal of above line.
- Supernatural: When Castiel sends Sam & Dean back to 1861, it's brown and sepia.
- Cold Case: If flashback is set in period where monochrome footage was widespread, flashback will be monochrome. One episode subvert this, by beginning in full old-photo sepia and appearing to take place in the early 1800s. Then a car full of people pull up. It is 2006, in Amish country.
- In Eureka's season 4 time-travel episodes, the 1940s are sepia-toned.
- Hustle has an episode centered on the grandson of a legendary American grifter. It includes a number of flashbacks and Imagine Spots featuring the grandfather, played by Mickey as a Chaplinesque silent film hero.
- All flashbacks in Babylon 5.
- In the War of the Worlds episode "A Time to Reap", the scenes set in 1953 are in black and white — despite the fact that the 1953 film whose time they are visiting was originally filmed in color.
- The opening flashback scene of Toby's father being a gangster in 1952 in one of The West Wing Christmas episodes ("Noel").
- Angel has a comic flashback to 1950s Italy, lasting some three seconds or so, in black and white, with Spike and Drusilla looking like they were in an Italian modernist movie.
- Parodied in the Noir Episode of Warehouse 13; Pete thinks they must be in the past because everything's in black and white. Myka points out "No it's not time travel. The 1940s were in colour, much like the rest of history."
- Played for Laughs in the Doctor Who episode "The Crimson Horror". The episode already takes place in 1893 (and is a bit low in color like many past-set episodes). Partway into the story, the Doctor explains how things got to a certain point, and the flashback is shown in black-and-white with obvious film artifacts and comical old-timey music (all to portray events from within mere days before).
- On The Pretender, flashbacks are all shown in black and white. Most are shown as Jarod watching DSA's (film records of everything he did at the Centre, some dating back to the early 1960's) on his laptop.
- Every memory fragment recalled by the Amnesiac Hero of Blindspot is depicted as a monochrome flashback.
- In one episode of Childrens Hospital, Dr. Maestro travels back to the 1940's, where everything is monochrome even to him. He refers to a nurse as a "black and white lady", only to have her ask him to hush up about her biracial lineage.
- Fergie's "Glamorous" video has black & white flashbacks.
- This fan-trailer for the Touhou fangame The Genius Of Sappheiros
- Flashbacks from the Pensieve in the Harry Potter video games are like this.
- The hero's recovered memories in Sanitarium are shown as either black-and-white or sepia-toned grainy-textured films.
- Weirdly inverted in Vagrant Story. Most of the game takes place in a Deliberately Monochrome setting (mostly brown). When Ashley flashes back to his past, he sees a gorgeous blue sky and a green grassy hill.
- Parodied in Vault 112's Tranquility Lane Lotus-Eater Machine in Fallout 3, which simulates a 1950's style cul de sac neighborhood.
- Plok has a dream flashback where you play as Grand Pappy Plok, with grayscale graphics, silent film-style text, and piano music.
- The flashback sequences in XIII are monochrome.
- In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, flashbacks in the Adventure mode cutscenes are black and white.
- Flashbacks in Chibi-Robo! are in sepia. Additionally, when the title robot and his sidekick go back in time, everything is sepia except for them. Lampshaded by the sidekick, who says that they must be in the past since everything's all sepia.
- The flashback mission in Modern Warfare, although set in 1996, has its graphics desaturated to grayish-sepia tones with a grainy filter.
- The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess has this effect in the Temple of Time entry hall.
- In Kingdom Hearts II, Timeless River is monochrome to mimic the style of the Classic Disney Shorts.
- Mickey Mania, whose levels are based on Mickey Mouse cartoons dating from 1928 to 1990, begins with a Steamboat Willie level. It starts off in black and white (except for Mickey himself), but patches of color are added into the scenery as the level progresses.
- Flashbacks in Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney always do this (except in cases 1-4 of the first game). The one in case 3-4 is even shown with lines running down it like errors on an old film reel. The fifth case is different because it was not in the original release of the first game.
- Shiki's memories in Tsukihime are often in black and white; in one case to deliberately hide the fact that the girl in the window was Kohaku and the girl that was outside was Hisui. The girls are identical twins other than their eye color.
- Darths & Droids uses sepia tone for flashbacks.
- Girl Genius uses sepia tones for flashback sequences.
- In Goblins, once the comic starts to be colored, grayscale is used as a Flashback Effect.
- Last Res0rt invokes it in a single panel as a memory invoked by Veled to show that Cypress's nerve tends to run in the family... for better or worse.
- The Order of the Stick's prequel books are in black and white.
- When The Packrat accidentally travels to 1939 with a time machine keytar, everything around him is black and white. 1955 is colored again, though.
- Queen of Wands has a sepia-toned flashback, with a black and white flashback nested inside it.
- Something*Positive in Flashbacks.
- Strays: A sepia flashback. Another one.
- The Back Story of Trying Human is set in the 1940's and colored sepia with red details.
- Arthur, King of Time and Space briefly had Flashbacks in sepia, then abandoned this (and changed existing strips to colour) because there wasn't an equivalent way of indicating Flashforwards.
- Stand Still, Stay Silent: Torbjörn's flashback on getting the Mission Control team together, Emil's flashback on deciding to join the Cleansers and the flashback triggered by the reading of the Odense hospital papers reduce the comic's already limited palette to just one color.
- Sepia tones are used for the Flashbacks shown at the end of certain episodes of the Mario Party TV series, reviewing some of the more memorable incidents on that board. The same effect is used when flashing back to events from previous games.
- SCP-8900-EX: The past was black-and-white, until an unexplained anomaly created the colors we see today. All photographs are color photographs, what we think of as the advance of photo technology is actually just the effect spreading. Basically, Calvin's dad was right. The Foundation couldn't find any way to stop it, so they just said "fuck it" and doped the entire planet with amnestics that caused everybody to think that the world was always this way.
- Parodied in one episode of Sheep in the Big City in a line sort of like, "A long time ago, when the world was black and white..."
- One House of Mouse short showed a flashback involving Mickey Mouse and Goofy being animated in black and white while everything else is done in color.
- Played straight in the My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic episodes "Family Appreciation Day"(sepiatones and desaturated colors), "A Friend in Deed"(completely monochrome), and "Leap of Faith"(sepiatone). Averted in "Apple Family Reunion", where the flashbacks are full color.
- In one episode of Kim Possible, the picture turns sepia when we are shown in flashback (sort of) how Ron invented the Naco (a nacho/taco hybrid).
- In Code Lyoko, some flashbacks of Aelita's previous life are sepia-colored — including in the usually brightly-colored world of Lyoko during her first virtualization. And the final episode consists entirely of flashbacks done in this manner. The sepia-toned tower deactivated sequence in particular invoked many Manly Tears.
- The Simpsons, Treehouse of Horror XVII segment, "The Day the Earth Looked Stupid" was done this way since it took place in Springfield 1938. It was even Lampshaded by Lenny.
Lenny: I like that everything's sepia-toned; makes me feel all nostalgic.
- The Legend of Korra uses a sepia wash over Korra's jumbled-up dreams. The scenes are eventually replayed in colour as Korra meditates, while imprisoned by Tarrlok, and finally connects with the warning Aang was trying to give her through her dreams.
- Also employed in Avatar: The Last Airbender, though just with muted, sepia colours. The exact shading depending on which character's memories we were seeing; Aang's were washed out with a bright yellow, Zuko's were a darker gold, and Katara and Sokka was a blueish tint to theirs.
- Rugrats flashback episode when Lou tells a story of Stu and Drew when they were babies having been fighting all their lives.