No, it's not a Film Noir.The novel that put Norman Mailer on the map. Written in 1948, The Naked and the Dead is set During the War—specifically, World War II—and is based on the author's own experiences in the Philippines. The story follows a platoon of foot soldiers, led by the sadistic Sergeant Croft, during the campaign for a small (fictional) Pacific island. Meanwhile, a young lieutenant named Hearn is assigned as an aid to the divisional commander, General Cummings, only to learn that Cummings is a Villain with Good Publicity, who maintains a PR facade with his subordinates, especially the enlisted men, but is in reality a cruel tyrant trying to subtly break down the morale of his men to keep them in line. Eventually, both Plot Threads collide and hilarity ensues.Critically acclaimed, it is notable for it's dark, cynical deconstruction of the "Good War", The Squad and numerous other war tropes before they were even clichéd. It is considered to be Mailer's Magnum Opus, and also possibly a case of First Installment Wins. It is also famous for the use of the word "fug" in-lieu of the normal "fuck". It also utilizes a concept called the "Time Machine", which is a flashback of the lives of the men before the war and further exploration of their characters.Made into a 1958 movie starring Aldo Ray as Staff Sergeant Croft, Cliff Robertson as Lieutenant Hearn and Raymond Massey as General Cummings.
Bittersweet Ending: Hearn is dead, Croft and Cummings get away with their crimes and the platoon are implied to be taking part in the Battle of the Philippines. That been said, Croft and Cummings are at least somewhat humbled, the platoon earn some pride from being able to almost make it to the top of Mount Anaka and there's no certainty they'll be killed in further combat.
Bring My Brown Pants: New Meat Hennessey soils himself during a mortar bombardment. When he leaves his foxhole to clean himself, he is killed by said mortar. The veterans Lampshade this with an oft-repeated expression, "Keep a tight ass-hole".
Butt Monkey: Roth is picked on the platoon, sometimes for his Jewishness, and others for his patheticness. Even his death is ridiculous; he tries to leap a gap in Mount Anaka and falls to his death.
Cannon Fodder: Red has no illusions that he and his comrades are this.
Disappeared Dad: Martinez enlists in the army to escape an unwanted pregnancy.
Disproportionate Retribution: Both Cummings and Croft target this against Hearn. Cummings, humiliated by the self-loathing he showed in front of Hearn and irritated when Hearn soils his tent floor with a cigarette, sends him to the platoon for the patrol. Croft, humiliated when Hearn assumes command of the platoon and forces him to apologize for crushing Roth's bird, sends him to his death.
Drinking On Duty: The platoon getting drunk in the rear camp. Wilson ends up drinking on guard, and shoots a .30 cal into a bush, which gets him chewed out by Croft.
Dropped a Bridge on Him: Hearn, who has perhaps the most detailed background and characterization, gets killed off quickly and unceremoniously.
And Roth, who doesn't even get the somewhat "honor" of being killed in combat. He falls to his death because he fails to make it across a gap in Mount Anaka.
Ensign Newbie: He's been an officer for some time, but when Hearn is assigned to the platoon, he fits this trope.
Everyone Calls Him Barkeep: Even Croft calls Red Valsen "Red" most of the time. Also, to a lesser extent, "Japbait" (Martinez). "Polack" as well.
A Father to His Men: Deconstructed. Croft doesn't even bother; he considers officers and squad leaders who buddy with their men "womanish". Cummings puts on a pretense of this to hide his tyrannical nature. Hearn tries but most of the men, especially the veterans, reject him. (Then again, many of them loathe all officers).
Forever War: Many of the protagonists, particularly the veterans, view it as one, although the novel is set in 1944, one year before the end of World War II.
Freudian Excuse: Croft's "time machine" tries to explain his sadism, whether it was his father beating him, or his wife cheating on him. It is implied he was born that way.
Glory Hound: Sergeant Croft and General Cummings both fit this role, though Croft is the foul-playing war-lover, whereas Cummings is part of the Armchair Military. Cummings believed war can be calculated with a formula, whereas Croft is just bloodthirsty. Either way, they're both out for glory regardless of the cost, and both attempt to send Lieutenant Hearn, one of the protagonists, to his death. They are successful. Cummings assigns Hearn to Croft's squad, and Croft sends Hearn ahead to lead the group, and he gets killed in an ambush because Croft deliberately failed to tell him that he was walking towards a machine gun. Stanley is also constantly looking for a promotion by brown-nosing.
Gosh Dang It to Heck!: Famously, "fug". Mailer's editor persuaded him to change it, because the word is used liberally throughout the text. However, the word "shit" and other softer swears remain uncensored. Allegedly, when Dorothy Parker was introduced to Mailer at a party, she introduced herself with: "So, you're the man who can't spell fuck?"
Gonk: Some of the descriptions of several soldiers, notably Gallagher, Ridges, Hearn and Roth, border on this.
Happily Married: Goldstein and his wife, Natalie as shown by his "Time Machine". Theirs is the only happy and harmonious marriage in the novel.
Karma Houdini: Croft. Also Cummings, who is humiliated when Dalleson wins the campaign by accident, but mentioned in dispatches as the victor nonetheless. Nonetheless, this is somewhat punishment for Cummings, as it is a major blow to his ego, and Croft has learned he has limits to his power.
Kick the Dog: Croft, when he captures a Japanese soldier. First, it looks like he's going to Pet the Dog: he gives the man cigarettes and chocolate, and he shows Croft a picture of his family. Croft then shoots him in cold blood. Later, Croft sadistically crushes a wounded bird to death as a punishment against Roth. He actually feels the urge both to pet the bird and to kill it, but he does the latter. This almost sparks a mutiny.
The Mutiny]: The Platoon, led by Red, when Croft makes them climb Mount Anaka and Roth falls to his death. Croft threatens Red with his M-1, Red realises that Croft masterminded Hearn's death and backs down.
My Girl Back Home: Several of the platoon, and they worry incessently about them cheating.
The Neidermeyer: The platoon views Hearn as this. In a Subversion, he is actually fairly competent if inexperienced, but the men just hate officers in general.
Obfuscating Insanity: Minetta feigns madness in an attempt to get a Section 8. The doctor calls him out on it and he is sent back to the fighting.
Obligatory War Crime Scene: As a look into Croft's character. He has a Kick the Dog moment when he gives a Japanese prisoner cigarettes and chocolate to taunt him into thinking he'll survive the war, then shoots him in cold-blod.
The end of the novel has U.S. soldiers killing Japanese prisoners in...creative ways.
Only a Flesh Wound: Minetta is gazed by a Japanese bullet. This gets him to the hospital, but he panicks when he realises he is going to be sent back to the platoon.
Psycho for Hire: Croft again. It is revealed the first time he killed a man was during a riot when he was serving in the National Guard. The military and the war gives him an opportunity to act on his sadism without consequence.
Semper Fi: Averted. Although the Marines are famous for fighting in the Pacific, the novel centers on an army platoon.
Soldiers at the Rear: Headquarters Company and Hearn before he gets reassigned to the platoon. The platoon wants very much to be these soldiers, except for Croft, who hungers for more combat.
Shaggy Dog Story: The patrol, as the returning squad members find out, was completely pointless, since the Japanese forces on the island were defeated during the middle of it. Also, Goldstein and Ridges try to carry back the injured Wilson to the base, but he dies before they'd arrive, and they even lose his corpse.
Shell-Shocked Veteran: Martinez appears to be turning into one. He's one of the most experienced soldiers in the platoon, but he is constantly on edge and full of self-doubt, has bad dreams and harmless noises set him on edge.
The Squad: Deconstructed. Their Sergeant Rock is a sadist, the platoon are embittered cynics and constantly bicker and insult each other. Only Red, Wilson and Gallagher seem to get on well with each other. Red also wants to avoid getting close to his comrades, because he doesn't want to be hurt if they die.
Unfriendly Fire: Croft manipulates Hearn's death by deliberately sending him into an enemy ambush, neglecting to mention the machine gun covering the route. He threatens to do the same to Red when he mutinies.
War Is Hell: Combat is random and terrifying. In between there's crushing boredom and manual labor, the armies' chickenshit ways and the only way to escape is through death or serious injury.
Wide-Eyed Idealist: Toglio. Unerringly patriotic, thinks the platoon are all "good old boys" and argues with Red about the war. He is shot in the elbow and sent home. Red cynically remarks he'll probably end up on a bond tour.note For those unfamiliar with the lingo, a cross-country tour to raise funds for the war efforts, using veterans making speeches for extra appeal.