Follow TV Tropes

Following

History UsefulNotes / PolishSovietWar

Go To






!!The Polish-Soviet War contains tropes such as:
* BadassMoustache: Semyon Budionny, who came to prominence during the war, sported an extremely flamboyant version of those. As in, even in comparison to all the others in the war.
* BornInTheWrongCentury: Semyon Budionny, who was described as being closer in spirit to a leader of a Cossack warband[[note]]he had been [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin born and raised in a Cossack]] host[[/note]] than modern military commander.
* TheCavalry: The "miracle of the Vistula", which as it happens was done with actual cavalry.
** Large cavalry armies were more like norm than exception, due to the configuration of the land: very flat ground, large distances to be made on horseback due to sparse rail heads, abundant grass for foraging, the vast majority of recruits were countryside people who were accustomed to horses since childhood. IsaacBabel lampshaded it by saying about the Ukrainian leader Makhno: ''"he could raise an army with mounted riflemen and tachanka machine guns in one hour, and dismount it and hide it throughout farms in another hour, how are people supposed to fight that?"''
* TheChessmaster: Lenin, Trotsky, and Piłsudski.
* ChurchMilitant: The Polish Catholic Church. Poles were very devout Catholics as well as being very [[PatrioticFervor nationalistic]] and sometimes you get the impression that it is really ''Poland'' that is a ChurchMilitant.
** Slightly averted as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jozef_Pilsudski Piłsudski]], the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naczelnik_Panstwa head of state/dictator/commander-in-chief]] at this time, was Protestant (he converted from Catholicism in 1899 [[note]] In order to [[ConvertingForLove marry his true love]] - he wasn't fervently religious in any way[[/note]]). He proposed a federation of independent states on the Soviet border - unfortunately it didn't succeed. While it is true that he had opposition and Poland was Catholic, it is less black and white.
** The future Pope Pius XI, papal nuncio to Poland, gave services in the trenches outside Warsaw, becoming the first representative of the Vatican to face Christendom's enemies on the battlefield since the Battle of Vienna.
** The Tatar Cavalry Regiment was a Polish unit of Muslim soldiers, members of the small Tatar community which had lived in Poland and Lithuania at least since 15th century. In order to find more recruits, the regiment issued an appeal to the Tatar population, calling them to arms in the name of Allah and under the green banner of the Prophet.
* CrazyAwesome: Adrian Carton de Viart, a Belgian officer of the British Army who came to Poland as a military advisor and stayed for random saber combats with the Cossacks, big game hunting and wars with half of the neighbors.
* DirtyCommunists: What Poles said about Russians.
* EagleSquadron: The Kosciuszko Squadron, a band of American Volunteers who flew for Poland, named after a Polish volunteer officer in UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.
* ElitesAreMoreGlamorous: The Blue Army, led by General Józef Haller, which had previously fought on the Western Front as a part of the French army, distinguished itself from other Polish units with excellent equipment and training, high morale and the iconic light-blue uniforms.
* EnemyMine: Subverted. Many notable figures among the Russian White emigration rooted for their bitter enemies, the Bolsheviks, viewing the war as a yet another installment of the 500-year long Poland vs. Russia struggle. For them, it was Communist Russia - [[MyCountryRightOrWrong but Russia nonetheless]].
** Also played with by Piłsudski, who saw Soviet Russia as an enemy of his primary enemy -- that is, Imperial Russia who had claims to Polish territory -- and never got into close cooperation with the Whites despite fighting against the Reds.
* FightingForAHomeland: what Poles started out as, and Petliura's Ukrainians.
* GambitPileup: Seriously, the Russian Civil War had almost a dozen sides with various agendas. The Polish-Soviet War itself wasn't as bad, but still had its share.
* GloriousLeader: Piłsudski was a less nasty version of this then some.
* TheHorde: How the Red Army was depicted by the Poles. Aside from obvious propaganda, Budionny's Horse Army ''had'' at least ''some'' features of a Cossack host.
* ImprovisedWeapon : As [[SchizoTech odd as it sounds]], scythes and pitchforks were often used en masse as makeshift polearms against Russian cavalry (mainly by the countryside militias).
** Somewhat of a traditional weapon of polish peasants ever since the 19th-century uprisings, a straigh-mounted scythe was described by the people who happened to find themselves at the wrong end of it (i.e. Imperial Russia soldiers) as one of the most [[NightmareFuel horrifyingly efficient weapons ever]] in the skilled peasant hands.
* ModernMajorGeneral: Stalin's interference seriously undermined the Soviet war effort and presaged his later bungling against UsefulNotes/NaziGermany in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, which nearly led to the USSR's destruction.
** Some blame Tukhachevsky instead, who also fits the trope (often hailed as a visionary of tank warfare, but his published works mainly show a lot of demagoguery with little actual military theory). Piłsudski wrote a book about the war later, where he stated outright that the guy was a {{Cloudcuckoolander}}, and ''his own'' book demonstrates it clearly.
* MyCountryRightOrWrong: The Bolshevik leadership hoped that Polish workers and peasants would rebel against the ruling class and turn to their side in the war. However, Polish propaganda successfully invoked this trope, managing to quell class struggle and unite the country's society under the banner of nationalism.
* NearVillainVictory: Again, by the middle of 1920, Poland had lost over half of its territory, was considerably outnumbered, was on the verge of losing both Lwow and Warsaw, and generally had no fat left to burn while Western shipments were being delayed by the Fifth Column elsewhere and it was even feared that a limited capitulation would be necessary to prevent outright Communist revolution throughout Central Europe. Then the Battle of Warsaw happened.
** From the other side of the barricade, this could be said of the war's beginning period, when the Polish army pulled a CurbStompBattle on the fledgling and still rather rag-tag Red Army and advanced as far as Kiev.
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny: What Poles said about Russians.
* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: Played with. The Poles started without an army as they hadn't gotten around to forming one. What they did have was lots and lots of ''soldiers'' for recent events had left Europe with more soldiers then it knew what to do with. Enough of these were ethnic Poles or Polish sympathizers for the Poles to put together a reasonably proficient army in time to take the field.
* RapePillageAndBurn: all sides involved committed atrocities. IsaacBabel, as a Russian Jewish correspondent, talked with great pity and sympathy of the way Poles and Russians ravaged the countryside, wantonly killing, and how Jews were furiously hated and hunted by both.
* RebelLeader: many on both sides were, once were, or claimed to be this. Notably, Symon Petliura and Semyon Budyonny, two former rebel leaders in the Ukraine, joined separate sides in the war.
* SchizoTech: radio jamming, machine guns mounted on peasant carts, war scythes, tanks, cavalry sabres and lances, airplanes. Military theorists drew literally contradictory conclusions from this war's experiences.
* {{Spinoff}}: This can be considered a spinoff of the [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Civil War]], which itself was a spinoff of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI. And the ''spinoff of it'' was Polish conquest of (then Lithuanian-held) city of Vilnius/Wilno. It raised UnfortunateImplications by fueling a maniacal hatred of Polish aristocracy among Russian Bolsheviks and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_repressions_of_Polish_citizens_%281939%E2%80%931946%29 the atrocities of]] UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalinism_in_Poland#Stalinist_era_.281948.E2.80.931956.29 of immediate]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piotr_%C5%9Amieta%C5%84ski afterwards years]] were themselves a spinoff of the conflict.
* WonTheWarLostThePeace: The Polish government was dominated by the Nationalists, who wanted only as much territory as it could be [[YouWillBeAssimilated assimilated]] into Poland, as opposed to Piłsudski, who wanted as much ground as he could to make it into allied buffer states. So, the Poles took less than the Reds were willing to offer, screwing their Ukrainian allies in the process.
** LesserOfTwoEvils: gaining most of the Ukrainian and Belorussian territory would have restored the historical Commonwealth of Poland, but at the same time create a country with less than 30 million Poles and maybe 20 million of Ukrainian and Belorussian citizens, enough for the Poles [[OhCrap to lose the majority in their own country]]. During [[TheThirties the turbulent 1930s]], this might have been the death sentence of the Polish Republic before [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the first bullet of 1939]] was fired.

----


This was a war in from 1919-1921 over the existence and size of Poland. Since the late [=XVIIIth=] Century there had been no such a thing as independent Poland, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth having been partitioned between the neighbouring powers (Prussia, Russia, Austria) and the title of 'King of Poland' ultimately claimed by the Russian tsars. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, the Germans formed a puppet Kingdom of Poland out of Russian territory with King Friedrich Hohenzollern (crowned Wilhelm II) of Germany. Austria-Hungary initially protested this move as they wanted Polish territory for themselves, with some parties wanting to create a new country of Poland to add to the Austro-Hungarian union and so make the country into more of a federation (there also being rumors about the creation of Croatia).

to:

This was a war in from 1919-1921 over the existence and size of Poland. Since the late [=XVIIIth=] [=18th=] Century there had been no such a thing as independent Poland, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth having been partitioned between the neighbouring powers (Prussia, Russia, Austria) and the title of 'King of Poland' ultimately claimed by the Russian tsars. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, the Germans formed a puppet Kingdom of Poland out of Russian territory with King Friedrich Hohenzollern (crowned Wilhelm II) of Germany. Austria-Hungary initially protested this move as they wanted Polish territory for themselves, with some parties wanting to create a new country of Poland to add to the Austro-Hungarian union and so make the country into more of a federation (there also being rumors about the creation of Croatia).


* AristocratsAreEvil: What the Soviet Russians said about Poles. Conversely, Poles didn't support [[EnemyMine remaining Russian tsarist loyalists]] because the latter [[WhatAnIdiot were overt]] that they were planning to recreate UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia, Poland included (funnily enough, Soviet propaganda claimed that White general Wrangel was in league with Poland). However, the Russian General Tuchachevsky actually was a nihilist aristocrat who used poison gas against civilians in the Russian Civil War.


* TooDumbToLive: Tukhachevsky claimed that his forces advanced through Poland for five weeks... without knowing where the enemy forces are.
* WeAreStrugglingTogether


* CrowningMomentOfAwesome: Battle of Warsaw. As a state-level example of HeroicResolve, it was dubbed "The Miracle of the Vistula". Ironically, it was also intended as an EmbarrassingNickname for the Polish victory by Piłsudski's enemies.
** Also of note: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Komarów Battle of Komarów]], "the last great cavalry battle of the world", and the fact that Polish radio operators jammed Soviet communications by spamming the aether with Literature/TheBible.
*** Of course, "Last Great Cavalry Battle" is subjective, and probably subject to spin. A lot of the hype about it (largest cavalry battle in the 20th century, pure cavalry battle, etc) are basically overhyped nationalist chest-thumping. Of course, this does not detract from Polish cavalry gaining revenge for what happened in the Ukraine and effectively knocking the main Soviet cavalry Army out of the war.
** To the other side, this could be the battle of Kiev, where the Russians swiftly defeated the invading Polish army.


At the time the Battle of Warsaw was credited with saving Europe from the Bolsheviks, who've been stating their intention to carry the Revolution to the West, [[WeimarRepublic especially Germany]]. The basis for this claim is the heavily turbulent political climate in Germany and other countries of the region (Hungary had its own failed Red revolution), which might've been tipped to the favour of local Communists if the Red Army appeared on the doorstep. Of course, opinions vary on reality of that. What is clear, anyhow, is that the battle kept Poland from becoming a Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union.


to:

At the time the Battle of Warsaw was credited with saving Europe from the Bolsheviks, who've been stating their intention to carry the Revolution to the West, [[WeimarRepublic [[UsefulNotes/WeimarRepublic especially Germany]]. The basis for this claim is the heavily turbulent political climate in Germany and other countries of the region (Hungary had its own failed Red revolution), which might've been tipped to the favour of local Communists if the Red Army appeared on the doorstep. Of course, opinions vary on reality of that. What is clear, anyhow, is that the battle kept Poland from becoming a Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union.



This was a war in from 1919-1921 over the existence and size of Poland. Since the late [=XVIIIth=] Century there had been no such a thing as independent Poland, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth having been partitioned between the neighbouring powers (Prussia, Russia, Austria) and the title of 'King of Poland' ultimately claimed by the Russian tsars. During WorldWarOne, the Germans formed a puppet Kingdom of Poland out of Russian territory with King Friedrich Hohenzollern (crowned Wilhelm II) of Germany. Austria-Hungary initially protested this move as they wanted Polish territory for themselves, with some parties wanting to create a new country of Poland to add to the Austro-Hungarian union and so make the country into more of a federation (there also being rumors about the creation of Croatia).

to:

This was a war in from 1919-1921 over the existence and size of Poland. Since the late [=XVIIIth=] Century there had been no such a thing as independent Poland, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth having been partitioned between the neighbouring powers (Prussia, Russia, Austria) and the title of 'King of Poland' ultimately claimed by the Russian tsars. During WorldWarOne, UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, the Germans formed a puppet Kingdom of Poland out of Russian territory with King Friedrich Hohenzollern (crowned Wilhelm II) of Germany. Austria-Hungary initially protested this move as they wanted Polish territory for themselves, with some parties wanting to create a new country of Poland to add to the Austro-Hungarian union and so make the country into more of a federation (there also being rumors about the creation of Croatia).



* {{Spinoff}}: This can be considered a spinoff of the [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Civil War]], which itself was a spinoff of WorldWarOne. And the ''spinoff of it'' was Polish conquest of (then Lithuanian-held) city of Vilnius/Wilno. It raised UnfortunateImplications by fueling a maniacal hatred of Polish aristocracy among Russian Bolsheviks and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_repressions_of_Polish_citizens_%281939%E2%80%931946%29 the atrocities of]] WorldWarTwo and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalinism_in_Poland#Stalinist_era_.281948.E2.80.931956.29 of immediate]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piotr_%C5%9Amieta%C5%84ski afterwards years]] were themselves a spinoff of the conflict.

to:

* {{Spinoff}}: This can be considered a spinoff of the [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Civil War]], which itself was a spinoff of WorldWarOne.UsefulNotes/WorldWarI. And the ''spinoff of it'' was Polish conquest of (then Lithuanian-held) city of Vilnius/Wilno. It raised UnfortunateImplications by fueling a maniacal hatred of Polish aristocracy among Russian Bolsheviks and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_repressions_of_Polish_citizens_%281939%E2%80%931946%29 the atrocities of]] WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalinism_in_Poland#Stalinist_era_.281948.E2.80.931956.29 of immediate]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piotr_%C5%9Amieta%C5%84ski afterwards years]] were themselves a spinoff of the conflict.



** LesserOfTwoEvils: gaining most of the Ukrainian and Belorussian territory would have restored the historical Commonwealth of Poland, but at the same time create a country with less than 30 million Poles and maybe 20 million of Ukrainian and Belorussian citizens, enough for the Poles [[OhCrap to lose the majority in their own country]]. During [[TheThirties the turbulent 1930s]], this might have been the death sentence of the Polish Republic before [[WorldWarTwo the first bullet of 1939]] was fired.

to:

** LesserOfTwoEvils: gaining most of the Ukrainian and Belorussian territory would have restored the historical Commonwealth of Poland, but at the same time create a country with less than 30 million Poles and maybe 20 million of Ukrainian and Belorussian citizens, enough for the Poles [[OhCrap to lose the majority in their own country]]. During [[TheThirties the turbulent 1930s]], this might have been the death sentence of the Polish Republic before [[WorldWarTwo [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the first bullet of 1939]] was fired.


* AristocratsAreEvil: What the Soviet Russians said about Poles. Conversely, Poles didn't support [[EnemyMine remaining Russian tsarist loyalists]] because the latter [[WhatAnIdiot were overt]] that they were planning to recreate TsaristRussia, Poland included (funnily enough, Soviet propaganda claimed that White general Wrangel was in league with Poland). However, the Russian General Tuchachevsky actually was a nihilist aristocrat who used poison gas against civilians in the Russian Civil War.

to:

* AristocratsAreEvil: What the Soviet Russians said about Poles. Conversely, Poles didn't support [[EnemyMine remaining Russian tsarist loyalists]] because the latter [[WhatAnIdiot were overt]] that they were planning to recreate TsaristRussia, UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia, Poland included (funnily enough, Soviet propaganda claimed that White general Wrangel was in league with Poland). However, the Russian General Tuchachevsky actually was a nihilist aristocrat who used poison gas against civilians in the Russian Civil War.


** Some blame Tukhachevsky instead, who also fits the trope (often hailed as a visionary of tank warfare, but his published works mainly show a lot of demagoguery with little actual military theory). Piłsudski wrote about the war later, where he stated outright that the guy was a {{Cloudcuckoolander}}, and ''his own'' book demonstrates it clearly.

to:

** Some blame Tukhachevsky instead, who also fits the trope (often hailed as a visionary of tank warfare, but his published works mainly show a lot of demagoguery with little actual military theory). Piłsudski wrote a book about the war later, where he stated outright that the guy was a {{Cloudcuckoolander}}, and ''his own'' book demonstrates it clearly.


** Some blame Tukhachevsky instead, who also fits the trope (often hailed as a visionary of tank warfare, but his published works mainly show a lot of demagoguery with little actual military theory).

to:

** Some blame Tukhachevsky instead, who also fits the trope (often hailed as a visionary of tank warfare, but his published works mainly show a lot of demagoguery with little actual military theory). Piłsudski wrote about the war later, where he stated outright that the guy was a {{Cloudcuckoolander}}, and ''his own'' book demonstrates it clearly.



** LesserOfTwoEvils: gaining most of the Ukrainian and Belorussian territory would have restored the historical Commonwealth of Poland, but at the same time create a country with less than 30 million Poles and maybe 20 million of Ukrainian and Belorussian citizens, enough for the Poles [[OhCrap to loose the majority in their own country]]. During [[TheThirties the turbulent 1930s]], this might have been the death sentence of the Polish Republic before [[WorldWarTwo the first bullet of 1939]] was fired.

to:

** LesserOfTwoEvils: gaining most of the Ukrainian and Belorussian territory would have restored the historical Commonwealth of Poland, but at the same time create a country with less than 30 million Poles and maybe 20 million of Ukrainian and Belorussian citizens, enough for the Poles [[OhCrap to loose lose the majority in their own country]]. During [[TheThirties the turbulent 1930s]], this might have been the death sentence of the Polish Republic before [[WorldWarTwo the first bullet of 1939]] was fired.


* PolesWithPoleaxes: Nearly literally, if you count the ImprovisedWeapon entry above.



* RedsWithRockets: One of the first wars of the Communist Russia's army, besides the ongoing Russian Civil War.


But while Russia had collapsed into Civil War and the Central Powers had been defeated and were being disarmed, the future of eastern Europe was left unclear. However, Poland's borders were disputed, in particular Poland's border with the ''de facto'' successor-state to the Russian Empire, the Soviet Russia (later 'Soviet Union') was not properly defined. Although the Russian Reds had been swept to power on promises of ending the food-shortages in Petersburg and Moscow, the continued economic crisis and Civil War severely disrupted Russian agriculture and led to the shortages becoming outright famine. Desperate to secure enough food to feed their troops and power-base in the cities, the Red Army began to raid the Russian countryside for food - causing artificial famines. Since the Polish-Soviet border was unclear, Red Army food-raiding parties soon clashed with Polish Army forces who refused to let them plunder 'Polish' villages (though the population in those areas was generally Belorussian or Ukrainian).

to:

But while Russia had collapsed into Civil War and the Central Powers had been defeated and were being disarmed, the future borders of all the new countries of central and eastern Europe was left unclear. However, Poland's borders were disputed, in particular disputed. Poland's border with the ''de facto'' successor-state to the Russian Empire, the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Russia (later 'Soviet Union') Republic (RSFSR, later reformed into 'the Soviet Union' with the addition of additional republics including Ukraine and Belarus) was not properly defined.particularly contentious. Although the Russian Reds had been swept to power on promises of ending the food-shortages in Petersburg and Moscow, the continued economic crisis and Civil War severely disrupted Russian agriculture and led to the shortages becoming outright famine. Desperate to secure enough food to feed their troops and power-base in the cities, the Red Army began to raid the Russian countryside for food - causing artificial famines. Since the Polish-Soviet border was unclear, Red Army food-raiding parties soon clashed with Polish Army forces who refused to let them plunder 'Polish' villages (though the population in those areas was generally Belorussian or Ukrainian).


However Russia's mid-1916 Brusilov Offensive destroyed Austria-Hungary's already meagre bargaining power with Germany in the east and they eventually conceded Chancellor Bethman-Hollweg's point in early 1917: Poland would be under Germany's direct control and eastern Europe would be filled with small, weak states which would be under German economic and military leadership after the war. And Austria-Hungary would just have to be content with some minor border changes. Unfortunately for the Germans, recruitment for the Polnische Wehrmacht netted fewer than ten thousand volunteers. Germany's refusal to concede Polish independence meant that only people who wanted the wages (or training) and didn't mind the disapproval of their neighbors and family joined up.

to:

However Russia's mid-1916 Brusilov Offensive destroyed Austria-Hungary's already meagre bargaining power with Germany in the east and they eventually conceded Chancellor Bethman-Hollweg's point in early 1917: Poland would be under Germany's direct control and eastern Europe would be filled with small, weak states which would be under German economic and military leadership after the war. And Austria-Hungary would just have to be content with some minor border changes. Unfortunately for the Germans, recruitment for the Polnische Wehrmacht netted fewer than ten thousand volunteers. Germany's refusal to concede Polish independence meant that only people who wanted the wages (or training) and didn't mind the disapproval of their neighbors and family joined up.
up. Later in 1917 Bethman-Hollweg was removed by a Reichstag Vote of No Confidence called in response to the failure of the Unrestricted Submarine Warfare policy (which they'd voted for and he had actually opposed). His removal meant that the leadership of Germany fell to the Oberste Heeresleitung (OHL, Army High Command) and more specifically Hindeburg and Ludendorff. Germany's vision for the future of eastern Europe accordingly took a turn for the megalomaniacal, envisioning German domination of the entire post-war region.


This was a war in from 1919-1921 over the existence and size of Poland. Since the late [=XVIIIth=] Century there had been no such a thing as independent Poland, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth having been partitioned between the neighbouring powers (Prussia, Russia, Austria) and the title of 'King of Poland' ultimately claimed by the Russian tsars. During WorldWarOne, the Germans formed a puppet Kingdom of Poland out of Russian territory with King Friedrich Hohenzollern (crowned Wilhelm II) of Germany. While Austria-Hungary initially protested this move, Russia's mid-1916 Brusilov Offensive destroyed their bargaining power in the east and they eventually conceded Germany's point: Poland would be under Germany's direct control and eastern Europe would be filled with small, weak states which would be under German economic and military leadership after the war. Unfortunately recruitment for the Polnische Wehrmacht netted fewer than ten thousand volunteers, as Germany's refusal to concede Polish independence meant that only people who wanted the wages (or training) and didn't mind the disapproval of their neighbors and family joined up.

to:

This was a war in from 1919-1921 over the existence and size of Poland. Since the late [=XVIIIth=] Century there had been no such a thing as independent Poland, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth having been partitioned between the neighbouring powers (Prussia, Russia, Austria) and the title of 'King of Poland' ultimately claimed by the Russian tsars. During WorldWarOne, the Germans formed a puppet Kingdom of Poland out of Russian territory with King Friedrich Hohenzollern (crowned Wilhelm II) of Germany. While Austria-Hungary initially protested this move, move as they wanted Polish territory for themselves, with some parties wanting to create a new country of Poland to add to the Austro-Hungarian union and so make the country into more of a federation (there also being rumors about the creation of Croatia).

However
Russia's mid-1916 Brusilov Offensive destroyed their Austria-Hungary's already meagre bargaining power with Germany in the east and they eventually conceded Germany's point: Chancellor Bethman-Hollweg's point in early 1917: Poland would be under Germany's direct control and eastern Europe would be filled with small, weak states which would be under German economic and military leadership after the war. And Austria-Hungary would just have to be content with some minor border changes. Unfortunately for the Germans, recruitment for the Polnische Wehrmacht netted fewer than ten thousand volunteers, as volunteers. Germany's refusal to concede Polish independence meant that only people who wanted the wages (or training) and didn't mind the disapproval of their neighbors and family joined up.


When [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober the Russian Red faction]] signed The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in early 1918, Poland's status as a German satellite was affirmed by both sides. However, Germany went on to suffer staggering losses in her 1918 Spring Offensive and her army was shattered by the Entente Cordiale's ''Hundred Days' Offensive'' that summer. Faced with a starving populace threatening to rise up in revolution against them, the German Junta gave control over to the civilian government which promptly arranged a cease-fire and promised to formally surrender in the near future. The government of the Kingdom of Poland, under the leadership of General Piwsudski (head of the Polnische Wehrmacht), refused to be disarmed alongside the Deutsche-Wehrmacht: instead they started expanding their army, declared full independence, and promptly invaded Austria-Hungary (to occupy mostly-Polish Galicia and mostly-Ukrainian Podolia).

to:

When [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober the Russian Red faction]] signed The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in early 1918, Poland's status as a German satellite was affirmed by both sides. However, Germany went on to suffer staggering losses in her 1918 Spring Offensive and her army was shattered by the Entente Cordiale's ''Hundred Days' Offensive'' that summer. Faced with a starving populace threatening to rise up in revolution against them, the German Junta gave control over to the civilian government which promptly arranged a cease-fire and promised to formally surrender in the near future. The government of the Kingdom of Poland, under the leadership of General Piwsudski (head of the Polnische Wehrmacht), Wehrmacht commander General Józef Piłsudski (pronounced 'piwsudski'), refused to be disarmed alongside the Deutsche-Wehrmacht: instead they started expanding their army, declared full independence, and promptly invaded Austria-Hungary (to occupy mostly-Polish Galicia and mostly-Ukrainian Podolia).

Showing 15 edit(s) of 24

Top

How well does it match the trope?

Example of:

/

Media sources:

/

Report