Wrestling / Masakatsu Funaki

"He beat me up for [another] 30 minutes, armbarred me, everything."
Ken Shamrock, about his first sparring with Funaki

"Funaki was like a mad scientist. He took the idea of submissions to an even higher level than the rest of the Japanese contingent. He had this insatiable desire to learn more and push his body harder. And as an entertainer he understood the need to entertain."
Frank Shamrock, about Funaki's nature

Masakatsu Funaki (b. 1969 as Masaharu Funaki) is a Japanese Professional Wrestler and Mixed Martial Arts fighter, founder of the proto-MMA company Pancrase. He debuted in 1985 for New Japan Pro Wrestling, being a Yoshiaki Fujiwara trainee along with Minoru Suzuki. When Fujiwara left for the shoot-style promotion UWF Newborn, Funaki and Suzuki got a permission to follow him, and they became part of the UWF roster. The promotion fell afterwards and his faction, led by Fujiwara, formed Pro Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi, but it was short-lived as well. Funaki and his colleagues realized that Japanese crowds really would pay for see "real" matches with non-worked outcomes and launched Pancrase, the second MMA promotion in history. Using the catch wrestling roots they had learned from Fujiwara, which they called "hybrid wrestling", Funaki and Suzuki became the aces of Pancrase and had legendary fights with names like Ken Shamrock, Bas Rutten and Guy Mezger, with Masakatsu gaining the King of Pancrase title twice. During this time, Funaki was worshiped as one of the three shoot-style aces, along with former mentors Akira Maeda and Nobuhiko Takada. Towards the end of his career, severe injuries took his toll on his body and he was forced to retire after a defeat to Rickson Gracie, passing the torch to his trainee Yuki Kondo. He then returned to professional wrestling for Keiji Mutoh's All Japan Pro Wrestling, later following him to the new WRESTLE-1.

As usual, you can find the basics at The Other Wiki.

"Yes, We Are Hybrid Tropes":

  • Achilles' Heel: Funaki's chin was less than impressive, so striking to the face (especially ground and pound) used to be his personal kryptonite.
  • Alternate Company Equivalent: Though his role as the Pancrase ace typically drew comparisons to UWF-i's Nobuhiko Takada or RINGS's Akira Maeda, Funaki himself was often compared in technical terms to the relatively unknown Shooto fighter Rumina Sato. They both were awesome grapplers with a similar catch wrestling style, were plagued by the same irregular performances in the ring, and interestingly enough, were the two first fighters in winning a match by calf and biceps slicer.
  • Ambiguously Brown: Had a more tanned skin in comparison with fellow Japanese natives.
  • Arch-Enemy: Arguably Bas Rutten, though he also had a little enmity with Akira Maeda.
  • Arrogant Shoot Wrestling Guy: According to some, he was always motivated to prove himself as the best at any price and wasn't willing to listen to people say otherwise. These same voices cite this as one of the reasons of his downfall at the end of his MMA career.
  • Authority Equals Asskicking: Was the head of Pancrase (along Minoru Suzuki) and considered the best native fighter of the promotion.
  • Badass
  • Badass Boast: He vowed to knock out Rickson Gracie in under three minutes.
  • Badass Teacher: Trained Ikuhisa Minowa, Yuki Kondo, Ken Shamrock and other big names.
  • Bratty Half-Pint: Entered in the New Japan Dojo at 15 (in Japanese pro wrestling history, only Katsuhiko Nakajima started his career at a younger age). Only three years later, he was suspended for punching a cab driver.
  • Broken Ace: He was athletic, charismatic, a great grappler and a better than average striker. His only flaws were arguably psychologic: he wanted to become to MMA what classic "aces" were to puroresu and pushed himself too hard, fighting through injuries and never backing up from a fight, and it broke him down before the culmen of his career.
  • Bullying a Dragon: One of Funakiís earliest opponents in Pancrase, Cees Bezems, showed his disregard for the norms by throwing illegal closed-fisted and elbow strikes during their fight. Funaki retaliated by holding his americana a bit more after he tapped, and even tried to relock it after the tap out, having to be restrained by the the referee.
  • Captain Ersatz: Jumping over from pro wrestling to mixed martial arts didn't stop Fire Pro Wrestling from including as close to his likeness as it could.
  • Colour-Coded for Your Convenience: Green. He always wore lime green tight and boots, only changing them to black on occasion.
  • Combat Pragmatist: During his first match with Bas Rutten, he capitalized on Rutten apologizing for a closed fisted punch to seize him and slap a leglock, which finished the match and injured Rutten's leg.
  • Cool Teacher/Sadist Teacher: Zig-Zagged. On one hand, both Ken and Frank Shamrock describe Funaki as a very gentle and kind teacher, quite different from Suzuki or your typical Japanese wrestling trainer. On the other hand, Genki Sudo recalls Funaki as violent and abusive, and other Japanese wrestlers have described him as a gym bully as well. Who you believe is your pick.
  • Cool vs. Awesome: The reason behind his fight with Kazushi Sakuraba is that Saku thought they could give an awesome fight and Masa agreed.
  • Crippling Overspecialization: Downplayed, as Funaki was comparatively better rounded than some of his Pancrase colleagues, but while he excelled in grappling, his takedown game was lacking, and he often found himself having to pull guard and grapple from his back. Masakatsu worked to compensate this weakness (see Murderous Thighs below), but opponents able to outwork him from top remained his bane for most of his career.
  • Curbstomp Battle: Some of his fights, specially the first ones, were fast leglock wins.
  • Determinator:
    • During his second fight against Bas Rutten, Funaki endured such an amount of damage that Rutten himself was astonished for Funaki getting up after every strike regardless how hard they were. Even after eating a hard knee to the face which ended the fight, Masa could be seen talking to the referee as if nothing, showing he was still conscious and trying to keep the fight going.
    • He refused to tap out in Rickson Gracie's rear naked choke, which rendered him unconscious. He actually believed that he was going to die in the hold, and still he was absolutely not willing to tap out. Rickson himself admitted to be worried about this perspective.
  • Finishing Move: Cross armbar, heel hook, kick to the head and the Hybrid Blaster (a hammerlock belly to belly piledriver). He also used the triangle choke and the backdrop suplex for a time upon his return to wrestling in AJPW.
  • Fish out of Water: His performance suffered considerably when he was forced to adapt to full MMA from the relatively confortable Pancrase rules in 1998, having to meet things like close-fisted punches and ground and pound. His diminishing draw against Ebenezer Fontes Braga, and especially his crushing defeat to Rickson Gracie, marked the point in which Funaki was not a top fighter.
  • Five Moves of Doom: Inverted - he has the second highest count of different submission finishes in Japanese MMA, having twelve of them on his record (he is only beaten by Shinya Aoki with fifteen and immediately followed by Rumina Sato with ten).
  • Glass Cannon: Excellent in submitting people and landing palms and kicks, but not so much in resisting strong grapplers or receiving any kind of strikes to the face. His takedown defense didn't live up, neither.
  • Gradual Grinder: Funaki was never a striker, and prefered to end his matches fastly, but he was skilled with leg kicks whenever he needed to soft up his opponents.
  • Heroic BSOD: Had one after being defeated by Rickson, and according to him, had one during the fight which contributed to the loss.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners:
    • With Minoru Suzuki. According to Suzuki, however, their friendship is somewhat distant nowadays.
    • Also with Masahito Kakihara, who he met in UWF Newborn. In fact, after the promotion folded and the two went to different companies, Funaki and him still sparred together in a park near Masahito's house, as they could not use their respective company dojos.
  • Hoist by His Own Petard:
    • During his first match with Jason Delucia, Funaki allowed him to perform a leglock on him to build drama for the match, planning to spend a rope escape to break the hold and then continue the match for real and beat Jason. However, when he was in the hold, Funaki realized that he had positioned himself too away from the ropes, and he had to tap out to save his leg.
    • There is a theory about how his loss against Rickson Gracie was another backfired carrying. While having a standing guillotine choke secured in the corner, you can clearly see Funaki looking at his cornermen and nodding before releasing the hold and allowing Rickson going to the ground. Many a Japanese insider noted that it looked fishy, and even Hidehiko Yoshida, who was in the announcer table during the match, sounded puzzled about what was Funaki doing.
  • Hot-Blooded: His external behavior could not suggest it, but he was it indeed.
  • I Know Kung-Fu: Was a fan of martial arts films, and learned Jing Wu kung fu later on his life.
  • Just Toying with Them: Back in his Pancrase days, he used to toy with his opponents by allowing them submission attemps to make the fight more interesting, someting called "carrying". This, as said above, backfired on occassion.
  • Kavorka Man: Though not classically attractive like Maeda or specially Takada, Funaki had a significative female fanbase as well.
  • Kick the Dog: Quite literal. He incurred in illegal kicks to downed opponents during his fights with Takahashi and Rutten, despite the ruleset not allowing it.
  • The Legions of Hell: On AKIRA's 30th Anniversary Show, Funaki played the role of a demon sent by the King of Hell (played by Masahiro Chono) to bring down AKIRA.
  • Murderous Thighs: Late in his career, Funaki developed an active game from his guard, mixing triangles chokes with armlocks in a style similar to contemporaneous Rumina Sato. It may sound exotic to the style, as fighting from the back used to be strongly discouraged in catch wrestling, but certain historical wrestlers like Clarence Eklund were famous for prefering the bottom position as well, something they called "leg wrestling".
  • Passing the Torch: To Yuki Kondo, though Yuki never got the same level.
  • Perma Stubble
  • Red Baron: "Yomigaetta Samurai" ("The Revived Samurai"), "The Hybrid Wrestler".
  • Red Oni, Blue Oni: The red to Minoru Suzuki's blue. It might be shocking because of Suzuki's famous jerkass tendencies, but he was actually quite cold and collected, while Funaki was more passionate and fiery. Their fighting styles were also the opposite, as while Suzuki was a freestyle wrestler who favoured top control, Funaki often disregarded position and prefered wild entries into submissions.
  • Signature Move: Particularly liked to use the Victor Roll (also called rolling leglock, a sambo move which utilized a somersault to catch the opponent's leg from standing) in his MMA matches.
  • Start My Own: Pancrase, along with Suzuki.
  • Technician vs. Performer: A technician, interestingly close to the trope article's description, especially when compared with somebody like Kazushi Sakuraba.
  • Unnecessary Combat Roll: He used to do a backflip from the turnbuckle before or after his fights.
  • Unrelated Brothers: A non-tag team example. Some sites (even official ones) erroneously claim that fellow PWFG trainee and ex-WWE wrestler Shoichi Funaki (now known as FUNAKI) is Masakatsu's real life brother. Not only they aren't related at all, they had never worked together until a special match 2015.
  • Worf Had the Flu: Unlike the well conditioned Rickson, Funaki had endured years of career in a form of competition highly destructive to the body, and resented from leg injuries and general wornout. Some well timed upkicks to his most injured knee were enough to make him fall and render him unable to fend the Gracie off. Moreover, an interview with Funaki had him stating that he was actually scared going into his fight with Rickson, and that he believed his lack of confidence was a big factor in his loss.
    • On the other hand, his fights against Sakuraba and Tamura subvert this, as they were so battle worn as him or even more.
  • Worked Shoot: For entertaining and the company profit's sake, popular knowledge is that Funaki has done predetermined fights, or at least are inside suspects of such things. As it's Pancrase what we are talking about, we will probably never know it.
    • The fight between Funaki and Suzuki in 1994 was a short but spectacular work, filled with flying kicks, light striking and lucha libre-esque grappling.
    • It is believed that his losses against Frank Shamrock and Yuki Kondo were fixed by Funaki to give them credibility as top wrestlers. In his autobiography, Frank absolutely refuses to believe that his win over Funaki was legit.
    • Conversely, his win against Ken Shamrock would have been destined to rebuild his image after Ken's defeat to Royce Gracie in UFC and his own defeat to Ken at the first Pancrase event, and also to preserve Ken before his next UFC fight, which was some days after.
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