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Anime and Manga
- As pictured above, Detective Conan users this more than once:
- The Idol Singer Yoko Okino's ex boyfriend commited suicide to casts suspicion on her, but Conan clears her.
- Another case alluded to was when the ex-CEO of a company committed suicide and tried to frame his former business partner, only to be found out by Conan's father Yusaku. Years later, his son tried the opposite and was foiled by Conan himself.
- In a rather tragic instance, an Ill Girl blows herself and her car up when she finds out that her fiancé was her long-lost twin brother. Bad thing, the fiancé was in the restaurant in whose parking lot she killed herself and both of them had suspected one another of cheating, so he was immediately accused of murdering her. Conan had to race against the clock to defuse the whole deal.
- In the backstory for the Detectives Koshien mini-arc, a rich and mentally unstable young lady from Fukuoka hung herself in her mansion. Due to a thief's meddling, her butler's silence about it and an Amateur Sleuth's mistaken deductions, the case was mistakenly filed as murder and her handmaid was blamed for it. The poor maid threw herself into the sea in despair, and her best friend (another Amateur Sleuth) created the whole Detective Koshien deal to find and punish the people who drove the girl to her death.
- When a male Idol Singer hung himself few days before he was about to make a huge comeback, his ex-girlfriend and now-manager decided to plant evidence that pointed more to a murder. She did it because they shared a very sad Dark and Troubled Past that would come to the surface if the press dug into his possible reasons to kill himself, so making people think he'd been killed would distract them.
- A rich socialite in Franken Fran pulls this when her father intends to remarry. Fran, being the weirdo she is, sees right through it—and reanimates the schemer so she can confess.
- Golgo 13: The Professional has a weird version of this. The film starts with a powerful man's son being killed by Golgo 13. At the end, we learn that the son had hired Golgo to kill him - he felt he could never live up to his father's expectations, but was too squeamish to kill himself.
- In the "The Too Many Cooks Caper" in Detective Comics #500, where a dying detective fakes his own murder at his retirement dinner, causing the other detectives at the dinner to go after the mobster he framed for the crime.
- This story was based on the classic Golden Age Batman story "The Case Batman Failed To Solve!!!" from Batman #14 (December 1942-January 1943). The scenario is essentially the same but with Batman as one of the detectives present. Batman solves the case but doesn't disclose the solution to allow the dead detective Dana Drye's mystique to remain intact.
- In Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, the Joker's final joke is to frame Batman for his own death. Batman did break Joker's spine, but didn't go through with murder as he originally intended - Joker then taunts him and laughs as he snaps his own neck despite being paralyzed. Sure enough, the police believe Batman broke his code and killed the Joker.
- The opening scene of Marvel's Ruse miniseries has Simon Archard declare a nobleman's death suicide, not murder, despite the fact that he was stabbed several times in the stomach and his head was cut off. He cited evidence such as a lack of defensive wounds, the discoloration of the man's skin and blood, a faint but distinctive odor, and ink stains on his hands — which indicate that he hastily wrote a suicide note and did the deed with cyanide, after which the first person to discover the body staged it as a murder to avoid scandal.
- In the original ending of Fatal Attraction, the Stalker With a Crush slits her own throat to try and make it look like the man she'd been dallying with had done it to get rid of her.
- Actually, that likely wasn't her intent, since she sent him an audio tape warning that she felt suicidal. It's implied that this tape would get him out of jail. But then, she may have been too crazy to think things through.
- There's a movie called Cookie's Fortune, where the old lady killed herself, and left her fortune to one of the other characters... and her daughter was the first one to discover her, and so scandalized by the idea that she would have killed herself, and that people would think ill of the family for it, that she planted evidence to make it seem like murder, which led to a series of events that ended in a very just ending.
- In Leave Her to Heaven, the insanely jealous Ellen, despondent when she realizes her that everything she's done to hang on to her husband Richard (allowing his invalid brother to drown, deliberately causing herself to miscarry)has instead driven him away (he's fallen in love with her sister Ruth), poisons herself and makes it appear as though Ruth (with or without Richard's encouragement) has killed her. It almost works.
- In End of Days, one of the cops investigating a crime scene involving a man having been crucified to a ceiling after the Devil paid him a vist suggests with no trace of sarcasm in his voice that "maybe he did it to himself". Jericho, speaking for the audience, mocks him for it. The man is later revealed to be a Satanist.
- In Fletch, Chevy Chase is hired by a wealthy man to break into his house and murder him. The wannabee-victim explains that he has bone cancer and will die horribly in a few weeks, but doesn't care to commit suicide as it would invalidate his life insurance. Turns out it's a scam on the victim's part ... but that's only fair, because Chevy's "junkie drifter" facade is also a pretense by his Intrepid Reporter character.
- Invoked in Inception, as part of the overall Mind Screw.
- A double twist variant serves as the bookends for the story in I, Robot. The robot did kill Dr. Lanning, but it was actually because Lanning told him too.
- Invoked in The Life of David Gale, as part of a Thanatos Gambit to get an innocent man executed for murder.
- Happens in Narc, similar to the insurance examples below.
- Angier pulls this in The Prestige, with the added twist of (sort of) not actually being dead.
- Sherlock Holmes "The Problem of Thor Bridge". Villain sets up the evidence to frame her rival for murder, then figures out a way to shoot herself and hide the gun. Of course Holmes discovers the one subtle clue that gives the game away. Most probably a Trope Codifier.
- Agatha Christie:
- A variation in Murder at the Mews: The suicide had been without second intentions, but a friend of the deceased planted fake evidence to make it seem like it was a murder committed by the person who had driven her friend to suicide with his blackmailing.
- Agatha Christie recycled this from "The Market Basing Mystery", which has the same method of suicide, and the same method of disguising it as murder.
- This was attempted in Wasps' Nest. A dying man who has lost his fiancee to his best friend decided to kill himself using cyanide after convincing his love rival to purchase said poison for the purpose of getting rid of a wasp nest in his backyard. Thankfully, Poirot caught wind of his plot and switched out the poison with harmless soda.
- Agatha Christie changed the ending of her Appointment with Death novel in the play adaptation. There, the tyrannical Mrs Boynton cannot bear the thought that her family will be free from her psychological torturing of them when she dies, so she kills herself in a way that will make it look like one of them did it so she can still keep tormenting them in death. It Makes Sense in Context.
- In And Then There Were None, the killer fakes his own murder and then commits suicide in such a way as to match the details of his 'murder'.
- The Father Brown stories use this twice, in "The Three Tools of Death" and "The Strange Crime of John Boulnois". In the first case, the fact that the death appeared to be murder was due to chance, but the second case had the more usual situation of the suicidal person deliberately trying to frame an enemy for murder. Most probably a Trope Maker.
- Margery Allingham's Albert Campion novel Police at the Funeral has a character who doesn't just do this, but also leaves lethal booby traps for all his relatives.
- The insurance fraud version is used in Arthur Hailey's Airport - however, here the culprit intends to blow up the whole plane he's flying in.
- In one of Robert B. Parker's Spenser novels, Widow's Walk, a wife covers up her husband's suicide by making it look like murder so she could collect the insurance. Not being the sharpest knife in the drawer, it didn't occur to her who the police would consider the prime suspect...
- Inverted in Brazilian novel O Homem Que Matou Getúlio Vargas (or Twelve Fingers in English): the titular dictator shot himself in real life. In the novel, a clumsy Serbian assassin (who's distantly related to him) tries preventing him from doing so, and accidentally kills him when his extra index finger hits the trigger.
- In Fletch, the book by Gregory McDonald, the protagonist is hired by a wealthy man to break into his house and murder him. The wannabee-victim explains that he has bone cancer and will die horribly in a few weeks, but doesn't care to commit suicide as it would invalidate his life insurance. Turns out it's a scam on the victim's part he wants to murder Fletch... but that's only fair, because the protagonist's "junkie drifter" facade is also a pretense by his Intrepid Reporter character.
- One of The Cat Who books has one of the people involved in a murder plot send Qwill a letter describing the plot and saying that she fears her partners will try to kill her and make it look like an accident or a suicide. Actually it was a genuine suicide. She killed herself because her brother rejected her to marry another woman, and the letter was her way of getting revenge on him.
- While there is plenty of reason to suspect murder, especially since it happens at around the same time as another character's disappearance, it is eventually decided that the death of Edward Janacek in the Honor Harrington series was a suicide.
- The Thinking Machine: In "The Great Auto Mystery", a woman is found stabbed to death in the front of an open air automobile. It is ultimately revealed that woman was the one everyone thought she was, that the death was really suicide, and that one of the passengers knew the truth but could not say anything as it would have raised a large number of awkward questions.
Live Action TV
- One episode had a woman who tried to frame a doctor for her murder by having an affair with him and committing suicide.
- A man who lost all his money in Blackjack (trying to use the double-every-bet tactic) wedging a knife between a door hinge and slamming himself into it making it appear he was stabbed to death, so his life insurance would cover for his brother.
- Another time involved a hunter making his suicide look like a hunting accident for very similar reasons - in this case to allow for a generous life insurance payout to his wife.
- An episode has Catherine, Langston et. al. dealing with a woman who sought to escape her financial woes and rocky marriage by framing her husband for her 'murder'. The 'murder weapon' was ingested poison - namely, two full tubes of fluoridated toothpaste. (It Makes Sense in Context.)
- A subversion occurs in the episode "Who Shot Sherlock?", where the victim is the Holmes of a Sherlock Holmes club. Greg finds the gun attached to an elastic cord, concealed in the fireplace. It looks like The Problem of Thor Bridge, but it turns out the victim was drugged with morphine instead of Holmes' habitual cocaine, and it's a murder disguised as a suicide disguised as a murder.
- Hodges' 'death' (actually a scenario for his board game) in "You Kill Me" turns out to be this.
- One of the New York episodes involved a man who shot himself outdoors with a gun attached to helium balloons. The gun floated away but did eventually come down to earth and was recovered.
- Murder, She Wrote had a similar one in which the murder turned out to be suicide. The man was chronically ill but his wife concealed the suicide because he would have not been buried in the church if she hadn't (suicide being a sin and all). Interesting as there was no "murderer" set up.
- Another example: Jessica has to save an old Irish cop friend who is set up by a career criminal dying of brain cancer. He used a hollow wall and a stone to drag the gun out of view.
- Another episode had a dying Italian winery owner who invited his daughter's latest boyfriend, who he knew to be a Mob hitman, to the house in hopes the hitman would kill him and his death would make the family work together. Unfortunately, the plan went wrong and the vintner killed the assassin.
- Happened in a McMillan and Wife episode where the "victim" was trying to frame cast regular Sgt. Enright.
- The assassin variation occurs in The Odd Job, which was originally a half-hour comedy skit starring Ronnie Barker, later remade as a film starring Graham Chapman. The main character asks a hit man to kill him, but then changes his mind. Hilarity and death ensues.
- In an episode of Psych, Shawn spends the whole episode trying to figure out who's been sabotaging a stunt biker, until realizing that he's dying of cancer, and only insured for ring accidents so he's been sabataging himself so his wife and son could be well off after he dies .
- This sort of situation caused a client of Jim Rockford's to do 20 years on the The Rockford Files.
- Law & Order:
- An unhappy husband on Law & Order framed his wife and her boyfriend. Awesomely pulled off, by the way. He hired a hitman with an account of his wife's. Planted evidence that incriminated the two in the boyfriend's apartment and among wife's things. To pull all this off, however, he had to borrow money from his best friend. To make sure said friend wouldn't be caught up in his plot, he made a Video Will in which the "victim" revealed that it was his plot. Then the "victim" has a good laugh about it.
- A woman on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit made her death look so much like a homicide (having several high-powered and/or married lovers and a sexually abusive father helped) that no one even thought it was a suicide until her sister received the note.
- Law & Order: Criminal Intent had a woman frame her husband for her murder to send him to prison while protecting her daughter from an Awful Truth: her husband was a Jew-hating serial killer and she'd discovered she was a Jew (which made her daughter one by extension).
- Used in several soap operas, particularly on Guiding Light. Devastated when husband Josh leaves her to reunite with ex Reva, Annie suffers a miscarriage. However, the baby remains in her womb. At a party, Annie lured Reva to the top of a steep staircase, provoked her into an argument, then made it appear as though Reva had shoved her down the stairs. Reva was charged with manslaughter for the death of the baby, until it was proven that the baby had died long before Annie fell down the stairs.
- This appears to be the fate of Vera Bates in Downton Abbey, though as of the end of the second season we haven't learned precisely what happened
- As of the third season, it's confirmed that Vera did, in fact, kill herself with an arsenic-laced pie.
- The title character of Sherlock apparently drew this conclusion when he and Watson played the board game Cluedo in the "The Hounds of Baskerville" episode, thinking it's the "only possible solution".
John: It's not actually possible for the victim to have done it, Sherlock!Sherlock It was the only possible solution!Watson: "It's not in the rules!"Sherlock: "Then the rules are wrong!"
- On Emmerdale, Chris Tate found out he had a brain tumour and only months to live, so he arranged a meeting with his Gold Digger wife Charity and drank poisoned wine in order to frame her for his murder.
- A woman faking her own murder got the plot rolling in the Elementary episode "On The Line", loosely based on the Conan Doyle Thor Bridge story. The audience saw her go through with it in the cold open, including a 911 call where she identifies an old enemy of hers as her "assailant". Sherlock figures it out pretty quickly, but soon regrets exposing the plot, because the man she framed was a sadistic serial killer.
- Season one episode "You Do It To Yourself" featured a professor shot dead in front of witnesses, in his eyes — which looked like a vicious revenge killing. The truth is, he hired his own hitman after being diagnosed with an incurable and fatal illness, whose first symptom manifests in the eyes — and out of spite, he arranged things so that evidence would point to his Teacher's Assistant (and his wife's lover) hiring the hitman.
- Similarly, on Cold Case, a doctor was revealed to have paid his friend to shoot him and make his death to appear to be a random street crime (he had ruined his family with his gambling, but knew his hefty insurance policy wouldn't pay out if he killed himself).
- Death in Paradise had an episode in which an elderly woman made a voodoo prediction about her own death at the hands of a "scarred man" and then died in suspicious circumstances the next day. As it turns out, she had long suspected this particular scarred man of her daughter's murder, and she faked her own murder at his hands in order to get the police to investigate him again.
- In another episode, it looks like this when it a while into the episode turns out to be suicide made to look like a robbery gone wrong so the insurance pays out. There's one more twist left to be played, however... the victim had been manipulated into committing suicide by his doctor, who had gone so far as to lie the victim had a terminal illness.
- In Stargate Universe, the episode "Justice" deals with the crew investigating what looks like a suicide, but the gun used was missing from the scene, only to be found in Colonel Young's room and turning it into a murder trial. It later turns out that Spencer had committed suicide and Dr Rush planted the weapon in Young's room, not to frame him, but to throw enough doubt on him to get him replaced by someone would would permit Rush to conduct experiments on the Ancient Control Chair.
- An episode of Quantum Leap had Dr. Beckett playing an attorney whose client was accused of murdering a neighbor. The neighbor's daughter had disappeared under mysterious circumstances when a little girl, and the neighbor always believed that the client was responsible. Sam eventually discovers that the neighbor slit her own throat with one of the client's kitchen knives to invoke this trope.
- An episode of Bones had a murder turn out to be suicide where the victim planted evidence to convict three girls who had bullied her. Somehow at the end we're supposed to be sorry for the victim because she was bullied and not the three teenagers who could have gone to prison for life. Raises the question of would we still feel the same way if she had just shot the three girls?
- A variant happens in one episode Ellery Queen. The Victim of the Week actually does commit suicide, but the two people who find the body make it look like murder so they can claim the victim's life insurance.
- Remington Steele In the first season episode In the Steele of the Night, a group of Laura’s former colleagues gather at their old boss’s house. He is killed in the elevator – and different staged evidence points to different people. The last set of evidence points to Laura – but Steele proves it was suicide. In this case the goal was to give them all a bad weekend of being accused. Scheduled service for the elevator would have revealed his suicide.
- In the third series of Bron|Broen, Saga's abusive mother kills herself and frames Saga for it.
- Father Brown: Happens in "The Hangman's Demise". The Victim of the Week commits suicide in a manner designed to look like murder, and leaves evidence framing one of his friends. Overlaps with Framing the Guilty Party, because the reason he did it was that he had learned his friend had committed a murder years ago and gotten away with it. By making him out to have committed this murder, he was attempting to ensure the friend would still go to the gallows.
- The Coroner:
- The Victim of the Week in "The Fisherman's Tale" is revealed to have actually hired the sniper who killed him.
- A suicide is made to look like murder so the family will not lose the life insurance payout in "Napoleon's Violin".
- A Forever Victim of the Week did this accidentally: she intentionally overdosed on her medication to induce a simple, quiet death with the intent of going out whilst looking upon a painting created by a long-lost lover. Unfortunately, an unanticipated delay between her overdose and her arrival at the painting caused her to fall down a flight of stairs and suffer severe injuries. Undeterred, she then crawled on the floor to get that one last look at her beloved's painting; this unfortunately created the impression that she had been beaten and that she desperately attempted to escape her attacker before she succumbed. The first suspect was the man who had unwittingly caused that delay.
- Chicago Justice: In "Lily's Law" at first it looks like the victim was murdered, since her mouth was duct-taped and her hands bound, but is then revealed to have done this herself. Despite this, Stone charges her abusive ex-boyfriend with murder as he argues he'd driven her to it.
- NCIS: "Reasonable Doubt" has the wife and the mistress of a Navy journalist accuse each other of his murder. The problem is, Team Gibbs can't arrest either of them because no matter who they chose, there's enough ambiguity in the evidence to establish reasonable doubt that it could have been the other one, making it impossible for a jury to convict. It turns out the the guy killed himself, and that the two women set up the ambiguous crime scene to collect and split the life insurance money as it wouldn't pay out on a suicide.
- In Criminologist Himura and Mystery Writer Arisugawa, a girl is believed to be the latest victim of a serial killer preying on women. It emerges that her brother is the killer; but has suffered spinal injuries and now needs to use a wheelchair. His sister realized that police would suspect him if the murders suddenly stopped, so made her suicide look like a murder in order to get him off the hook.
- Arcanum: Of Steamworks & Magick Obscura has one quest where this trope features: a jerk of an elven wizard stages a suicide to look like murder to frame the hypotenuse. The player character can unravel the scheme... or play right into it. It'll only work if you play into it, too, since the people 'investigating' the case just jumped to the obvious suspect — who as it turns out was not the actual target for framing, since he was really only the obvious suspect for being the wrong race and having an obvious motive (whether he had opportunity was not looked at).
- Right before the end credits roll on Max Payne-3, a news report states that the Big Bad was found hung in his jail cell, and though its speculated that he most likely killed himself out of grief for the hand he played in the game's event, it was mentioned that it was also probable that he may have been killed to keep the truth from leaking out.
- Apollo Justice: Ace Attorney features this in case 4. The trial which eventually leads to Phoenix's disbarment is one in which he is defending Zak Gramarye (real name: Shadi Enigmar) who is suspected of murdering his mentor, Magnifi Gramarye. During the trial its shown that both Zak was sent instructions to kill Magnifi by Magnifi (who was already dying of cancer) however it's revealed that Valant, Magnifi's other apprentice, also got the instructions and that Magnifi was testing his apprentices to see who was worthy of his inheritence. Phoenix proves that Valant manipulated the time of death, leading one to the thought that Valant is the murderer. However after investigating Phoenix learns that both Zak and Valant could not have commited the crime, leaving no other possible suspects. It's not until seven years after the trial ends that Phoenix finds out Magnifi committed suicide, as he had always planned to.
- Happens in Case 3 of Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney – Spirit of Justice. It isn't until the end of it that Phoenix concludes that Tahrust Inmee wasn't murdered — he killed himself and framed Maya Fey. But not on a personal vendetta; he just wanted to prevent his pregnant wife's previous Accidental Murder from being discovered and cover a secret hideout of an organization he belonged to — It Makes Sense in Context.
- Sakura Ogami's death in Dangan Ronpa turns out to have been a suicide; the victim had just admitted she was blackmailed into being The Mole, and she knew her continued presence was a ticking time bomb that would eventually get someone killed. So she locked herself in a room and drank some poison. Unfortunately for the player, Monokuma tampers with the suicide note, leading Aoi Asahina to believe she did what she did out of despair and try to cover up the suicide to get everyone killed.
- Nagito Komaeda's death in Super Dangan Ronpa 2 turns out to be a subversion: which is to say, it was a murder, that looked like a suicide, that looked like a murder. Details as follows: He had a number of knife wounds and a spear sticking out of him. All these were self-inflicted in an elaborate way to make it look like they weren't, but he didn't die of injury. He actually tricked one of the students into poisoning him.
- Implied in Something*Positive. Kharisma and her fiance's uncle, Avogadro, don't like each other, but he issues a challenge out of boredom: he would change his will to make her his sole heir, then change it back on Thanksgiving. If she could kill him by then and get away with it, then his fortune would be hers. She tries repeatedly, but fails, only for him to die the night before Thanksgiving. It's never clear if it was suicide or just his terrible health, but either way, all the evidence from Kharisma's actual murder attempts point to her as the culprit. She's convicted, and to add insult to injury, he lied about putting her in his will.
- A Darwin Award was awarded to someone who (supposedly) accidentally did this in Real Life. He climbed into his neighbor's bathroom and stabbed himself in the chest, planning to blame his neighbor for it. Thinking the first wound didn't look deep enough, he stabbed himself again, this time fatally.
- Angelina Jolie claims to have tried this once, when in deep depression.
- Popular opinion believes that writer (and Sherlock Holmes scholar) Richard Lancelyn Green's death was an elaborate suicide, intended to look like murder, in order to cast suspicion upon one of his rivals.
- It's claimed in several secondary works on the Holmes mythos that the famous example in "Thor Bridge" was directly based on an actual suicide somewhere in Germany or Austro-Hungary, where a person shot themselves in exactly the same kind of location and using the same method of disposing of the gun, in order to frame an enemy for murder. None of the sources give enough detail to verify this, though.
- A suicide staged to look like a murder was the official conclusion in the 1978 death of Leonard Fagot.
- Books on forensic medicine usually include case histories or crime-scene descriptions of real deaths that initially appeared to be suicide and were later ruled to be murders, or vice versa.
- A particular well-thought-out one was where the woman pointed the gun at herself from above and in front of her chest, and shot herself through her clothes. A woman who commits suicide by gun usually does it from below and under her clothes. The forensic specialist had one of those indescribable hunches, and performed a test on the woman's hands for gunpowder residue; it came back positive. This, combined with the total lack of gunpowder on her ex-boyfriend's hands (and he'd been tested far too soon to wash or otherwise destroy the evidence) led to the verdict of suicide, not murder. (Yes, it was a revenge plot.)