Examples of homeschooling characters:
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Anime and Manga
- Son Gohan from Dragon Ball Z, due to living in an isolated mountain clearing; when he chooses to go to a formal high school, he has to fly to the nearest city every day. He fits the stereotype of being incredibly sheltered, to the point that he doesn't seem to understand that baseline human teens can't jump twenty feet in the air unassisted, but he's kind and friendly enough that people are mostly willing to overlook his oddities.
- Erich Frühling from The Heart of Thomas has spent his childhood at home with private tutors. As the New Transfer Student at a boy's boarding school, his classmates find him spoiled, rude, and overly attached to his mother. Another student has to intervene when Erich's first encounter with Corporal Punishment ends with him attacking the teacher.
- Alex from the OEL Nightschool is homeschooled by her older sister, Sarah, for very good reason. Sarah frequently tries to convince Alex to enroll in the titular nightschool so she can socialize with kids her age, though.
- In Tokyo Ghoul, Ghoul children are unable to attend school and as such, any education they receive comes from their families. As a direct result, suspicion of home-schooled children is heavily enforced with CCG actively encouraging people to report home-schooled children to them as potential Ghouls. Touka and Ayato, Nishiki, and Hinami are shown learning what they could from a combination of second-hand books and lessons from the people around them — Touka is shown struggling to adapt when she attends a normal High School, while Nishiki does well once he gets into a local University.
- In Kick-Ass, Mindy AKA Hit-Girl didn't go to school and was raised as a Tykebomb by her dad. She does join a school at the end of Volume One, after her father bites the dust and her nemesis is defeated.
- James-Michael in Omega The Unknown is raised in the mountains by his parents, who are secretly robots, and we are then treated to his experiences moving to NYC's Hell's Kitchen where he attends a rather terrifying Inner City School.
- Princess Sally suffers this in Sonic the Hedgehog during the time the Freedom Fighters were made to live "normal" lives. This is promptly done away with very quickly.
- Homeschooling is forbidden by law in Aeon Entelechy Evangelion, as it will only give the cultists a legal bonus when converting new members.
- In Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality, Harry Potter had to be homeschooled through his pre-Hogwarts for being unable to stay awake during regular classes.
- Most The Sentinel fanfiction has Blair homeschooled before entering Rainier University (a thinly-disguised University of Washington) at sixteen.
- The protagonist of The Dream Journal is confirmed to be homeschooled in the first chapter.
- The children in the Gensokyo 20XX story Gensokyo 20XXV are homeschooled and this is justified, being an Apocalypse Anarchy, in that the kids are taught at home because the schools are A) there isn't that many schools ,B) the ones that are around aren't very safe , and C) many of the teachers are closer to that of students than they are teachers.
- Disney High School begins with Quasimodo and Rapunzel (who are step-siblings in this story) joining the titular school after being taught by Frollo and Gothel their whole lives.
- In RV, The kids of the other family that Robin Williams' family keeps running into are homeschooled, heading for university within the foreseeable future.
- At the beginning of Mean Girls, Cady has a voiceover talking about how she knows people think all homeschooled kids are nerds (illustrated by a girl with mega-braces at a spelling bee spelling "xylocarp") or religious nuts (a family of redneck boys, one of whom explains how God created guns "so that man could fight the dinosaurs, and the homosexuals"), but she is neither of these things.
- Bethany Hamilton in Soul Surfer, and her best friend Alana Blanchard. Both girls are competitive surfers, and the best waves are during school hours.
- Several of the children in the documentary Jesus Camp, very decidedly in the "religious fundamentalists" category. We see snippets of some of their lessons, including a Creationist video cheerfully informing them that Science Is Wrong.
- Amélie in Amélie was homeschooled as a child because her father believed she had a heart deficit and shouldn't be with other kids.
- Played With in Horton Hears a Who!, where Jane Kangaroo "pouch-schooling" Rudy is meant to paint her as My Beloved Smother, though Rudy himself is sympathetic and curious.
- In A Brother's Price, Jerin and his brothers are homeschooled. This is unusual, most boys in the setting are implied to get no education at all. The princesses, of course, have private tutors.
- In Gone, Emily and her brother, Brother. Well, before the FAYZ, anyways.
- And Orsay.
- In Harry Potter, Word of God says that many Wizard families homeschool their children before they can attend Hogwarts, including the Weasleys. Most of the usual factors of this trope are averted, however.
- In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, it was stated all Wizard families were allowed to keep homeschooling their children instead of sending them to Hogwarts, although few, if any, did so. It became forbidden when a Voldemort-controlled Ministry declared Hogwarts attendance mandatory. The option was presumably restored after Voldemort's downfall.
- The backstories of several characters in the Elemental Masters novels include being taught at home by tutors who were themselves Elemental magicians. But between the time period and the social class of most of those characters, having a private tutor would have been seen as normal. (Having the lessons include Elemental magic, not so much — but that was the main reason for the tutor. Putting a magically-gifted child in a Muggle boarding school is just asking for trouble.)
- Necessary in Galaxy of Fear, since the Arrandas are traveling too much, and later are also too on the run from the Empire, to be schooled normally. DV-9 and later Hoole do their best.
- In Diary of a Wimpy Kid, a kid named Fregley. He clearly suffers from some sort of Ambiguous Disorder on the autism spectrum (odd ways of expressing himself, no concept of societal norms, supposedly very smart but unable to cope with a school environment), and was put in home schooling after first grade. Every once in a while he gets taken to school functions and creeps the other kids out.
- In Nim's Island and the accompanying movie, Nim clearly doesn't attend school—the general consensus is that she must be homeschooled.
- In Diana Wynne Jones's book "The Game", the main character is homeschooled.
- George in the first book of The Famous Five series. Then she goes to boarding school later.
- Lyra from His Dark Materials has aspects of a homeschooled child. She lives in Jordan College and is taught whatever the Scholar of the week decides to teach her, but she has no actual official schooling.
- Dian Curtis Regan's Monster Of The Month Club: Main protagonist Rilla Harmony Earth started being homeschooled because of her mother's beliefs (Sparrow Earth is a "back-to-nature" type), though she does get together with other homeschooled kids for field trips and special events.
- Saturday Night Live: The TV show "Quiz Bowl" pitted a group of public school kids against some homeschoolers.  
- Very extreme example in Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, where two brothers are homeschooled because their obsessive, possessive and controlling mother wants them under her complete control. She winds up manipulating the older boy into killing his own brother to keep social services from taking him away.
- The episode did include one normal homeschooled girl to pay lip service to how this trope isn't always true (indeed one of the antagonists of the episode was a lawyer who automatically decided that the villain was being persecuted because of this trope).
- .... But at the same time, the episode also went on a short tirade for how homeschooling is dangerous since the state can't check up on what parents teach their children or hold them up to any educational standards, so they're not being guaranteed a quality education.
- Cougartown featured a trio of homeschooled kids who have a creepy, Children of the Corn vibe to them. They make chalk drawings on other people's driveways, and woe to those who dare hose the drawings off.
- When Bill turned Jessica into a vampire on True Blood, one of her first reactions was: "No more homeschool?" When assured that this was the case, vampirism didn't seem like such a bad thing to her.
- On the Reality Show 19 Kids and Counting, the Duggar family homeschools all 19 of their children (even through college). They fit the stereotype of the religious fundamentalist children, since they don't believe in birth control (hence the 19 kids), make all the girls wear skirts, don't watch TV and have limited use of the Internet.
- The children of Raised by Wolves are all home schooled, though the fact that we never see them being taught anything makes it something of an Informed Attribute.
- The children on the series Promised Land were homeschooled by the mother, though not out of personal or religious reasons—the family traveled around the country helping people and therefore never settled anywhere long enough for them to be properly enrolled in school. Once the family permanently settles in a community, this changes.
- In Transhuman Space, homeschooling (by means of an AI tutor) is the norm. It's mentioned that (most) parents are aware of the importance of socialisation, and there are various places and events for kids to do so. The supplement Personnel Files: School Days 2100 is set in a "normal" (by 20th century standards) school, and specifically notes that this is an unusual situation.
- Homeschool Winner from Homestar Runner is portrayed as one of these (and an exceptionally intelligent one, at that) in the DVD special, Why Come Only One Girl.
- Asia Ellis in morphe. She tried public school. It didn't work out.
- Dumbing of Age, the latest addition to the Walkyverse, has Joyce, who describes herself as the most-socialized member of her homeschool group. She very much fits the 'fundamentalist' stereotype, though she's also a protagonist and treated sympathetically.
- The Fancy Adventures of Jack Cannon begin with the titular hero's first day of public school after having been home schooled his whole life.
- Hayden Bliss of the Imprint Chronicles has been homeschooled all of his life, kept in solitude by his father until he finally ran off at the start of the comic.
- In the webcomic Li'l Mell, a kid called Homeschool Joe appears in two storylines: "The Horror of Rukavina Caverns" and "Homeschool Joe Goes to School" (in which Mell brings him to school as a Show and Tell exhibit). He's depicted as a bright but nerdy kid who speaks mostly in factoids about his current field of study: bats in the first storyline, George Washington in the second. The same character, much older, appears in college in Smithson, another comic by the same writer.
- In El Goonish Shive, Grace's cover story when she started school was that she was home schooled by an elderly woman.
- Emil from Stand Still, Stay Silent was educated by private tutors and able to tailor his curriculum. Something was quite obviously done wrong, because his grades dramatically dropped when he entered the public school system after his family underwent a Riches to Rags episode (Emil blames the school system for this). He also doesn't know any Icelandic, that universe's Common Tongue, that is supposed to be a mandatory subject for academics. Among the six main characters, Emil comes across as third most educated at best, behind The Medic (who doesn't have an actual doctorate) and a Finnish desk worker just a couple years older than he is (Finns are supposed to not be that well educated in this world), who both know Icelandic among other things that Emil does not. The three that are less educated than Emil didn't get an academic education to speak of.
- South Park: two homeschoolers enter the South Park Elementary spelling bee and win. The older brother then decides he wants to go to public school. Hilarity Ensues, of course, along with An Aesop (Family unfriendly?)
- Total Drama Island:
- One of the contestants is Ezekiel, who was home-schooled, depicted as a non-social and a sexist. He was the first to be kicked off. When he became an Ensemble Darkhorse, the writers brought him back just to have him go insane and (literally) mutate into a barely-sapient, antagonistic feral child.
- Shawn, who in many ways seems to be a Suspiciously Similar Substitute for Ezekiel, is often said to be homeschooled, but this may be a case of God Never Said That. Unlike Ezekiel, he's treated sympathetically and makes it to the final two.
- Ted from Daria, who served as the title character's Guy of the Week in the episode "The New Kid." He's about as smart as Daria but far more friendly, though clueless about social interactions. His odd quirks made everyone think he was in a cult at first, though ironically made him (somewhat) popular by the end of the episode.
- My Dad the Rock Star: Willy and his sister were homeschooled until the beginning of the series, when their parents stopped living on the move and decided to enroll them in a regular school.
- Patti Mayonaise in the Disney episodes of Doug is a mostly positive example, as she starts being partially-home schooled without it damaging her social life—the only negative aspect being that Doug doesn't get to see her as often. Subverted near the end of Disney's run when her dad gets hired as a full-time teacher at Doug's school, and she winds up back with the other kids.
- Word of God describes Steven Universe's title character as homeschooled, but it's a bit of an odd example—the Crystal Gems don't seem to know what "school" is, and just kind of teach Steven informally.
Examples of attempts at homeschooling:
- An episode of My Parents Are Aliens had Brian try to do this with Josh after falling foul with his teacher. It didn't last very long as Josh found Brian's Biology lesson stupid.
- Buffy suggests homeschooling as an option when she's expelled from Sunnydale High ("It's not just for scary religious people anymore!"), but the idea is never pursued.
- Angie tries to do this with Carmen in The George Lopez Show after she leaves her public school and dosen't succeed very well.
- In Desperate Housewives, Gabrielle temporarily has to deal with homeschooling her daughter. Though she is completely inept at it and ends up letting her cleaning lady teach instead.
- Owen Cronsky in Less Than Perfect was homeschooled by his parents, and there were a few jokes made about it(like Claude and Ramona being surprised that he had an actual graduation ceremony), but it's still one of the more positive examples of this trope, as Owen turned out fairly succesful from the experience.
- The short-lived WB sitcom The O'Keefe's was about homeschooled kids trying to adjust to life, though some critics felt that the show was making fun of the whole idea of homeschooling.
- The Simpsons:
- Marge tried homeschooling in "Whacking Day" when Bart got expelled (ironically for something he didn't do) and rejected from several other schools. She even converted the garage into a classroom (which resulted in Homer almost running over Bart twice). Strangely, Bart started doing much better academically, but a Reset Button Ending allows him to go back to school, and for some reason Marge decides to send him back instead of continuing to teach him.
- In "The PTA Disbands", Bart tricked the teachers into declaring a strike. Milhouse's parents hired a tutor to educate him. Once again it seemed to work really well, but didn't last beyond the episode.
- Family Guy:
- In "E. Peterbus Unum", Lois tried to teach Meg and Chris after the U.S. army blockaded "Petoria." Chris got sent to his room for passing a note saying that Ms. Griffin was hot.
- In "Foreign Affairs" Peter tries to homeschool them again, but sends them back when it turns out that Chris had learned nothing from the experience. Of course, this isn't so much because of homeschooling per se as the fact that it's The Blind Leading the Blind.
- In an episode of My Life as a Teenage Robot, Wakeman tries to homeschool Jenny. Jenny goes with it, thinking she won't have to do any work, but it turns out that Wakeman has a classroom set up for her and she has even more work to do as usual. She ends up missing her friends and goes back to Tremorton High.
- Angela Anaconda once claimed to have caught agoraphobia so she'd never have to go to school ever again. Being homeschooled and having less time with her friends made her confess and accept punishment for having lied.
- In the South Park episode mentioned above, a B-plot involved Cartman getting his mom to homeschool him. Of course, since his mom is a total pushover, he just winds up lounging in bed all day.
- Besides the title character of Steven Universe being informally homeschooled, "Mirror Gem" parodies the "attempted homeschool" plotline when Steven first hears about school from his Muggle Best Friend and tries to set one up with Pearl. They get all the supplies they need but don't know what to do with them, and give up after a few minutes. So Steven cheers happily for summer vacation.