"2001 A.D. - The world as you know it is no more. A deadly virus has wiped out 99% of the female population and the few surviving women are now worshipped as QueenLords. You are Griffin Spade, warrior and Battlelord in a post-apocalyptic future. With only the BattleTanx at your command, you must save mankind from extinction! Fight your way across the wasteland that was once America and rescue the QueenLords from roving gangs of mercenaries and thugs."
The world has just been rocked by a near-Gendercide
. Nearly the entire male or female population has been killed by The Virus
or something similar. Alternatively, a particular people would be a One-Gender Race
were it not for the occasional exception of a male/female being born. Occasionally it won't be a scarcity individuals from one gender so much as a scarcity of fertile individuals, which for most intents and purposes amounts to much the same thing
(see also Only You Can Repopulate My Race
). Though it does make it harder to tell which individuals are reproductively useful.
When any of these happen, the rarity of the surviving gender will leave them to one of at least two fates.
- The rare gender will attain high status (perhaps even virtual godhood) and wield great political power because they're the only ones with the "wherewithal" to keep the species viable.
- The rare gender will lose all status (perhaps even virtual slavery) because they're extremely valuable breeding stock that has to be possessed and protected if you want to keep the species going.
Note that the former is more likely in limited-fertility scenarios and a Lady Land
or No Woman's Land
is almost inevitable in the latter. And let's not forget the Double Standard: Rape, Female on Male
While there are other possibilities and variations between these two extremes these are the two most commonly encountered.
Rare Gender Worshipped
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Anime & Manga
- A large part of the plot of Nagasarete Airantou is that Ikuto is the only male on the whole island. Making him the only one who can help repopulate it. The end of the anime has an inversion: The men from Airantou had drifted to another nearby island, creating the exact opposite situation when Ikuto's sister washed up there. We see her, and she describes a situation that is almost identical to what Ikuto went through, just as a girl on an island of guys instead, where the men on the other island are all treating her respectfully wheras many of the females with Ikuto have various levels of intent to claim him as their own.
- One of the basic assumptions in the film Children of Men is that people have suddenly become infertile, and no one is sure why. When a woman who is not only fertile, but actually pregnant, is found she's fought over like she was the last slice of pizza at a frathouse poker game.
- Hell Comes to Frogtown, in which "Rowdy" Roddy Piper plays Sam Hell, one of the last fertile men on Earth (and is thus in high demand). Along with Sandahl Bergman doing a sexy dance and a man-sized frog with a three-headed penis! Who utters the classic line after Bergman's dance: "You have aroused the three-headed snake!".
- Female children are rare among the Discworld's Nac Mac Feegle. These girls become Keldas, leaders of Nac Mac Feegle clans. The fact they're a lot smarter (and saner) than most of the men helps too.
- A concussed duckling is saner than most of these men.
- Also, in Interesting Times, Rincewind was nearly taken in by a tribe of woman warriors who lost their menfolk to a very specific plague. Then he's summoned back to Ankh-Morpork by wizards.
- Robert A. Heinlein's The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress. Due to the Moon having a very low women:men ratio, the women are completely in charge when it comes to sex, and any man who attacks a woman will find himself Thrown Out the Airlock. When some Earth troops rape and kill a prostitute, the Lunar colony uses it as a pretext to start The War of Earthly Aggression early.
- Through a good portion of Inheritance Cycle, Saphira angsts about being the last living female dragon in Alagasia, thus the duty, she feels, falls to her to repopulate the world with the two remaining eggs that are still under control by the Evil Empire. later when it is found that there is another living dragon, she quickly responds to the urge to ensure the continuation of her species, which is not reciprocated. She hatched around a year ago. Counts because there are plural males, just unhatched. Oh, and Glaedr receives VIP status for having a pulse.
- On the Honor Harrington planets of Grayson and Masada, women outnumber men three-to-one, but it's the men who are in charge. This is largely due to a religious beliefs that held women were incapable of bearing serious responsibility in men's areas. Graysons, at least, had become fairly chivalrous about this in recent years, whereas the Masadans were full-on He Man Woman Haters.
- In Dragonriders of Pern, the golden "queen" dragons are both the rarest dragons and the only fertile females. Queen dragons make up about five percent of the entire dragon population, while greens (the smallest and lowest-ranking) are about half the population.
- Interestingly, greens are also female, and are only sterile because (like the males) they are fed firestone to allow them to breathe flame. Brief scenes involving a young gold dragon seem to suggest that if they were to withhold firestone from a green (either from hatching, possibly allowing them only a small ration thereof; or from a mature green) they may produce viable fertilised clutches. This does produce mild Fridge Logic moments with the primary plot point from the first novel, but they may be Hand Waved or justified by assuming that greens only produce green eggs.
- Green firelizards are fertile and it's said that green clutches produce smaller, weaker hatchlings than gold clutches. Also, only golds produce another gold, one per clutch or less. When you need dragons to keep your planet from being devoured by Thread, you want big, strong dragons with stamina, thus from golds and not greens.
- In Wen Spencer's A Brother's Price male children are a lot rarer then female children which results in a society with reversed traditional gender roles and arranged polygamous marriage between a man and multiple women (usually sisters), and by multiple think anywhere from 5 to 30.
- Also a literal Gender Rarity Value, a "Brother's Price" is how much a family gets for selling their brother. Usually it's just a swap for another family's brother or a straight sale to a family for cash. The male ends up marrying all the women in the new family. However there is also the option of selling him to a "Crib" aka whorehouse, where he'll spend the rest of his life drugged to the eyeballs on fantasy world viagra impregnating women who can't afford to buy a husband.
- In Frank Herbert's The White Plague, a geneticist is driven mad when his wife and twin daughters are killed by an IRA bomb, so he takes revenge on the world by creating a disease which is carried by men but fatal to women. By the end of the book, a new set of customs is revolving about the status of women, with an odd combination of worship and slavery. (Basically, society expects that the women will have multiple children by multiple men, but the women can choose whom they want to procreate with so long as they aren't exclusive. Spinsterhood is not an option for a human race that came close to extinction.)
- Explicitly invoked in Lois McMaster Bujold's Vorkosigan Saga. When advanced reproductive technology comes to patriarchal Barayar most people naturally use it to favor boys but motherless, sisterless (but not brotherless, and that's a very important point) Drou Koudelka uses it to make sure all four of her children are girls. Her husband Commodore Koudelka later admits he was only amenable to this plan after he was convinced that gender rarity value would make his daughters very hot commodities in the future. And sure enough the four sisters of "Team Koudelka" all end romantically attached to rising stars in the military, commerce, government and the sciences.
- In the dystopian novel Prized by Caragh O'Brien, the sequel to Birthmarked, Gaia leaves the Enclave with her baby sister to find her grandmother. She is captured by a society called Sylum, where female babies are rare. The society is a matriarchy where women are prized and men and childless women are looked down upon.
Live Action TV
- The Gerudo in The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time have only one male child every 100 years. One male child, Ganondorf, becomes their king. This doesn't go well.
- The BattleTanx games on Nintendo 64 and PlayStation had a plague wipe out 99% of the female population. The remainder were dubbed QueenLords and the remaining men fight over them with tanks.
- In Mass Effect, the krogan were hit by a Depopulation Bomb that causes 99.9% of births to be stillborn (amazingly, this actually stabilizes the krogan birthrate). As a result, females who can reliably bring larger litters to term are considered extremely valuable, and to prevent themselves from becoming pawns of the tribes, women have segregated themselves into single-sex clans. One planet is mentioned to have once been the main base of a notorious female krogan warlord, who was one of the last women around who could reliably bear living offspring - and who parlayed that into a position of enormous power, gathering a literal armada of male krogan to her banner.
- Also the salarians. The race is 90% male, but they rarely wield political power. The females wield the highest ranks through being clan matriarchs. This is subverted for the salarians, however, because the females closely regulate the gender of their children, enforcing the 90/10 ratio. There's a logical reason for their doing so, as well. Salarians are "haplo-diploid oviparous" reproducers. Basically, females lay eggs frequently (at least once a year, if not more), even without any sexual contact; unfertilised eggs hatch as males, fertilised eggs hatch as females. This is balanced by a 40-year lifespan, but the salarian colonies still tend to require careful self-regulation to avoid overpopulation.
- Non Plot Point examples, many Pokémon have low chances for one gender. Before Ditto became accessible in Generation 3, people would Save Scum for female starters (as Gender Equals Breed, without a Ditto you need a female to get more)
- Only a female Combee can evolve into Vespiquen. 87.5% (Or 7 out of 8) of wild Combee are male. This is the same ratio used for starter, fossil and other rare Pokémon like Eevee, Snorlax and Lucario.
- Also, female Meowstic have a more offense-based learnset. This is more valuable for some players.
- The Fallout series' Vault 69 had with in 999 women and one man. The women fought and killed each other over the sole male. There is also Vault 68, with 999 men and one woman, but what happened within it is unknown.
- Penny Arcade parodied these examples with Vault 43: 20 men, 10 women, and one panther. Presumably the panther helped even out the gender ratio a bit- or made things worse.
- In World of Warcraft, female dwarf characters are rather rarely played. While they aren't really "worshipped" in any way, they happen to be treated as sort of an oddity/rarity by some playersnote , and sometimes have to be actively sought for, more so than female characters of other races (e.g. for the achievement, which requires a player to put a set of rabbit ears on female character of every race, level 18 or higher).
- Laura of Collar 6 came from such a place. The island of Sybion has several thousand women, and about fifty men. Religious texts decree the men are descended from gods and are to be worshiped as such. Upon coming of age, women become part of a man's harem with the ultimate intent to bear a male child.
- In Draconia Chronicles, male tigers live in a peaceful enclave while the females get sent into combat. Male dragons, in their turn, are so rare that only the queen is allowed to speak with them.
- Not as extreme as the other examples, but in Galaxy High there are far fewer women attending than men. When Aimee arrives she instantly becomes popular and gets an admirer while Doyle is ignored, despite both being new and unusual students.
- In one episode of Futurama, Professor Farnsworth creates a time machine that can go forward in time. The Professor, Bender, and Fry go forward in time through several different periods. Eventually they reach one where the Earth is populated by gorgeous young women. The women explain that men are very rare in their society, so even old and stupid ones are treated like kings.
- Another episode involves travel to Alternate Dimensions by way of cardboard boxes. Prof. Farnsworth sticks his head into one, and withdraws it, covered in lipstick prints. He comments: "All women! I think I'll put this one aside for later."
- Species of gregarious sequential harmaphrodites will form social groups of one dominant female and several subordinate males, or vice-versa. It's not so much that the uniquely-sexed individual becomes dominant, rather the dominant individual becomes uniquely-sexed.
Rare Gender Enslaved
Live Action TV
- An episode of Sliders had the Sliders land on a world where the bulk of the male population was killed in biological war. The result is that remaining men are kept in facilities with the intent of using them to breed future generations. This goes to ridiculous extent that the two world superpowers (based on male population count): US and Australia, constantly steal each other's males. Men are rated on a number of "encounters" per month. A particular stud is famous for having the average count in the 200s (that's over 6 women per day), and a man is forcibly separated from his wife and placed in a repopulation facility. And she's not allowed to even see him, much less sleep with him, because she's not attractive enough for their eugenics program. Apparently, even with the absence of men women are still obsessed with beauty, although that could just be an artifact of a male-dominated culture. One wonders if this culture doesn't have any form of artificial insemination.
- The professor actually says that they definitely don't use any form of technology to improve the fertility process. Exactly why isn't explained.
- Simple enough, they just hadn't developed said technology. The Professor actually was ranting how he was being used as a breeder animal rather than respected for his mind and how he could have told them how to vastly improve their repopulation efforts if they'd just listened to him.
- Obligatory Star Trek Example: In Star Trek: Enterprise, there's an episode with a species who have 3 genders. The "cogenitors" are treated in a manner not befitting pet hamsters- They aren't even given names, let alone education or freedom. (the cogenitors make up less than 3 percent of the population, setting themselves into this trope nicely)
- The Doctor Who serial "Galaxy Four" features this with the Drahvins. We only ever meet the females and their leader, Maaga, is initially confused when the Doctor's companion Steven asks about their men. When she does understand her response is an offhand remark that they keep as many males as they need and simply kill the rest.
- The Rainbow Cadenza has men outnumbering women seven to one, and women are drafted into prostitution for three years.
- Selonians in the Star Wars Expanded Universe were ruled by the sterile females of the species. Males and fertile females were kept on the homeworld for breeding.
- In the Star Wars Expanded Universe, Luke is the first "male witch", ie male Force-Sensitive, the Dathomiri have seen. He is immediately enslaved, though he later proves to be largely playing along, not seriously threatened.
- The Olympians in Jack Chalker's Well World series are an offshoot of humanity deliberately engineered to fulfill The Dragon's harem fantasies which combine inbred female loyalty and subservience imperatives with nigh-irresistable male sexual prowess and a low male birth rate to reduce future competition. Then he gets killed. 200 years later it's the males who are kept in communally owned harems because after his death the women immediately decided that the best way to protect, coddle, and serve their rare and precious male children was to keep them in guarded creches and raise them to be little more than gigalos and sperm donors.
- Speaking of Olympians, in Greek Mythology, The mythological all-woman warrior tribe, Amazons are said to have kept in contact with an all-male tribe called the Gargareans, who they'd come in contact with to have kidnap, rape, and murder so they can have offspring, then chuck the male kids back to the tribe and take all of the female children born. As you can see, Amazons were extremely nice people.
- Wen Spencer's A Brother's Price features a world where many more women are born than men; it's speculated to be around the rate of nine girls to every boy, but since male fetuses often miscarry and baby boys tend to die, the ratio is in fact even more skewed. Everything, therefore, is run by women while men are property to be traded and protected. There's mention that infanticide of girl babies actually still happens in this world; male children are valuable as investments and property, wheras girls must be trained and taught to work.
- In the Garrett, P.I. Verse, goblins produce five or six male offspring per female born. Goblin culture is too macho-oriented to settle for polyandry, gay relationships or equal rights, so one-third of their males die in fights over females before age 23. Female goblins with any sense tend to ditch their husbands and run off to the human lands, first chance they get.
- Men in Ooku: the Inner Chambers land on this side of the line. When rather more than 75% of men die before adulthood from the endemic Redface Pox the survivors are protected from danger and strenuous activity wherever possible (women have taken over everything from farming to fishing to smithing). However men have also been crowded out of government (too stressful for their delicate constitutions) and few think twice about pimping out boys as young as fourteen to women seeking children. Male children are expected to provide a steady source of income to their families. Only wealthy women can afford to buy a man's exclusivity and marry him; only the shogun is powerful enough to have a harem of men kept for her exclusive use.
- In NationStates, the country Lovable Weirdos has no men naturally. Men are bought from the nation of Des-Bal as slaves and used only for breeding purposes with next to no rights.
- In Meet and fuck: Star Mission, males have declined "due to a succession of wars". Males are kept in cryostasis untill The Federation needs a few sperm samples, thawed, thrown a sandwich and a vial. Once the samples are collected, they get stuck back in the freezer and shipped to another colony.
- With one exception involving Time Travel, players only ever see female Mithra in Final Fantasy XI. They are, mechanically, an all-female race. They do have males, but according to the game's backstory, males are rare and kept sheltered to ensure their species' survival. They typically stay home and raise the kids while the females hunt and adventure.
Anime and Manga
- Played both ways in One Piece. The "Isle of Women", Amazon Lily, forbids men to step upon it on pain of death. This works so well that only the oldest woman on the island could even identify a man when she saw one, since all the women who leave the island for supplies and what not and know what males look like are just coming back to the island. However, once Luffy befriends Boa Hancock and gains her permission to be on the island, the women can't get enough of him and are eager to just touch him before he leaves.
- YuYu Hakusho: Rare gender expelled with extreme prejudice. Hiei, the only male ever born to the Koorime, is thrown off the their floating island shortly after his birth. He was, apparently, conceived through his mother's interactions with a fire demon, rather than the usual immaculate conception.
- In the anime at least the rare males born from such events (which has to happen around the time they spontaneously become pregnant with a female child) are inherently born with fire magic affinity and are felt to be a threat (given the anti-male behavior of the old crone could be case of self-fulfilling prophesy) so killed at birth by being tossed off their hidden floating island.
- Y: The Last Man has both extremes of this trope mentioned, if not explored. The hero's journey is largely motivated by his desire not to become a slave subject to variation 2. The final epilogue implies that the baby boy born to the astronaut and cosmonaut grew up to become the ruler of Russia, making future Russia variation 1.
- A House fanfiction series in which there are absolutely no females and Blue Eyed men are capable of becoming pregnant. With this all blue-eyed men (House himsself included) are rounded up in government sweeps, enslaved, shoved in a procession-line style facility and forced into sex with multiple Breeders and not allowed to see their children, in order to repopulate the world with females. a twist at the end of the first installation reveals that the reason why the proud mummies aren't allowed to see their offspring is that there are absolutely no female babies being born and the government don't want the secret released.
- An extremely popular case of Fan Wank in the My Little Pony Friendshipis Magic fandom, given how few male characters there are compared to the female roster both as main, background and supporting roles (although the newer seasons have evened this out). Many Fan Fic authors have explored or at least mentioned the phenomenon in passing. Sometimes it is Deconstructed, used as justification for a herd-style society, or simply to "explain" why Everyone Is Gay.
- From the Star Wars universe, the Gamorreans, best known as the Orc-like guards at Jabba's palace, exist to fight. The males do, anyway, which is why at least five boars are born for every sow, to make up for losses due to fighting.
- In the Expanded Universe, Cereans have a gross imbalance between males and females and a low birthrate. Ki Adi Mundi is a polygamist as a result and is one of the few Jedi given official sanction to marry.
- Hell Comes To Frogtown — Roddy Piper plays the most fertile man on Earth in a future where fertility is scarce. While valuable, he is forced into a government mission to rescue — and impregnate — a treasured group of fertile women.
- A partial example with Elena in Women Of The Otherworld who is the only known female werewolf. Partial because female werewolves aren't necessary to propagate the species, because Gender Equals Breed when werewolves mate with humans, but she's still treated as a novelty and many werewolves wish they could have her with them. But the pack she's with treats her as an individual.
- F.M. Busby's The Breeds Of Man posits a limited fertility future where an HIV cure Gone Horribly Wrong effectively prevents women from being impregnated twice by the same man because their souped-up immune systems develop immunity after the first "infection" that effectively excludes any future impregnation by any man with the same blood type. Many draconian solutions running to both ends of the Gender Rarity Value spectrum are discussed but none are actually implemented. Meanwhile, women who want more children just take the practical route and start sleeping around.
- Masters of the Fist, a collection of short stories by Edward P. Hughes: in the aftermath of World War III, all the men in a certain Irish village have gone sterile, except for a British Army sergeant who salvaged a Challenger tank and used it to defend the place from brigands. A council of village elders therefore decrees the sergeant to now be the village's "lord,"note who must deflower every girl of the village just before her wedding. He isn't very happy about it, especially since one of the council, the schoolteacher, is the only woman he really wanted ... but he's not allowed to marry her, because he has to be the village's stud. He's also rather squicked when the process has gone on long enough that most or all of the girls these days are his daughters.
- French post-Apocalypse novel Malevil plays quite a bit with this trope.
- The worshiped variety at Malevil castle. Miette is flat out told that she will not be the property of six men and is given free reign to choose a husband. In response, she Takes a Third Option and starts a Polyamory relationship. Everyone treats her with the utmost kindness and respect, except La Menou. Her sister Catie and Angčs are treated the same when they arrive later.
- Averted at La Roque village. As a number of women have survived as well, both sexes go about their business as relatively "normal".
- The enslaved variety comes to rule La Roque after Vilmain's army captures the city. Fulbert barely kept his men from being rapists, it's a reward for Vilmain's veteran troops.
- In the sci-fi novel Godspeed, which focuses on a colony world cut off from all superluminal contact, something in the locally-grown food causes a gross imbalance in the number of men vs women, so that very, very few girls are born. As such, women on that world are treated with great respect and tend to be sheltered and hidden away from anything that could conceivably be a danger. On the other hand, unprotected women are in considerable danger: the lack of women has made many of the men sexually frustrated, and willingness to rape is quite high. The only reason the female doctor is permitted on a spaceship voyage to the outer system is because she is elderly, and therefore long past being sexually attractive or having any childbearing value.
Live Action TV
- In Warhammer Fantasy Battles only one tenth of all dwarfs are born female. Dwarf holds are ruled over by kings and women hold little political power but are still highly respected in their society. Women may marry more then one man in which case they are encouraged to marry brothers.
- In the Star Fleet Universe (A Star Trek derivative game universe), some ugly wars on Alpha Centauri resulted in so many men being killed off that the planet shifted over to a matriarchal society. For a while, men were relegated to 'traditional women's' roles in society and reduced in status, though by the time of the setting, this had eased (along with the gender imbalance) for all intents and purposes they have equal rights, though Alpha Centauri women outnumber their men in Star Fleet and other branches of Federation government.
- The two warring factions in the Girls Love Space Opera Angels 2200 appear to have chosen opposite versions of this trope following the male gendercide: The Colonials appear to have opted for version one with males in command positions while the Terrans appear to have opted for version two since none of their males have ever appeared at all, which is not surprising, considering the Terrans created the Gendercide plague in the first place. One Terran pilot claims that her father didn't die in the plague: he abandoned his family to become a playboy afterwards
- It's complicated with foxtaurs in the Chakona Space 'verse. Vixens outnumber Todds four-to-one so they practice polygyny and males are variously strongly discouraged to forbidden from pursuing "dangerous" professions such as hunting.
- In Futurama episode "Amazon Women In The Mood", Fry and Zapp Brannigan are captured by giant women, and sentenced to death by constantly having sex with them, aka Death by Snu-Snu. It's also indicated that the other men in the tribe all died from crushed pelvises.
- Boys are born slightly more often than girls but are slightly less likely to survive to adulthood, due to being far more likely to be the victims of violent crime as well as the fact that men are more likely to inherit certain genetic diseases like hemophilia due to only having one X chromosome, not to mention that a large number of high-risk jobs were primarily male-only until recently (construction, law enforcement, the military.) The differences (on the order of 1% either way, depending upon culture) are far too small to constitute rarity.
- Eusocial hymenopteran insects like Bees and Ants have three sexes: fertile females (queens), fertile males (drones), and steriles females (workers). These sexes are generally produced in ratios of 1:10s:10,000s; and though queens, drones, and workers all have different tasks to perform; 'worship' or 'enslavement' is just not the right terminology, as insect behavior is mediated entirely by instinct and emergent social behaviors. That being said, a lot of effort is devoted to the health and well-being of the reproductive units of the hive/colony at the expense of the sterile workers; but that maintenance often includes killing old or diseased or foreign queens.
- In China, male children currently outnumber females about 117 to 100 in the recent generations. Since the beginning of the One-Child Policy in 1978, female fetuses have been aborted more often than males and newborn girls are sometimes killed or abandoned; this is the result of the law interacting with the tradition in China is that the men carry the family name and take care of their parents in their old age. This is especially common in rural areas where traditional social norms may be the only safety net for the elderly. It is significantly less common in wealthier urban areas, where women have much greater access to education and jobs and their contribution to the household is viewed more equitably. The rural shortage of women has made it increasingly difficult for young men to find wives and has sometimes resulted in internal and international human trafficking because families are willing to pay substantial sums for a bride, consenting or not. The Chinese government has been working to raise the status of female children and end these practices but attitudes change more slowly than laws.
- In Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, the male/female gender ratio is about 2 to 1, because the countries' economies rely on large numbers of overwhelmingly male guest workers from other countries like Bangladesh. Alaska has a similar gender imbalance, as a considerable chunk of the population is employed in traditionally male manual labor jobs like fishing and oil rig maintenance.
- A woman in technical or engineering studies or a man in education and personal beauty jobs will often find themselves the only (fe)male in the immediate vicinity. Depending on their views on the topic, and the attitudes of their co-workers, this can be isolating and unpleasant enough to drive them out of the field entirely in search of a more equitable environment, perpetuating the cycle of underrepresentation.
- While their number have been increasing in the past years, Female Nerds still occasionally feel treated like yetis or fetishized in unrealistic ways by their male counterparts. Those feelings can be unfounded or legitimate in individual cases, and cannot be judged wholesale.
- Biologists analyze the behaviors and actions of species in terms of "genetic fitness", which is basically the proportion of an individual's genes in the next generation. Whenever the ratio of a given sex goes down relative to the other, it becomes more advantageous (in terms of fitness) to have offspring of that sex, so that sex is temporarily more valuable. In the long run, this causes nearly all sexually reproducing species to have an equal ratio of males to females, even for species whose males spend most of their lives alone and thus (it would appear) don't contribute much to the group's welfare. The mothers in some species have developed means to determine the offspring's sex in response to apparent conditions.
- As of 2011, there's mounting concern in America that the relative absence of men from higher education and the disparate impact of unemployment on male-dominated fields in the wake of the recession have left many college-educated women without opportunities to meet and have relationships with their educational and social peers. 57% of American college students are female and some colleges are quietly and controversially engaging in affirmative action benefiting men in order to avoid a skewed sex ratio that would be seen as hurting the reputation and perceived social life of college campuses. One-fifth of working-age males are currently not participating in the workforce. These trends have been seen as causing an ongoing re-evaluation of traditional marriage and relationship norms and skewing the balance of power in dating towards men, at least according to this much-discussed article. Some have claimed that the reluctance of college-educated women to accept less educated or career-driven spouses is itself a form of sexism. However, it is also important to remember that men and women bear the consequences of marriage unequally: with multiple interpretations as to why - Men tend to spend less time on household upkeep after marriage but women spend more, usually being expected to cook and clean as well as working outside the home. Women are often expected to sacrifice their own careers for the sake of their husbands. Or, on the other hand, men are expected to slave away at a difficult job to earn money, while women have less pressure to work themselves to the bone, and can - with the help of modern conveniences - live a life of relative luxury.
- Given that black American men are much more likely than white men to be imprisoned (with both longer sentences and more occurrences of false convictions) and they seem much more likely to die young, there's been a very large gender gap for black American women for years, which exerts an interesting and possibly unfortunate influence. It's worthy to note that men are imprisoned for longer than women, and that the gender gap outweighs the race gap here.
- One thing to consider is that the work inequity that typically exists between working couples doesn't exist or does so in a reduced way in traditional partnerships, namely one person works while the other takes care of household. While this is unrealistic for a lot of working class families, this relationship type is more viable for higher income individuals. What may end up happening if the trend continues is an increase in the number of "house husbands", since men are getting a reduced quality of education (for multiple controversial reasons) and therefore becoming less desirable to employers, while a woman's value is rising. In order for this kind of adaptation to take hold however, there will need to be a rather radical shift in gender roles and what is considered attractive in a mate.
- Russia has a gender ratio of 86 men to 100 women, due to a higher male death rate from various public health problems (including widespread alcoholism). This has led some people to advocate the legalization of polygamy.