->''"2001 A.D. - The world as you know it is no more. A deadly virus has wiped out 99% of the female population and the few surviving women are now worshipped as [=QueenLords=]. You are Griffin Spade, warrior and Battlelord in a post-apocalyptic future. With only the [=BattleTanx=] at your command, you must save mankind from extinction! Fight your way across the wasteland that was once America and rescue the [=QueenLords=] from roving gangs of mercenaries and thugs."''
-->-- ''From the box of ''VideoGame/BattleTanx''.''

The world has just been rocked by a near-{{Gendercide}}. Nearly the entire male or female population has been killed by TheVirus or something similar. Alternatively, a particular people would be a OneGenderRace were it not for the occasional exception of a male/female being born. Occasionally it won't be a scarcity individuals from one gender so much as a scarcity of fertile individuals, [[CaptainObvious which for most intents and purposes amounts to much the same thing]] (see also OnlyYouCanRepopulateMyRace). Though it does make it harder to tell which individuals are reproductively useful.

When any of these happen, the rarity of the surviving gender will leave them to one of at least two fates.

# The rare gender will attain high status (perhaps even virtual godhood) and wield great political power because they're the only ones with the "wherewithal" to keep the species viable.
# The rare gender will lose all status (perhaps even virtual slavery) because they're extremely valuable breeding stock that has to be possessed and protected if you want to keep the species going.

Note that the former is more likely in limited-fertility scenarios and a LadyLand or NoWomansLand is almost inevitable in the latter. And let's not forget the DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale factor.

While there are other possibilities and variations between these two extremes these are the two most commonly encountered.
!!Rare Gender Worshipped

[[folder: Anime & Manga ]]
* A large part of the plot of ''Manga/NagasareteAirantou'' is that Ikuto is the ''only'' male on the whole island. Making him the only one who can help repopulate it. The end of the anime [[spoiler:has an inversion: The men from Airantou had drifted to another nearby island, creating the exact opposite situation when Ikuto's sister washed up there. We see her, and she describes a situation that is almost identical to what Ikuto went through, just as a girl on an island of guys instead, where the men on the other island are all treating her respectfully wheras many of the females with Ikuto have various levels of intent to claim him as their own.]]
* In ''{{Manga/Ooku}}'', due to the Redface Pox, women outnumber men 4:1. As a result of the Gendercide being due to health reasons, men basically don't have to do anything except breed: women didn't stop doing household chores, they just took over traditionally male work as well. Having a husband becomes extremely expensive and most women resort to male prostitutes to have an heir. Only men in the Ooku have any form of political pull that isn't the result of being married or a son to anyone with political power.
* In ''Manga/AnimalX'' female dinosauroids capable of giving birth are valued highly, though expected to give birth as frequently as possible. It's unclear how much Yuiji's poor treatment is because of the gender imbalance, and [[FantasticRacism how much is because he's human]]. If nothing else, [[spoiler: K-01]] is literally worshipped by male dinosauroids as divine [[spoiler: although this might be purely the result of her psychic powers influencing their minds.]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* StrawFeminist Creator/MarvelComics supervillain Superia tried to invoke this to TakeOverTheWorld: she built a missile with a biological warhead capable of sterilizing all women on Earth except for her group of female followers, thus making them the only fertile females on Earth and thus its rulers. ComicBook/CaptainAmerica rightfully [[YoureInsane calls her nuts]].

* One of the basic assumptions in the film ''Film/ChildrenOfMen'' is that people have suddenly become infertile, and no one is sure why. When a woman who is not only fertile, but actually pregnant, is found she's fought over like she was the last slice of pizza at a frathouse poker game.
* ''Hell Comes to Frogtown'', in which "Rowdy" Roddy Piper plays Sam Hell, one of the last fertile men on Earth (and is thus in high demand). Along with Sandahl Bergman doing a sexy dance and a man-sized frog with [[spoiler:a three-headed penis! Who utters the [[SoBadItsGood classic line]] after Bergman's dance: "You have aroused the three-headed snake!"]].

* Female children are rare among the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'''s Nac Mac Feegle. These girls become Keldas, leaders of Nac Mac Feegle clans. The fact they're a lot smarter (and saner) than most of the men helps too.
** A concussed duckling is saner than most of these men.
** Also, in ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'', Rincewind was nearly taken in by a tribe of woman warriors who lost their menfolk to a very specific plague. Then he's summoned back to Ankh-Morpork by wizards.
* Creator/RobertAHeinlein's ''Literature/TheMoonIsAHarshMistress''. Due to the Moon having a very low women:men ratio, the women are completely in charge when it comes to sex, and any man who attacks a woman will find himself ThrownOutTheAirlock. When some Earth troops rape and kill a prostitute, the Lunar colony uses it as a pretext to start TheWarOfEarthlyAggression early.
* Through a good portion of ''Literature/InheritanceCycle'', Saphira angsts about being the last living female dragon in Alagasia, thus the duty, she feels, falls to her to repopulate the world with the two remaining eggs that are still under control by the EvilEmpire. [[spoiler:later when it is found that there is another living dragon, she quickly responds to the urge to ensure the continuation of her species, which is not reciprocated]]. She hatched around a year ago. Counts because there are plural males, just unhatched. [[spoiler:Oh, and Glaedr receives VIP status for having a pulse.]]
* On the ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' planets of Grayson and Masada, women outnumber men three-to-one, but it's the men who are in charge. This is largely due to a religious beliefs that held women were incapable of bearing serious responsibility in men's areas. Graysons, at least, had become fairly chivalrous about this in recent years, whereas the Masadans were full-on {{He Man Woman Hater}}s.
* In ''Literature/DragonridersOfPern'', the golden "[[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic queen]]" dragons are ''both'' the rarest dragons and the only fertile females. Queen dragons make up about five percent of the entire dragon population, while greens (the smallest and lowest-ranking) are about half the population.
** Interestingly, greens are also female, and are only sterile because (like the males) they are fed firestone to allow them to breathe flame. Brief scenes involving a young gold dragon seem to suggest that if they were to withhold firestone from a green (either from hatching, possibly allowing them only a small ration thereof; or from a mature green) they may produce viable fertilised clutches. This does produce mild FridgeLogic moments with the primary plot point from the first novel, but they may be HandWaved or justified by [[EpilepticTrees assuming that greens only produce green eggs]].
*** Green firelizards are fertile and it's said that green clutches produce smaller, weaker hatchlings than gold clutches. Also, only golds produce another gold, one per clutch or less. When you need dragons to keep your planet from being devoured by Thread, you want big, strong dragons with stamina, thus from golds and not greens.
* In Creator/WenSpencer's ''Literature/ABrothersPrice'' male children are a lot rarer then female children which results in a society with reversed traditional gender roles and arranged polygamous marriage between a man and multiple women (usually sisters), and by multiple think anywhere from 5 to 30.
** Also a literal Gender Rarity Value, a "[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Brother's Price]]" is how much a family gets for selling their brother. Usually it's just a swap for another family's brother or a straight sale to a family for cash. The male ends up marrying all the women in the new family. However there is also the option of selling him to a "Crib" aka whorehouse, where he'll spend the rest of his life drugged to the eyeballs on fantasy world viagra impregnating women who can't afford to buy a husband.
* In Creator/FrankHerbert's ''The White Plague'', a geneticist is driven mad when his wife and twin daughters are killed by an IRA bomb, so he takes revenge on the world by creating a disease which is carried by men but fatal to women. By the end of the book, a new set of customs is revolving about the status of women, with an odd combination of worship and slavery. (Basically, society expects that the women will have multiple children by multiple men, but the women can choose whom they want to procreate with so long as they aren't exclusive. Spinsterhood is not an option for a human race that came close to extinction.)
* Explicitly invoked in Creator/LoisMcMasterBujold's ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga''. When advanced reproductive technology comes to patriarchal Barayar most people naturally use it to favor boys but motherless, sisterless (but not brotherless, and that's a very important point) Drou Koudelka uses it to make sure all four of her children are girls. Her husband Commodore Koudelka later admits he was only amenable to this plan after he was convinced that gender rarity value would make his daughters very hot commodities in the future. And sure enough the four sisters of "Team Koudelka" all end romantically attached to rising stars in the military, commerce, government and the sciences.
* In the dystopian novel ''Prized'' by Caragh O'Brien, the sequel to ''Birthmarked'', Gaia leaves the Enclave with her baby sister to find her grandmother. She is captured by a society called Sylum, where female babies are rare. The society is a {{matriarchy}} where women are prized and men and childless women are looked down upon.

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/WonderWoman'': Steve Trevor is the only man that has reached LadyLand HiddenElfVillage Paradise Island in millennia. [[WhatIsThisThingYouCallLove The younger amazons have strange feelings]], so DangerouslyGenreSavvy Queen Hippolita declares an amazon will escort him to his country.
-->'''Princess Diana:''' But all the girls will want that task.
* The ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' episode "Favorite Son" features a species called the Taresians, whose population is only 10% male, leading to the males being highly prized and honored with [[ExoticExtendedMarriage multiple wives]]. An important plot point is Harry Kim turning out to be a Taresian implanted in a Human womb and therefore growing up Human until his hidden Taresian genes kick in. [[spoiler: Ultimately, this is {{Subverted}} by both Harry not really being a Taresian (he was secretly implanted with their genes) and Taresian males [[OutWithABang dying on their wedding nights]] so that their wives can absorb enough genetic material to reproduce.]]

[[folder: Video Games]]
* The Gerudo in ''Videogame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime'' have only one male child every 100 years, and he becomes their king. Unfortunately, one male child, Ganondorf, isn't happy being the king of ''just'' the Gerudo.
* The ''VideoGame/BattleTanx'' games on Nintendo 64 and [=PlayStation=] had a plague wipe out 99% of the female population. The remainder were dubbed [=QueenLords=] and the remaining men [[ExcusePlot fight over them with tanks.]] The sequel reveals [[spoiler:the plague was unleashed by Cassandra, a psychic who wanted to weed out any females unable to use [[PsychicPowers The Edge]].]]
* In ''Franchise/MassEffect'', the [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy krogan]] were hit by a DepopulationBomb that causes 99.9% of births to be stillborn (amazingly, this actually ''stabilizes'' the krogan birthrate). As a result, females who can reliably bring larger litters to term are considered extremely valuable, and to prevent themselves from becoming pawns of the tribes, women have segregated themselves into single-sex clans. One planet is mentioned to have once been the main base of a notorious female krogan warlord, who was one of the last women around who could reliably bear living offspring - and who parlayed that into a position of enormous power, gathering a literal armada of male krogan to her banner.
** Also the salarians. The race is 90% male, but they rarely wield political power. The females wield the highest ranks through being clan matriarchs. This is subverted for the salarians, however, because the females closely regulate the gender of their children, enforcing the 90/10 ratio. There's a logical reason for their doing so, as well. Salarians are "haplo-diploid oviparous" reproducers. Basically, females lay eggs frequently (at least once a year, if not more), even without any sexual contact; unfertilised eggs hatch as males, fertilised eggs hatch as females. This is balanced by a 40-year lifespan, but the salarian colonies still tend to require careful self-regulation to avoid overpopulation.
* Non Plot Point examples, many Franchise/{{Pokemon}} have low chances for one gender. Before Ditto became accessible in Generation 3, people would [[SaveScumming Save Scum]] for female starters (as GenderEqualsBreed, without a Ditto you need a female to get more)
** Only a female Combee can evolve into Vespiquen. 87.5% (Or 7 out of 8) of wild Combee are male. This is the same ratio used for starter, fossil and other rare Pokémon like Eevee, Snorlax and Lucario.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' series' Vault 69 had with in 999 women and one man. The women fought and killed each other over the sole male. There is also Vault 68, with 999 men and one woman, but what happened within it is unknown.
** ''Webcomic/PennyArcade'' parodied these examples with Vault 43: 20 men, 10 women, [[BreadEggsMilkSquick and one panther]]. Presumably the panther helped even out the gender ratio a bit- or made things worse.
* In ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', female dwarf [[PlayerCharacter characters]] are rather rarely played. While they aren't really "worshipped" in any way, they happen to be treated as sort of an oddity/rarity by some players[[note]]For some examples, see [[http://eu.battle.net/wow/en/forum/topic/4078908222?page=2#28 this forum thread in the game's forums]][[/note]], and sometimes have to be actively sought for, more so than female characters of other races (e.g. for the achievement, which requires a player to put a set of rabbit ears on [[DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything female character of every race, level 18 or higher]]).

* Laura of ''Webcomic/{{Collar 6}}'' came from such a place. The island of Sybion has several thousand women, and about fifty men. Religious texts decree the men are descended from gods and are to be worshiped as such. Upon coming of age, women become part of a man's harem with the ultimate intent to bear a male child.
* In ''Webcomic/DraconiaChronicles'', male tigers live in a peaceful enclave while the females get sent into combat. Male dragons, in their turn, are so rare that only the queen is allowed to speak with them.

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* Not as extreme as the other examples, but in ''WesternAnimation/GalaxyHigh'' there are far fewer women attending than men. When Aimee arrives she instantly becomes popular and gets an admirer while Doyle is ignored, despite both being new and unusual students.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'', Professor Farnsworth creates a time machine that can go forward in time. The Professor, Bender, and Fry go forward in time through several different periods. Eventually they reach one where the Earth is populated by gorgeous young women. The women explain that men are very rare in their society, so even old and stupid ones are treated like kings.
** Another episode involves travel to {{Alternate Dimension}}s by way of cardboard boxes. Prof. Farnsworth sticks his head into one, and withdraws it, covered in lipstick prints. He comments: "All women! I think I'll put this one aside for later."

[[folder: Real Life]]
* Species of gregarious sequential harmaphrodites will form social groups of one dominant female and several subordinate males, or vice-versa. It's not so much that the uniquely-sexed individual becomes dominant, rather the dominant individual becomes uniquely-sexed.

!!Rare Gender Enslaved

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* An episode of ''Series/{{Sliders}}'' had the Sliders land on a world where the bulk of the male population was killed in biological war. The result is that remaining men are kept in facilities with the intent of using them to breed future generations. This goes to ridiculous extent that the two world superpowers (based on male population count): US and Australia, constantly steal each other's males. Men are rated on a number of "encounters" per month. A particular stud is famous for having the average count in the 200s (that's over 6 women per ''day''), and a man is forcibly separated from his wife and placed in a repopulation facility. And she's not allowed to even see him, much less sleep with him, because she's ''not attractive enough'' for their eugenics program. Apparently, even with the absence of men women are still obsessed with beauty, although that could just be an artifact of a male-dominated culture. [[FridgeLogic One wonders]] if this culture doesn't have any form of artificial insemination.
** The professor actually says that they definitely don't use any form of technology to improve the fertility process. Exactly why isn't explained.
** Simple enough, they just hadn't developed said technology. The Professor actually was ranting how he was being used as a breeder animal rather than respected for his mind and how he could have told them how to vastly improve their repopulation efforts if they'd just listened to him.
* Obligatory ''Franchise/StarTrek'' Example: In ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise'', there's an episode with a species who have 3 genders, where the third gender doesn't pass on any genetic material but their involvement is still necessary for the male and female to successfully reproduce. The "cogenitors" are treated in a manner not befitting pet hamsters- They aren't even given names, let alone education or freedom. (the cogenitors make up less than 3 percent of the population, setting themselves into this trope nicely)
* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' serial "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS3E1Galaxy4 Galaxy Four]]" features this with the Drahvins. We only ever meet the females and their leader, Maaga, is initially confused when the Doctor's companion Steven asks about their men. When she does understand her response is an offhand remark that they keep as many males as they need and simply kill the rest.

* ''The Rainbow Cadenza'' has men outnumbering women seven to one, and women are drafted into prostitution for three years.
* The Olympians in Creator/JackChalker's ''Literature/WellWorld'' series are an offshoot of humanity deliberately engineered to fulfill TheDragon's harem fantasies which combine inbred female loyalty and subservience imperatives with nigh-irresistable male sexual prowess and a low male birth rate to reduce future competition. Then he gets killed. 200 years later it's the ''males'' who are kept in [[LadyLand communally owned harems]] because after his death the women immediately decided that the best way to protect, coddle, and serve their rare and precious male children was to keep them in guarded creches and raise them to be little more than gigalos and sperm donors.
* Speaking of Olympians, in Greek Mythology, [[CaptainObvious The mythological all-woman warrior tribe]], [[AmazonBrigade Amazons]] are said to have kept in contact with an all-male tribe called the Gargareans, who they'd come in contact with to have kidnap, rape, and murder so they can have offspring, then chuck the male kids back to the tribe and take all of the female children born. [[SarcasmMode As you can see, Amazons were extremely nice people.]]
* Wen Spencer's ''Literature/ABrothersPrice'' features a world where many more women are born than men; it's speculated to be around the rate of nine girls to every boy, but since male fetuses often miscarry and baby boys tend to die, the ratio is in fact even more skewed. Everything, therefore, is run by women while men are property to be traded and protected. There's mention that infanticide of girl babies actually still happens in this world; male children are valuable as investments and property, wheras girls must be trained and taught to work.
* In the ''GarrettPI'' Verse, goblins produce five or six male offspring per female born. Goblin culture is too macho-oriented to settle for polyandry, gay relationships or equal rights, so one-third of their males die in fights over females before age 23. Female goblins with any sense tend to ditch their husbands and run off to the human lands, first chance they get.

* Men in ''Manga/{{Ooku}} Ooku: the Inner Chambers]]'' land on this side of the line. When rather more than 75% of men die before adulthood from the endemic Redface Pox the survivors are protected from danger and strenuous activity wherever possible (women have taken over everything from farming to fishing to smithing). However men have also been crowded out of government (too stressful for their delicate constitutions) and few think twice about pimping out boys as young as fourteen to women seeking children. Male children are expected to provide a steady source of income to their families. Only wealthy women can afford to buy a man's exclusivity and marry him; only the shogun is powerful enough to have a harem of men kept for her exclusive use.
* This plays a huge role in ''Manga/AnimalX'', as [[MrSeahorse Yuiji's]] ability to bear dinosauroid children makes him a LivingMacGuffin and the target of multiple rapes and rape attempts. The fact that the dinosauroids are dying out drives almost all of the politics on their side, and all of the politics on the human's side barring those who are only in it ForScience. That said, ''Manga/AnimalX'' appears to be actually mix of type I and II, [[BlueAndOrangeMorality as every female non-barren dinosauroid is expected to bear children non-stop, but most dinosauroids consider this a great honor and see polyandry as normal and expected.]] [[note]]A female non-fertile dinosauroid is DesperatelyLookingForAPurposeInLife because despite being the strongest warrior in her tribe and highly respected for her skills, her inability to bear children makes her feel like a failure.[[/note]] It's unclear if Yuiji might be treated better [[FantasticRacism if he was a pure dinosauroid and not a mutated human,]] or if he was capable of carrying pure dinosauroid children instead of [[HalfHumanHybrid human-dinosauroid hybrids]].

[[folder: Web Original]]
* In ''Website/NationStates'', the country Lovable Weirdos has no men naturally. Men are bought from the nation of Des-Bal as slaves and used only for breeding purposes with next to no rights.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* In ''[[HGame Meet and fuck: Star Mission]]'', males have declined "due to a succession of wars". Males are kept in cryostasis untill TheFederation needs a few sperm samples, thawed, thrown a sandwich and a vial. Once the samples are collected, they get stuck back in the freezer and shipped to another colony.
* With one exception involving TimeTravel, players only ever see female Mithra in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXI.'' They are, mechanically, an all-female race. They ''do'' have males, but according to [[AllThereInTheManual the game's backstory]], males are rare and kept sheltered to ensure their species' survival. They typically stay home and raise the kids while the females hunt and adventure.


[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* Played both ways in ''Manga/OnePiece.'' The "Isle of Women", Amazon Lily, forbids men to step upon it on pain of death. This works so well that only the oldest woman on the island could even ''identify'' a man when she saw one, since all the women who leave the island for supplies and what not and know what males look like are just coming back to the island. However, once Luffy [[DefeatMeansFriendship befriends]] Boa Hancock and gains her permission to be on the island, the women can't get enough of him and are eager to just touch him before he leaves.
* '' Manga/YuYuHakusho'': Rare gender expelled with extreme prejudice. Hiei, the only male ever born to the Koorime, is thrown off the their floating island shortly after his birth. He was, apparently, conceived through his mother's interactions with a fire demon, rather than the usual immaculate conception.
** In the anime at least the rare males born from such events (which has to happen around the time they spontaneously become pregnant with a female child) are inherently born with fire magic affinity and are felt to be a threat (given the anti-male behavior of the old crone could be case of self-fulfilling prophesy) so killed at birth by being tossed off their hidden floating island.
* Lurks at the heart of the GenderBender manga ''Balance Policy'': The world is undergoing an infertility plague with female births account for only 10% of the diminished total, so the world's governments have hit upon the solution of converting pre-pubescent boys into girls. The boys modified under this so-called "Balance Policy" are supposed to be chosen for their suitability, but the lure of substantial government incentives convinces some parents to force their sons into the program. The resulting reluctant girls naturaly act out their hurt, confusion, anger and resentment at this betrayal, and even the resigned or more-or-less willing ones have issues stemming from the implicit message that they are supposed to be promiscuous breeding stock.
* In ''Manga/AnimalX'', how female dinosauroids (or [[MisterSeahorse Yuiji]], who is capable of bearing hybrid children) are treated seems to depend on the varying values of different dinosauroid cultures, the goals and morals of the various human organizations involved in dinosauroid politics, and just the values and personalities different people have. Examples of type I and II are spread out and often combined, not to mention how the copious FantasticRacism influences [[WhatMeasureIsANonSuper how Yuiji in particular is treated]], giving the audience very little information about how a fertile dinosauroid female is normally treated.

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/YTheLastMan'' has both extremes of this trope mentioned, if not explored. The {{Gendercide}} at the start of the series is unusually thorough, to the point that the general public went ''years'' without realizing that ''any'' men survived. The hero's journey is largely motivated by his desire not to become a slave subject to variation 2. The final epilogue implies that the baby boy born to the astronaut and cosmonaut grew up to become the ruler of Russia, making future Russia variation 1. However, once reproductive cloning was perfected, men became somewhat superfluous.

[[folder: Fan Fiction]]
* A ''Series/{{House}}'' [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/4516385/1/Gone_With_the_World fanfiction series]] in which there are absolutely no females and Blue Eyed men are capable of becoming [[MisterSeahorse pregnant]]. With this all blue-eyed men (House himsself included) are rounded up in government sweeps, enslaved, shoved in a procession-line style facility and [[RapeAsDrama forced into sex]] with multiple Breeders and not allowed to see their children, in order to repopulate the world with females. [[spoiler:a twist at the end of the first installation reveals that the reason why the proud mummies aren't allowed to see their offspring is that there are [[ArtisticLicenseBiology absolutely no female babies being born]] and the government don't want the secret released.]]
* An ''extremely'' popular case of FanWank in the ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipisMagic'' fandom, given how few male characters there are compared to the female roster both as main, background and supporting roles (although the newer seasons have evened this out). Many FanFic authors have explored or at least mentioned the phenomenon in passing. Sometimes it is {{Deconstructed}}, used as justification for a [[{{Harem}} herd-style society]], or simply to "[[YuriFanboy explain]]" why EveryoneIsGay.

* ''Film/HellComesToFrogtown'' -- Roddy Piper plays the most fertile man on Earth in a future where fertility is scarce. While valuable, he is forced into a government mission to rescue -- and impregnate -- a treasured group of fertile women.

* Scientists, as an experiment, take two groups of people. The first is a hundred men and one woman, the second, a hundred women and one man. Each group is put on an uninhabited island, and left alone. A month later, the scientists check how the societies developed. Island one: the woman is sitting on a throne, proud as a queen. The men are around her, serving her every whim. One guy, handing her a drink, accidentally spills it. The woman says "Number 14, you are 83 now". Island two: The man is sitting on a palm tree. The women are trying to shake him off.

* A partial example with Elena in ''[[Literature/TheOtherworld Women of the Otherworld]]'' who is the only known female werewolf. Partial because female werewolves aren't necessary to propagate the species, because GenderEqualsBreed when werewolves mate with humans, but she's still treated as a novelty and many werewolves wish they could have her with them. But the pack she's with treats her as an individual.
* F.M. Busby's ''The Breeds Of Man'' posits a limited fertility future where an HIV cure GoneHorriblyWrong effectively [[SterilityPlague prevents women from being impregnated twice by the same man]] because their souped-up immune systems develop immunity after the first "infection" that effectively excludes any future impregnation by any man with the same blood type. Many draconian solutions running to both ends of the GenderRarityValue spectrum are discussed but none are actually implemented. Meanwhile, women who want more children just take the practical route and start sleeping around.
* ''Masters of the Fist'', a collection of short stories by Edward P. Hughes: in the aftermath of WorldWarIII, all the men in a certain Irish village have gone sterile, except for a [[BritsWithBattleships British Army]] sergeant who salvaged a Challenger tank and used it to defend the place from brigands. A council of village elders therefore decrees the sergeant to now be the village's "lord,"[[note]]pretending that it's just because he's the guy with the tank[[/note]] who must deflower every girl of the village just before her wedding. He isn't very happy about it, especially since one of the council, the schoolteacher, is the only woman he ''really'' wanted ... but he's not allowed to marry her, because he has to be the village's stud. He's also rather squicked when the process has gone on long enough that most or all of the girls these days are [[ParentalIncest his daughters]].
* French post-Apocalypse novel ''{{Literature/Malevil}}'' plays quite a bit with this trope.
** The worshiped variety at Malevil castle. Miette is flat out told that she will not be the property of six men and is given free reign to choose a husband. In response, she TakesAThirdOption and starts a {{Polyamory}} relationship. Everyone treats her with the utmost kindness and respect, except La Menou. [[spoiler:Her sister Catie and Angès are treated the same when they arrive later.]]
** Averted at La Roque village. As a number of women have survived as well, both sexes go about their business as relatively "normal".
** [[spoiler:The enslaved variety comes to rule La Roque after Vilmain's army captures the city. Fulbert barely kept his men from being rapists, it's a reward for Vilmain's veteran troops.]]
* In the sci-fi novel ''Godspeed'', which focuses on a colony world cut off from all superluminal contact, something in the locally-grown food causes a gross imbalance in the number of men vs women, so that very, very few girls are born. As such, women on that world are treated with great respect and tend to be sheltered and hidden away from anything that could conceivably be a danger. On the other hand, unprotected women are in considerable danger: the lack of women has made many of the men sexually frustrated, and willingness to rape is quite high. The only reason the female doctor is permitted on a spaceship voyage to the outer system is because she is elderly, and therefore long past being sexually attractive or having any childbearing value.
* In Francis Carsac's ''Literature/TerreEnFuite'', the Tilians are a LostColony of humans founded by the crew of one of the ships sent to explore the galaxy after the discovery of [[SubspaceOrHyperspace hyperspace]] (they didn't know that using hyperspace turns every trip into a BlindJump). Due to exposure to cosmic radiation, the original settlers have developed a mutation that turns the female-to-male birth ratio as 7:1. The low number of males necessitates polygamy to allow the population to grow. Being constantly at war with the neighboring HumanAliens, the Tilians have developed a ProudWarriorRaceGuy culture. Strangely, despite the small number of males, only men are soldiers and have a much higher status than women (this may have something to do with the novel being written in 1960). Additionally, some men are born completely lacking in initiative and are, thus, useless in combat, being relegated to a second-class status of servants.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* Joxer from ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'' in ''Kindred Spirits''. An Amazon wants to have a baby, and he's the only male around. [[spoiler:They don't have sex, because StatusQuoIsGod]] This trope also occurs in ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys.''
* In ''Series/AlienNation'', the Newcomers have a third gender that doesn't contribute genetic material, but who are necessary to enable reproduction between males and females. This third gender makes up a small percentage of their population, and while they're not worshipped, they are held in a place of honor. One episode has the villains attempt to wipe out the Newcomers by targeting the members of the third gender, hoping to kill them all so the Newcomers won't be able to reproduce.

[[folder: Star Wars ]]
* Although now relegated to [[CanonDiscontinuity "Legends" continuity]], the ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'' portrays a vast number of different species with different takes on society due to their gender imbalance.
** The [[OurOrcsAreDifferent Gamorreans]] are a primitive, pig-like species with extremely belligerent and aggressive males. In a "chicken or egg?" relation, boars outnumber sows 5 to 1; boars do all the fighting, whilst sows are the peaceful sex and keep society going.
** Dathomiri, as seen in ''Literature/TheCourtshipOfPrincessLeia'', are a matriarchal human subspecies of [[WitchSpecies Force Sensitive]] who developed a culture in which males are oppressed and even unconsciously prevented from mastering their own Force powers due to influence from a female Dark Jedi in their distant past. The story itself has Luke arrive on the planet and be immediately enslaved, as his being a "male witch" makes him incredibly attractive as a potential mate. However, he later proves to be largely playing along, not seriously threatened. Also, the Nightsisters -- an outcast clan of Dathomiri who embrace the Dark Side -- are even worse than the regular Dathomiri, with a tendency to ''execute' their males after mating with them.
*** Even in the canon depiction of Dathomir in ''WesternAnimation/StarWarsTheCloneWars'', the Nightsisters are still a LadyLand {{matriarchy}} who ruthlessly subjugate their Nightbrothers.
** Selonians are a species of anthropomorphic eusocial otters; the bulk of the species are sterile females, clustering around the few fertile females, who keep small harems of males. The "queens" direct the dens as a whole, but it is the sterile females who are responsible for the day to day running of things. Meanwhile, males are held in scornful disregard as being of little use other than breeding stock, though a small group of "breeder's rights" activists did eventually come into being.
** Cereans (a Near Human alien species who have notably oversized heads) suffer from both a gross imbalance between males and females that favors females and a low birthrate. Consequently, not only is polygamy the norm, it is so essential that males father as many children as possible that male Cerean Jedi like Master Ki-adi-mundi are some of the very few Jedi who were given exemptions from the blanket rule of "no lovers or children" that the Old Jedi Order held its members under.
** The long-nosed reptilians known as H'nemthe have a population of twenty males for every female. Thus, in their society, females are often given a high status and males dedicate their lives to seeking out a mate. ''However'', the H'nemthe mating ritual ends with the female disembowelling and eating the male as it symbolizes true love! The males are not bothered by this as they believe that in death, they will act as a spirit guide for their child.

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* In ''[[TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} Warhammer Fantasy Battles]]'' only one tenth of all dwarfs are born female. Dwarf holds are ruled over by kings and women hold little political power but are still highly respected in their society. Women may marry more then one man in which case they are encouraged to marry brothers.
* In the [[TabletopGame/StarFleetBattles Star Fleet Universe]] (A Franchise/StarTrek derivative game universe), some ugly wars on Alpha Centauri resulted in so many men being killed off that the planet shifted over to a matriarchal society. For a while, men were relegated to 'traditional women's' roles in society and reduced in status, though by the time of the setting, this had eased (along with the gender imbalance) for all intents and purposes they have equal rights, though Alpha Centauri women outnumber their men in Star Fleet and other branches of Federation government.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Malifaux}}'', gremlin females (outnumbered by males 20 to 1) are generally kept away from the more dangerous activities and so tend to survive longer than the males, who also fawn on them in hopes of being allowed to have sex. It's not a true "worship" variant, however, as the females ''are'' expected to keep up the population, so they pay for living in the comparative lap of luxury by popping out constant broods of gremlins, [[ExplosiveBreeder up to twenty at a time]], and looking after them. Still, it's possible for the females to get involved in the fighting too; two of the gremlin faction leaders are female, and there's several female gremlin special characters as well, ranging from [[CuteMonsterGirl Trixibelle]] to a somewhat homely gremlin female who flies on a homemade rocket pack.
** The monstrous swamp-creatures called silurids have only one female per ten males, and so females form the center of their communes, rearing their broods whilst the males bring them food and defend them against attack.

* The two warring factions in the GirlsLove SpaceOpera ''Webcomic/{{Angels 2200}}'' appear to have chosen opposite versions of this trope following the male {{gendercide}}: The Colonials appear to have opted for version one with males in command positions while the [[LadyLand Terrans]] appear to have opted for version two since none of their males have ever appeared at all, which is not surprising, considering the Terrans created the [[TheVirus Gendercide plague]] in the first place. One Terran pilot claims that her father didn't die in the plague: he abandoned his family to become a playboy afterwards

[[folder: Web Original]]
* It's complicated with foxtaurs in the ''Literature/ChakonaSpace'' 'verse. Vixens outnumber Todds four-to-one so they practice polygyny and males are [[DependingOnTheWriter variously]] strongly discouraged to forbidden from pursuing "dangerous" professions such as hunting.

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode "Amazon Women In The Mood", Fry and Zapp Brannigan are captured by giant women, and sentenced to death [[OutWithABang by constantly having sex with them]], aka ''Death by Snu-Snu''. It's also indicated that the other men in the tribe all died from crushed pelvises.

[[folder: Real Life]]
* Boys are born slightly more often than girls but are slightly less likely to survive to adulthood, [[MenAreTheExpendableGender due to being far more likely to be the victims of violent crime]] as well as the fact that men are more likely to inherit certain genetic diseases like hemophilia due to only having one X chromosome, not to mention that a large number of high-risk jobs were primarily male-only until recently (construction, law enforcement, the military.) The differences (on the order of 1% either way, depending upon culture) are far too small to constitute rarity.
* Eusocial hymenopteran insects like Bees and Ants have three sexes: fertile females (queens), fertile males (drones), and sterile females (workers). These sexes are generally produced in ratios of 1:10s:10,000s; and though queens, drones, and workers all have different tasks to perform; 'worship' or 'enslavement' is just not the right terminology, as bee and ant hives cannot really be said to be composed of individuals - they are superorganisms, with queens and drones being the genitals of the composite creature. That being said, a lot of effort is devoted to the health and well-being of the reproductive units of the hive/colony at the expense of the sterile workers; but that maintenance often includes killing old or diseased or foreign queens.
* In China, male children currently outnumber females about 117 to 100 in the recent generations. Since the beginning of the One-Child Policy in 1978, female fetuses have been aborted more often than males and newborn girls are sometimes killed or abandoned; this is the result of the law interacting with the tradition in China is that the men carry the family name and take care of their parents in their old age. This is especially common in rural areas where traditional social norms may be the only safety net for the elderly. It is significantly less common in wealthier urban areas, where women have much greater access to education and jobs and their contribution to the household is viewed more equitably. The rural shortage of women has made it increasingly difficult for young men to find wives and has sometimes resulted in internal and international human trafficking because families are willing to pay substantial sums for a bride, consenting or not. The Chinese government has been working to raise the status of female children and end these practices but attitudes change more slowly than laws.
* In Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, the male/female gender ratio is about 2 to 1, because the countries' economies rely on large numbers of overwhelmingly male guest workers from other countries like Bangladesh. Alaska has a similar gender imbalance, as a considerable chunk of the population is employed in traditionally male manual labor jobs like fishing and oil rig maintenance.
* A woman in technical or engineering studies or a man in education and personal beauty jobs will often find themselves the only (fe)male in the immediate vicinity. Depending on their views on the topic, and the attitudes of their co-workers, this can be isolating and unpleasant enough to drive them out of the field entirely in search of a more equitable environment, perpetuating the cycle of underrepresentation.
* While their number have been increasing in the past years, [[NerdsAreSexy Female Nerds]] still occasionally feel treated like yetis or fetishized in unrealistic ways by their male counterparts. [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement Those feelings can be unfounded or legitimate in individual cases, and cannot be judged wholesale.]]
* Biologists analyze the behaviors and actions of species in terms of "genetic fitness", which is basically the proportion of an individual's genes in the next generation. Whenever the ratio of a given sex goes down relative to the other, it becomes more advantageous (in terms of fitness) to have offspring of that sex, so that sex is temporarily more valuable. In the long run, this causes nearly all sexually reproducing species to have an equal ratio of males to females, even for species whose males spend most of their lives alone and thus (it would appear) don't contribute much to the group's welfare. The mothers in some species have developed means to determine the offspring's sex in response to apparent conditions.
* As of 2011, there's mounting concern in America that the relative absence of men from higher education and the disparate impact of unemployment on male-dominated fields in the wake of the recession have left many college-educated women without opportunities to meet and have relationships with their educational and social peers. [[http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/07/fashion/07campus.html?pagewanted=all 57% of American college students are female]] and some colleges are quietly and controversially engaging in affirmative action benefiting men in order to avoid a skewed sex ratio that would be seen as hurting the reputation and perceived social life of college campuses. [[http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/10/opinion/10brooks.html One-fifth of working-age males are currently not participating in the workforce.]] These trends have been seen as causing an ongoing re-evaluation of traditional marriage and relationship norms and skewing the balance of power in dating towards men, at least according to [[http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2011/11/all-the-single-ladies/8654/ this much-discussed article.]] Some have claimed that the reluctance of college-educated women to accept less educated or career-driven spouses is [[BestHerToBedHer itself a form of sexism]]. However, it is also important to remember that men and women bear the consequences of marriage unequally: with multiple interpretations as to why - Men tend to spend less time on household upkeep after marriage but women spend more, usually being expected to cook and clean as well as working outside the home. Women are often expected to sacrifice their own careers for the sake of their husbands. Or, on the other hand, men are expected to slave away at a difficult job to earn money, while women have less pressure to work themselves to the bone, and can - with the help of modern conveniences - live a life of relative luxury.
** Given that black American men are much more likely than white men to be imprisoned (with both longer sentences and more occurrences of false convictions) and they seem much more likely to die young, there's been a very large gender gap for black American women for years, which exerts an interesting and possibly unfortunate influence. It's worthy to note that men are imprisoned for longer than women, and that the gender gap outweighs the race gap here.
** One thing to consider is that the work inequity that typically exists between working couples doesn't exist or does so in a reduced way in traditional partnerships, namely one person works while the other takes care of household. While this is unrealistic for a lot of working class families, this relationship type is more viable for higher income individuals. What may end up happening if the trend continues is an increase in the number of "house husbands", since men are getting a reduced quality of education [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement (for multiple controversial reasons)]] and therefore becoming less desirable to employers, while a woman's value is rising. In order for this kind of adaptation to take hold however, there will need to be a rather radical shift in gender roles and what is considered attractive in a mate.
* Russia has a gender ratio of 86 men to 100 women, due to a higher male death rate from various public health problems (including [[VodkaDrunkenski widespread alcoholism]]). [[http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/oct/27/polygamy-study-russia-central-asia This has led some people to advocate the legalization of polygamy.]]
* Cucurbits (squashes, pumpkins, gourds, cucumbers, and melons) produce flowers that are either male or female. (Unlike many other plants, whose flowers [[{{Hermaphrodite}} have female and male parts at the same time]]). One delicacy is tempura-fried squash blossoms, and since the number of ''actual'' squash you'll get depends on how many female flowers you have, and one or two male flowers can pollinate all of them, it's usually the male flowers that are used for culinary purposes more than the female flowers. (Some also say that the male flowers taste better.)