Walter Scott's first novel, which is often considered to be the first work of Historical Fiction. The novel followed the title character, the young English gentleman Edward Waverley, as he falls in with a group of Scottish rebels during the 1745 Jacobite Uprising.
This novel provides examples of:
A Father to His Men: Fergus' last request to Waverley is that he take care of his clan. Waverly at the end has enough money from his father's will to do so.
Altum Videtur: Bradwardine speaks a large portion of his dialogue in latin
Author Filibuster: There are several places where the story is put on pause and Scott departs on a lecture about a tangential point.
The Beautiful Elite: Everyone in this book is described as improbably physically attractive. Even the daughter of a cattle thief, who is living in the woods, wakes up with perfect hair and sparkling white teeth.
Clarke's Third Law: The Scots mistake technology (specifically a pocket-watch) for live animals.
Clear My Name: Waverley is accused of instigating defection in the British regiment he is in. All the Whig characters are relieved that nothing of the kind happened and that he didn't join the Jacobites until resigning his commission so his honor is intact. Waverly could still theoretically be executed for treason and several of his friends are. But that is just for picking the wrong side in a Civil War, not being an oathbreaker so there is Nothing Personal.
Even the Guys Want Him: Charles Stuart. Though given many writings of the period, this may be fairly accurate. Also the main character, who is positively gushed over by other characters and the third person narrator at every opportunity.
It's All About Me: Or it's all about my family at least. The author writes in his notes that Charles had something of a weakness for ingratitude to his followers, based more on his training in ideology of Divine Right then personal inclination.
I Owe You My Life: Talbot to Waverly after Waverly first beats him down in a melee and then intervenes to ward off the highlander that is about to strike a finishing blow.
Gentleman Snarker: Talbot, who repeats the Presbyterian wisecrack that as Charles is making such effort to get an earthly crown he wishes him a heavenly one.
Going Native: Waverley, with the Scots. However, he changes his mind and returns to England.
The Great Politics Mess-Up: Exploited in a meta-sense. The author is knowingly taking advantage of a change in politics to write a book with sympathetic Jacobite characters, an attractive portrayal of Bonnie Prince Charlie and even an admission in the introduction that he had a friend who was a Jacobite. All things that would draw unpleasant attention within living memory. And he ends up knighted for it.
Kangaroo Court: Subverted. No one suggests that Furgus' trial isn't as fair as can be expected under the circumstances, even Fergus, although everyone knows the outcome. Talbot points out that Fergus may be an admirable person in many ways but he was clearly not a silly boy like Waverly. While Fergus defies the judges by pointing out that if the judges don't execute him they have to execute themselves as either he is a rebel or they are.
The Laws and Customs of War: Colonel Talbot is given a parole and entrusted into Waverley's hands where they spend hours arguing politics with each other. Then Talbot learns from a letter that his wife is ill and the Prince releases him.
My God, What Have I Done?: Waverly first feels this when the Jacobites march through his fathers estate and later when he meets his own former regiment in battle. Flora feels this when Fergus is sentenced to death and she feels responsible for proding him into revolt with her own Jacobite fanaticism.
New Meat : the title character. In the beginning even Rose has seen more of warfare then him.
Noble Savage: the Scottish rebels. Played painfully straight.
Sometimes subverted. Many of the rebels are rustlers, or racketeers. Some are political schemers and some poor folk armed with nothing but Torches and Pitchforks. And they often quarrel over precedance in a manner contrary to the interests of their cause. Even Fergus and Flora are to some degree Frenchified, making them less "pure" example's of savages.
Inverted with Talbot, who is portrayed as more noble than his Scottish captors by dint of being "civilized"
Please Spare Him, My Liege!: Talbot to King George for Waverly. In a downplayed version, Waverly to Prince Charlie for Talbot(Charles has no intention of executing him but has to be convinced to let him go see his family).
Political Correctness Gone Mad: In-verse Charles is referred to as "the Chevaliar" whenever Whigs and Jacobites converse to avoid calling him either prince or pretender. The narrator does that too as a meta example.
The Rustler: The highlanders raiding the estate of Rose's father.
Truce Zone: The hall of Rose's father is a place where Whigs and Jacobites are forbidden to argue. Rose's father toasts "the king" and leaves it to his guests to decide which king they are toasting.
Turn In Your Badge: Talbot threatens this to King George himself when he first refuses a pardon for Waverley.
Very Loosely Based on a True Story: In the notes, a story is told of a real Jacobite who saved the life of a defeated Hanoverian. In return the Hanoverian begged his life, in much the same way.
War Is Hell: There are honorable men on both sides fighting each other and the whole country is shaken up. As Waverley is seeking Rose, he finds debris all round, and Rose's father's hall is wrecked. After his experience, Waverley admits to Talbot that he has had enough of being a gallant romantic warrior, and that his deepest desire is to be a nice, boring, husband and father in a nice, boring house.