Eddie: "So I got talent. So what beat me?"
The Hustler provides examples of:
- The Ace: Minnesota Fats.
- The Alcoholic: Sarah.
- Always Someone Better: As good as Fast Eddie may be at pool, he will not be satisfied until he has beaten the one player he sees as his possible superior, Minnesota Fats.
- Badass Boast: This little gem after Eddie beats Fats, and Bert demands what he believes is his share.Fast Eddie: Boy, you better, you tell your boys they better kill me, Bert. They better go all the way with me, 'cause if they just bust me up, I'll put all those pieces back together again, then so help me... So help me God, Bert, I'm gonna come back here and I'm gonna kill you.
- Broken Bird: Sarah. She even walks with a slight limp, due to her childhood bout of polio.
- Byronic Hero: Eddie, who is driven to have Minnesota Fats acknowledge him as the better player... no matter what it takes.
- Calling Your Shots: Newman and Gleason are playing 14.1 straight pool and call their shots.
- The Cast Showoff: Jackie Gleason was an accomplished pool player in Real Life; all of the shots he made in the film are his own. Paul Newman once challenged Gleason to a real pool game. After Newman broke, Gleason took his turn and sank all fifteen balls without allowing Newman another shot.
- Creator Cameo: Willie Mosconi, 15-time winner of the World Straight Pool Championship, was the film's technical advisor. He trained Paul Newman on pool techniques, and has a cameo during the first match as the bystander who holds the stake money.Fats: Willie, hang on to that.
- Crippling the Competition: 'Fast Eddie' Felson has his thumbs broken by a pool shark who doesn't like being hustled.
- Dark and Troubled Past: Both Eddie and Sarah have this; she even lampshades it when they first meet.Sarah: Eddie, look, I've got troubles... and I think maybe you've got troubles. Maybe it'd be better if we just leave each other alone.
- Desperately Craves Affection: Sarah, whose desperation is only held in check by her constant drinking. It becomes more obvious when she starts falling in love with Eddie.Sarah: I love you.
Eddie: You need the words?
Sarah: Yes, I need them very much. If you ever say them I'll never let you take them back.
- Disappeared Dad: Sarah, whose father left her when she was seven. Her only contact with him are the monthly checks he sends her.
- Downer Ending: Eddie eventually beats Minnesota Fats, but only because he drove Sarah to suicide with his obsessive drive to play pool, and he realizes at the end that it's a meaningless victory.
- Driven to Suicide: Sarah, after she's been rejected by Eddie and slept with Bert.
- Drowning My Sorrows: This is Sarah's favorite pasttime when she first meets Eddie.
- Dysfunction Junction: This is how Eddie and Sarah bond initially.
- Fragile Flower: Sarah is almost inevitably this when she isn't simply drunk.
- Gray Rain of Depression: Eddie takes Sarah out to dinner, then tells her that he will be leaving town for a little while. Fearing that he's dumping her, Sarah bolts out of the restaurant and into a downpour.
- His Own Worst Enemy: Eddie, full stop. It's illustrated in his first game against Minnesota Fats; despite being ahead $18,000 dollars, Eddie still insists on playing — whereupon Fats utterly demolishes the drunken, sleep-deprived Eddie, winning everything back, and then completely cleans out Eddie and Charlie.
- Hope Is Scary: Sarah exhibits signs of this when she starts falling in love with Eddie.
- Hustler: Eddie
- Manipulative Bastard: Bert Gordon, a dangerously subtle version. Everything he says and does is used to manipulate and control others — there are no innocuous comments anywhere. Worse, even after the other characters know not to trust him, he's still able to goad them to his ends and ultimately drive Sarah to commit suicide.
- Monochrome Casting: Nearly everyone in the movie is Caucasian — the only exception is a mute black man at Ames' pool hall who sweeps the floor.
- Mythology Gag: While at the Kentucky Derby, the race announcer lists some of the horses racing. One of them is named "Stroke of Luck", a proposed alternate title for the film.
- No Celebrities Were Harmed: Inverted — Real Life pool player Rudolf "New York Fats" Wanderone claims that Minnesota Fats is based on him. After the film was released, he adopted the nickname for himself and became better known by it than the movie character.
- Pre-Asskicking One-Liner: After more than 24 hours of straight pool playing against Minnesota Fats, Eddie is exhausted and rather drunk. Then Fats, well-groomed and smiling, says, "Eddie, let's play pool." Fats proceeds to utterly destroy him at the table.
- Professional Gambler: While Eddie is one to a degree, he's dwarfed by Bert, whose entire lifestyle is built around his gambling wins.
- Second Place Is for Losers/To Be a Master: This is Eddie's primary motivation throughout the film — it's not enough that he's already a great pool player, he must defeat Minnesota Fats and have Fats acknowledge him as the best.Eddie: You can't see it, can you, Charlie? I mean, you've never been able to see it. I came after him. And I'm gonna get him. I'm goin' with him all the way. The pool game is not over until Minnesota Fats says it's over.
- Sell Out: What Eddie does when he agrees to let Bert manage him.
- The Social Expert: This is Bert Gordon's most important skill as a Manipulative Bastard; he can quickly size up someone and identify their innermost weaknesses. He's so good that even after losing a fortune to Eddie Felton in a marathon session of pool, Minnesota Fats cheerfully agrees to keep playing just because Bert identified Eddie as a "loser" — and then proceeds to win it all back.
- Solemn Ending Theme: Most of the movie is devoid of any sort of music or background theme, but the end credits are accompanied by a mournful jazz piece.
- The Teetotaler: Even though he frequents bars and pool halls, Bert's beverage of choice is milk.
- Tragic Hero: Eddie. His Fatal Flaw is his ambition to beat Minnesota Fats, which blinds him to everything else.
- Tragic Dream: Eddie wants to beat Minnesota Fats and be recognized as the best pool player ever. He eventually succeeds, but derives no pleasure from it.
- The Unfettered: According to Bert, this is what Minnesota Fats becomes when he plays, which allows him to be a top-tier pool player. Eddie eventually learns the same skill after Sarah's death.
- "World of Cardboard" Speech