You can only become smarter by playing a smarter opponent.
Revolver is a 2005 psychological thriller by Guy Ritchie. Two years after getting out of prison, Jake Green (Jason Statham) seeks revenge on the casino boss who put him there. The boss orders his assassination, but Green is saved by two mysterious loan sharks. Massive Mind Screw ensues.
Revolver contains examples of:
Batman Gambit: Zach, Avi and Jake all specialise in these. "The more control the victim thinks he has, the less control he actually has." Essentially, their plans revolve around giving their victims just enough rope to hang themselves.
Big Bad: Dorothy Macha is this, being the primary antagonist to Jake Green.
Bigger Bad: The scary, all-knowing crime lord Sam Gold is a subversion. He's ultimately revealed to be powerless, only having anything because of what people invest in him, with the investors actually controlling everything.
The Ending Changes Everything: Knowing that Zach and Avi were Jake's neighbours in prison, and thus really have been conning him all along, lends a very different perspective to the first half of the film in particular.
Enemy Civil War: Avi, Zeke and Jake start one between the gangs of Macha and Lord John.
Enemy Within: All the main characters are essentially fighting this battle. Jake, Avi, Zach and Sorter succeed in rejecting the ego's rules. Macha does not and succumbs to it.
Four Eyes, Zero Soul: Sorter plays it straight but subverts it at the end, having completed his spiritual awakening. He proves to be exactly as dangerous an enemy to Macha as he was an ally.
Heel-Face Turn:Sorter, a result of a gradual spiritual awakening that begins with his failed assassination attempt on Green at the start of the film, and culminated in refusing an order to kill a litle girl.
Hitman with a Heart: Sorter shoots his fellow henchmen rather than watch them hurt a little girl.
Improbable Aiming Skills: Sorter. In one scene, when he decides that he wants to get rid of the henchmen, he blows a hole through the wall to kill one guy.
Jerk Ass: The entire cast, near enough. Lord John is close to the top of the list though, being an obnoxious murderous gangster who treats his closest friends like garbage.
Karmic Death: Sorter uses a bullet to prevent the sociopathic Paul from killing a little girl, along with most of the rest of the gang thereafter. Though the fact that it's a clean death undermines the associated karma, as Paul gave in life far worse to many of his victims.
MacGuffin: Macha's drugs, which serve as a mechanism for the conflict only.
Rule of Symbolism: The movie is rife with references to Kabbalic faith. For example Avi, Zach and Jake are named after the three patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) and each character represents one of the three pillars in Kabbalah.
Shadow Dictator: It's never really stated whether Sam Gold really exists. He has no power, one way or the other.
Shaggy Dog Story: Sorter's plot is ultimately this.He refuses to shoot the little girl, kills Paul and Macha's entire gang, only for Slim Biggins to put a bullet in his head after he think's he's killed the last of them. The girl is still captured and her father presumably killed.
Steal the Surroundings: Used when Avi, Zeke and Jake steal Macha's safe where the drugs are being kept. The safe is stated to be nigh-impenetrable, so they just rip it right out of the wall and take their sweet time breaking into it later.
The Unseen: Sam Gold is repeatedly referred to but never seen. This reflects the fact that he doesn't exist in any real sense; all his power is an illusion created by his investors.
Unreliable Narrator: Jake's version of how the Three Eddies met their deaths is inaccurate - Zeke and Avi provide the correct version later.
Villain Protagonist: Jake Green is more heroic than the other characters, but there's nothing particularly likeable about the man; he's still a conman, manipulator and murderer.
Villainous Breakdown: Macha, during the climax of the film, where he points a gun at Jake and threatening to kill him, only to burst into tears.
Writer on Board: The film seemed set to be the next awesome Guy Ritchie crime film, but what had appeared at first to be a rather promising plot eventually turned out to be a Mind Screwy delivery system for the Kabbalistic beliefs Ritchie picked up during his marriage to Madonna.